Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques
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Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques
Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques
? ?
Kh?dim al-?aramayn a?-?ar?fayn (in Arabic)
StyleCTHM, Your Majesty
First monarchSalahuddin Al Ayyubi
ResidenceKing's Palace, Riyadh

Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques (abbreviation CTHM; Arabic: ? ? ‎, Kh?dim al-?aramayn a?-?ar?fayn), Servant of the Two Noble Sanctuaries or Protector of the Two Holy Cities, is a royal style that has been used by many Muslim rulers, including the Ayyubids, the Mamluk Sultans of Egypt, the Ottoman Sultans, and in the modern age, Saudi Arabian kings.[1] The title refers to the ruler taking the responsibility of guarding and maintaining the two holiest mosques in Islam: Al-Haram Mosque (Arabic: ?‎, romanized: Al-Masjid al-?ar?m, "The Sacred Mosque") in Mecca and the Prophet's Mosque (Arabic: ‎, romanized: Al-Masjid an-Nabaw?) in Medina,[1][2] both of which are in the Hejazi region[3] of the Arabian Peninsula.


It is believed that the first person to use the title was Saladin.[4]

After defeating the Mamluks and gaining control of the Mecca and Medina in 1517, the Ottoman Sultan Selim I adopted the title. Rather than style himself the kimü'l-?aremeyn (Arabic: ? ‎, Ruler of The Two Holy Cities), he accepted the title dimü'l-?aremeyn (Arabic: ? ‎, Servant of The Two Holy Cities).[5][6][7] This title was used by all subsequent Ottoman Caliph Sultans until Mehmed VI (1861-1926), the last.

The first King of Saudi Arabia to assume the title was Faisal bin Abdul Aziz (1906-1975). His successor Khalid did not use the title,[4] but the latter's successor Fahd did, replacing the term "His Majesty" with it.[8] The current king, Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, took the same title after the death of King Abdullah, his half brother, on 23 January 2015.[2]

See also


  1. ^ a b Wood, Paul (August 1, 2005). "Life and legacy of King Fahd". BBC News. Retrieved 2011.
  2. ^ a b "Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz". The Saudi Embassy in Tokyo, Japan. Archived from the original on January 20, 2011. Retrieved 2011.
  3. ^ Merriam-Webster's Geographical Dictionary. 2001. p. 479. ISBN 0 87779 546 0. Retrieved .
  4. ^ a b Fakkar, Galal (27 January 2015). "Story behind the king's title". Arab News. Jeddah. Retrieved 2016.
  5. ^ Freidun Emecen, Selim I, TDV ?slam Ansiklopedisi, Vol.36, p.413-414. (In Turkish)
  6. ^ ?lber Ortayl?, "Yavuz Sultan Selim", Milliyet (In Turkish)
  7. ^ ?lber Ortayl?, "Surre alay? Topkap? Saray?'ndan geçiyor", Milliyet, 20 April 2008 (In Turkish)
  8. ^ "Fahad played pivotal role in development". Gulf Daily News. 2 August 2005. Retrieved 2013.

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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