Czech Philharmonic Orchestra
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Czech Philharmonic Orchestra
Czech Philharmonic
Václav Neumann,?eská filharmonie 1982 Kobe,Hyogo,Japan Img749.jpg
Concert hallRudolfinum
Principal conductorSemyon Bychkov
Czech Philharmonic logo

The ?eská filharmonie (Czech Philharmonic) is a Czech symphony orchestra based in Prague.[1] The orchestra's principal concert venue is the Rudolfinum.


The name "Czech Philharmonic Orchestra" appeared for the first time in 1894, as the title of the orchestra of the Prague National Theatre.[1] It played its first concert under its current name on January 4, 1896 when Antonín Dvo?ák conducted his own compositions, but it did not become fully independent from the opera until 1901. The first representative concert took place on October 15, 1901 conducted by Ludvík ?elanský, the first artistic director of the orchestra.[1] In 1908, Gustav Mahler led the orchestra in the world premiere of his Symphony No. 7. The orchestra first became internationally known during the principal conductorship of Václav Talich, who held the post from 1919 to 1931, and again from 1933 to 1941. In 1941, Talich and the orchestra made a controversial journey to Germany, where they performed Bed?ich Smetana's My Country in a concert enforced by the German offices.[1]

Subsequent chief conductors included Rafael Kubelík (1942-1948), Karel An?erl (1950-1968), Václav Neumann (1968-1989), Ji?í B?lohlávek (1990-1992), Gerd Albrecht (1993-1996), Vladimir Ashkenazy (1996-2003), Zden?k Mácal (2003-2007),[2] and Eliahu Inbal (2009-2012). In the wake of the Velvet Revolution, under new conditions of financial insecurity, the orchestra reorganised in 1991 and controversially voted to appoint Gerd Albrecht its new chief conductor and to dismiss B?lohlávek. Instead of remaining until Albrecht's accession, B?lohlávek resigned from the orchestra in 1992.[3] In December 2010, the orchestra announced the reappointment of B?lohlávek as chief conductor, beginning in 2012,[4] with an initial contract of 4 years.[5] In January 2017, the orchestra announced the extension of B?lohlávek's contract through the 2021-2022 season.[6] B?lohlávek continued to serve as the orchestra's chief conductor until his death on 31 May 2017.[7]

In 2009, the orchestra performed the score for the film, The Final Destination, composed and conducted by Brian Tyler.

In 2013, Semyon Bychkov first guest-conducted the orchestra, which subsequently named him director of its Tchaikovsky Project. In October 2017, the orchestra announced the appointment of Bychkov as its next chief conductor and music director, effective with the 2018-2019 season.[8]

Past principal guest conductors of the orchestra have included Sir Charles Mackerras and Manfred Honeck. Jakub Hra is the orchestra's current 'permanent guest conductor', as of the 2015-2016 season. In October 2017, the orchestra announced the appointments of Hra and of Tomá? Netopil as joint principal guest conductors of the orchestra, effective with the 2018-2019 season.[8]

The Czech Philharmonic's first phonograph recording dates from 1929, when Václav Talich recorded My Country for His Master's Voice. It recorded on the Supraphon label during the Soviet era.

Honours and awards

Programme including Antonín Dvo?ák's Piano Concerto in G minor op.33, Czech Philharmonic conducted by Václav Talich

Chief Conductors


  1. ^ a b c d ?ernu?ák, Gracián; ?t?dro?, Bohumír; Nová?ek, Zdenko, eds. (1963). ?eskoslovenský hudební slovník I. A-L (in Czech). Prague: Státní hudební vydavatelství. p. 203.
  2. ^ Matthew Westphal (2007-09-11). "Angry Over Bad Review, Conductor Zdenek Mácal Abruptly Quits Czech Philharmonic". Playbill Arts. Retrieved .
  3. ^ John Rockwell (1992-12-30). "Czech Philharmonic Faces Perilous Times In Dividing Country". New York Times. Retrieved .
  4. ^ "?éfdirigentem ?eské filharmonie bude Ji?í B?lohlávek". ?TK (in Czech). ?eské Retrieved 2011.
  5. ^ "B?lohlávek to become Czech Philharmonic's chief conductor in 2012". Prague Daily Monitor. 2010-12-23. Retrieved .[permanent dead link]
  6. ^ Daniel Konrád (2017-01-01). "?éfdirigent B?lohlávek prodlou?il smlouvu, ?eskou filharmonii povede do roku 2022". Hospodá?ské Noviny. Retrieved .
  7. ^ David Nice (2017-06-01). "Ji?í B?lohlávek obituary". The Guardian. Retrieved .
  8. ^ a b Martin Cullingford (2017-10-16). "Semyon Bychkov to take top job at Czech Philharmonic". Gramophone. Retrieved .
  9. ^ "The world's greatest orchestras". Gramophone. London. 2008.


  • Karel Mlejnek (1996). ?eská filharmonie (in Czech). Prague: Paseka.
  • Vladimír ?efl (1971). ?eská filharmonie (in Czech). Prague: Czech Philharmonic.
  • Václav Holzknecht. ?eská filharmonie. P?íb?h orchestru (in Czech). Prague: SHN.

External links

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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