Danville, Mississippi
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Danville, Mississippi
Danville, Mississippi
Danville, Mississippi is located in Mississippi
Danville, Mississippi
Danville, Mississippi
Location within the state of Mississippi
Danville, Mississippi is located in the United States
Danville, Mississippi
Danville, Mississippi
Danville, Mississippi (the United States)
Coordinates: 34°49?30?N 88°32?17?W / 34.82500°N 88.53806°W / 34.82500; -88.53806Coordinates: 34°49?30?N 88°32?17?W / 34.82500°N 88.53806°W / 34.82500; -88.53806
CountryUnited States
StateMississippi
CountyAlcorn
Elevation
472 ft (144 m)
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 o Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
GNIS feature ID706842[1]

Danville is a ghost town in Alcorn County, Mississippi, United States.[1]

The first non-Indian settlement in what was then Tishomingo County, Danville was destroyed by the Union Army during the American Civil War.

History

1862 map showing the location of Danville
1862 map showing the location of Danville

The settlement was located along Reynoldsburg Road, which ran from a location near present-day Tupelo, Mississippi, north to Reynoldsburg in central Tennessee.[2][3]

Originally called Troy, the settlement was located in Tishomingo County (Alcorn County was not formed until 1870).[2]

Troy was the first non-Indian settlement in Tishomingo County, and was founded by John Rives and Mr. Fitz, who opened a store there.[2]

Troy had an abundance of freestone water, which enabled a tannery, and a licensed whisky distillery, to establish there.[2][4]

The first circuit court in Tishomingo County was held in a small log house in Troy.[2]

In 1838, the New Hope Presbyterian Church was organized in a schoolhouse near Troy. The church cemetery, now called Old Danville Cemetery, has markers dating to the 1830s.[5][6]

The settlement was renamed "Danville" when the post office was established, because a post office named Troy already existed in Mississippi.[2]

Danville was incorporated in 1848.[2]

The population reached a peak of 150, and Danville had blacksmith shops, four or five businesses, a two-story inn, a Masonic Temple, a school, an Indian trading post, and several saloons.[2][4]

Decline and destruction

Prior to the Civil War, the Mobile and Ohio Railroad was completed to the nearby towns of Corinth and Rienzi, undermining Danville's early prosperity and leading some Danville businesses to move to the new railway towns.[2][7]

During the Civil War, the Union Army needed timber to erect a stockade and soldiers' quarters at Camp Davis, located about 3 mi (4.8 km) north of Danville, across the Tuscumbia River. Danville was shelled and its residents told to leave, after which its log homes and buildings were dismantled and moved to Camp Davis.[2][4][7]

Danville still had a post office by the early 1900s, though nothing was left of the settlement.[2]

Notable people

References

  1. ^ a b U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Danville (historical)
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Riley, Franklin Lafayette (1902). Riley, Franklin Lafayette (ed.). Extinct Towns and Villages of Mississippi. Publications of the Mississippi Historical Society. 5. Mississippi Historical Society. pp. 314-315.
  3. ^ Smith, Jonathan Kennon Thompson. "The West Tennessee Natchez Trace". TNGenWeb Project. Retrieved 2017.
  4. ^ a b c Perry, Mary Lena Mitchell (1985). "Danville". MSGenWeb.
  5. ^ "Brief History of Church". New Hope Presbyterian Church. Retrieved 2017.
  6. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Old Danville Cemetery
  7. ^ a b Rowland, Dunbar (1907). Mississippi: Comprising Sketches of Counties, Towns, Events, Institutions, and Persons, Arranged in Cyclopedic Form. 1. Southern Historical Publishing Association. p. 606.
  8. ^ Ward, Kathy (May 28, 2012). "A. B. Dilworth". Find-A-Grave. Archived from the original on February 11, 2017. Retrieved 2017.

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Danville,_Mississippi
 



 



 
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