Eaglesfield, Cumbria
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Eaglesfield, Cumbria

Eaglesfield is a small settlement in the county of Cumbria, in England. Historically part of Cumberland, it is near the A5086 road and is 2.5 miles (4 km) southwest of the town of Cockermouth.

Etymology

Eaglesfield lay in the early Middle Ages within the British kingdom of Rheged, and the first element of the name is perhaps derived from the Brythonic 'eccles' "church" (cognate with Welsh 'eglwys' 'church'). The meaning would be 'open land near a British church' - something that the Anglian settlers would have seen as they "arrived and settled some two miles away down below at Brigham." [1] (The second element, 'Feld', is Old English for 'open country').

Alternatively, it means 'Ecgel's open land' ('Ecgel's feld'). 'Ecgel' is a personal name and possibly "a normal diminutive of compound names such as 'Ecglaf', or Ecgwulf' ".[2]

Notable people

Eaglesfield was the birthplace of John Dalton (1766-1844), acclaimed chemist, meteorologist and physicist. He was the father of the modern atomic theory.

Eaglesfield was the probable birthplace of Robert de Eglesfield (c.1295-1349), founder of the Queen's College, Oxford. His father, John of Eglesfield, held lands in and near there.

Moorland Close, Eaglesfield, was the birthplace of Fletcher Christian, master's mate aboard HMS Bounty. He led the mutiny against the captain, William Bligh, during their voyage to Tahiti.

See also

References

  1. ^ Wilson, P. A. (1978). "Eaglesfield". Transactions of the Cumberland and Westmorland Antiquarian and Archaeological Society. 2. LXXVIII: 47-54, p.47-48.
  2. ^ Armstrong, A. M.; Mawer, A.; Stenton, F. M.; Dickins, B. (1950). The Place-names of Cumberland. English Place-Name Society, vol. xxi. Part 2. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. p. 378.

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Eaglesfield,_Cumbria
 



 



 
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