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The Disasters Emergency Committee (DEC) is an umbrella group of UK charities which coordinates and launches collective appeals to raise funds to provide emergency aid and rapid relief to people caught up in disasters and humanitarian crises around the world. Since being formed in 1963, the DEC has had strong relationships with major UK broadcasters in particular the BBC and ITV, who provide airtime to broadcast emergency appeals upon its recommendation. It is a member of the global Emergency Appeals Alliance, which reports that since its first television appeal in 1966, the DEC has raised over £1.4 billion.
The DEC is a registered charity(charity no:1062638) with 14 charity members all with associated disaster relief capabilities such as providing clean water, humanitarian aid and medical care. Since 2011, it has been chaired by Clive Jones.
In 2004, the Disasters Emergency Committee (DEC) ran UK television appeals and telephone lines for donations following the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami, which raised a record £392m in public donations,
On 22 January 2009, the BBC declined a request from the DEC to screen an appeal to raise money to aid relief efforts for victims of conflict in the Gaza Strip. This decision was the object of considerable controversy within the BBC as it is the only time the BBC is known to have refused such a request from the DEC; the 2009 Gaza appeal in question was screened by Channel 4 and ITV and raised £8.3m. Since then, the BBC has broadcast other DEC aid appeals for people in Gaza, without similar controversy. The DEC August 2014 Gaza appeal shown by the BBC helped to raise £16m over two years.
On the launch of its recent (Oct 2017) appeal for Rohingya refugees fleeing Myanmar to Bangladesh, the UK Government pledged to double public donations up to £3 million.
From websiteActionAid, Action Against Hunger, British Red Cross, CAFOD, CARE International, Christian Aid, Concern, Age UK, Islamic Relief, Oxfam, Plan UK, Save the Children, Tearfund, World Vision
|Date||Location||Appeal reason||Amount raised|
|June 1967||Middle East||War||£160,000|
|October 1969||Algeria and Tunisia||Floods||£90,000|
|November 1970||East Pakistan (Bangladesh)||Cyclone||£1,490,000|
|June 1971||India and Pakistan||War||£1,420,000|
|October 1973||Ethiopia and the Sahel||Drought||£1,540,000|
|June 1980||East Africa||Drought||£6,100,000|
|March 1982||Central America||War||£430,000|
|November 1998||Central America||Hurricane||£18,500,000|
|January 2002||DR Congo||Volcano||£4,650,000|
|July 2002||Southern Africa||Drought/Floods||£16,000,000|
|October 2005||India and Pakistan||Earthquake||£59,000,000|
|May 2007||Darfur and Chad||War||£13,600,000|
|May 2008||Myanmar (Burma)||Cyclone||£19,500,000|
|November 2008||DR Congo||War||£10,500,000|
|October 2009||Indonesia, Philippines and Vietnam||Earthquake/Typhoon||£9,300,000|
|July 2011||East Africa||Drought/Famine||£79,000,000|
|October 2014||West Africa||Disease (Ebola)||£37,000,000|
|March 2017||East Africa||Drought/Famine||£66,000,000|
|October 2017||Bangladesh (Rohingya from Myanmar)||Refugees||£28,000,000|
|March 2019||Mozambique, Malawi and Zimbabwe||Cyclone||£8,000,000 (in first 24 hours, open as at 23 Mar 2019)|