|Type||Broadcast, satellite television, Internet, OTT|
|Motto||Satyam Shivam Sundaram|
|Headquarters||New Delhi, Delhi|
|A. Surya Prakash, Chairperson|
|15 September 1959|
|All India Radio|
|576i (4:3 SDTV)|
1080i (16:9 HDTV)
Doordarshan (abbreviated in English as DD) is an autonomouspublic service broadcaster founded by the Government of India, owned by the Broadcasting Ministry of India and one of Prasar Bharati's two divisions. One of India's largest broadcasting organisations in studio and transmitter infrastructure, it was established on 15 September 1959. Doordarshan, which also broadcasts on digital terrestrial transmitters, provides television, radio, online and mobile service throughout metropolitan and regional India and overseas through the Indian Network and Radio India.
The channel began modestly as an experimental broadcaster in Delhi on 14 September 1959, with a small transmitter and a makeshift studio. Regular daily transmission started in 1965 as part of All India Radio, with a five-minute news bulletin read by Pratima Puri. Salma Sultan joined Doordarshan in 1967, and became a news anchor.
Television service was separated from radio on 1 April 1976. The All India Radio and Doordarshan were placed under the management of separate directors-general in New Delhi. In 1982, Doordarshan became a national broadcaster.
National telecasts (DD National) were introduced in 1982. Colour television began in India with the live telecast of the Independence Day speech by Prime Minister Indira Gandhi on 15 August of that year, followed by the colour telecast of the 1982 Asian Games in Delhi. Live telecasts of the opening and closing ceremonies of the 2012 Summer Olympics were broadcast on its national channel, and DD Sports provided round-the-clock coverage.
On 17 November 2014, Doordarshan director-general Vijayalaxmi Chhabra introduced a pink-and-purple colour scheme and a new slogan: Desh Ka Apna Channel ("The country's own channel"). Doordarshan transmitted over a network of nearly 1,400 terrestrial transmitters in 2017, with 46 studios producing TV programmes. After the introduction of private channels Doordarshan is struggling to keep its position in the television space. Currently Doordarshan is trying to improve its studios and programmes while its primary aim is to serve the country.
Doordarshan operates 46 Studios, it operates 21 channels: two all-India channels (DD National and DD News), 17 regional satellite channels, 11 state networks, an international channel (DD India), a sports channel (DD Sports), DD Bharati, DD Urdu and DD Kisan. On DD National (DD-1), regional and local programs are carried on a time-sharing basis for terrestrial broadcasting only. DD News, launched on 3 November 2003 and replacing DD Metro (formerly known as the DD-2 entertainment channel), provides 24-hour news. These channels are relayed by all terrestrial transmitters in India. The regional-language satellite channels have two components: a regional service for a particular state (relayed by all terrestrial transmitters in the state), and additional programs in the regional language available through cable operators and DTH operators. DD Sports broadcasts sporting events of national and international importance. It is the only sports channel which telecasts rural sports such as kho-kho and kabbadi.
A new regional channel, DD Arunprabha (a 24/7 satellite television channel focusing on the North Eastern region) was scheduled to begin on 15 February 2018; however, its launch was placed on hold. DD Arunprabha was launched on 9 February 2019.
On 9 March 2019, Prasar Bharati brought 11 more State DD Channels on the Satellite footprint of India through DD Free Dish. This includes five channels for Northeastern states. This will go a long way in strengthening regional cultures and fulfilling people's aspirations. These are - DD Chhattisgarh, DD Goa, DD Haryana, DD Himachal Pradesh, DD Jharkhand, DD Manipur, DD Meghalaya, DD Mizoram, DD Nagaland, DD Tripura and DD Uttarakhand.
|DD National||General Entertainment||Hindi & English|
|DD News||News||Hindi & English|
|DD Sports||Sports||Hindi & English|
|DD Bharati||Art & Cultural Infotainment||Hindi & English|
|DD Kisan||Agricultural Infotainment||Hindi|
|DD Arunprabha||Hindi & English||Arunachal Pradesh|
|DD Bangla||Bengali||West Bengal|
|DD Bihar||Hindi & Bihari||Bihar|
|DD Kashir||Kashmiri & Urdu||Jammu and Kashmir|
|DD Madhya Pradesh||Hindi||Madhya Pradesh|
|DD North East||Assamese, Hindi & English||Northeast India|
|DD Podhigai||Tamil||Tamil Nadu|
|DD Rajasthan||Hindi & Rajasthani||Rajasthan|
|DD Saptagiri||Telugu||Andhra Pradesh|
|DD Uttar Pradesh||Hindi||Uttar Pradesh|
|DD Himachal Pradesh||Hindi||Himachal Pradesh|
|DD Meghalaya||Khasi & English||Meghalaya|
|DD Tripura||Bengali & Kokborok||Tripura|
|DD Andaman and Nicobar||Hindi, Bengali, Tamil, Telugu & Malayalam||Andaman and Nicobar Islands|
|DD Chandigarh||Hindi & Punjabi||Chandigarh|
|DD Dadra and Nagar Haveli||Hindi, Gujarati & Marathi||Dadra and Nagar Haveli|
|DD Daman and Diu||Hindi, Gujarati and Marathi||Daman and Diu|
|DD Pondicherry||Tamil, Telugu & Malayalam||Puducherry|
The DD India satellite channel has been broadcast in 146 countries. In UK, it was available through the Eurobird satellite on the Sky system's channel 833; its logo was Rayat TV. Transmission via Sky Digital ended in June 2008, and via DirecTV in the United States the following month.
Prasar Bharati is Doordarshan's parent body, and its board members are appointed by the Government of India through the Information and Broadcasting Ministry. Doordarshan has been used, especially during the Emergency, to disseminate government propaganda. During Operation Blue Star in 1984, only government sources were used to report the story. Doordarshan was complicit in the production of a video claiming acts of violence which, when investigated by independent journalists, were found to be false.
In 2004 it censored a controversial documentary on Jayaprakash Narayan, an opposition leader during the Emergency. When Doordarshan broadcast a 70-minute Vijayadashami speech by Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS) leader Mohan Bhagwat, the Narendra Modi administration and the BJP were criticised for "misusing" the public broadcaster. According to DD director-general Archana Datta, the "speech was like any other news event; therefore, we covered it."
Since private television channels were authorised in 1991, Doordarshan has experienced a steep decline in viewership. Although it earns significant advertising revenue--due to its compulsory feed--from the highest bidder for national events (including cricket matches), there has been a proposal to fund it by imposing a licence fee to own a television in India.
the well-known program Krishi Darshan, which started its telecast on January 26, 1967... 'informing' and 'educating' the farmers about improving agricultural productivity