Department of National Defence (Canada)
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Department of National Defence Canada
Department of National Defence
Ministère de la Défense nationale
Department of National Defence (Canada).svg
Department overview
Formed1923 (1923)
formed by the National Defence Act
Preceding Department
JurisdictionGovernment of Canada
HeadquartersMajor-General George R Pearkes Building,
Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
Employees24,000[1]
Annual budgetCA$21.16 billion,[2] (2019-2020)
Ministers responsible
Department executive
  • Jody Thomas, Deputy Minister of National Defence
Websiteforces.gc.ca

The Department of National Defence (DND; French: Ministère de la Défense nationale) is a Canadian government department responsible for defending Canada's interests and values at home and abroad.[3][4]

National Defence is the largest department of the Government of Canada in terms of budget as well as staff. It also is the department with the largest number of buildings (6,806 in 2015).[5] The department is headed by the Deputy Minister of National Defence, who is the department's senior civil servant, and reports directly to the Minister of National Defence.[6]

The Department of National Defence exists to aid the minister in carrying out his responsibilities within the Defence Portfolio, and provides a civilian support system for the Canadian Armed Forces.[7][8] Under the National Defence Act, the Canadian Armed Forces is a completely separate and distinct organization from, and is not part of, the Department of National Defence.[9][10][11]

History

The Department of National Defence was established by the National Defence Act, which merged the Department of Militia and Defence (which was created in 1906 when the British Army withdrew its forces stationed in Canada), the Department of Naval Services (the department responsible for the administration of the Royal Canadian Navy), and the Air Board (which oversaw aviation in Canada). The National Defence Act was passed by the Parliament of Canada on June 28, 1922.[12]

Organization

Defence Team Organisational Structure 2014.jpg

Both the Canadian Armed Forces (military) and the Department of National Defence (civilian civil servants) are, although two separate organizations, known collectively as The Defence Team as both institutions work closely together in the defence of Canada. The Minister of National Defence, as the member of cabinet responsible to Parliament for National Defence, heads the Defence Team. The Department of National Defence is headed by the Deputy Minister of National Defence. Under the Deputy Minister are a variety of associate deputy and assistant deputy ministers who are responsible for various aspects of the department (human resources, policy, etc.). The Deputy Minister is appointed by the Governor-General on behalf of the Queen of Canada (Queen-in-Council) on the advice of the Prime Minister.[13][14] The Canadian Armed Forces, as a separate and distinct organization, is headed by the Chief of the Defence Staff, and reporting to him are the Royal Canadian Navy, Canadian Army, Royal Canadian Air Force, and a variety of other commands. There are also a variety of offices and support organizations which report to both the Chief of Defence Staff and the Deputy Minister.

The Canadian Sovereign, represented by the Governor General, is responsible for appointing the Minister, Deputy Minister, and Chief of Defence Staff on the recommendation of the Queen's Privy Council of Canada. Although not part of the Defence Team organizational structure, the legal military chain of command within the Canadian Forces originates from the Queen of Canada as Commander-in-Chief (represented by the Governor-General), through the Chief of the Defence Staff to all military officers by virtue of their holding of the Queen's Commission, and thus through them to all members of the Canadian Armed Forces.[15]

Defence portfolio

The Minister of National Defence is responsible for the entire Defence Portfolio comprising several organizations, including the Canadian Armed Forces, the Communications Security Establishment, Defence Research and Development Canada, and the Department of National Defence, amongst others. The department is not responsible for all of these organizations itself but rather exists to support the minister in carrying out all of his duties within the Defence Portfolio. The Canadian Forces are a distinct and separate entity from the Department of National Defence.[13]

See also

References

  1. ^ "FAQ - How many CAF members and DND employees are there?". Department of National Defence. February 13, 2012. Retrieved 2019.
  2. ^ "Spending and human resources". Department of National Defence. Retrieved 2019.
  3. ^ "Canada First Defence Strategy -Roles". Department of National Defence. January 13, 2012. Archived from the original on May 17, 2012. Retrieved 2012.
  4. ^ "DND Jobs Home". Department of National Defence. August 5, 2011. Archived from the original on March 24, 2012. Retrieved 2012.
  5. ^ "Organizations by number of buildings". Treasury Board of Canada Secretariat. Government of Canada. Retrieved 2015.
  6. ^ "About DND -What is the relationship between DND and the Canadian Forces?". Department of National Defence. February 1, 2012. Retrieved 2012.
  7. ^ "Civilian Career and Jobs FAQ". Her Majesty the Queen in Right of Canada. 22 July 2013. Retrieved 2013.
  8. ^ "Civilians Supporting the Army". Department of National Defence. August 5, 2011. Archived from the original on May 16, 2013. Retrieved 2012.
  9. ^ "Defence Home - Frequently Asked Questions". Her Majesty the Queen in Right of Canada. 27 July 2013. Retrieved 2013.
  10. ^ "About the Canadian Armed Forces". Her Majesty the Queen in Right of Canada. 27 July 2013. Archived from the original on 17 March 2015. Retrieved 2015.
  11. ^ "About the Department of National Defence and the Canadian Armed Forces - National Defence Act". Her Majesty the Queen in Right of Canada. 23 May 2013. Retrieved 2015.
  12. ^ Gough, Barry (2010). Historical Dictionary of Canada. Scarecrow Press. p. xxxvii. ISBN 0-8108-5496-1.
  13. ^ a b "The Deputy Minister of National Defence". Department of National Defence. February 1, 2012. Archived from the original on March 1, 2012. Retrieved 2012.
  14. ^ "National Defence Act". Her Majesty the Queen in Right of Canada. 2012. pp. R.S., c. N-4, s. 7. Retrieved 2012.
  15. ^ "Role of the Chief of Defence Staff". Her Majesty the Queen in Right of Canada. 17 April 2014. Retrieved 2015.

Coordinates: 45°25?24?N 75°41?21?W / 45.423339°N 75.68924°W / 45.423339; -75.68924

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Department_of_National_Defence_(Canada)
 



 



 
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