|Duke in Bavaria|
|Born||9 August 1839|
Possenhofen Castle, Bavaria
|Died||30 November 1909 (aged 70)|
Schloss Tegernsee, Germany
|Spouse||Princess Sophie of Saxony |
Infanta Maria Josepha of Portugal
|Issue||Amalie, Duchess of Urach, Queen of Lithuania|
Sophie, Countess zu Törring-Jettenbach
Elisabeth, Queen of Belgium
Marie Gabrielle, Crown Princess of Bavaria
Duke Ludwig Wilhelm in Bavaria
Duke Franz Joseph in Bavaria
|Father||Duke Maximilian Joseph in Bavaria|
|Mother||Princess Ludovika of Bavaria|
Karl-Theodor, Duke in Bavaria (9 August 1839 - 30 November 1909), was a member of the House of Wittelsbach and a professional oculist. He was the favorite brother of the Empress Elisabeth of Austria, and father of Queen Elisabeth of the Belgians.
At the age of fourteen Karl-Theodor joined the Bavarian Army. In 1866 he fought in the Austro-Prussian War. When he left active duty, he became a student at the Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich, where he studied philosophy, law, economics, and medicine. Among his teachers were the chemist Justus von Liebig, the pathologist Ludwig von Buhl, and the physicist Philipp von Jolly.
In 1870 Karl-Theodor's studies were interrupted by the Franco-Prussian War in which he served as a proprietary colonel of the 3rd Bavarian Light Horse. After the war he returned to his studies. In 1872 he was named an honorary Doctor of Medicine by the Ludwig Maximilian University; the following year he completed the requirements for the degree. Then he studied ophthalmology under Professor Deutschland and continued his education under Professor Arlt in Vienna and Professor Horner in Zürich.
In 1877 Karl-Theodor began practicing medicine in Mentone on the Côte d'Azur, often assisted by his wife Maria Josepha. In 1880 he opened an eye-clinic in his castle at Tegernsee. In 1895 he founded the Augenklinik Herzog Carl Theodor (English: Duke Charles Theodore Eye Clinic) in Munich; the clinic in the Nymphenburger Strasse remains one of the most respected eye clinics in Bavaria to the present day. Between 1895 and 1909 Carl Theodor personally carried out more than 5,000 cataract operations as well as treating countless other eye disorders.
On 11 February 1865, at Dresden, Karl-Theodor married his first cousin Princess Sophie of Saxony (1845-1867), daughter of King John of Saxony and his maternal aunt Princess Amalie Auguste of Bavaria. They had one child:
On 29 April 1874, at Kleinheubach, Karl-Theodor married Infanta Maria Josepha of Portugal (1857-1943), daughter of exiled King Miguel I of Portugal and Princess Adelaide of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg, and had issue:
Karl-Theodor received a number of honours:
|Ancestors of Karl Theodor, Duke in Bavaria|