Differences Between Shinjitai and Simplified Characters
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Differences Between Shinjitai and Simplified Characters

Differences between Shinjitai and Simplified characters in the Japanese and Chinese languages exist.

List of different simplifications

The old and new forms of the Ky?iku Kanji and their Hànzì equivalents are listed below.[1]

In the following lists, the characters are sorted by the radicals of the Japanese kanji. The two Kokuji ? and ? in the Ky?iku-Kanji List, which have no Chinese equivalents, are not listed here.
Note that ? is used to simplify three different Traditional characters (?, ?, and ?) in Japan.

  • No simplification in either language

(The following characters were simplified neither in Japanese nor in Chinese.)

? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
  • Same simplification in both languages

(Order: Ky?jitai / Traditional Chinese form - Shinjitai / Simplified Chinese form)

?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?

About 30 % of the simplified Chinese characters match the Japanese shinjitai.

  • Simplification in Japan only

(Order: Ky?jitai / Traditional / Modern Chinese form - Shinjitai)

?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?/?-?
  • Simplification in PRC only

(Order: Ky?jitai / Traditional Chinese form / Modern Japanese form - Simplified Chinese form)

?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?, ?-?

Note that these are not all the characters that were simplified by the PRC.

  • Different simplifications in both languages

(Order: Ky?jitai / Traditional Chinese form - Simplified Chinese form - Shinjitai)

?-?-?, ?-?-?, ?-?-?, ?-?-?, ?-?-?, ?-?-?, ?-?-?, ?-?-?, ?-?-?, ?-?-?, ?-?-?, ?-?-?, ?-?-?, ?-?-?, ?-?-?, ?-?-?, ?-?-?, ?-?-?, ?-?-?, ?-?-?, ?-?-?, ?-?-?, ?-?-?, ?-?-?, ?-?-?, ?-?-?, ?-?-?, ?-?-?, ?-?-?, ?-?-?, ?-?-?, ?-?-?, ?-?-?, ?-?-?, ?-?-?, ?-?-?, ?-?-?, ?-?-?, ?-?-?, ?-?-?, ?-?-?, ?-?-?, ?-?-?, ?-?-?, ?-?-?, ?-?-?, ?-?-?, ?-?-?, ?-?-?, ?-?-?, ?-?-?, ?-?-?, ?-?-?, ?-?-?, ?-?-?, ?-?-?, ?-?-?, ?-?-?, ?-?-?, ?-?-?, ?-?-?, ?-?-?, ?-?-?, ?-?-?, ?-?-?, ?-?-?, ?-?-?, ?-?-?, ?-?-?, ?-?-?, ?-?-?, ?-?-?, ?-?-?, ?-?-?, ?-?-?, ?-?-?, ?-?-?, ?-?-?, ?-?-?, ?-?-?, ?-?-?, ?-?-?, ?-?-?, ?-?-?, ?-?-?, ?-?-?, ?-?-?, ?-?-?, ?-?-?, ?/?-?-?, ?-?-?, ?-?-?, ?-?-?, ?-?-?, ?-?-?, ?-?-?, ?-?-?, ?-?-?, ?-?-?, ?-?-?, ?-?-?, ?-?-?, ?-?-?, ?-?-?, ?-?-?, ?-?-?, ?-?-?, ?-?-?, ?-?-?[2]

Traditional characters that may cause problems displaying

Some of the traditional Kanji are not included in the Japanese font of Windows XP/2000, and only rectangles are shown. Downloading the Meiryo font from the Microsoft website (VistaFont_JPN.EXE) and installing it will solve this problem.

Note that within the J?y? Kanji there are 62 characters the old forms of which may cause problems displaying:

Ky?iku Kanji (26):

Grade 2 (2 Kanji) ?
Grade 3 (8 Kanji) ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Grade 4 (6 Kanji) ? ? ? ? ?
Grade 5 (1 Kanji)
Grade 6 (9 Kanji) ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?

Secondary-School Kanji (36):

? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?

These characters are Unicode CJK Unified Ideographs for which the old form (ky?jitai) and the new form (shinjitai) have been unified under the Unicode standard. Although the old and new forms are distinguished under the JIS X 0213 standard, the old forms map to Unicode CJK Compatibility Ideographs which are considered by Unicode to be canonically equivalent to the new forms and may not be distinguished by user agents. Therefore, depending on the user environment, it may not be possible to see the distinction between old and new forms of the characters. In particular, all Unicode normalization methods merge the old characters with the new ones.

Different stroke orders in Chinese and Japanese

Different stroke orders of the character ?, from black to red.
?-ired.png

Traditional
?-tred.png

ROC & Hong Kong
?-jred.png

Japan
?-red.png

PRC

Some characters, whether simplified or not, look the same in Chinese and Japanese, but have different stroke orders. For example, in Japan, ? is written with the top dot first, while the Traditional stroke order writes the ? first. In the characters ? and ?, the vertical stroke is the third stroke in Chinese, but the second stroke in Japanese. Taiwan and Hong Kong use Traditional characters, though with an altered stroke order.

See also

References

  1. ^ PDF file. It also served as the source for the lists above. Please note the file is from 2011, so it does not include the 196 new Secondary-School Kanji, but the 5 Kanji removed from the J?y?-Kanji List.
  2. ^ The Shinjitai form is actually simplified from the variant ?.

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Differences_between_Shinjitai_and_Simplified_characters
 



 



 
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