Curva (stadia)
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Curva Stadia

Curva ['kurva] (plural: curve ['kurve]) is an Italian term or name for curved stands of seating located at sports stadiums, particularly in Italy; so named, originally, due to their curved or bending shape. The curva plays an integral part in the culture of Ultras and European football.

Composition

Inter Milan Fans in Curva Nord Milano

The majority of stands referred to as a "curva" are located behind the goals in their respective stadiums and contain the most vocal supporters within them, often known as Ultras. They are usually curved in shape, in some form whether minor or major, often due to the presence of a running track around the pitch.[1] The Stadio Giuseppe Meazza provides an example of two prominent stands referred to as "curva", "Curva Nord" and "Curva Sud", which contain only minor curves at their corners, while the Stadio Olimpico provides an example of two completely curved stands. A curva may extend from one corner flag to another or be located centrally behind the goal, bordered by two separate corner sections for ticketing or organizational purposes.[2]

Significance

A.S. Roma Fans in Curva Sud

Being home to the most openly passionate supporters in a stadium, the curva is usually the focal point of a club's support. It is often the scene of dramatic choreographed displays of support and occasionally, disapproval for a team or club.[3] These displays often take on an importance of their own, particularly in games involving rivals where both sets of supporters aim to outdo each other.[4] In certain countries, particularly those where sports clubs and supporters are extremely reflective of the local culture, the curva can become quite politicised in nature.[4] Therefore, it is not uncommon for a curva to be split into individual factions or groups, either solely or partially, based on politics, and for one group to hold significant control of the curva and its inhabitants on match days. Ultras groups within a curva often benefit from this degree of relative uniformity, when there are issues regarding supporters' rights and the commercialisation of sports and football in particular.

Locations

Algeria

Stadium Club Stand
July 5, 1962 Stadium MC Alger Ultras The Twefth Player 2011 , Ultras Green Corsairs 2012 /Virage Sud
May 19, 1956 Stadium USM Annaba Les indepandants de bone 12 / Curva Nord
Stade 20 Août 1955,
Skikda
JSM Skikda Ultras Senza Confine 13 / Curva Sud
July 5, 1962 Stadium USM Alger Ouled El Bahdja / Virage Nord
Mohamed Hamlaoui Stadium,
Constantine
CS Constantine Ultras Green Army 12 , Ultras Loca Ragazzi 10 / Curva Nord
November 1, 1954 Stadium (Tizi Ouzou),
Tizi-Ouzou
JS Kabylie Ultras Kabylie Boys 09 / Zona Amazigh
August 20, 1955 Stadium (Algiers),
CR Belouizdad Ultras Fanatic Reds 09 / Volcana
Stade 8 Mai 1945,
Setif
ES Setif Ultras Inferno 10 / Curva Nord
Ahmed Zabana Stadium MC Oran Ultras Red Castle / Zona Oranostra
Mohamed Boumezrag Stadium,
Chlef
ASO Chlef Ultras Polina 2010 / Curva Sud Chlef
November 1, 1954 Stadium (Batna),
Batna
MSP Batna Ultras Pntera Nera / Curva Toxic
November 1, 1954 Stadium (Batna),
Batna
CA Batna Ultras Aurès Boys / Curva Batna
Maghrebi Unity Stadium
MO Béjaïa Ultras Granchio / Curva Majica
Maghrebi Unity Stadium
JSM Béjaïa Ultras Gouraya United / Curva Furia
August 20, 1955 Stadium (Algiers)
NA Hussein Dey Ultras Dey Boys / Curva Razzista
Stade Imam Lyes de Médéa
Olympique de Médéa Ultras Matador / Curva Blues
Stade Akid Lotfi
WA Tlemcen Ultras Kop 13 / Curva Nord

Austria

Stadium Club Stand
Allianz Stadion SK Rapid Wien Block West

Bulgaria

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Stadium Club Stand
Stadion Asim Ferhatovi? Hase Sarajevo "Vedran Pulji?"-Sjever / North Stand
Stadion Grbavica ?eljezni?ar Sector C-Jug / South Stand
Stadion Bilino polje ?elik Jug / South Stand
Tu?anj City Stadium Sloboda Sjever / North Stand
Banja Luka City Stadium Borac Sjever / North Stand
Gradski SRC Slavija Stadion SRC Slavija Jug / South Stand

China

Stadium Club Stand Group
CSUFT East-Garden Stadium Hunan Billows Curva Nord Bad Billows Boys

Croatia

Stadium Club Stand Group
Stadion Maksimir Dinamo Zagreb North Stand / Sjever Bad Blue Boys
Stadion Poljud HNK Hajduk Split North Stand / Sjever Torcida
Stadion Kantrida HNK Rijeka West Stand / Zapad Armada
Stadion Gradski Vrt NK Osijek SouthEast/East Stand /Jugoistok/Istok Kohorta
Stadion Alde Drosine NK Istra 1961 North Stand / Sjever Demoni

Cyprus

Stadium Club Stand
GSP Stadium AC Omonia Nicosia North Stand/Gate-9
GSP Stadium APOEL FC South Stand/AU79
Tsirion Stadium AEL Limassol East Stand/Gate-3
Tsirion Stadium Apollon Limassol West Stand/Gate-1
Antonis Papadopoulos Stadium Anorthosis Famagusta FC South Stand/Maxhtec

Denmark

Stadium Club Stand
Aalborg Portland Park Aalborg BK Vesttribunen
Blue Water Arena Esbjerg fB Nordvestkurve
Viborg Stadion Viborg FF Sydtribunen
Brøndby Stadion Brøndby IF Sydsiden (earlier Faxetribunen)
Telia Parken FC Copenhagen Sektion 12
TRE-FOR Park Odense BK Stiften
NRGi Park Aarhus GF Speakers Corner

Egypt

Stadium Club Stand
Cairo International Stadium Al Ahly SC Ultras Ahlawy/Curva Nord
Cairo International Stadium Zamalek SC Ultras White Knights/Curva Sud
Port Said Stadium Al-Masry SC Ultras Green Eagles
Suez Stadium Suez Montakhab Ultras Suez Fedyan
Ghazl El Mahalla Stadium Ghazl El Mahalla SC Ultras Whales 2008
Ismailia Stadium Ismaily SC Ultras Yellow Dragons
Alexandria Stadium Al Ittihad Alexandria Club Ultras Green Magic

England

Stadium Club Stand
Selhurst Park Crystal Palace Block B

Finland

France

Germany

Greece

Gate 13

India

Stadium Club Stand
Salt Lake Stadium, East Bengal Ground East Bengal F.C. Curva Nord

Indonesia

Ireland

Stadium Club Stand
Turner's Cross Cork City FC The Shed End

Italy

Malaysia

Stadium Team/Club Stand Group
Stadium Nasional Bukit Jalil Malaysia National Football Team Curva Ultras Malaya 07 Ultras Malaya
Stadium Bolasepak Kuala Lumpur Kuala Lumpur Football Team Droogs Curva Kuala Lumpur Ultras (the Cityboys)
Shah Alam Stadium Selangor FA Green Curva Nord UltraSel
Stadium Perak Perak FA Silvermania Curva / Belang Tarung Tiga Warna Silver State Ultras
Stadium Negeri Sarawak FA Curva Distrixtigabelas GB-13
Darul Makmur Stadium Pahang FA Curva Sebelas Elephant Army
Tan Sri Dato Haji Hassan Yunos Stadium Johor Darul Ta'zim FC Curva Nord Boys Of Straits
Stadium Majlis Perbadanan Pasir Gudang Johor Darul Ta'zim II FC Nord Stand Boys Of Straits
Sultan Muhammad IV Stadium Kelantan FA Gate H Boys
Darul Aman Stadium Kedah FA Terrace 1- T1 Ultras Kedah
Likas Stadium Sabah FA North Borneo Ultras
Stadium Sultan Mizan Zainal Abiddin Terengganu FA Curva Gong Badak Ultras Tranung

Malta

Stadium Club Stand
Ta' Qali Stadium Valletta F.C. Ultras Beltin 999
Ta' Qali Stadium Birkirkara F.C. Ultras Birkirkara 97
Hibernians Stadium Hibernians F.C. Paola Boys Hibs Ultras 07
Sirens Stadium Sirens F.C. Ultras Sireni 16
Centenary Stadium Marsa F.C. Ultras Marsin 10
Ta' Qali Stadium Sliema Wanderers F.C. Sliema Ultras 2008
Centenary Stadium Tarxien Rainbows F.C. Tarxien Ultras 2014
Gozo Stadium Xewkija Tigers F.C. 12th Tiger Supporters Club
Gozo Stadium Nadur Youngsters F.C. White Force Nadur Ultras
Gozo Stadium Ghajnsielem F.C. Black Pride 2007
Gozo Stadium Xaghra United F.C. Blue Warriors Xaghra Ultras
Gharb Stadium Gharb Rangers F.C. West Blue Army est.2013
Luxol Stadium Melita F.C. Melita Supporters Club

Morocco

Stade Mohamed V Raja Casablanca Ultras Green Boys 05 , Ultras Eagles 06 / Curva Sud Magana
Stade Mohamed V Wydad Casablanca Ultras Winners 2005 /Curva Nord
Prince Moulay Abdellah Stadium Association Sportive des FAR Ultras Askary Rabat 2005, Black Army 1427 / Curva Che
Stade El Massira Olympique Club de Safi Ultras Shark 06 /Curva Arena
Stade de Marrakech Kawkab Marrakech Ultras Crazy Boys 2006 /Curva Sud 36 (Mitica)
Stade Adrar Hassania Agadir Ultras Imazighen 2006/Curva Sud

Ultras Red Rebels/ Curva Nord

Stade Saniat Rmel Moghreb Tetouan Ultras Los Matadores 2005 - Ultras Siempre Paloma 2006 / Gate 3 - Curva Norte
Stade Mimoun Al Arsi Chabab Rif Al Hoceima Ultras Los Rifeños 2012/Curva Rifeña
Ibn Batouta Stadium Ittihad Riadi Tanger Ultra Hercules 2007/Curva Loca

Netherlands


North Macedonia

Stadium Club Stand Group
Philip II Arena FK Vardar West Stand Komiti

Philippines

Stadium Club Stand
Panaad Park and Stadium Ceres-Negros F.C. South Side Curva

Poland

Portugal

Romania

Russia

Stadium Club Stand
Petrovsky Stadium FC Zenit Saint Petersburg Virazh(Virage)

[1](in Russian)

Stadium Club Stand
Lokomotiv Stadium FC Lokomotiv Moscow Jug(South)

Scotland

Serbia

Stadium Club Stand
Stadion Crvena Zvezda Crvena Zvezda North Stand / Sever
Stadion Partizan FK Partizan South Stand / Jug
Stadion ?air FK Radni?ki Ni? South Stand / Jug
Stadion Kara?or?e FK Vojvodina North Stand / Sever
Omladinski Stadion OFK Beograd South Stand / Jug

| style="text-align:left;" |Gradski Stadion Tvrdjava||FK Smederevo||North Stand / Sever |}

Spain

Sweden

Stadium Club Stand
Friends Arena AIK Norra Stå
Tele2 Arena Djurgårdens IF Sofialäktaren (Södra Stå)
Gamla Ullevi GAIS, Örgryte IS Sektion 23, Östra Stå
Tele2 Arena Hammarby IF Västra Långsidan Bajen Fans 1981

Norra Stå Hammarby Ultras 1993, Ultras Boys 1999, Söder Bröder 1998, Bajen Fans flagg-Grupp, Bara Bajare 1996, Bajen Kollektivet

Olympia Helsingborgs IF Södra Stå

Sektion 37

Borås Arena IF Elfsborg Elfsborgsläktaren
Gamla Ullevi IFK Göteborg Kommandobryggan
Nya Parken IFK Norrköping Curva Nordahl
Stadion Malmö FF Norra Ståplats
Behrn Arena Örebro SK Västra Stå

Switzerland

Tunisia

Turkey

Ukraine

Dynamo Kyiv fans show in a match against Borussia Mönchengladbach.

See also

References

Specific
  1. ^ "Football in Rome". Italy Heaven. Retrieved 2009.
  2. ^ "LO STADIO OLIMPICO". Archived from the original on 6 August 2009. Retrieved 2009.
  3. ^ Micheal Lehane (7 January 2004). "Soccer: Roma Therapy". Irish Examiner. Archived from the original on 9 July 2009. Retrieved 2009.
  4. ^ a b "Il Derby della Capitale". CBC News. Retrieved 2009.
General
  • Testa, A. and Armstrong, G. (2008). "Words and actions: Italian ultras and neo-fascism" Social Identities, vol. 14 (4), pp. 473 - 490
  • Testa, A. (2009) "UltraS: an Emerging Social Movement", Review of European Studies, vol. 1 (2), 54-63
  • Testa, A. (2010). Contested Meanings: the Italian Media and the UltraS. Review of European Studies, vol 2(1), 15-24
  • Testa, A. and Armstrong, G. (in press; November 2010). Football, Fascism and Fandom: The UltraS of Italian Football, A&C (Bloomsbury), London, Black Publishers.


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Curva_(stadia)
 



 



 
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