|Founded||July 26, 1992|
|Split from||Democratic Party|
|Headquarters||Bra?e Jugovi?a 2a|
|Slogan||? , ? ? !|
(Proud of the past, decisively in the future!)
|Assembly of Vojvodina|
|City Assembly of Belgrade|
The Democratic Party of Serbia (Serbian: ? / Demokratska stranka Srbije, pronounced [dem?kratska: strânka sr?bije], Serbian abbreviationCC / DSS) is a national-conservative and Christian-democraticpolitical party in Serbia.
Founding members of the party were Vojislav Ko?tunica, Vladeta Jankovi?, ?ur?e Ninkovi?, Dra?ko Petrovi?, Mirko Petrovi? and Vladan Bati?. The founding assembly was held on July 26, 1992 and elected Vojislav Ko?tunica as its first president. The first party assembly was held on December 5, 1992 and adopted the party's first manifesto.
The DSS first competed in the December 1992 parliamentary elections. As part of DEPOS, the DSS received 18 seats in the National Assembly of Serbia - which grew to 20 after non-party-aligned members of DEPOS decided to leave the Parliament. Soon, similar differences of opinion over ways in which to fight the ruling Socialist Party of Serbia and the DSS's belief in Serbian nationalism led to a division in DEPOS too. The DSS left the coalition in mid-1993.
Next parliamentary elections in Serbia were called prematurely for December 19, 1993. This time DSS ran independently and received seven seats. This was a period of the party's political stagnation as most nationalist votes went to the Serbian Radical Party. It did not have enough seats to significantly influence matters in Serbia and was left without representation in the Federal Assembly.
In 1996, opposition Zajedno (Together) coalition was created. DSS entered the 1996 federal parliamentary elections as part of the coalition and won four seats in the Federal Assembly.
The DSS was a founding member of the Democratic Opposition of Serbia (DOS) whose presidential candidate and leader of the DSS, Vojislav Ko?tunica defeated Slobodan Milosevic in the 2000 Yugoslav presidential election held on 24 September 2000 winning 50.24% of the vote and defeating Slobodan Milo?evi? who contested the election results.
In the December 2000 Serbian parliamentary election, the Democratic Opposition of Serbia won 64.7% of the popular vote, securing 176 seats in the National Assembly. The DSS was allocated 45 seats. In the ensuing Democratic Opposition of Serbia coalition government, DSS had very little influence with just two cabinet-level ministerial posts, that of Deputy Prime Minister (held by Aleksandar Pravdi?) and Minister of Health (held by Obren Joksimovi?) as well as very few second tier posts of Deputy Minister. The DSS was unhappy with the direction of the DOS Government policy and split from the coalition in late 2001.
In the 2003 parliamentary election, the DSS won 17.7% of the popular vote, translating into 53 seats in the parliament. Of these 53 seats, three went to the People's Democratic Party (NDS), one to the Serbian Liberal Party and one to the Serbian Democratic Party (SDS).
In 2004 NDS left the coalition with DSS, leaving it with 50 seats in the National Assembly. However, in 2005 both the NDS and the SDS merged into the DSS, bringing its size to 52 seats in the National Assembly.
The DSS won 47 seats in coalition with New Serbia in the 2007 parliamentary election, receiving 667,615 votes or 16.55% of the total popular vote. DSS itself received 33 seats in the parliament, and formed a group together with New Serbia, the Serbian Democratic Renewal Movement and United Serbia.
The leader of the DSS since its foundation, Vojislav Ko?tunica, was the Prime Minister of Serbia between March 2004 and July 2008 heading up two coalition governments. The first coalition government between March 2004 and July 2007 in coalition with Serbian Renewal Movement and G17 Plus. The second coalition government between July 2007 and July 2008 in coalition with the Democratic Party and G17 Plus.
In the early 2008 parliamentary election held in May 2008 following the self-proclaimed declaration of independence by the Serbian province of Kosovo, the DSS won 30 seats in the National Assembly in coalition with New Serbia. It won 480,987 votes representing 11.62% of the electorate. In coalition with New Serbia 2008-10, it formed the second largest opposition block in the Serbian parliament.
Since 2008 the DSS has positioned itself as a staunch defender of the premise that Kosovo should remain within Serbia (in some shape or form) and that further negotiations must take place to determine a workable political outcome regarding Kosovo and Serbia. Because of this approach, the DSS is against Serbia joining the EU if in return it is bound to acknowledge the legitimacy of the self-proclaimed independent Kosovo.
The party has become increasingly nationalist and eurosceptic since the independence of Kosovo. In 2012, Vojislav Ko?tunica stated that the EU is destroying Serbia and that Serbia should abstain on EU membership. The party subsequently left the European People's Party in February 2012.
The party competed independently in the 2012 parliamentary elections in May 2012 and received around 7% of the popular vote (273,532 votes) translating into 21 Members of Parliament.
In 2014, founder and first president of DSS Vojislav Ko?tunica left the party over its abandonment of the idea of political neutrality. Subsequently, Slobodan Samard?i?, Dragan Jo?i?, Vladeta Jankovi? and Dejan Mihajlov also announced their departure in response to differences of opinion over the course of DSS.
|#||President||Born-died||Term start||Term end|
|1||Vojislav Ko?tunica||1944-||26 July 1992||19 March 2014|
|2||Sanda Ra?kovi? Ivi?||1956-||12 October 2014||2 August 2016|
|3||Milo? Jovanovi?||1976-||21 December 2016||Incumbent|
|#||Name||Born-died||Term start||Term end|
|Aleksandar Popovi?||1971-||19 March 2014||12 October 2014|
|Dragan Mar?i?anin||1950-||2 August 2016||21 December 2016|
|Election||Leader||# of votes||% of vote||# of seats||+/-||Coalitions||Government|
|2016||Sanda Ra?kovi? Ivi?||190,530||5.04%||6||With Dveri||opposition|
|2020||Milo? Jovanovi?||Metla 2020|
|Election year||#||Candidate||1st round votes||%||2nd round votes||%||Notes|
|1992||2nd||Milan Pani?||1,516,693||32.11||--||--||Independent candidate; support|
|Sep-Oct 2002||1st||Vojislav Ko?tunica||1,123,420||30.89||1,974,450||68.4||Election declared invalid due to low turnout|
|Dec 2002||1st||Vojislav Ko?tunica||1,699,098||57.66||--||--||Election declared invalid due to low turnout|
|2004||4th||Dragan Mar?i?anin||414,971||13.31||--||--||Government Coalition (Democratic Party of Serbia, G17 Plus, Serbian Renewal Movement, New Serbia)|
|2008||3rd||Velimir Ili?||305,828||7.43||--||--||Supported by: Democratic Party of Serbia, United Serbia, Serbian Renewal Movement and List for Sand?ak|
|Election year||#||Candidate||1st round votes||%||2nd round votes||%|
Major positions held by Democratic Party of Serbia members:
|President of FR Yugoslavia||Years|
|Prime Minister of Serbia||Years|
|President of the Assembly of Serbia and Montenegro||Years|
|President of the National Assembly of Serbia||Years|