District (Taiwan)
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District Taiwan
District
CategoryTownships/cities and districts
LocationTaiwan
Found inSpecial municipality, city
Created byLocal Government Act[1]
Created1999-01-25
Number170 (as of 2019)
GovernmentNone[i]
SubdivisionsVillage

Districts are administrative subdivisions of special municipalities and provincial cities of Taiwan. There are two types of district in the administrative scheme.

Name Chinese Mandarin
Pinyin
Taiwanese
Pe?h-?e-j?
District ? q? khu
Mountain indigenous district zhíxiáshì sh?ndì
yuánzhùmín q?
Ti?t-hat-chh? soa?-t?
goân-ch?-bîn khu

Regular districts are governed as branches of the municipality/city government of the city government. District chiefs appointed by the mayors, with four years of term. The special municipal mountain indigenous district is a type of local government body. District chiefs as well as district council members are directly elected by the people in the district with four years of term.

History

The first administrative divisions entitled "districts" were established in the 1900s when Taiwan was under Japanese rule. After the World War II, nine (9) out of eleven (11) prefectural cities established by the Japanese government were reform into provincial cities. These cities are Changhua, Chiayi, Hsinchu, Kaohsiung, Keelung, Pingtung, Taichung, Tainan and Taipei. The wards (? ku) and towns (? machi) under those cities were merged into larger districts. At the same time, the districts (? kun) under prefectures also reformed as county-controlled districts.

Divisions before 1945 Divisions after 1945 to 1950
Name Kanji Japanese
Hepburn
Taiwanese
Pe?h-?e-j?
Name Chinese Mandarin
Pinyin
Taiwanese
Pe?h-?e-j?
Ward (under cities) ? ku khu District (under cities) ? q? khu
District (under prefectures) ? kun k?n District (under counties) ? q? khu

In August 1950, another administrative division reform was performed in Taiwan, the size of counties shrink and all townships are all directly administered by the county. County-controlled districts were all defunct in this reform. At the same time provincial cities including Changhua, Chiayi, Hsinchu, Pingtung were downgraded to county-controlled cities, districts of these cities were also defunct. This makes district the type of division exclusively under the five remaining provincial cities: Kaohsiung, Keelung, Taichung, Tainan and Taipei.

When Taipei was promoted as a special municipality by the central government in 1967, several townships surrounding the city were merged into Taipei City and were reorganized as its districts. Afterwards, through another reorganization in 1990, the 12 current districts were formed. In addition, Kaohsiung, the largest city in southern Taiwan, was promoted as a special municipality in 1979. Siaogang Township was also merged to Siaogang District.

In December 2010, the four new special municipalities were established namely Kaohsiung, New Taipei, Taichung, and Tainan. Subsequently, all the county-controlled cities and townships in Kaohsiung, Taichung, Tainan, and Taipei Counties were reformed as districts of the new Kaohsiung, Taichung, Tainan, and New Taipei cities respectively. Their names, nevertheless, remained the same. The same thing happened to Taoyuan on 25 December 2014 where there are additional new 13 districts from the former county.

These municipalities and provincial cities use district administrative centers for public affairs services to serve the residents of these districts. Also, the directors of these districts and administrative centers are appointed by the mayors, with four years per term.

On 4 February 2014, six districts were reclassified as Special Municipal Mountain Indigenous District (Chinese: ; pinyin: Zhíxiáshì Sh?ndì Yuánzhùmín Q?; or shortened as Mountain Indigenous District (; Sh?ndì Yuánzhùmín Q?)): Wulai in New Taipei, Fuxing in Taoyuan, Heping in Taichung, along with Namasia, Maolin, and Taoyuan in Kaohsiung.

Districts in Taiwan

Districts by cities

In Taiwan, districts are the only subdivisions of special municipalities and provincial cities. Currently, there are 164 districts and 6 mountain indigenous districts located in the special municipalities and the provincial cities.

Division type Special municipality Provincial city Total
Name Kaohsiung[2] New Taipei[3] Taichung[4] Tainan[5] Taipei[6] Taoyuan Chiayi[7] Hsinchu[8] Keelung[9]
Districts 35 28 28 37 12 12 2 3 7 164
Mountain indigenous districts 3 1 1 1 6

List of Districts in Taiwan

Colors indicate the common language status of Hakka and Formosan languages within each division.

Name Chinese Hàny? P?ny?n Taiwanese POJ Hakka Formosan or others City Type
Zhongzheng Zh?ngzhèng Tiong-chèng Tsûng-tsang Taipei Municipal
Wanhua Wànhuá Báng-kah Van-fà BangkaBasay Taipei Municipal
Datong Dàtóng T?i-tông Thai-thùng Taipei Municipal
Zhongshan Zh?ngsh?n Tiong-san Tsûng-sân Taipei Municipal
Songshan S?ngsh?n Siông-san Tshiùng-sân Taipei Municipal
Daan Dà'?n T?i-an Thai-ôn Taipei Municipal
Xinyi Xìnyì Sìn-g? Sin-ngi Taipei Municipal
Neihu Nèihú L?i-ô? Nui-fù Taipei Municipal
Nangang Náng?ng Lâm-káng Nàm-kóng Taipei Municipal
Shilin Shìlín S?-lîm S?-lìm Taipei Municipal
Beitou B?itóu Pak-tâu Pet-thèu Taipei Municipal
Wenshan Wénsh?n Bûn-san Vùn-sân Taipei Municipal
Banqiao B?nqiáo Pang-kiô Piông-khièu New Taipei Municipal
Xinzhuang X?nzhu?ng Sin-chng Sîn-chông New Taipei Municipal
Zhonghe Zh?nghé Tiong-hô Chûng-fò New Taipei Municipal
Yonghe Y?nghé Éng-hô Yún-fò New Taipei Municipal
Tucheng T?chéng Thô?-siâ? Thú-sàng New Taipei Municipal
Shulin Shùlín Chhi?-nâ Su-nà New Taipei Municipal
Sanxia S?nxiá Sam-kiap Sâm-hia?p New Taipei Municipal
Yingge Y?ngg? Eng-ko Yîn-kô New Taipei Municipal
Sanchong S?nchóng Sam-tiông/Sa?-t?ng-po? Sâm-chhùng New Taipei Municipal
Luzhou Lúzh?u Lô?-chiu Lù-chû New Taipei Municipal
Wugu W?g? G-kó? ?g-kú New Taipei Municipal
Taishan Tàish?n Thài-san Thai-sân New Taipei Municipal
Linkou Línk?u Nâ-khàu Nà-khiéu New Taipei Municipal
Bali B?l? Pat-lí Pat-lî New Taipei Municipal
Tamsui Dànshu? T?m-chuí Thâm-súi New Taipei Municipal
Sanzhi S?nzh? Sam-chi Sâm-ch? New Taipei Municipal
Shimen Shímén Chio?h-mn?g Sa?k-mùn New Taipei Municipal
Jinshan J?nsh?n Kim-san Kîm-sân New Taipei Municipal
Wanli Wànl? B?n-lí Van-lî New Taipei Municipal
Xizhi X?zh? Se?k-chí Sip-ch? New Taipei Municipal
Ruifang Ruìf?ng S?i-hong Lui-fông New Taipei Municipal
Gongliao Gòngliáo Kòng-liâu Kung-liàu New Taipei Municipal
Pingxi Píngx? Pêng-khe Phìn-hâi New Taipei Municipal
Shuangxi Shu?ngx? Siang-khe Sûng-hâi New Taipei Municipal
Xindian X?ndiàn Sin-tiàm Sîn-tiam New Taipei Municipal
Shenkeng Sh?nk?ng Chhim-khe? Chhm-hâng New Taipei Municipal
Shiding Shídìng Chio?h-t?ng Sa?k-tàng New Taipei Municipal
Pinglin Pínglín Pê?-nâ Phiâng-lìm New Taipei Municipal
Wulai W?lái U-lai Vû-lòi UlayAtayal New Taipei Mountain indigenous
Taoyuan Táoyuán Thô-hng Thò-yèn Taoyuan Municipal
Zhongli Zh?nglì Tiong-lek Chûng-la?k Taoyuan Municipal
Daxi Dàx? T?i-khe Thai-hâi Taoyuan Municipal
Yangmei Yángméi Iû?-mûi Yông-muì Taoyuan Municipal
Luzhu Lúzhú Lô·-tek Lù-tsuk Taoyuan Municipal
Dayuan Dàyuán To?-Hng Thai-yèn Taoyuan Municipal
Guishan Gu?sh?n Ku-soa? Kuî-sân Taoyuan Municipal
Bade B?dé Pat-tek Pat-tet Taoyuan Municipal
Longtan Lóngtán Liông-thâm Liùng-thâm Taoyuan Municipal
Pingzhen Píngzhèn Pêng-tìn Phìn-tsn Taoyuan Municipal
Xinwu X?nw? Sin-ok Sîn-vuk Taoyuan Municipal
Guanyin Gu?ny?n Koan-im Kôn-yîm Taoyuan Municipal
Fuxing Fùx?ng Hok-heng Fu?k-hîn PyasanAtayal Taoyuan Mountain indigenous
Central Zh?ng Tiong Chûng Taichung Municipal
East D?ng Tang Tûng Taichung Municipal
South Nán Lâm Nàm Taichung Municipal
West Xi Se Taichung Municipal
North B?i Pak Pet Taichung Municipal
Beitun B?itún Pak-t?n Pet-tun Taichung Municipal
Xitun Xitún Se-t?n Sî-tun Taichung Municipal
Nantun Nántún Lâm-t?n Nàm-tun Taichung Municipal
Taiping Tàipíng Thài-pêng Thai-phìn Taichung Municipal
Dali Dàl? T?i-lí Thai-lî Taichung Municipal
Wufeng Wùf?ng B?-hong Vú-fûng Taichung Municipal
Wuri W?rì O·-ji?t Vû-ngit Taichung Municipal
Fengyuan F?ngyuán Hong-goân Fûng-ngièn Taichung Municipal
Houli Hòul? A?-lí Heu-lî Taichung Municipal
Shigang Shíg?ng Chio?h-kng Sa?k-kóng Taichung Municipal
Dongshi D?ngshì Tang-sì Tûng-s? Taichung Municipal
Xinshe X?nshè Sin-si? Sîn-sa Taichung Municipal
Tanzi Tánz? Thâm-chú Thâm-ts Taichung Municipal
Daya Dày? T?i-ngé Thai-ngâ Taichung Municipal
Shengang Shéng?ng Sin-kóng Sn-kông Taichung Municipal
Dadu Dàdù T?a-t Thai-tú Taichung Municipal
Shalu Sh?lù Soa-la?k Sâ-lu?k Taichung Municipal
Longjing Lóngj?ng Liông-ché? Liùng-tsiáng Taichung Municipal
Wuqi Wúq? G?·-chhe ?g-tshi Taichung Municipal
Qingshui Q?ngshu? Chheng-chúi Tshîn-súi Taichung Municipal
Dajia Dàji? T?i-kah Thai-kap Taichung Municipal
Waipu Wàip? Go?-po? Ngoi-phû Taichung Municipal
Daan Dà'?n T?i-an Thai-ôn Taichung Municipal
Heping Hépíng Hô-pêng Fò-phìn Atayal Taichung Mountain indigenous
West Central Zh?ngx? Tiong-se Chûng-sî Tainan Municipal
East D?ng Tang Tûng Tainan Municipal
South Nán Lâm Nàm Tainan Municipal
North B?i Pak Pet Tainan Municipal
Anping ?npíng An-pêng An-phìn Tainan Municipal
Annan ?nnán An-lâm An-nàm Tainan Municipal
Yongkang Y?ngk?ng Éng-khong Yún-không Tainan Municipal
Gueiren (Guiren) Gu?rén Kui-jîn Kûi-yìn Tainan Municipal
Sinhua (Xinhua) X?nhuà Sin-hòa Sîn-fa Tainan Municipal
Zuojhen (Zuozhen) Zu?zhèn Chó-tìn Tsó-tsn Tainan Municipal
Yujing Yùj?ng Gio?k-ché? Ngiu?k-tsiáng Tainan Municipal
Nanxi (Nansi) Nánx? Lâm-se Nàm-sî Tainan Municipal
Nanhua Nánhuà Lâm-hòa Nàm-fa Tainan Municipal
Rende Réndé Jîn-tek Yìn-tet Tainan Municipal
Guanmiao Gu?nmiào Koan-bi? Kûan-meu Tainan Municipal
Longci (Longqi) Lóngqí Liông-ki? Liùng-khì Tainan Municipal
Guantian Gu?ntián Koa?-ti?n Kôn-thièn Tainan Municipal
Madou Mádòu Môa-t?u Mà-theu Tainan Municipal
Jiali Ji?l? Ka-lí Kâ-lî Tainan Municipal
Sigang (Xigang) X?g?ng Sai-káng Sî-kóng Tainan Municipal
Cigu (Qigu) Q?g? Chhit-kó? Tshit-kú Tainan Municipal
Jiangjun (Jiangjyun) Ji?ngj?n Chiong-kun Tsiông-kiûn Tainan Municipal
Syuejia (Xuejia) Xuéji? Ha?k-kah Ho?k-kap Tainan Municipal
Beimen B?imén Pak-mn?g Pet-mùn Tainan Municipal
Xinying (Sinying) X?nyíng Sin-iâ? Sîn-yàng Tainan Municipal
Houbi Hòubì ?u-piah Heu-piak Tainan Municipal
Baihe Báihé Pe?h-hô Pha?k-hò Tainan Municipal
Dongshan D?ngsh?n Tong-san Tûng-sân Tainan Municipal
Liujia (Lioujia) Liùji? La?k-kah Liuk-kap Tainan Municipal
Xiaying (Siaying) Xiàyíng ?-iâ? Ha-yàng Tainan Municipal
Liouying (Liuying) Li?yíng Liú-iâ? Liú-yàng Tainan Municipal
Yanshuei (Yanshui) Yánshu? Kiâm-chúi Yàm-súi Tainan Municipal
Shanhua Shànhuà Si?n-hòa San-fa Tainan Municipal
Danei Dànèi T?a-l?i Thai-nui Tainan Municipal
Shanshang Sh?nshàng San-si?ng Sân-song Tainan Municipal
Sinshih (Xinshi) X?nshì Sin-chh? Sîn-s? Tainan Municipal
Anding ?ndìng An-t?ng Ôn-thin Tainan Municipal
Yancheng Yánchéng Iâm-tiâ? Yàm-thàng Kaohsiung Municipal
Gushan G?sh?n Kó?-san Kú-sân Kaohsiung Municipal
Zuoying Zu?yíng Chó-iâ? Tsó-yàng Kaohsiung Municipal
Nanzih (Nanzi) Nánz? Lâm-chú Nàm-ch Kaohsiung Municipal
Sanmin S?nmín Sam-bîn Sân-mìn Kaohsiung Municipal
Sinsing (Xinxing) X?nx?ng Sin-heng Sîn-hîn Kaohsiung Municipal
Cianjin (Qianjin) Qiánj?n Chiân-kim Chhièn-kîm Kaohsiung Municipal
Lingya Língy? Lêng-ngá Lìn-ngá Kaohsiung Municipal
Cianjhen (Qianzhen) Qiánzhèn Chiân-tìn Tshièn-chn Kaohsiung Municipal
Cijin (Qijin) Qíj?n Kî-tin Khì-chîn Kaohsiung Municipal
Siaogang (Xiaogang) Xi?og?ng Sió-káng Seú-kóng Kaohsiung Municipal
Fongshan (Fengshan) Fèngsh?n H?ng-soa? Fung-sân Kaohsiung Municipal
Linyuan Línyuán Lîm-hn?g Lìm-yèn Kaohsiung Municipal
Daliao Dàliáo To?-liâu Thai-liàu Kaohsiung Municipal
Dashu Dàshù To?-chhi? Thai-su Kaohsiung Municipal
Dashe Dàshè To?-si? Thai-sa Kaohsiung Municipal
Renwu Rénw? Jîn-bú Yìn-vú Kaohsiung Municipal
Niaosong Ni?os?ng Chiáu-chhêng Tiâu-tshiùng Kaohsiung Municipal
Gangshan G?ngsh?n Kong-san Kông-sân Kaohsiung Municipal
Ciaotou (Qiaotou) Qiáotóu Kiô-thâu Khiâu-thèu Kaohsiung Municipal
Yanchao Yàncháo Iàn-châu Yèn-tshâu Kaohsiung Municipal
Tianliao Tiánliáo Chhân-liâu Thièn-liàu Kaohsiung Municipal
Alian ?lián A-lian Â-lièn Kaohsiung Municipal
Lujhu (Luzhu) Lùzhú L-tek Lu-tsuk Kaohsiung Municipal
Hunei Húnèi Ô?-l?i Fù-nui Kaohsiung Municipal
Qieding (Cieding) Qiédìng Ka-ti Kâ-tin Kaohsiung Municipal
Yong'an (Yong-an) Y?ng'?n Éng-an Yún-ôn Kaohsiung Municipal
Mituo Mítuó Mî-tô Mì-thò Kaohsiung Municipal
Ziguan (Zihguan) Z?gu?n Chú-koa? Ts-kôn Kaohsiung Municipal
Cishan (Qishan) Qísh?n Kî-san Khì-sân Kaohsiung Municipal
Meinong M?inóng Bi-long Mî-nùng Kaohsiung Municipal
Liouguei (Liugui) Liùgu? La?k-ku Liuk-kuî Kaohsiung Municipal
Jiasian (Jiaxian) Ji?xi?n Kah-sian Kap-siên Kaohsiung Municipal
Shanlin Sh?nlín Sam-nâ Tsham-lìm Kaohsiung Municipal
Neimen Nèimén L?i-mn?g Nui-mùn Kaohsiung Municipal
Maolin Màolín B-lîm Meu-lìm TeldrekaRukai Kaohsiung Mountain indigenous
Taoyuan (Tauyuan) Táoyuán Thô-goân Thò-ngièn NganiBunun Kaohsiung Mountain indigenous
Namasia (Namaxia) ? Nàm?xià Namasia Namasia NamasiaBunun, Kanakanabu Kaohsiung Mountain indigenous
East D?ng Tang Tûng Chiayi Municipal
West X? Se Chiayi Municipal
East D?ng Tang Tûng Hsinchu Municipal
North B?i Pak Pet Hsinchu Municipal
Xiangshan Xi?ngsh?n Hiong-san Hiông-sân Hsinchu Municipal
Zhongzheng Zh?ngzhèng Tiong-chèng Tsûng-tsang Keelung Municipal
Zhongshan Zh?ngsh?n Tiong-san Tsûng-sân Keelung Municipal
Ren'ai Rén'ài Jîn-ài Yìn-oi Keelung Municipal
Xinyi Xìnyì Sìn-g? Sin-ngi Keelung Municipal
Anle ?nlè An-lo?k Ôn-lo?k Keelung Municipal
Nuannuan Nu?nnu?n Lóan-lóan Nôn-nôn Keelung Municipal
Qidu Q?d? Chhit-tó? Tshit-tù Keelung Municipal

Former districts

District changes between 1945 and 1950

City Districts Aftermath
1945 - 1946 1946 - 1950
Changhua Chang-pei () Changhua county-controlled city
Districts were defunct
Chang-hsi ()
Chang-nan ()
Ta-chu ()
Chiayi Tung-men () Hsin-tung () Chiayi county-controlled city
Districts were defunct
Then East and West Districts, Chiayi (provincial city)
Tung-shan ()
Nan-men () Hsin-nan ()
Pa-chiang ()
Hsi-men () Hsin-hsi ()
Chu-wei ()
Pei-men () Hsin-pei ()
Pei-chen ()
(part of
Tainan County)
Shui-shang () Shuishang Township, Chiayi County
Tai-pao () Taibao City, Chiayi County
Hsinchu East () Hsinchu county-controlled city
Districts were defunct
Then East and North Districts, Hsinchu (provincial city)
South ()
West ()
North ()
Hsiang-shan () Hsiang-shan Township in Hsinchu County,
then Xiangshan District, Hsinchu (provincial city)
(part of
Hsinchu County)
Chu-tung () Zhudong Township, Hsinchu County
Pao-shan () Baoshan Township, Hsinchu County
Pingtung Central () Pingtung county-controlled city
Districts were defunct
East ()
South ()
North ()
(part of
Kaohsiung County)
Wan-tan () Wandan Township, Pingtung County
Chang-chih () Changzhi and Linluo Townships, Pingtung County
Chiu-ju () Jiuru Township, Pingtung County

District reforms in Taipei

1945 - 1968 1968 - 1990 After 1990
Chien-cheng () Datong
Yen-ping ()
Ta-tung ()
Cheng-chung () Zhongzheng
Ku-ting ()
Shuang-yuan () Wanhua
Lung-shan ()
(part of
Taipei County)
Ching-mei () Wenshan
Mu-cha ()

See also

Notes
[G] Has an administrative body with an elected leader and a legislative body with elected members
[O] Has a governmental office for managing local affairs and carrying out commissioned tasks by superior agency


Notes

  1. ^ Mountain indigenous districts have self-governing bodies consisting of a district office and a representative council; there are currently six such districts
  2. ^ Also known as the Taiwan area or Tai-Min area (Chinese: ?; lit.: 'Taiwan-Fujian area')
  3. ^ In Chinese, special municipalities, cities, and county-administered cities have the word shi (Chinese: ?; lit.: 'city') in their official names
  4. ^ Nominal; provincial governments have been abolished
  5. ^ Constitutionally having the same structure as the free area
  6. ^ Cities are sometimes called provincial cities (Chinese: ) to distinguish them from the other two types of cities.
  7. ^ In Chinese, there are two types of townships: x?ang (Chinese: ?) and zhèng (Chinese: ?); there is little practical difference between the two
  8. ^ In Chinese, villages of x?ang townships are known as ts?n (Chinese: ?), those of other types are known as l? (Chinese: ?)

References

  1. ^ "Local Government Act - Article Content - Laws & Regulations Database of The Republic of China". law.moj.gov.tw. Retrieved 2019.
  2. ^ "KaoHsiung City" Archived September 27, 2011, at the Wayback Machine. Post.gov.tw.
  3. ^ "New Taipei City" Archived September 27, 2011, at the Wayback Machine. Post.gov.tw.
  4. ^ "Taichung City" Archived September 27, 2011, at the Wayback Machine. Post.gov.tw.
  5. ^ "Tainan City" Archived September 27, 2011, at the Wayback Machine. Post.gov.tw.
  6. ^ "Taipei City" Archived September 27, 2011, at the Wayback Machine. Post.gov.tw.
  7. ^ "ChiaYi City" Archived September 27, 2011, at the Wayback Machine. Post.gov.tw.
  8. ^ "Hsinchu City" Archived September 27, 2011, at the Wayback Machine. Post.gov.tw.
  9. ^ "KeeLung City" Archived September 27, 2011, at the Wayback Machine. Post.gov.tw.

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District_(Taiwan)
 



 



 
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