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His father, Nicolas Kitsikis (1887-1978), rector of the Polytechnic School in Athens, the most famous civil engineer of Greece, was a senator and an MP. His uncle, Konstantinos Kitsikis (1893-1969), a celebrated architect, Nicolas' younger brother, was also a professor at the Athens Polytechnic School. His grandfather, a chief justice, Dimitri Kitsikis senior (1850-1898), had settled in Athens, in 1865, from Lesbos, his native island and was married to Cassandra (), the sister of a member of the Greek Parliament, Dimitri Hatsopoulos ( ), 1844-1913, born in Karpenisi.
His mother, Beata Kitsikis née Petychakis ( ), was born in Herakleion, Crete, from a wealthy Cretan family and Greek Italian nobles from Trieste of mixed Roman Catholic and Orthodox origin. Her father, Emmanuel Petychakis founded a beverage production plant in Cairo, Egypt and her stepfather Aristidis Stergiadis was the High Commissioner of Greece in Smyrna (Izmir) from 1919 to 1922.
During the Greek civil war, at the age of 12, he was sent to a boarding school in Paris, by Octave Merlier, the head of the French Institute in Athens, because his mother had been condemned to death as a communist fighter. He stayed in France for 23 years with his British wife Anne Hubbard, the daughter of a chief justice, whom he had married in Scotland in 1955, with his two first children, Tatiana and Nicolas. He was expelled from the French University for his active participation as a Maoist in the French student revolt of May 1968. Since 1958, Dimitri Kitsikis had traveled to the P.R. of China where he became a committed Maoist. He was then promoted to associate and later to full professor, after being invited to Canada in 1970 by the University of Ottawa. Since then, he has been living and working in Ottawa as well as in Athens, with his second wife, Ada () Nikolarou, whom he married in 1975, the daughter of a farmer from the historic Byzantine town of Mystras, near Sparta and from whom he has two more children, Agis Ioannis Kitsikis and Kranay Kitsikis-De Leonardis. He is an admirer of the Byzantine Empire. Kitsikis is thus a Panhellen, a cosmopolitan Greek, holding Greek citizenship, in addition to French and Canadian ones.
Since he was a child he had an idée fixe: He wanted not only to reconcile Greeks and Turks, but also to unite them into a Greek Turkish Confederation which would (to an extent) be a reincarnation of the Byzantine/Ottoman Empires; thus filling the political, cultural and economic vacuum that's left behind by their absence in the East Mediterranean region. A devout Orthodox Christian, he came to sympathise with the Turkish religion of Bektashism-Alevism and sought to ally it with Orthodoxy, in order to form a basis for a future political union between Athens and Ankara. Believing in the collaboration of religious communities, as in the millet system of the Ottoman Empire, he worked closely with Shia Muslims in Iran, Jews in Israel and Hindu vaishnavs in India. His elder son Nicolas has been a Vaishnav since 1984 and lives with his Hindu wife in the Vaishnav community of Gainesville, Florida. Although a member of the official Church of Greece, he always sympathised with the Old-Calendarist movement, the adherents of which reject the Church's use of the Gregorian (New) calendar and maintain a traditionalist attitude towards Christian life and worship. As Orthodoxy prevailed over the heresy of Iconoclasm in the 9th century and restored the use of the icon in Christian worship, he stands convinced that the Old Calendar will once again be adopted by those Orthodox Churches which rejected it in the earlier part of the 20th century.
Since the 1970s he has taught Chinese and Turkish history, political ideologies and geopolitics at a number of universities in the West. His plethora of books have been translated in many languages, while articles concerning his work have been published in Chinese, the Balkan languages, German, French, English, Spanish, Portuguese and Russian. He also taught at Bo?aziçi University in Istanbul, where he had as a student, the future prime minister of Turkey, Ahmet Davuto?lu. Kitsikis is considered to have had a decisive influence, on Davuto?lu's geopolitical theory.
Later, he taught at Bilkent University in Ankara and Gediz University in Izmir and became one of the closest friends and advisers of the President of the Turkish Republic, Turgut Özal. In Greece, he was resident researcher at the National Institute of Social Studies and taught at Deree College, the American College in Athens.
He is a public figure in Greece and had been a close friend and advisor of Greek Premier Konstantinos Karamanlis senior in the 1960s and 1970s. He contributes regularly with political articles to Greek magazines and, since 1996, publishes in Athens a Greek quarterly journal of Geopolitics named after his civilisation model, «Endiamese Perioche, ?» or "Intermediate Region".
Kitsikis, since the 1960s, has been the recognised theorist, first in Greece and then in Turkey, of the idea of a Greek-Turkish Confederation, which he has promoted by influencing statesmen, politicians, journalists, artists and thinkers in both countries. His books in Turkish became best sellers in Turkey and were praised by the Prime Minister of Turkey. He kept close ties with Prime Ministers Konstantinos Karamanlis senior of Greece and Turgut Özal of Turkey as well as the Chinese leaders Mao Zedong and Deng Xiaoping. His books in Greek created one of the greatest controversies ever encountered in Greek historiography. They were even debated in the Greek Parliament. The well-established notion of Greeks enslaved by Turks and a series of beliefs on the Ottoman Empire, which had been traditionally taught in schools and universities throughout Greece, such as the story of the so-called "secret school," were strongly questioned. While his father, Nikos Kitsikis, rector of the Polytechnical School, was a leftist Member of Parliament, Senator and elected Mayor of Athens, Dimitri Kitsikis is averse towards the parliamentary system, which he regards as foreign to the Greek model of a government by the people or laocracy, Greek "".
He has been the initiator in France of the branch of the History of International Relations that deals with propaganda and pressure as a government weapon of foreign policy. He also opened the way to the study of technocracy in international politics. He has insisted that religion is an essential component of international politics and strove by conferences and other means to facilitate the collaboration between the four main religions of Judaism, Christianity, Islam and Hinduism. He organised Orthodox dialogues with Iranian Shiites and Indian Hindus. He worked with Israeli Jews and fundamentalist Catholics from Quebec, where he, along with his students, produced the quarterly journal Aquila (eagle) which, with a double-headed eagle on the front cover promoted the Byzantine imperial idea in Catholic circles. He also worked closely with the Fethullah Gülen Sunni Muslim Movement (See Gülen's "Dialog of Civilizations Platform"). However, the idea of a global hellenism is prevalent in all his works and teaching.
He created a model for a new approach of the three political ideologies of liberalism, fascism and communism, and he has published on the history of China. He is the founder of the branch of study known as Photohistory.
He is also a recognised poet, with six collections of poetry published by Pierre Jean Oswald (Paris), Naaman (Québec), Kedros (), Hestia () and Akritas (?). In 1991, he was honored with the first Greek-Turkish prize for poetry Abdi ?pekçi, a Turkish journalist who had been shot dead by terrorists. Some of his poetry books, namely Omphalos (1977), l'Orocc dans l'âge de Kali (1985) and le Paradis perdu sur les barricades (1989-1993), became part of an anthology of 32 Canadian poets in the book by H. Bouraoui and J. Flamand. His poetic work was included in the Dictionnaire des citations littéraires de l'Ontario français, depuis 1960. His poems were also used in the books by the Greek artist Georgette Kambani.
Kitsikis regards the Greek language as the cornerstone of planetary civilization, and he thus deems it an honour for one to be able to write in Greek. He believes that the treatment of the language should be taken out of the hands of Greek philologists who are currently destroying it. He defends the continued use of polytonic Greek, traditional spelling and the freedom to write in any literary tone. He regards as erroneous only the implementation of a Greek form not used from the time of Homer to today.
He is the founder of four concepts setting a novel approach for the history of the Greek-Turkish Area to be understood: a) The "Intermediate Region" (Endiamese Perioche, ?) of civilisation, extending from the Adriatic Sea to the Indus River, between the Euro-American West and the Hindu-Chinese East. b) Eastern Party in Greece and Turkey ( ) versus Western Party ( ) as an antagonist couple; c) Hellenoturkism (?) as an ideology and as a phenomenon of culture for the last one thousand years; d) Bektashi-Alevi religious origin of the Ottoman Dynasty, the islamisation of which developed hand-in-hand with its secularisation and westernisation.
In 2007, A Comparative History of Greece and China from Antiquity to the Present was published. The book is notable in that it homes in on the relationship between the two civilisations throughout their entire history spanning three millennia. The study raises two concepts: 1) the Greek-Chinese civilisation in a global context and 2) its political expression during the last 2500 years, that is, ecumenical empire as a glorified organisational model.
The Centre for Research on Globalization described Kitsikis as having "had a major influence on Turkish foreign policy.Turkey's previous good neighborly policy seemed to be in accordance with Kitsikian geopolitics but was sabotaged by Ankara's treacherous collaboration with U.S. chaos strategy in the Middle East since the U.S. fomented Arab Spring in 2011".
Kitsikis was former prime minister Ahmet Davuto?lu's professor as well as a close adviser of former President Turgut Özal. He is considered to have had a decisive influence, on Davuto?lu's geopolitical theory.
Kitsikis wrote in both his Facebook and Twitter accounts, the day after the Turkish referendum 2017: "Christ is risen! The Empire is risen! The Ottoman world is risen! The Intermediate Region has come again to life! Long live president Erdo?an! Fethullah Gülen, former Erdo?an`s spiritual father has lost but his ideas, through his pupil Erdo?an have triumphed. Dimitri Kitsikis".
The Dimitri Kitsikis Public Foundation
The Dimitri Kitsikis Public Foundation in Athens, Greece, was formally established under Presidential Decree 129, A 190 (pp. 3425, 3430-3431). The Presidential Decree was published September 15, 2008 in the Gazette of the Government of Greece ().
Propagande et pressions en politique internationale. La Grèce et ses revendications à la Conférence de la Paix, 1919-1920 - Paris, Presses Universitaires de France, 1963.
Yunan propagandas? -?stanbul, Meydan Ne?riyat, 1964. (2nd edition stanbul, Kaynak Kitaplar,1974)
« La Grèce électorale », International Guide to Electoral Statistics (edited by Stein Rokkan and Jean Meyriat), Paris, Mouton, 1969.
« Grande Idée et hellénoturquisme. Essai d'interprétation nouvelle de l'histoire néo-grecque », Actes du IIe Congrès international des Etudes du Sud-Est européen, 1970 - Athènes, Association internationale des Etudes du Sud-Est européen, 1978, tome III.
?, - Athens, Kedros, 1979.
Greece :Communism in a Non Western Setting», Communism and Political Systems in Western Europe (edited by D. E. Albright) - Boulder (Colorado), Westview Press, 1979, XXII.
Y?rm? As?rda Karla?t?rmal? Türk-Yunan Tarihi - ?stanbul, Türk Dünyas? Ara?t?rmalar? Dergisi, II-8, 1980. (20th Century Turkish-Greek Comparative History).
« The Turkish-Greek War, 1919-1922, in World Perspective », International Conference on Atatürk. Proceedings - Vol. 2, doc.43, Istanbul, Bogaziçi University Press, 1981.
« Bulgaria in Balkan History between the Two World Wars », Pervi Mejdunaroden Kongres po Bulgaristika Dokladi (First International Conference on Bulgarian Studies), Sofia, Bulgarian Academy of the Sciences, 1982.
L' Orocc, dans l'âge de Kali. Poème - Sherbrooke (Québec), Naaman, 1985, illustrated.
L'Empire ottoman - Paris, Presses Universitaires de France, 1985. (Collection « Que sais-je ? », no. 2222). 2nd ed. 1991. 3rd ed. 1994.
« L'espace ottoman dans l'esprit de Charles de Moüy, dans la deuxième moitié du XIXe siècle », L'Empire ottoman, la République de Turquie et la France (edited by H. Batu) -Paris - Istanbul, Isis, 1986.
« 1955-1959 : ? ? », Cypriot Studies Society. Proceedings of the 2nd International Cypriological Conference- vol. 3, Nicosia, 1987.
Greek Synthetic Thought. An Opposition to Western Divisive Thought of the Renaissance - San Francisco, Bhaktivedanta Institute, 1988.
« Populism, Eurocommunism and the Communist Party of Greece », Communist Parties in Western Europe (edited by M. Waller) - Oxford, Blackwell, 1988.
« Le degré de puissance de l'Empire ottoman, au cours de la première guerre mondiale», La Moyenne Puissance au XXe siècle (edited by J.-C. Allain) - Paris, Institut d'Histoire des Conflits contemporains, 1988.
El Imperio otomano - México, Fondo de Cultura Econ?mica, 1989.
Le paradis perdu sur les barricades. Poème - Athens, Akritas, 1993. (Illustrated by Turkish artist Mür?ide ?çmeli).
«The Spreading of Western Satanism in Islamic and Orthodox Societies », First International Symposium on Orthodoxy and Islam 1990, Athens - Tehran, Iran, Center for International Cultural Studies, 1994.
«Les anciens calendaristes, depuis 1923, et la montée de l'intégrisme en Grèce», Grèce : identités, territoires, voisinages, modernisations, (edited by P.Y. Péchoux), special edition of CEMOTI, no. 17, 1994.
« Le concept de relations internationales et le service diplomatique ottoman au XXe siècle », Aspects of Ottoman History (edited by Amy Singer) - Jerusalem, The Hebrew University - Magnes Press, 1994.
The Old Calendarists and the Rise of Religious Conservatism in Greece - Etna, California, Center for Traditionalist Orthodox Studies, 1995.
« Faith as Seen by Jean-Jacques Rousseau and its Impact on Westernized Third World Societies », Second International Symposium on Orthodoxy and Islam 1992, Athens - Tehran, Iran, Center for International Cultural Studies, 1995.
« Alevism as a Link between Orthodoxy and Islam », Third International Symposium on Orthodoxy and Islam 1994, Tehran - Tehran, Iran, Center for International Cultural Studies, 1995, IV-97
. - Athens, ?, 1996. (Illustrated by Georgette ?ambani).
O Império otomano - Porto, Portugal, Rés Editora, 1996.
« ? ? », Nea Hestia. A tribute to Panagiotes Kanellopoulos, 1902-1986 - Athens, Hestia, 1996.
Türk-Yunan ?mparatorlu?u. Arabölge gerçe?i nda Osmanl? Tarihine bak - ?stanbul, ?leti?im Yay?nlar?, 1996. (The Turkish-Greek Empire. An inquiry into Ottoman History through the prism of the Intermediate Region).
? - Quarterly journal issued and directed by Dimitri Kitsikis since the Fall of 1996.
Osmanlijsko carstvo - Belgrad, Yugoslavia, Platon Editions, 1998.
« ? ? ? », Minutes of the 2nd Pan-Eleian Conference (edited by Anastos Demetropoulos) - Ancient Olympia, 1998.
« , ? ? »,?nthology of Lesbian Poets (edited by Costas G. Missios) - Mytilene, 1998, vol. 10.
« The Intermediate Region : A Common Civilization between the Adriatic Sea and the Indus River », Dialogue of Civilizations ? - Tehran, Iran, 1999.
«Multiculturalism in the Ottoman Empire : The Alevi Religious and Cultural Community », Multiculturalism and the History of International Relations from the 18th Century up to the Present (edited by Pierre Savard and Brunello Vigezzi) - Milano, Editioni Unicopli & Les Presses de l' Université d' Ottawa, 1999.
« Women in Christian and Muslim Families », Woman and Family in Christian Orthodoxy and Islam - (Fourth International Congress on Orthodoxy and Islam, Athens, 1997) - Athens, Publications of the Greek Iranian League, 1999.
« Géopolitique de la Région intermédiaire », Société Royale du Canada. Académie des Lettres et des Sciences humaines. Présentations - Ottawa, vol.52, 1999.
? ? -? ? - ?,2000 -Osmanskata Imperija - Sofia, Bulgaria, Kama Editions, 2000.
« ? ? », (edited by K. Kouros) - Athens, Esoptron, 2001.
? , Athens, Esoptron, 2001.
« La structure politico-religieuse de la synallélie, en tant qu'antithèse du système occidental », Constructions identitaires et pratiques sociales (edited by Jean-Pierre Wallot) - Ottawa, Les Presses de l'Université d'Ottawa, 2002.
Pour une Etude scientifique du fascisme - Nantes, Ars Magna Editions, (Les Documents), 2005.
Jean-Jacques Rousseau et les origines françaises du fascisme - Nantes, Ars Magna Editions, (Les Documents), 2006.
Le national-bolchevisme - Nantes, Ars Magna Editions, (Les Documents), 2006.
?, ? . ?, ?. ? , 2006 ?. -Na perekrestke tsivilizatsiy : Istorija Vizantii- Osmanskaja Imperija (Paul Lemerle-D. Kitsikis) - Moscow, Ves Mir Editions, 2006. (Civilisations at the Crossroads : Byzantine History - Ottoman History).
? ? - - Athens, Hekate, 2006.
? ? ?- ? ("A Comparative History of Greece and China from Antiquity to the Present") - Athens, Herodotos Press, 2007, 346 pages.
«Anti-Atatürk: A Psychological Portrait of Stergiades, "Dictator of Ionia" in 1919-1922, the Greek that failed to Conquer Turkey», Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference of Eastern and African Studies, Gastoune, 2007.
La montée du national-bolchevisme dans les Balkans. Le retour à la Serbie de 1830 - Paris, Avatar Editions, 2008.
« Introduction : Beauté du mal », in Jacques Flamand, Décombres de la beauté, Ottawa, Editions du Vermillon, 2008.
« Rumi, the Spirit of the Intermediate Region » in Symposium on Mevlana Celaleddin-Rumi and Intercultural and Civilization Dialogue-Proceedings, Toronto, Canadian Intercultural Dialogue Centre, 2008.
« ? ? » in ?- ? ?, , , /, 2008 (Illustrated).
« Stergiades: l'homme d'une mission impossible, 1919-1922 », in Aux vents des puissances (Jean-Marc Delaunay, éd), Paris, Presses Sorbonne Nouvelle, 2008.
« Foreword », in Misbah Islam, Decline of Muslim States and Societies, Philadelphia, Xlibris, 2008.
« Ottomanism and Fethullah Gülen: From Utopia to Reality », in Dreaming for a Better World. Contributions of the Gulen Movement, Carleton University, Ottawa, October 24, 2009 (Intercultural Dialogue Institute).
«Grèce. Le Synaspismos tiraillé entre social-démocratie et anarchisme» in "Les gauches radicales", Grande Europe, no. 16, janvier 2010, la Documentation française (special issue).
. . ? ? - Athens, Hellenike Anodos, 2010.
« Foreword », in Kemal Karpat & Yetkin Y?d?r?m eds, The Ottoman Mosaic: Exploring models for Peace by re-Exploring the Past, Seattle, Cune Press, 2010.
Saint Nicodemos the Hagiorite - Christian Morality - Belmont, Massachusetts, Institute for Byzantine and Modern Greek Studies, 2012. (Contribution to the translation)
"India-Spiritual Planet", in Abstracts of Presentations at the Three-Day International Seminar on the Importance of Early Indian Cultural Heritage in the Making of a Better World, Kolkata, Indian Museum, 2012.
"The Science of Popular Uprisings", edited by Dr. Murat Akta?, The Arab Uprisings & The Struggle of Soft Powers in the Middle East, Ankara, Nobel, 2012.
" ? ", Alexander Dugin, ? ? ? , , , 2013. (Introduction to the Greek Edition of Alexander Dugin, The Fourth Political Theory)
? ? ? ? ? («About Heroes: Heroes and their Importance for Contemporary Hellenism»)- Athens, Herodotos Press, 2014, 471 pages.
"?, 1908-2010" [Turkey, 1908-2010], in ? ?, editor, .? [The Balkans. The Great Upheaval], Athens,Kastalia Press, 2018, 556 pages, ISBN9786185279035
? 4 ? - ? ? [Greece of the 4th of August and the Great Powers], Athens, Herodotos Press, 2018, 250 pages, ISBN978-960-485-220-8
? ? ? [Propaganda and Lobbies in International Politics]- Athens, Herodotos Press, 2018, 786 pages, ISBN978-960-485-261-1
La Grèce et la Turquie au XXe siècle - Éditions universitaires européennes, 2019, 410 pages, ISBN978-613-8-43036-0
Regular contributions to monthly journal Trito Mati (Athens), since 1999 and to quarterly Endiamese Perioche (Athens), since 1996, as well as many scholarly articles in: Revue historique; Revue d'Histoire moderne et contemporaine; Revue d'Histoire de la Deuxième Guerre Mondiale; Revue française de Science politique; Problems of Communism; Turcica; CEMOTI-Cahiers d'Etudes sur la Méditerranée orientale et le Monde Turco-iranien; Social History; Bulletin de la Société d'Histoire moderne; Informations universitaires en Relations internationales; Aquila; Revue d'Histoire diplomatique; Journal of Oriental and African Studies; Cahiers de Jeune Nation; Journal-Institute of Muslim Minorities Affairs; Diplomatiques; The Patristic and Byzantine Review; Relations internationales; Études internationales; Diplomatie; ? ? , , , ?, ? ?, ? , ?, , , ?, , , , ?, Orthodox Tradition; Eurasia; The Greek Review of Social Research; Toplum ve Bilim; Aktüel; Moderne Welt-Zeitschrift für Internationale Beziehungen; Grande Europe, and others. Also published are hundreds of newspaper articles.
^Papyrus-Larousse, Athens, vol. 8, 1966. -, , Athens, vol. 33, 1984, -?., ? , Athens, 1981. -Greek Who's Who 1965, Athens. -Who's Who 1979. ? , Athens, 1979. -Who's Who. ? ? , Athens, Metron, from 1992 - Hübners Who is Who, Verlag, Greece, from 2007. -Who's Who in the Balkans, Athens, Metron. - The International Who's Who, London, Europa Publications, from 1995 -Canadian Who's Who, Toronto, University of Toronto Press, from 1993 - Directory of American Scholars, USA. Dictionary of International Biography, Cambridge, UK. Men of Achievement, Cambridge, UK, from 1979. -Who's Who in the Commonwealth, Cambridge, UK. -International Who's Who of Intellectuals, Cambridge, UK. -The Directory of Distinguished Americans, USA, Personalities of America, USA, Biography International, USA. -World Who's Who, 2008, Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
^In an interview by the Istanbul journal, Yeni Aktüel (September 25th, 2007) when professor Anthony Liakos was asked by the Turkish journalist from where Karamanlis took his ideas regarding a Greek-Turkish collaboration, he responded, "from Kitsikis."
^See the corresponding web page of Intermediate Region.
^From the publications concerning the same subject, see in ?, "? ? ? ?", no.42, May-June 1993. Also, hear the one-hour interview between Metropolitan Hierotheos Vlachos and professor Fr. George Metallinos on the radio station of the Church of Greece, February 27, 1994, with exclusive topic the standpoint of Kitsikis. In the journal , Athens, December 1994, "? ? ?- ? , ? ? ?".
^The journal Nokta, Istanbul, March 31st - April 6th, 1996, p.45, declaration by Turkish Prime Minister Mesut Y?lmaz.
^G. Alexandrou, ?. ?. ?, Greek Forum, year 17, issue 9/195, October, 1990, pp. 60-63 and ? ? , 2004, Athens, Metron, p. 417.
^Referring to articles by Kitsikis upon travelling to the People's Republic of China, in , January 27th and 28th,1958, in ? , January 14, 1959 and in ? ?, February 15, 1959.
^See his numerous articles against Parliamentarianism in the journal ? (Intermediate Region). Also, "? ", in ?, issue 90, November 2000 and his book, ? , Esoptron, 2001.
^Pierre Renouvin & J.-B. Duroselle, Introduction à l'histoire des Relations internationales, Paris, Armand Colin, 1964, pp. 406-407. Also, J.-B. Duroselle, Bulletin de la Société d'Histoire moderne, Paris, no. 66(1), 1967, p.14. Also, Maurice Baumont, «La Grèce en 1919-1920», Le Monde, Paris, January 16th, 1964, p.2, and ?, January 17th, 1964.
^D. Kitsikis, Le rôle des experts à la Conférence de la Paix de 1919'. Gestation d'une technocratie en politique internationale, Ottawa, Editions de l'Université d'Ottawa, 1972 and University of Toronto Quarterly, Summer 1973, pp.462-463.
^Dialogue of Civilizations, Tehran, 1999. Also, Mevlana Celaleddin Rumi and Intercultural and Civilization Dialogue Proceedings, Toronto, Canadian Intercultural Dialogue Centre, 2008. See also " ", ?, issue 109, January 2003.
^Aquila, Québec, from Summer 1998. Also, Cahiers de Jeune Nation, Québec, from April 1992. See also D. Kitsikis, "? ", ?, January 2000.
^D. Kitsikis, " ? ?", pp. 233--253, in ? ? , Athens, Hestia Books, 1998.
^See the related articles in the journals ? and ?. In the latter, Kitsikis agrees to contribute under the condition that his articles be published in polytonic Greek. See his related letter in p. 70 of issue 109, January 2003.
^P. Davarinos, Geschichtsschreibung und Politik ("Historiography and Politics"), Düsseldorf, Heinrich Heine University, 1995. Also, P. Davarinos, «Die Historische Theorie der Zwischenregion in Osten und Westen», Journal of Oriental and African Studies, vol. 10, 1999, s.131-143.
^Robert H. Keyserlingk, "Dimitri Kitsikis", pp.125-130 in Royal Society of Canada, issue 52, Ottawa, 1999.