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Ostia and Velletri, "Ostia e Velletri" in Italian, was a single suburbicarian diocese from 1105 to 1914. In 1914, Velletri (now Velletri-Segni) was split off as a separate suburbicarian diocese. Starting then, a new Dean would add the see of Ostia to the suburbicarian see he already had.
^According to the Passio S. Hippolyti, the first Maximus consecrated Pope Dionysius and was the first Bishop of Ostia to consecrate a pope, but the historical value of the document is in question: Lanzoni, p. 109: "Ma che questo privilegio, nel 259, fosse esercitato da un vescovo di nome Massimo non potrebbe affermarsi sicuramente su la fede della Passione di S. Ippolito, documento romanzesco e pieno di errori."
^Maximus of Ostia was present at the Roman synod of October 313, conducted by Pope Miltiades. J. D. Mansi (ed.) Sacrorum Conciliorum nova et amplissima collectio editio novissima Tomus secundus (2) (Florence 1759), p. 437.
^Bishop Florentius consecrated Pope Damasus. Lanzoni, p. 109.
^Bellator of Ostia subscribed to the decrees of the Roman Synod of February-March 499, held by Pope Symmachus. Mansi, Tomus Octavus (8), p. 235. Bishop Boniface of Velletri also subscribed, p. 233.
^Aristus was present at the Synod held by Pope Symmachus in 502. Ughelli, p. 47. Mansi, Vol.8, p. 299 and 308.
^Amabile subscribed the Canons of the Roman Synod of 649. Ughelli, p. 49. Mansi, Tomus decimus (10), p. 366.
^Andrea was present at the Roman council of Pope Agatho in 680. Ughelli, p. 49; Mansi, Tomus undecimus (11), p. 179.
^Theodorus was present at the second Roman synod of Pope Zacharias in October 745. Ughelli, p. 49. Mansi, Tomus duodecimus (12), p. 384.
^Bishop George was present at the Lateran council of 769: J. D. Mansi (ed.) Tomus duodecimus (12), p. 714.
^Source for the period 996-1057: Otto Kares, Chronologie der Kardinalbischöfe im elften Jahrhundert, (in:) Festschrift zur Jahrhundertfeier des Gymnasiums am Burgplatz in Essen, Essen 1924, pp. 20, 23-25
^Sources for the period 1057-1130: Hans-Walter Klewitz, Reformpapsttum und Kardinalkolleg, Darmstadt 1957; and Rudolf Hüls, Kardinäle, Klerus und Kirchen Roms: 1049-1130, Tübingen 1977. Both authorities indicate that the see of Velletri was united to Ostia in April 1060.[page needed]
^Source for the period 1130-1181: J.M.Brixius, Die Mitglieder des Kardinalkollegiums von 1130-1181, Berlin 1912, p. 134
^Drogo was appointed by Pope Innocent II while he was in exile in Pisa in 1134. His predecessor's latest document was signed on 4 June 1133; his successor was signing documents on 9 April 1138. Ughelli, pp. 62-63. P. Jaffé, Regesta pontificum romanorum editio altera, ed. G. Loewenfeld (Leipzig:Veit 1885), p. 840. Barbara Zenker, Die Mitglieder des Kardinalcollegiums von 1130 bis 1159 (Wurzburg 1964), pp. 13-15.
^Pierre d'Estaing, Doctor of Canon Law, had been Bishop of Saint-Flour (1361-1368), and Bishop of Bourges (1368-1370). He was created a cardinal by Pope Urban V on 7 June 1370, and assigned the titular church of S. Maria in Trastevere. Eubel, I, p. 21, 139, 251.
^Antonio Correr of Venice, the Bishop of Bologna (1407-1412), was created a cardinal by his uncle, Pope Gregory XII on 9 May 1408, and assigned the titular church of San Pietro in Vincoli. He was promoted Cardinal-bishop of Porto 1409-1431. Eubel, I, p. 31, 36, 37, 45, 141.
^Fieschi (also Cardinal-bishop of Palestrina 1449-1455)
^Della Rovere had previously been Cardinal-bishop of Sabina, 1479-1483; he became Pope Julius II.
Salvador Miranda, The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church, Consistory of December 16, 1471
^Carafa (also Cardinal-bishop of Albano, 1476-1483 and Sabina, 1483-1503)
^Riario had also been Cardinal-bishop of Albano 1503-1507, Sabina 1507-1508 and Porto 1508-1511.
^Carvajal (also Cardinal-bishop of Frascati 1507-1509, Sabina 1509-1521 and Palestrina 1508-1509)
^Soderini had also been Cardinal-bishop of Albano 1516-1517, Palestrina 1516-1523 and Porto 1523.
^Fieschi had also been Cardinal-bishop of Albano 1518-1521, Sabina 1521-1523 and Porto 1523-1524.
Salvador Miranda, The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church , Consistory of May 31, 1503
^Farnese had also been Cardinal-bishop of Frascati 1519-1523, Palestrina 1523, Sabina 1523-1524 and Porto 1524; became Pope Paul III)
^Giovanni Nanni Tedeschini-Piccolomini, Bishop of Siena (1503-1529), was created a cardinal by Pope Leo X on 1 April 1517, and assigned the titular church of Santa Sabina. In 1521 he was transferred to Santa Balbina. On 24 July 1524 he was promoted Cardinal-bishop of Albano (1524-1531); then on 22 September 1531 he was promoted to Palestrina (1531-1533); and then to Porto (1533-1535). Eubel, III, p. 15, 55-57, 297.
^De Cupis was also Cardinal-bishop of Albano 1531-1533 and Sabina 1533-1535.
^Carafa was also Cardinal-bishop of Albano 1544-1546, Sabina 1546-1550, Frascati 1550-1553 and Porto 1553. He became Pope Paul IV (1555-1559).
^Bellay had also been Cardinal-bishop of Albano 1550-1553, Frascati 1553 and Porto 1553-1555.
^Tournon had also been Cardinal-bishop of Sabina 1550-1560.
^Pio da Carpi (also Cardinal-bishop of Albano 1550, Frascati 1553-1555 and Porto-Santa Rufina 1555-1562)
^Pisani (also Cardinal-bishop of Albano 1555-1557, Frascati 1557-1562 and Porto 1562-1564)
^Morone (also Cardinal-bishop of Albano 1560-1561, Sabina 1561-1562, Frascati 1562, 1564-1565, Palestrina 1562-1564 and Porto 1565-1570)
^Farnese had also been Cardinal-bishop of Frascati 1565-1578, Sabina 1564-1565 and Porto 1578-1580.
^Serbelloni (also Cardinal-bishop of Frascati 1583-1587, Sabina 1578, Palestrina 1578-1583, Porto 1587-1589)
^Gesualdo (also Cardinal-bishop of Albano 1583-1587, Frascati 1587-1589 and Porto 1589-1591)
^Gallio, Bishop of Manfredonia (1562-1573), who had been the private Secretary of the Pope, had been named a cardinal by Pope Pius IV in the Consistory of 12 March 1565, and was assigned the Deaconry of San Teodoro. He was promoted to San Pancrazio on 7 September 1565. He was then promoted Cardinal-bishop of Albano on 2 March 1587; then Bishop of Sabina (1589-1591) on 2 March 1589; Frascati 1591-1600; and Porto 1600-1603. Eubel, III, p. 40, 56, 58, 68, 76, 301. Gauchat, IV, p. 36.
^Pinelli had previously been Cardinal-bishop of Frascati 1603-1605 and Porto 1605-1607.
^Joyeuse had previously been Cardinal-bishop of Sabina 1604-1611.
^Galli had previously been Cardinal-bishop of Frascati 1605-1608, Palestrina 1608-1611 and Porto 1611-1615.
^Sauli had previously been Cardinal-bishop of Albano 1607-1611, Sabina 1611-1615, and Porto 1615-1620.
^Del Monte had previously been Cardinal-bishop of Palestrina 1615-1621; and Porto 1621-1623.
^Bandini had previously been Cardinal-bishop of Palestrina 1621-1624; and Bishop of Porto 1624-1626.
^Paolucci was also Cardinal-bishop of Albano 1719-1724.
^Barberini was also Cardinal-bishop of Palestrina 1721-1726.
^Ottoboni was also Cardinal-bishop of Sabina 1725-1730, Frascati 1730-1734 and Porto 1734-1738).
^Ruffo was also Cardinal-bishop of Palestrina 1726-1738 and Porto 1738-1740. Ritzler, V, p. 24, with note 17; 25 with notes 1-3.
^A Neapolitan noble, Carafa had also been Cardinal-bishop of Albano 1740-1751, and of Porto 1751-1753. Ritzler, V, p. 38 with notes 10-16. VI, pp. 39, 40, 48, 50.
^D'Elci was also Cardinal-bishop of Sabina 1747-1753. Ritzler, VI, p. 8, with notes 69-71.
^A native of Naples, Spinelli was created a cardinal by Pope Clement XII on 17 January 1735, and assigned the titular church of Santa Pudenziana. He was promoted Cardinal-bishop of Palestrina on 9 April 1753, and advanced to Porto on 13 July 1759. He became Cardinal Bishop of Ostia and Dean of the College of Cardinals on 13 July 1761. He died 12 April 1763, and was buried in the Basilica of the Twelve Apostles in Rome. Ritzler, VI, pp. 7-8, with notes 51-53.
^Cavalchini, a native of Milan, was created a cardinal by Pope Benedict XIII in his first Consistory for the creation of Cardinals on 9 September 1743, and assigned the titular church of Santa Maria della Pace. He was promoted Cardinal-bishop of Albano on 12 February 1759, and advanced to Ostia on 16 May 1763. Ritzler, VI, p. 31, with notes 12 and 13.
^Serbelloni had been titular Archbishop of Patras in Greece, to qualify him for the post of Vice-Legate in Bologna. Serbelloni was created a cardinal by Pope Benedict XIV on 26 November 1753. He was Cardinal-bishop of Albano, 1763-1774. Ritzler, VI, p. 16, with notes 80 and 81.
^Albani was Cardinal-bishop of Porto 1773-1775. Ritzler, VI, p. 15, with notes 68-69.
^Stuart was created a cardinal by Pope Benedict XIV on 3 July 1747, and assigned the titular church of Santa Maria in Porticu. He held a succession of other churches until, on 13 July 1761, he was promoted Cardinal-Bishop of Frascati, 1761-1803. He was promoted to Ostia on 26 September 1803. Ritzler, VI, p. 16 and notes 74-76.
^Antonelli was created a Cardinal by Pope Pius VII on 24 April 1775, with the title of Santa Sabina. In 1794 he was appointed Cardinal-bishop of Palestrina (1794-1800), and Porto (1800-1807). He was Secretary of the Holy Office of the Universal and Roman Inquisition. He died on 23 January 1811. Annuario Pontificio 1779, p. 105. Annuario Pontificio 1801, pp. 5-6. Francesco Cancellieri (1825). Cenotaphium Leonardi Antonelli Cardinalis (in Italian and Latin). Pisaurum. pp. 3-4. with notes. Ritzler, VI, p. 30.
^Mattei was Archbishop of Ferrara (1777-1807 ). In the Conclave of 1799-1800 Cardinal Mattei had been one of the principal candidates, promoted by the Austrian interest led by Cardinal Franz Hrzan. Mattei was then named Cardinal-bishop of Palestrina (1800-1809) and Porto (1809-1814). Francis A. Burkle-Young (2000). Papal Elections in the Age of Transition, 1878-1922. Lanham MD USA: Lexington Books. pp. 9-11. ISBN978-0-7391-0114-8. Ritzler, VI, p. 33, with notes 77-81; p. 215.
^Somaglia was created a cardinal by Pope Pius VI on 1 June 1795, with the titulus of Santa Sabina. He was promoted Cardinal-bishop of Frascati 1814-1818, and then Porto (1818-1820). In 1818 he was appointed Vice-Chancellor of the Church. On 29 May 1820 he became Bishop of Ostia. Ritzler, VI, p. 38, with notes 90-96.