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The olive woodpecker (Dendropicos griseocephalus) is a species of bird in the woodpecker family Picidae.
The olive woodpecker was described by the French polymath Georges-Louis Leclerc, Comte de Buffon in 1780 in his Histoire Naturelle des Oiseaux from a specimen obtained from the Cape of Good Hope area of South Africa. The bird was also illustrated in a hand-coloured plate engraved by François-Nicolas Martinet in the Planches Enluminées D'Histoire Naturelle which was produced under the supervision of Edme-Louis Daubenton to accompany Buffon's text. Neither the plate caption nor Buffon's description included a scientific name but in 1783 the Dutch naturalist Pieter Boddaert coined the binomial namePicus griseocephalus in his catalogue of the Planches Enluminées. The olive woodpecker is now placed in the genusDendropicos that was introduced by the French ornithologist Alfred Malherbe in 1849. The generic name is from the Ancient Greekdendron meaning tree and pikos for woodpecker. The specific epithet griseocephalus combines the Medieval Latingriseus meaning "grey" and the Ancient Greek -kephalos meaning "-headed".
^Fuchs, J.; Pons, J. M. (2015). "A new classification of the pied woodpeckers assemblage (Dendropicini, Picidae) based on a comprehensive multi-locus phylogeny". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 88: 28-37. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2015.03.016. PMID25818851.