Dawson County Courthouse in Dawsonville
Location within the U.S. state of Georgia
Georgia's location within the U.S.
|Named for||William Crosby Dawson|
|o Total||214 sq mi (550 km2)|
|o Land||211 sq mi (550 km2)|
|o Water||3.6 sq mi (9 km2) 1.7%%|
| o Estimate |
|o Density||106/sq mi (41/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (Eastern)|
|o Summer (DST)||UTC-4 (EDT)|
Dawson County is included in the Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA Metropolitan Statistical Area. Its natural resources include Amicalola Falls, the highest in Georgia and one of the Seven Natural Wonders of the state.
The 1860s brought war and hardships to the people of Dawson County. Many men of Dawson County answered the call and went to fight in the Civil War. The following Confederate units were raised in Dawson County:
21st Regiment, Georgia Infantry, Company E Concord Rangers
22nd Regiment, Georgia Infantry, Company I, Dawson County Independents
38th Regiment, Georgia Infantry, Company I (Wright's Legion), Dawson Farmers
38th Regiment, Georgia Infantry, Company L (Wright's Legion)
52nd Regiment, Georgia Volunteer Infantry, Company I
The following Union units were raised in Dawson County:
1st Georgia Infantry Battalion (Union), Companies B and C
The county is known in auto racing circles for its long tradition of involvement in the sport, which was established in the 20th century; many of the original NASCAR racers came from this area. Local racing skills are said to have been developed by men who ran moonshine down Highway 9, also known as Thunder Road, to Atlanta. Celebrations of Dawson County's history and of its "likker" involvement occur every October with the Moonshine Festival.
Locals have referred to Dawson County as the Moonshine Capital of the World. This title is claimed by many other areas but is fiercely defended by residents of this area. They took advantage of its relative isolation and the ability to move so much moonshine to the larger cities, especially Atlanta, during the Prohibition era.
Dawson County currently serves grades K-12. It has a total of 7 schools: one for Pre-K, four for grades K-5, one for grades 6-7, one for grades 8-9, and a high school for grades 10-12.
Dawson Head Start Pre-K
Blacks Mill Elementary School (K-5)
Robinson Elementary School (K-5)
Kilough Elementary School (K-5)
Riverview Elementary School (K-5)
Dawson County Middle School (6-7)
Dawson County Junior High School (8-9)
Dawson County High School (10-12)
Part of Lake Lanier is in the southeastern part of the county and the boundary line with neighboring counties pass through the lake. The 729-foot (222 m) Amicalola Falls, are located in the county. The Amicalola Falls are the highest in Georgia, the tallest cascading waterfall east of the Mississippi River, and one of the Seven Natural Wonders of Georgia. The highest point in the county is Black Mountain, with an elevation of 3,600 feet (1,100 m). 6,760 acres (27.4 km2), which is located in the Chattahoochee National Forest. The Chestatee and Etowah rivers flow through Dawson County.
The vast majority of Dawson County is located in the Etowah River sub-basin of the ACT River Basin (Coosa-Tallapoosa River Basin). The southeastern tip of the county is located in the Upper Chattahoochee River sub-basin of the ACF River Basin (Apalachicola-Chattahoochee-Flint River Basin), and a very small northern section of Dawson County is located in the Coosawattee River sub-basin of the larger ACT River Basin.
As of the census of 2010, there were 22,330 people, and 10,425 households, and 6,390 families living in the county. The racial makeup of the county was 95.62% White, 0.5% Black or African American, 0.4% Native American, 0.6% Asian, <0.01% Pacific Islander, 1.6% from other races, and 1.4% from two or more races. 4.1% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 8,433 households out of which 21.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.7% were married couples living together, 9.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.6% had a male householder with no wife present, and 24.2% were non-families. 19.7% of all households were made up of individuals living alone and 6.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 2.97.
In the county, the population was spread out with 5.7% under the age of 5, 6.5% between 5-9 years, 6.8% between 10-14 years, 6.0% between 15-19 years, 6.1% between 20-24 years, 5.7% between 25-29 years, 5.8% between 30-34 years, 6.6% between 35-39 years, 6.9% between 40-44 years, 8.1% between 45-49 years, 7.2% between 50-54 years, 7.0% between 55-59 years, 7.6% between 60-64 years, 6.0% between 65-69 years, 3.6% between 70-74 years, 2.4% between 75-79 years, 1.3% between 80-84 years, and 0.8 over age 85. The median age was 40.6 years. 50% (11,164) were male, and 50% (11,166) were female.
The median income for a household in the county was estimated $51,989, and the median income for a family was estimated $60,455. About 8.9% of families and 13.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.0% of those under age 18 and 6.3% of those age 65 or over.
As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 22,330 people, 8,433 households, and 6,390 families living in the county. The population density was 105.9 inhabitants per square mile (40.9/km2). There were 10,425 housing units at an average density of 49.4 per square mile (19.1/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 95.6% white, 0.6% Asian, 0.5% black or African American, 0.4% American Indian, 1.6% from other races, and 1.4% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 4.1% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 18.9% were American, 18.8% were Irish, 14.7% were English, and 13.6% were German.
Of the 8,433 households, 33.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.7% were married couples living together, 9.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 24.2% were non-families, and 19.7% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 2.97. The median age was 40.6 years.
The median income for a household in the county was $51,128 and the median income for a family was $60,236. Males had a median income of $41,726 versus $31,978 for females. The per capita income for the county was $25,557. About 7.8% of families and 12.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.0% of those under age 18 and 5.3% of those age 65 or over.
There are large, gated private communities that function similar to a municipality providing many municipal-type services that operate independently of county government.