Csongrad (former County)
Get Csongr%C3%A1d Former County essential facts below, , or join the Csongr%C3%A1d Former County discussion. Add Csongr%C3%A1d Former County to your PopFlock.com topic list for future reference or share this resource on social media.
Csongr%C3%A1d Former County
Csongrád County
Comitatus Csongradiensis  (Latin)
Csongrád vármegye  (Hungarian)
Komitat Tschongrad  (German)
County of the Kingdom of Hungary
(11th century-1538)
County of the Eastern Hungarian Kingdom
(1538-1552)
County of the Kingdom of Hungary
(1715-1786, 1790-1946)
Coat of arms of Csongrád
Coat of arms
Csongrad.png
CapitalCsongrád;
Szeged (1241-1773);
Szegvár (1773-1883);
Szentes (1883-1946)
Area
 o Coordinates46°39?N 20°16?E / 46.650°N 20.267°E / 46.650; 20.267Coordinates: 46°39?N 20°16?E / 46.650°N 20.267°E / 46.650; 20.267
 
o 1910
3,569 km2 (1,378 sq mi)
Population 
o 1910
325568
History 
o Established
11th century
o Ottoman conquest
1552
o County recreated
1715
o Merged into Békés-Csanád-Csongrád County
1 June 1786
o County recreated
26 April 1790
o Treaty of Trianon
4 June 1920
11 April 1941
o Monarchy abolished
1 February 1946
Today part of Hungary
(3,462 km2)
 Serbia
(107 km2)

Csongrád (Hungarian: Csongrád, Serbian: ?ongrad or ?) was an administrative county (comitatus) of the Kingdom of Hungary. Its territory, which was smaller than that of present-day Csongrád-Csanád County, is now part of Hungary, except a very small area which belongs to Serbia. The capital of the county was Szentes.

Name

The name Csongrád/?ongrad is Slavic by origin. In Slavic languages, this name means "a black city" (?on/?orni = black, grad = city/town). Indeed, the county was named after a town of Csongrád.

Geography

Csongrád county shared borders with the Hungarian counties Pest-Pilis-Solt-Kiskun, Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok, Békés, Csanád, Torontál and Bács-Bodrog. The river Tisza flowed through the county. Its area was 3,544 km² around 1910.

History

Csongrád county arose in the 11th century as one of the first counties of the Kingdom of Hungary. It was taken by the Ottoman Empire in the 16th century, and reconquered by the Habsburg Kingdom of Hungary at the end of the 17th century.

In 1920, the Treaty of Trianon assigned a small part of the territory of the county - a small area around Horgos (now Horgo?, Vojvodina) in northern Délvidék - to the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (renamed to Yugoslavia in 1929). The rest remained in Hungary. During World War II, Hungary annexed the territory lost, but after the end of the war the previous borders were restored.

In 1950, the southern part of Csanád County (which contained then the Hungarian part of the pre-1920 Torontál County and the south-western part of the pre-1920 Csanád County) was added to Csongrád county, which was however renamed to Csongrád-Csanád County in 4 June 2020.

Demographics

1900

In 1900, the county had a population of 296,111 people and was composed of the following linguistic communities:[1]

Total:

According to the census of 1900, the county was composed of the following religious communities:[2]

Total:

1910

Ethnic map of the county with data of the 1910 census (see the key in the description).

In 1910, the county had a population of 325,568 people and was composed of the following linguistic communities:[3]

Total:

According to the census of 1910, the county was composed of the following religious communities:[4]

Total:

Subdivisions

In the early 20th century, the subdivisions of Csongrád county were:

Csongrád county administrative map.jpg
Districts (járás)
District Capital
Csongrád Csongrád
Tiszáninnen Kiskundorozsma
Tiszántúl Mindszent
Urban counties (törvényhatósági jogú város)
Hódmez?vásárhely
Szeged
Urban districts (rendezett tanácsú város)
Szentes
County Hall, Szentes

References

  1. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved .
  2. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved .
  3. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved .
  4. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved .

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Csongr%C3%A1d_(former_county)
 



 



 
Music Scenes