Da Chu
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Da Chu
Da Chu

CapitalJiankang, modern Nanjing
o 1127
Zhang Bangchang
o Buffer state of Chu created by the Jin
o Zhang submits to the Song emperor, Chu is abolished
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Today part ofChina
Da Chu
Literal meaningGreat Chu

Da Chu was a short-lived Chinese dynasty in 1127 ruled by Zhang Bangchang (1081-1127), a puppet emperor enthroned with the support of the Jurchen Jin dynasty (1115-1234).[1] The dynasty was abolished scarcely a month after its formation.[2]

By 1127, the Jurchens had conquered northern China in the Jin-Song wars and captured the Song capital of Kaifeng in the Jingkang Incident, but they lacked the resources to administer the newly acquired territories. Instead of directly annexing it,[3] they formed the buffer state of Chu in 1127.[4] Zhang, a former prime minister of the Song Dynasty, was installed emperor of the new dynasty.[2][1] He refused to wear the formal clothing of the emperor outside of his encounters with Jin officials.[5] The offer of enthronement was too attractive for Zhang to resist, but he had reservations about his new role.[4] Jiankang, modern Nanjing, became the capital of Chu.[6] The support of Empress Dowager Yuanyou, who was dismissed as Empress by her former spouse Emperor Zhezong, was enlisted to bolster the legitimacy of the puppet government.[2]

Meanwhile, a Song prince had escaped the capture of Kaifeng. He was enthroned Emperor Gaozong.[2] The dynasty ended when Zhang agreed to recognize Emperor Gaozong as the new ruler of the revived Southern Song.[2] Zhang submitted to Gaozong,[7] but was sentenced to death by being coerced into suicide.[6] Gaozong ordered the execution under pressure from Li Gang, his chief councilor, who opposed diplomatic reconciliation with the Jin and wanted Zhang executed for collaborating with the Jurchen government.[7]

The elimination of Zhang and the Chu buffer state infringed on the treaty that the Jin and Song had negotiated. The Jin then recommenced their war with the Song.[7] The invasion was hampered by the ongoing insurgency by Song loyalists in northern China.[6]



  1. ^ a b Franke 1994, pp. 229-230.
  2. ^ a b c d e Tao 2009, p. 647.
  3. ^ Franke 1994, p. 229.
  4. ^ a b Tao 2009, p. 646.
  5. ^ Tao 2009, pp. 646-647.
  6. ^ a b c Franke 1994, p. 230.
  7. ^ a b c Tao 2009, p. 649.


  • Tao, Jing-Shen (2009). "The Move to the South and the Reign of Kao-tsung". In Paul Jakov Smith; Denis C. Twitchett (eds.). The Cambridge History of China: Volume 5, The Sung Dynasty and Its Precursors, 907-1279. Cambridge University Press. pp. 556-643. ISBN 978-0-521-81248-1. (hardcover)
  • Franke, Herbert (1994). "The Chin dynasty". In Denis Twitchett; John King Fairbank (eds.). The Cambridge History of China: Volume 6, Alien Regimes and Border States, 710-1368. Cambridge University Press. pp. 215-320. ISBN 978-0-521-24331-5. (hardcover)

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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