Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques
Get Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques essential facts below. View Videos or join the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques discussion. Add Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques to your PopFlock.com topic list for future reference or share this resource on social media.
Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques
Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques
? ?
Kh?dim al-?aramayn a?-?ar?fayn (in Arabic)
Details
StyleCTHM, Your Majesty
First monarchSalahuddin Al Ayyubi
ResidenceKing's Palace, Riyadh

Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques (abbreviation CTHM; Arabic: ? ? ‎, Kh?dim al-?aramayn a?-?ar?fayn), Servant of the Two Noble Sanctuaries or Protector of the Two Holy Cities, is a royal style that has been used by many Muslim rulers, including the Ayyubids, the Mamluk Sultans of Egypt, the Ottoman Sultans, and in the modern age, Saudi Arabian kings.[1] The title refers to the ruler taking the responsibility of guarding and maintaining the two holiest mosques in Islam: Al-Haram Mosque (Arabic: ?‎, romanized: Al-Masjid al-?ar?m, "The Sacred Mosque") in Mecca and the Prophet's Mosque (Arabic: ‎, romanized: Al-Masjid an-Nabaw?) in Medina,[1][2] both of which are in the Hejazi region[3] of the Arabian Peninsula.

History

It is believed that the first person to use the title was Saladin.[4]

After defeating the Mamluks and gaining control of the Mecca and Medina in 1517, the Ottoman Sultan Selim I adopted the title. Rather than style himself the kimü'l-?aremeyn (Arabic: ? ‎, Ruler of The Two Holy Cities), he accepted the title dimü'l-?aremeyn (Arabic: ? ‎, Servant of The Two Holy Cities).[5][6][7] This title was used by all subsequent Ottoman Caliph Sultans until Mehmed VI (1861-1926), the last.

The first King of Saudi Arabia to assume the title was Faisal bin Abdul Aziz (1906-1975). His successor Khalid did not use the title,[4] but the latter's successor Fahd did, replacing the term "His Majesty" with it.[8] The current king, Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, took the same title after the death of King Abdullah, his half brother, on 23 January 2015.[2]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Wood, Paul (August 1, 2005). "Life and legacy of King Fahd". BBC News. Retrieved 2011.
  2. ^ a b "Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz". The Saudi Embassy in Tokyo, Japan. Archived from the original on January 20, 2011. Retrieved 2011.
  3. ^ Merriam-Webster's Geographical Dictionary. 2001. p. 479. ISBN 0 87779 546 0. Retrieved .
  4. ^ a b Fakkar, Galal (27 January 2015). "Story behind the king's title". Arab News. Jeddah. Retrieved 2016.
  5. ^ Freidun Emecen, Selim I, TDV ?slam Ansiklopedisi, Vol.36, p.413-414. (In Turkish)
  6. ^ ?lber Ortayl?, "Yavuz Sultan Selim", Milliyet (In Turkish)
  7. ^ ?lber Ortayl?, "Surre alay? Topkap? Saray?'ndan geçiyor", Milliyet, 20 April 2008 (In Turkish)
  8. ^ "Fahad played pivotal role in development". Gulf Daily News. 2 August 2005. Retrieved 2013.



  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Custodian_of_the_Two_Holy_Mosques
 



 



 
Music Scenes