Cyril E. King Airport
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Cyril E. King Airport

Cyril E. King Airport
Cyril E. King Airport (terminal).jpg
Summary
Airport typePublic
OwnerVirgin Islands Port Authority
LocationSaint Thomas, U.S. Virgin Islands
Focus city forAir Sunshine
Elevation AMSL24 ft / 7 m
Coordinates18°20?14?N 064°58?24?W / 18.33722°N 64.97333°W / 18.33722; -64.97333Coordinates: 18°20?14?N 064°58?24?W / 18.33722°N 64.97333°W / 18.33722; -64.97333
Websiteviport.com
Map
STT is located in the U.S. Virgin Islands
STT
STT
Location in the Virgin Islands
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
10/28 7,000 2,134 Asphalt
Statistics (2017)
Aircraft operations61,255
Based aircraft98
The Cyril E. King Airport from an observation overlook

Cyril E. King Airport (IATA: STT, ICAO: TIST, FAA LID: STT) is a public airport located two miles (3 km) west of the central business district of Charlotte Amalie on the island of St. Thomas in the United States Virgin Islands.[1] It is currently the busiest airport in the United States Virgin Islands, and one of the busiest in the eastern Caribbean, servicing 1,403,000 passengers from July 2015 through June 2016.[2] The airport also serves the island of St. John and is additionally often used by those travelling to the nearby British Virgin Islands.

Although passports are not required for U.S. citizens who are visiting the U.S. Virgin Islands, all passengers bound for the continental United States and Puerto Rico must pass through U.S. Customs and Border Protection screening before boarding their flight. Private planes can either use CBP Preclearance or arrive in the continental United States or Puerto Rico as an international arrival.

The airport operates one main runway, 7,000 ft × 150 ft (2,134 m × 46 m) long. The terminal operates 11 gates.

History

In 1927, Charles Lindbergh landed the Spirit of St. Louis on a grassy swamp to the north of what was then called Mosquito Bay (now called Lindbergh Bay in his honor).[3]

During World War II, the United States Army Air Forces Sixth Air Force 23rd Fighter Squadron (36th Fighter Group) deployed P-40 Warhawk fighters to the airport from March 1942 to May 1943.[4][5][6]

Historically, a number of airlines operated scheduled passenger jet service into St. Thomas in the past. These air carriers included Air Florida with Douglas DC-9-10s, Caribair with McDonnell Douglas DC-9-30s, Eastern Airlines with Boeing 727-100s, 727-200s and 757-200s, Midway Airlines with Boeing 737-200s and McDonnell Douglas MD-87s, Pan American World Airways (Pan Am) with Boeing 727-100s and 727-200s as well as wide body Airbus A300B4s and A310s, and Trans Caribbean Airways with Boeing 727-200s. Trans Caribbean, Pan Am and Caribair were all operating jet service into St. Thomas by the late 1960s with the airport runway only being 4,658 feet (1,420 m) in length at the time.[7][8][9][10][circular reference]

One air carrier that has served St. Thomas for many years is American Airlines, which began serving St. Thomas in 1970 following its acquisition of and merger with Trans Caribbean Airways.[11] In 1975, American as well as Eastern and Pan Am were serving the airport with Boeing 727-100 jetliners, American and Pan Am with nonstop 727 flights from New York Kennedy Airport with American also operating direct one stop 727 service from Boston and Providence, RI, and Eastern with nonstop 727 flights from Miami and San Juan as well as direct 727 flights from Chicago O'Hare Airport, Cleveland and Dallas/Fort Worth.[12]

By 1994, American was operating wide body Airbus A300-600R jets into St. Thomas with nonstop service from Miami and San Juan with direct one stop A300 flights from Chicago O'Hare Airport, Orlando and Philadelphia and was also flying nonstop Boeing 757-200 service from New York Kennedy Airport.[13] Other airlines operating jet service into St. Thomas at this same time in 1994 included Continental Airlines with nonstop Boeing 727-200 service from New York Newark Airport, Delta Air Lines with nonstop Boeing 757-200 service from Atlanta and St. Croix as well as direct one stop 757 service from Washington Reagan National Airport, Private Jet Expeditions (operating as National Airlines at this time) with nonstops from Atlanta and direct one stop service from Chicago Midway Airport flown with McDonnell Douglas MD-80s, and USAir with nonstops from Baltimore and direct one stop service from Pittsburgh flown with Boeing 727-200s.[14]

Also historically the airport hosted Air Force One and Two, respectively, carrying Bill Clinton, Al Gore, and Joe Biden using Boeing 707s and later Boeing 757s.

Cyril E. King Airport also hosted a number of charter jet airliners including the Boeing 757, Boeing 767 and the McDonnell Douglas DC-10. It was known as Harry S Truman Airport until 1984, when it was renamed to honor Cyril Emmanuel King, the second elected governor of the U.S. Virgin Islands.[15] A new passenger terminal opened in November 1990 and retained the name.

Facilities and aircraft

Cyril E. King Airport covers an area of 280 acres (110 ha) which contains one asphalt paved runway (10/28) measuring 7,000 ft × 150 ft (2,134 m × 46 m). For the 12-month period ending September 30, 2017, the airport had 61,255 aircraft operations, an average of 167 per day: 58% air taxi, 14% scheduled commercial, 27% general aviation and 1% military. During the same period, there were 98 aircraft based at this airport: 59% multi-engine, 35% single engine, 3% helicopters, 2% jet engine and 1% ultralight.[1] There is also one flight school at the airport, Ace Flight Center. The St. Thomas Jet Center, on the north side of the runway, handles private aviation.

Terminal

The two-story terminal has 11 gates in two departure areas. The main section serves flights bound for the United States and Puerto Rico. It contains a restaurant and bar, gift shop, and duty-free store. Three smaller departure lounges serve international and St. Croix departures.

Arriving passengers from the United States and Puerto Rico over the age of 18 are greeted with complimentary samples of Cruzan Rum.

Expansion and upgrade

There are plans to expand the Cyril E. King Airport terminal to include a second departure lounge on the second floor as well as install jet bridges and move airport offices to the third floor.[16][17] A $230 million modernization plan for the airport was unveiled by Governor Kenneth E. Mapp in June 2019.[18][19]

The airport upgrades will include a pedestrian bridge as well as a ferry terminal to improve transportation.[20][21][22][23] The architectural firm awarded the task of redesigning and renovating the airport is Lemartec Corporation and Perez & Perez Architects and Planners.

On September 3, 2019 the VIPA board approved a $175 million budget for FY 2020.[24][25]

Delegate Plaskett announced three transportation grants for V.I. Airports to redesign the apron and improve lighting on the Cyril E. King airport runway, as well as to improve the runway at Henry E. Rohlsen Airport.[26][27]

On November 22, 2019, the Transportation Department awarded a $2 million grant for the Cyril E. King Airport's modernization.[28][29] VIPA said that phase one of construction would begin in April. Each of the four phases may take from 18 to 24 months to complete, [30] for a total of 6-8 years and a cost of $250 million.

Airlines and destinations

Passenger

Cargo

Charter

Dolphin Water Taxi

On February 8, 2020, Dolphin Water Taxi opened new facilities at the Cyril E. King International Airport baggage claim east of Tropic Tours window as well as Red Hook Urman Victor Fredericks Marine Terminal.[34]

Top destinations

Busiest domestic routes from STT
(August 2019 - July 2020)
[35]
Rank City Passengers Carrier
1 Florida Miami, Florida 85,170 American
2 Puerto Rico San Juan, Puerto Rico 69,190 Air Sunshine, Cape Air, JetBlue, Seaborne
3 Georgia (U.S. state) Atlanta, Georgia 66,770 Delta
4 Florida Fort Lauderdale, Florida 36,180 Spirit
5 United States Virgin Islands Christiansted, St. Croix 32,550 Air Sunshine, Cape Air, Seaborne, Sea Flight
6 New York (state) New York City, New York 27,750 American, Delta
7 North Carolina Charlotte, North Carolina 26,180 American
8 New Jersey Newark, New Jersey 23,060 United
9 Pennsylvania Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 15,670 American
10 Florida Orlando, Florida 15,610 Spirit

Airline market share

Largest airlines at STT
(August 2019 - July 2020)
[36]
Rank Airline Passengers Share
1 American Airlines 273,000 31.80%
2 Delta Air Lines 176,000 20.55%
3 JetBlue 108,000 12.56%
4 Spirit Airlines 102,000 11.95%
5 United Airlines 90,150 10.51%
6 Other 108,000 12.64%

Accidents and incidents

  • On December 28, 1970, Trans Caribbean Airways Flight 505 operated with a Boeing 727-200 jetliner made a hard landing and ran off the side of the runway. Two of the 48 passengers died in the subsequent fire, and the aircraft was then destroyed by the ensuing conflagration.[37]
  • On April 27, 1976, American Airlines Flight 625[38][39] operated with a Boeing 727-100 jetliner ran off the end of the runway, killing 37 of the 88 on board. The old St. Thomas runway was 4,658 feet long at the time. Following the crash, American Airlines (AA) suspended jet service to the airport and began operating Convair 440 propliners instead for service to nearby St. Croix (STX) for connections to American mainline jet flights until a new, longer 7,000 foot runway was constructed. These CV-440[40] flights were operated by a division of AA, American Inter-Island, as an interim service until American elected to resume mainline jet aircraft operations into St. Thomas with the advent of the longer runway. The American Inter-Island Convair 440 aircraft were owned by American Airlines and flown and maintained by Antilles Air Boats, a seaplane operator in the Virgin Islands.[41][42]
  • On March 25, 1977, Douglas C-53 N692A of Island Traders was damaged beyond economic repair in a heavy landing.[43]
  • On September 17, 1989, Douglas DC-3 N4425N, Douglas C-47s N100SD, N4471J and N4577Z; and Douglas C-49J N28346 of Aero Virgin Islands; along with Douglas C-47A N101AP of Four Star Air Cargo; were damaged beyond economic repair by Hurricane Hugo.[44][45][46][47][48][49]
  • On December 30, 2003, Douglas DC-3C N781T of Tol-Air Services was substantially damaged when the starboard undercarriage collapsed on landing after a flight that originated at San Juan, Puerto Rico.[50]
  • On July 19, 2006, Douglas DC-3C N782T of Tol-Air Services ditched into the sea off Charlotte Amalie after an engine failure shortly after take-off from Cyril E. King Airport.[51] All four people on board escaped as the aircraft floated for about ten minutes before sinking.[52] The aircraft now lies in 100 feet (30 m) of water and is a dive site.[53]
  • A Kestrel Convair C-131F, registration N8277Q performing a freight flight from St. Thomas (US Virgin Islands) to unknown destination with 2 crew, departed St. Thomas' runway 28 and was in the initial climb around 07:47L (11:47Z) when the tower observed smoke from the left-hand engine (P&W R-2800). The crew declared emergency reporting an engine fire and loss of hydraulics and initiated a return to St. Thomas' runway 10, where the aircraft touched down but could not slow. The airplane veered right off the runway, broke through the airport fence and came to a stop on a public road parallel to the runway (actually the airport access road). No injuries occurred, the airplane received substantial damage. The airport was closed for several hours. The FAA reported the aircraft went off the runway and received substantial damage.[54]
  • On October 13, 2012, a Piper Aztec, N5553Y, departing nearby St. Croix carrying three passengers, crashed approximately eight miles south of Cyril E. King Airport. There was one survivor. After a year-long investigation, it was determined that the pilot suffered spatial disorientation, descended before he needed to and then crashed into the water.
  • On June 17, 2015, an American Airlines Boeing 757 preparing to fly to John F. Kennedy International Airport was grounded due to a mechanical failure. After returning to the gate, an airport service vehicle collided with the aircraft, severely damaging one of the aircraft's jet engines. No injuries occurred.
  • On September 6, 2017, Hurricane Irma hit the U.S. Virgin Islands and the British Virgin Islands. There was severe damage to the terminal especially around gate 6. Hurricane Irma was a Category 5 hurricane when it hit the U.S. Virgin Islands. No injuries were reported.

References

 This article incorporates public domain material from the Air Force Historical Research Agency website http://www.afhra.af.mil/.

  1. ^ a b c FAA Airport Form 5010 for STT PDF, retrieved November 27, 2008.
  2. ^ "RITA | BTS | Transtats". www.transtats.bts.gov. Archived from the original on November 16, 2012. Retrieved 2016.
  3. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on July 19, 2019. Retrieved 2019.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  4. ^ "HyperWar: Building the Navy's Bases in World War II [Chapter 18]". Archived from the original on March 13, 2015. Retrieved 2015.
  5. ^ "Image: bases2-p10.jpg, (640 × 440 px)". ibiblio.org. Archived from the original on September 24, 2015. Retrieved 2015.
  6. ^ "Airport Hangar (demolished) - St. Thomas VI - Living New Deal". Living New Deal. Archived from the original on March 15, 2015. Retrieved 2015.
  7. ^ http://www.timetableimages.com/i-t/tc6907b.jpg
  8. ^ http://www.timetableimages.com/ttimages/cb/cb68/cb68-1.jpg
  9. ^ http://www.timetableimages.com/ttimages/pa/pa69/pa69-11.jpg
  10. ^ American Airlines Flight 625
  11. ^ https://www.aa.com/i18n/customer-service/about-us/history-of-american-airlines.jsp, 1970s
  12. ^ http://www.departedflights.com/STT75p1.html
  13. ^ Sept. 15, 1994 OAG Desktop Flight Guide, St. Thomas, Virgin Islands flight schedule
  14. ^ Sept. 15, 1994 OAG Desktop Flight Guide, St. Thomas, Virgin Islands flight schedules
  15. ^ "Virgin Islands Port Authority | The United States Virgin Islands' Airports and Seaports". www.viport.com. Archived from the original on August 3, 2018. Retrieved 2018.
  16. ^ https://stthomassource.com/content/2017/12/13/13892/ Archived December 16, 2017, at the Wayback Machine An Expansion Plan Is Given for Cyril E. King Airport
  17. ^ http://viconsortium.com/opinion/letter-to-the-editor-the-stressful-nature-of-air-travel-to-and-from-the-virgin-islands/ Archived February 5, 2018, at the Wayback Machine Letter To The Editor: The Stressful Nature Of Air Travel To And From The Virgin Islands
  18. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on April 24, 2018. Retrieved 2018.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  19. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on April 24, 2018. Retrieved 2018.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  20. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on June 27, 2018. Retrieved 2018.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  21. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on June 28, 2018. Retrieved 2018.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  22. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on July 6, 2018. Retrieved 2018.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  23. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on September 18, 2018. Retrieved 2018.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  24. ^ https://stthomassource.com/content/2019/09/03/vipa-board-approves-175-million-budget-for-fy-2020/
  25. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on September 13, 2019. Retrieved 2019.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  26. ^ https://stjohnsource.com/2019/09/30/delegate-plaskett-announces-three-transportation-grants-for-v-i-airports/
  27. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on October 18, 2019. Retrieved 2019.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  28. ^ https://stjohnsource.com/2019/11/22/transportation-awards-2-million-grant-to-cyril-e-king-airport/
  29. ^ https://viconsortium.com/vi-travel/virgin-islands-cyril-e-king-airport-receives-2-million-from-u-s-dept-of-transportation-
  30. ^ https://stthomassource.com/content/2020/03/15/vipa-says-construction-to-begin-soon-on-territorys-airports/
  31. ^ Liu, Jim. "Delta resumes Boston - St. Thomas route from Dec 2020". Routesonline. Retrieved 2020.
  32. ^ "JetBlue Will Add 30 New Routes, Launch Mint® Service at Newark". JetBlue Airways. June 18, 2020. Retrieved 2020.
  33. ^ https://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/293489/sun-country-resumes-st-thomas-service-from-dec-2020/
  34. ^ https://www.dolphinshuttle.com/latest-news/56-february-2020-newsletter
  35. ^ "RITA - BTS - Transtats". transtats.bts.gov.
  36. ^ https://www.transtats.bts.gov/airports.asp?pn=1&Airport=STT&Airport_Name=Charlotte%20Amalie,%20VI:%20Cyril%20E%20King&carrier=FACTS
  37. ^ http://www.airliners.net/photo/Trans-Caribbean-Airways/Boeing-727-2A7/0153357/&sid=5cdb96e62b278558790f768d2a776ca1 Archived March 4, 2016, at the Wayback Machine, photos of destroyed Trans Caribbean Airways Boeing 727-200 at St. Thomas
  38. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on November 25, 2015. Retrieved 2015.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  39. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on February 18, 2017. Retrieved 2019.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  40. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on November 25, 2015. Retrieved 2015.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  41. ^ http://www.airliners.net/search/photo.search?airlinesearch==American%20Inter-Island&distinct_entry=true, photos of American Inter-Island Convair 440 aircraft at St. Thomas operating local flights to STX and SJU
  42. ^ https://www.antillesairboats.com/american-inter-island
  43. ^ "N692A Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Archived from the original on November 2, 2012. Retrieved 2010.
  44. ^ "N4425N Hull-loss description". Aviation Safety Network. Archived from the original on November 2, 2012. Retrieved 2010.
  45. ^ "N100SD Hull-loss description". Aviation Safety Network. Archived from the original on November 2, 2012. Retrieved 2010.
  46. ^ "N4471J Hull-loss description". Aviation Safety Network. Archived from the original on November 2, 2012. Retrieved 2010.
  47. ^ "N4577Z Hull-loss description". Aviation Safety Network. Archived from the original on November 2, 2012. Retrieved 2010.
  48. ^ "N28346 Hull-loss description". Aviation Safety Network. Archived from the original on November 2, 2012. Retrieved 2010.
  49. ^ "N101AP Hull-loss description". Aviation Safety Network. Archived from the original on November 2, 2012. Retrieved 2010.
  50. ^ "N781T Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Archived from the original on November 2, 2012. Retrieved 2001.
  51. ^ "N782T Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Archived from the original on November 2, 2012. Retrieved 2010.
  52. ^ "MIA06LA125". National Transportation Safety Board. Archived from the original on August 29, 2007. Retrieved 2010.
  53. ^ "Jul 2006 Gooney bird becomes latest dive site". Blue Island Divers. Archived from the original on July 8, 2011. Retrieved 2010.
  54. ^ http://avherald.com/h?article=436593dd&opt=0

External links



  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Cyril_E._King_Airport
 



 



 
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