Dot Above
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Dot Above
·
Dot
Diacritics in Latin & Greek
accent
acute´
double acute?
grave`
double grave ?
circumflex^
caron, há?ek?
breve?
inverted breve  ̑  
cedilla¸
diaeresis, umlaut¨
dot·
palatal hook  ?
retroflex hook  ?
hook above, d?u h?i ?
horn ?
iota subscript ͅ 
macron?
ogonek, nosin??
perispomene ͂ 
overring?
underring?
rough breathing?
smooth breathing?
Marks sometimes used as diacritics
apostrophe'
bar
colon:
comma,
full stop/period.
hyphen?
prime?
tilde~
Diacritical marks in other scripts
Arabic diacritics
Early Cyrillic diacritics
kamora ҄
pokrytie ?
titlo ?
Gurmukh? diacritics
Hebrew diacritics
Indic diacritics
anusvara? ? ?
chandrabindu? ?
nuqta?
virama? ? ? ? ?
visarga? ?
IPA diacritics
Japanese diacritics
dakuten ?
handakuten ?
Khmer diacritics
Syriac diacritics
Thai diacritics
Related
Dotted circle?
Punctuation marks
Logic symbols
? ? ? ?
? ? ? ?
? ?
? ? ? ?
? ? C? c?
Ç? ç?
? ?
? ? ? ?
? ?
? ?
? ?
? ? F? f?
? ? G? g?
? ? ? ?
?
i i i
? ? j
J? j?
K? k? ? ?
L? l? ? ?
? ? ? ?
? ? ? ?
? ? ? ?
? ? O? o?
? ? ? ?
? ? ? ?
? ? P? p?
Q? q? Q? q?
Q q Q q
? ? ? ?
? ? ? ?
?
? ? ? ?
? ? ? ?
? ? ? ?
U? u? U u
? ? ? ?
V? v? ? ?
? ? ? ?
? ? X? x?
? ? ? ?
? ? ? ?

When used as a diacritic mark, the term dot is usually reserved for the Interpunct ( · ), or to the glyphs 'combining dot above' (  ) and 'combining dot below' (  ) which may be combined with some letters of the extended Latin alphabets in use in Central European languages and Vietnamese.

Overdot

Language scripts or transcription schemes that use the dot above a letter as a diacritical mark:

The overdot is also used in the Devanagari script, where it is called anusvara.

In mathematics and physics, when using Newton's notation the dot denotes the time derivative as in . In addition, the overdot is one way used to indicate an infinitely repeating set of numbers in decimal notation, as in , which is equal to the fraction ​, and or , which is equal to .

Underdot

Raised dot

  • Number digits in Enclosed Alphanumerics like ? 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9.
  • In Canadian Aboriginal Syllabics, in addition to the middle dot as a letter, centred dot diacritic, and dot above diacritic, there also is a two-dot diacritic in Naskapi Language representing /_w_V/ which depending on the placement on the specific Syllabic letter may resemble a colon when placed vertically, diaeresis when placed horizontally, or a combination of middle dot and dot above diacritic when placed either at an angle or enveloping a small raised letter ⟨?⟩. Additionally, in Northwestern Ojibwe, a small raised /wi/ as /w/, the middle dot is raised farther up as either ⟨?⟩ or ⟨?⟩; there also is a raised dot Final ⟨?⟩, which represents /w/ in some Swampy Cree and /y/ in some Northwestern Ojibwe.

Encoding

In Unicode, the dot is encoded at:

  • COMBINING DOT ABOVE (HTML ̇)

and at:

  • COMBINING DOT BELOW (HTML ̣)
  • COMBINING DOT ABOVE RIGHT (HTML ͘)
  • ?᷸ COMBINING DOT ABOVE LEFT (HTML ᷸)

There is also:

  • ˙ DOT ABOVE (HTML ˙ · ˙, ˙)
  • CANADIAN SYLLABICS FINAL RAISED DOT

Pre-composed characters:

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c United Nations Group of Experts on Geographical Names (2007). "Technical reference manual for the standardization of geographical names" (PDF). New York: United Nations. p. 169. ISBN 978-92-1-161500-5.

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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