Drissa
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Drissa
Vierchniadzvinsk
Verkhnedvinsk

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?
City
Coat of arms of Vierchniadzvinsk Verkhnedvinsk
Coat of arms
Vierchniadzvinsk Verkhnedvinsk is located in Belarus
Vierchniadzvinsk Verkhnedvinsk
Vierchniadzvinsk
Verkhnedvinsk
Coordinates: 55°47?N 27°57?E / 55.783°N 27.950°E / 55.783; 27.950Coordinates: 55°47?N 27°57?E / 55.783°N 27.950°E / 55.783; 27.950
CountryBelarus
RegionVitebsk Region
RaionVerkhnyadzvinsk Raion
First mention1386
Administrative center1924
Population
(2009)
 o Total7,600

Vierchniadzvinsk (Belarusian: , Lithuanian: Drisa, Polish: Dryssa) or Verkhnedvinsk (Russian: ?) is a city in Belarus in the northwest of Vitebsk Region; it is the administrative center of the Verkhnyadzvinsk Raion. Until 1962, it was named Drysa (Russian: , Drissa). It is located at the confluence of the Drysa River and the Daugava River.

Its population in 2009 was 7,600.

History

Drissa is first mentioned in a chronicle of the year 1386.[1] During the medieval period it formed part of the Principality of Polotsk, the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, and the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. From 1801 it was the center of the Drissa uyezd of the Vitebsk Governorate, and during the War of 1812 it was the site of a fortified camp described by Leo Tolstoy in Book Three of War and Peace.

It became a raion center in 1924. During the Second World War it was occupied by Germany and most of the local population was massacred.[2]

Footnotes

  1. ^ Maciej Stryjkowski. Chronicle of Poland, Lithuania, Samogitia and all of Ruthenia (1582).
  2. ^ http://yahadmap.org/#village/verkhnedvinsk-vitebsk-belarus.480

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Drissa
 



 



 
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