Duke of Alcudia
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Duke of Alcudia

Dukedom of la Alcudia
COA Duke of Sueca.svg
Creation date4 July 1792
MonarchCharles IV of Spain
PeerageSpanish nobility
First holderManuel Godoy and Alvarez de Faria
Present holderLuis Carlos Ruspoli and Sanchiz
Heir apparentCarlos Ruspoli and Alvarez de las Asturias Bohorques
Remainder tothe 1st Duke's heirs lawfully begotten. For his marriage with the daughter of the Infante don Luis
Subsidiary titles
Seat(s)Palace of Infante don Luis

Duke of la Alcudia (Spanish: Duque de la Alcudia) is a title of Spanish nobility, Grandee of Spain 1st class. It was created by King Charles IV of Spain in 1792 for Manuel Godoy, who was the Prime Minister of Spain from 1792 to 1797 and from 1801 to 1808. Its name refers to the Valle de Alcudia in the Province of Ciudad Real in Spain.

Manuel Godoy

Manuel Godoy, Prince of the Peace, Duke of la Alcudia, Duke of Sueca, Count of Évoramonte, Baron of Mascalbó, Prime Minister of Charles IV of Spain

King Charles IV also granted to Manuel Godoy the Duchy of Sueca, the Barony of Mascalbó and the title of Prince of the Peace. The granting of the latter was an exception in Spanish noble history; since the Middle Ages, no one had held the princely dignity in Spain except the heir of the crown, who did so through three titles: Prince of Asturias, Gerona and of Viana.

He was granted the Portuguese county of Évoramonte, which was due to his marriage to the Countess of Chinchón. However, he was exiled in 1808 when Spain came under Bonaparte rule, and he was not authorized to return to Spain until 1844.

Godoy was also, by papal concession, Prince of Bassano, a title he obtained after acquiring the Italian fief of Bassano di Sutri, located between Rome and Viterbo, during his long exile in Rome.

It seems that he was also "Marqués de Álvarez", as it is named in different documents, although it is a title that was never used by his successors, nor has anyone attempted to rehabilitate it, nor is it stated in the Cast of Greatness and Titles Nobiliarios Españoles or in the Directory of the Diputación de la Grandeza. He was also "Lord of Soto of Rome" and "Viscount of High Andalusia".

Title holders

Title Period
Created by Charles IV
I Manuel Godoy and Álvarez de Faria 1792-1851
II Adolfo Ruspoli and Godoy 1853-1914
III Carlos Ruspoli and Álvarez de Toledo 1915-1936
IV Camilo Carlos Ruspoli and Caro 1951-1958
V Carlos Oswaldo Ruspoli and Morenés 1958-2016
VI Luis Carlos Ruspoli and Sánchiz 2016

History of the dukes

Manuel Godoy y Álvarez de Faria, 1st Duke of la Alcudia and Sueca
The family seat has been Palace of Infante don Luis (Boadilla del Monte) since the second duke until its expropriation in 1999

I Duke: Manuel Godoy, I Duke of la Alcudia, and later, I Duke of Sueca and I Baron of Mascalbó. He also received the title of Prince of the Peace (which was expropriated by King Ferdinand VII in 1808), Prince of Bassano (pontifical), and I Count of Évoramonte (Portuguese title). He married: Doña María Teresa de Borbón y Vallabriga, XV Countess of Chinchón, who was the eldest daughter of the Cardinal-Infante Don Luis de Borbón y Farnesio. The first duke's grandson succeeded him:

II Duke: Adolfo Ruspoli y Godoy, Khevenhueller-Metsch and Bourbon (1822-1914), II Duke of la Alcudia, Grandee of Spain 1st class and III Count of Évoramonte, in Portugal. He married in 1857 with Rosalía Álvarez de Toledo y Silva, daughter of the Duke of Medina Sidonia. His son succeeded him:

III Duke: Carlos Rúspoli y Álvarez de Toledo, Godoy and Silva-Bazán (1858-1936), III Duke of la Alcudia, III Duke of Sueca, XVII Count of Chinchón, IV Count of Évoramonte, in Portugal. Grandee of Spain 1st class. He married Carmen Caro and Caro, of the Marquesses of the Romana. His son succeeded him:

IV Duke: Camilo Rúspoli y Caro, Álvarez de Toledo and Caro (1904-1975), who reunites all the titles, both of Manuel Godoy, and of the Infanta María Teresa, by which he became the IV Duke of la Alcudia, IV Duke of Sueca, XVIII Count of Chinchón, and VI Marquess of Boadilla del Monte. Grandee of Spain 1st class. He married Belén Morenés and Arteaga, XVIII Countess of Bañares. His son succeeded him:

V Duke: Carlos Rúspoli y Morenés, Caro and Arteaga (1932-2016), V Duke of la Alcudia, V Duke of Sueca, XIX Count of Chinchón. Grandee of Spain 1st class. Without issue. His nephew succeeded him:

VI Duke: Luis Ruspoli and Sánchiz, Morenés and Núñez-Robres (1963), VI Duke of la Alcudia, VI Duke of Sueca, XX Count of Chinchón. Grandee of Spain 1st class. VIII Marquis of Boadilla del Monte and III Baron of Mascalbó. He married María Álvarez de las Asturias Bohorques and Rumeu, of the Dukes of Gor.

Family tree

Coat of arms of Manuel Godoy

See also

References

  • Elenco de Grandezas y Títulos Españoles. Instituto "Salazar y Castro" C.S.I.C.

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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