|Place of origin||France|
|Region or state||Provence|
|Main ingredients||Beef, wine, vegetables, garlic, herbes de Provence|
Daube is a classic Provençal (or more broadly, French) stew made with inexpensive beef braised in wine, vegetables, garlic, and herbes de Provence, and traditionally cooked in a daubière, a braising pan. A traditional daubière is a terracotta pot that resembles a pitcher, with a concave lid. Water is poured on the lid, which condenses the moisture inside, allowing for the long cooking required to tenderize lesser cuts of meat. The meat used in daube is cut from the shoulder and back of the bull, though some suggest they should be made from three cuts of meat: the "gelatinous shin for body, short ribs for flavor, and chuck for firmness." Although most modern recipes call for red wine, a minority call for white, as do the earliest recorded daube recipes.
Daube is adapted in New Orleans cuisine to make daube glacé.
Variations also call for olives, prunes, and flavoring with duck fat, vinegar, brandy, lavender, nutmeg, cinnamon, cloves, juniper berries, or orange peel. For best flavor, it is cooked in several stages, and cooled for a day after each stage to allow the flavors to meld together. In the Camargue and Béarn area of France, bulls killed in bullfighting festivals are often used for daube.
A daube is best made in a daubière. The shape of the pot makes sure condensation builds and no evaporation occurs, so everything stays moist.
Daube of beef with lardons, carrots, and button mushrooms, served on parsnip puree
Daube de boeuf with buttered carrots and peas at Bistro Jeanty in Yountville, California
Think carbonnade, pot roast, fricassee, stew, or daube. While all these dishes are variations on braising, most are more complex than those enjoyed by our ancestors.