Districts of Libya
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Districts of Libya
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politics and government of
Libya


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There are twenty-two districts of Libya, known by the term shabiyah (Arabic singular ?a?biyya, plural ?a?biyy?t). In the 1990s these replaced the older baladiyat system.

Historically the area of Libya was considered three provinces (or states), Tripolitania in the northwest, Cyrenaica in the east, and Fezzan in the southwest. It was the conquest by Italy in the Italo-Turkish War that united them in a single political unit. Under the Italians Libya was eventually divided into four provinces and one territory: Tripoli, Misrata, Benghazi, Derna, (in the north) and the Territory of the Libyan Sahara (in the south).[1] After the French and British occupied Libya in 1943, it was again split into three provinces: Tripolitania in the northwest, Cyrenaica in the east, and Fezzan-Ghadames in the southwest.[2]

Article 176 of the 1951 constitution of Libya stated "The Kingdom of Libya shall be divided into administrative units in conformity with the law to be promulgated in this connection. Local and regional councils may be formed in the Kingdom. The extent of these units shall be determined by law which shall likewise organize these Councils." in exact quote.[]

After independence (1951), Libya was divided into three governorates (muhafazat), matching the three provinces of before, but in 1963 it was divided into ten governorates. In 1983 a new system was introduced dividing the country into forty-six districts (baladiyat). In 1987 this was reduced to twenty-five districts.

On 2 August 1995, Libya reorganized into thirteen districts (shabiyat). In 1998 this was increased to 26 shabiyat districts. In 2001 it was increased to thirty-two districts plus three administrative regions. Finally in 2007 it was reduced to twenty-two districts.

For historical evolution see also: Subdivisions of Libya.

Libyan districts are further subdivided into Basic People's Congresses which act as townships or boroughs.

Districts (Shabiya)

Shabiyah (Arabic: ?a?biyyah, plural: ?a?biyy?t) is a neologism exclusive to Libya under Gaddafi, in line with exclusive terms for republic (jamahiriya), ministry (amanah) and embassy (people's-bureau). The term basically means a district, that is, a top level administrative division. Etymologically, it is an adjective meaning "of or pertaining to the people, popular".

22 districts (2007)

In 2007 the current twenty-two districts (shabiya) replaced the older thirty-two district system.[3][4][5]

The current list is as following:

The current twenty-two district system in Libya (since 2007)
Map no. Name English transliteration Area (km2) Population
(2006)[6]
Cyrenaica
1 ? Al Butnan 84,996 159,536
2 ? Darnah 31,511 163,351
3 Al Jabal al Akhdar 11,429 203,156
4 Al Marj 13,515 185,848
5 Banghazi 11,372 670,797
6 ? Al Wahat 105,523 177,047
7 Al Kufrah 433,611 50,104
Tripolitania
8 Surt 77,660 193,720
9 Misratah 29,172 550,938
10 Marqab 6,796 432,202
11 Tarabulus 835 1,065,405
12 ? Al Jafarah 2,666 453,198
13 ? Az Zawiyah 2,753 290,993
14 An Nuqat al Khams 6,089 287,662
15 Al Jabal al Gharbi 76,717 304,159
16 Nalut 67,191 93,224
Fezzan
17 Al Jufrah 117,410 52,342
18 ? Wadi ash Shati' 97,160 78,532
19 ? Sabha 107,310 134,162
20 ? Wadi al Hayat 31,485 76,858
21 Ghat 68,482 23,518
22 ? Murzuq 356,308 78,621

32 districts (2001)

The 2001 reorganization of Libya into districts (shabiya)[7] resulted in thirty-two districts and three administrative regions (? ):

The old thirty-two shabiyat system in Libya (2001-2007)
Sha'biyah Population Area
(km2)
Number
(on map)
? Ajdabiya 165,839 91,620 1
? Butnan 144,527 83,860 2
Hizam al Akhdar 108,860 12,800 3
Jabal al Akhdar 194,185 7,800 4
? Jafara 289,340 1,940 5
Jufra 45,117 117,410 6
Kufra 51,433 483,510 7
Marj 116,318 10,000 8
Murqub 328,292 3,000 9
Nuqat al Khams 208,954 5,250 10
Quba 93,895 14,722 11
? Al Wahat 29,257 108,670 12
? Zawiya 197,177 1,520 13
Benghazi 636,992 800 14
? Bani Walid 77,424 19,710 15
? Derna 81,174 4,908 16
Ghat 22,770 72,700 17
Ghadames 19,000 51,750 18
Gharyan 161,408 4,660 19
? Murzuq 68,718 349,790 20
? Mizda 41,476 72,180 21
Misrata 360,521 2,770 22
Nalut 86,801 13,300 23
? Tajura wa Arba' 267,031 1,430 24
? Tarhuna wa Msalata 296,092 5,840 25
Tripoli 882,926 400 26
? Sabha 126,610 15,330 27
Sirte 156,389 77,660 28
? Sabratha wa Sorman 152,521 1,370 29
? Wadi al Hayaa 72,587 31,890 30
? Wadi al Shatii 77,203 97,160 31
? Yafran 117,647 9,310 32

The three administrative regions are missing from the above map, Qatrun,[8]Marada,[9] and Jaghbub[10]

26 districts (1998)

In 1998 Libya was reorganized into twenty-six districts which were: Butnan, Jafara, Jufra, Kufra, Marj, Murqub, Quba, Al Wahat, Bani Walid, Benghazi, Derna, Gharyan, Jabal al Akhdar, Murzuq, Misrata, Nalut, Nuqat al Khams, Sabha, Sabrata/Sorman, Sirte, Tarhuna/Msalata, Tripoli, Wadi al Hayaa, Wadi al Shatii, Yafran, and Zawiya[11]

13 districts (1995)

On 2 August 1995 Libya dropped the baladiyat system and reorganized into thirteen districts (shabiyat). Among them were Butnan (formerly Tobruk), Jabal al Akhdar, Jabal al Gharbi, Zawiya, Benghazi, and Tripoli. However, there is not agreement about the other seven names.[5]

Former baladiya

Baladiyah (singular) or baladiyat (plural), are Arabic words used in many Arab countries to denote administrative divisions of the country. In Libya, the baladiyat system of districts was introduced in 1983 to replace the governorate system. Originally there were forty-six baladiyat districts,[5] but in 1988 that number was reduced to twenty-five baladiyat. The table hereunder lists the old twenty-five baladiyat in alphabetical order with a link to each one and numbered to be located on the map. Note that each district linked may be both a baladiyah and a shabiyah. The many changes may not always be reflected in the article.

Evolution

/ Name 2007 (22) 2001 (32) Name in 1998 (26) 1995 (13) 1988 (25) Capital
? Ajdabiya District x x Ajdabiya
? Butnan District (Tobruk in 1995, from 1988 Tobruk District) x x Batan x Tobruk Tobruk
Hizam al Akhdar District x Aybar
Jabal al Akhdar x x Jabal al Akhdar x x Bayda
Jabal al Gharbi District x x Gharyan
? Jaghbub Administrative Region AR Administrative Region
? Jafara (from 1988 'Aziziya District) x x Jafara 'Aziziya 'Aziziya
Jufra District x x Jufra 4 x Hun
Kufra District x x Kufra 5 x Al Jawf
Marj District (1983-1988 Fati District) x x Marj Fati Marj, Barca in antiquity
Murqub District (Morqib) (from 1995 & 1988 Khoms District) x x Murqub 5 Khoms Khoms
? Qatrun Administrative Region AR Administrative Region
Quba District x Quba Quba, or Giovanni Berta
? Al Wahat District (Waha in 1995) x x Wahad 4 Ajdabiya (cf. Ajdabiya District)
Wusta 4
Nuqat al Khams (Nikat al Khums in 1995) x x Nikat al Khams 5 x Zuwara
Awbari District 5a x Ubari
? Zawiya District x x Zawiya x x Zawiya
? Bani Walid District (from 1988 Sawfajjin District) x Bani Walid Bani Walid
Benghazi x x Benghazi x x Benghazi
? Derna District x x Derna x Derna
? Fezzan (or Fazzan) 4 Sabha
Ghadames District x x Ghadames
Gharyan District x Gharyan x Gharyan
Ghat District (from 1988 Ubari) x x Ghat
Marada Administrative Region AR Administrative Region
Misrata District (includes 1988 Bani Walid District and Zlitan District) x x Misrata 4 x Misrata
? Mizda District x Mizda
? Murzuq District (Marzug in 1995) x x Murzaq 5 x Murzuk
? Naggaza 4
Nalut District x x Nalout Nalut
? Sabha District x x Sabha 5 x Sabha
? Sabratha wa Sorman District x Sabratha & Sorman
Sawfajjin District 4 x Bani Walid
Sirte District (Khalij Sirte in 1995) x x Sirte 5 x Sirte
? Tajura wa Arba' District x Tajura
Tripoli District x x Tripoli x x Tripoli
? Tarhuna wa Msalata District (from 1988 Tarhuna District) x Tarhuna & Msalata Tarhuna Tarhuna
? Wadi al Hayaa District (1995 Wadi al Hait?, from 1988 Ubari) x x Wadi al Hait? 5b
? Wadi al Shatii District (Shati' in 1988) x x Wadi al Shaati Shati' Adiri[12] or Brak[13]
? Yafran District (Yifren) x Yefrin x Yafran
Zlitan District x Zliten

For 1995 data, [4] and [5] are the two different sources mentioned in the bibliography:[5] "The Europa World Year Book 2001" and "Ershiyi (21) Shiji Shijie Diming Lu", Beijing, 2001.

For 1988, name is provided if different from nowadays. As said above, AR stands for the three "Administrative Region" of 2001.

Fazzan wasn't strictly a district, but a historical muhafazah or wilayah along with Tripolitania (capital Tripoli) and Cyrenaica (capital Cyrene -near nowadays Shahhat- with Diocletian, moved to Ptolemais after the earthquake of 365, and to Barce -nowadays Barca- with Omer Bin Khattab in 643).

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Pan, Chia-Lin (1949) "The Population of Libya" Population Studies, 3(1): pp. 100-125, p. 104
  2. ^ "Map of Libya 1943-1951" Zentrale für Unterrichtsmedien
  3. ^ ?  – Sha'biyat of Great Jamahiriya Archived December 20, 2008, at the Wayback Machine, accessed 10 May 2009, in Arabic
  4. ^ :"Libya population statistics" (in English and Arabic). Geohive. Archived from the original on 15 October 2009. Retrieved 2009.
  5. ^ a b c d "Districts of Libya". Statoids.com. Retrieved 2010.
  6. ^ Libyan General Information Authority Archived 2011-02-24 at the Wayback Machine accessed 22 July 2009
  7. ^ " " ("Districts of Libya") Website of the General People's Committee of Libya, from WebArchive dated 30 August 2006
  8. ^ "Districts of Libya:Alqtron Tjrhi" Website of the General People's Committee of Libya, in Arabic, from Web Archive dated 30 August 2006
  9. ^ "Districts of Libya:Mradq" Website of the General People's Committee of Libya, in Arabic, from Web Archive dated 30 August 2006
  10. ^ "Districts of Libya:Aljgbob" Website of the General People's Committee of Libya, in Arabic, from Web Archive dated 30 August 2006
  11. ^ "Libya" 2006 Statesman's Yearbook
  12. ^ "Districts of Libya". statoids.com. Retrieved 2009. and German wikipedia
  13. ^ Spanish, Italian, Polish and Portuguese wikipedias

External links


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