Democratic Party For the People
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Democratic Party For the People
Democratic Party for the People

Kokumin-minshut? or Kokumint?
LeaderY?ichir? Tamaki
Deputy LeaderK?hei ?tsuka
Motohisa Furukawa
Secretary-GeneralHirofumi Hirano
Councilors LeaderK?hei ?tsuka
Founded7 May 2018 (2018-05-07)
Merger ofKib? no T?
Democratic Party
Liberal Party
Headquarters1-11-1 Miyakezaka Building, Nagatach?, Chiyoda, Tokyo
NewspaperKokumin Minshu Press[1]
Sustainable development[3]
Popular sovereignty[3]
Political position
Colors     Blue      Gold
SloganTsukur?, atarashii kotae[9]
("Let's make a new answer")

The Democratic Party for the People[10] (, Kokumin-minshut?); , KMT; DPFP or DPP)[11] is a centre to centre-right political party in Japan. The party was formed on 7 May 2018 from the merger of the Democratic Party and Kib? no T?.[11] The party was initially to be named the National Democratic Party before the predecessor parties decided on the current official English language name.[12]


On 28 September 2017, Democratic Party (DP) leader Seiji Maehara announced that the party had abandoned plans to contest the 2017 general election,[13][14] with the party's sitting representatives contesting the election as candidates for the Kib? no T? recently founded by former Tokyo governor Yuriko Koike, or as independents.[15] On 23 October 2017, after the election, Maehara resigned as party president, with the Constitutional Democratic Party of Japan (CDP) having replaced the DP as the largest opposition party in the House of Representatives, while the existing DP caucus continued to exist in the House of Councillors.[16][17]

In January 2018, the DP and the Kib? no T? agreed to form a joint parliamentary group in both houses of the Diet,[18] although days later the negotiations broke down.[19] On 9 April 2018, it was announced that talks were ongoing to merge the two parties into a new opposition force.[20] On 24 April 2018, at a joint press conference the leadership of the DP and the Kib? no T? announced that both parties had agreed to merge in May 2018 as the National Democratic Party.[21] The DP and Kib? no T? merged to form the DPFP on 7 May 2018.[13] 62 members of the predecessor parties joined the DPFP at its formation.[22] DP leader K?hei ?tsuka and Kib? leader Y?ichir? Tamaki became the interim co-leaders of the new party.

The party held a leadership election in September 2018 to choose a permanent leader. Interim co-leader Tamaki was elected as the permanent leader of the party.[23]

In April 2019, the Liberal Party merged into the Democratic Party for the People.[24]


A self-proclaimed "reformist centrist" party,[2][3] it enumerated freedom, symbiosis and responsibility for the future in its basic philosophy and self-proclaimed the establishment of a "Reformist-Centrist Party" (, Kaikaku-ch?d? seit?) based on these philosophies.[3] Otsuka said that the term "Reformist-Centrist Party" describes attitude and spirit of DPFP that thoroughly adheres to a democratic approach to realistically reform/solve various issues.[25] However, the party is viewed as having a strong "reformist conservative" tendency because the split of the DP has drained liberals to the CDP.[2]


Position Name Previous party
Leader Y?ichir? Tamaki Kib?
Deputy leader Kazuhiro Haraguchi Democratic
Vice leaders Sh? Watanabe Kib?
Masao Kobayashi Democratic
Secretary-General Motohisa Furukawa Kib?
Deputy Secretary-General Teruhiko Mashiko Democratic
General Affairs chief Hirofumi Hirano Democratic
Diet Affairs Committee chief Kenta Izumi Kib?
Election Campaign Committee chief Atsushi ?shima Kib?
Policy Affairs Research Council chief Shinya Adachi Democratic


No. Name Term of office Election results
Took office Left office
Preceding parties: Democratic Party (2016) (centre) & Kib? no T? (centre-right)
1 Co-leadership
7 May 2018 4 September 2018 see former DP 2017 election
& former 2017 Kib? election
2 Yuichiro Tamaki 4 September 2018 Incumbent see 2018 election


  1. ^ [Newspaper "KOKUMIN MINSHU PRESS"]. (in Japanese). 15 May 2019. Retrieved 2019.
  2. ^ a b c d Yano, Takeshi. "?()". (in Japanese). Retrieved 2020.
  3. ^ a b c d e f (in Japanese). Democratic Party for the People. Retrieved 2018.
  4. ^ Sieg, Linda (26 August 2018). "Japanese PM Abe seen headed for extended term despite policy doubts". Reuters. Retrieved 2019.
  5. ^ McCurry, Justin (8 November 2018). "The changing face of Japan: labour shortage opens doors to immigrant workers". The Guardian. Retrieved 2019.
  6. ^ Harding, Robin (5 November 2018). "Japan demand for labour sparks immigration debate". Financial Times. Retrieved 2019.
  7. ^ "Japan". Freedom in the World. Freedom House. 2019.
  8. ^ "Merger of Japan opposition parties remains elusive as DPP lawmakers balk at immediate action". The Japan Times. 21 January 2020. Retrieved 2020. While the CDP, a center-left party, is united on the merger idea, the DPP, a center-right party, was divided even before Monday's developments.
  9. ^ [Let's make a new answer]. (in Japanese). 19 December 2018. Retrieved 2019.
  10. ^ Tomohiro Osaki. "Abe denies rumors he's planning to call snap election". The Japan Times. Retrieved 2018.
  11. ^ a b Yoshida, Reiji (7 May 2018). "Rock bottom in opinion polls, Japanese opposition parties Kibo no To and Democratic Party decide to merge". Japan Times. Retrieved 2018.
  12. ^ Kohei Otsuka [@kouhei1005mon] (30 April 2018). "" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  13. ^ a b "Japan's Party of Hope to dissolve just months after its creation". Financial Times.
  14. ^ "Japan's Koike wins over more key politicians". Nikkei Asian Review.
  15. ^ Yoshida, Reiji (28 September 2017). "Democratic Party effectively disbands, throwing support behind Koike's party for Lower House poll" – via Japan Times Online.
  16. ^ "CDP looking for allies; Koike won't step down; Maehara to quit".
  17. ^ "Shattered Democratic Party to remain, pick new leader:The Asahi Shimbun".
  18. ^ Osaki, Tomohiro (15 January 2018). "Japanese opposition parties DP and Kibo no To agree to join forces" – via Japan Times Online.
  19. ^ "Alliance negotiations between two Japanese opposition parties break down". 17 January 2018 – via Japan Times Online.
  20. ^ "Japan's Democratic Party and Kibo no To launch merger talks". 10 April 2018 – via Japan Times Online.
  21. ^ Jiji Press (25 April 2018). "DP, Kibo to merge into new party as early as May 7". Yomiuri Shimbun. Retrieved 2018.
  22. ^ "New opposition party lacking in numbers after 2 parties merge". Asahi Shimbun. 7 May 2018. Retrieved 2018.
  23. ^ Kawai, Tatsuro (4 September 2018). "Tamaki chosen to lead DPP; vows to confront Abe government". Asahi Shimbun. Retrieved 2018.
  24. ^ "Democratic Party for the People, Japan's second-largest opposition force, absorbs Ozawa's Liberals". The Japan Times. 26 April 2019. Retrieved 2019.
  25. ^ "? " (Press release) (in Japanese). DPFP. 5 July 2018. Retrieved 2020.

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