East Feliciana Parish, Louisiana
Get East Feliciana Parish, Louisiana essential facts below, Events, or join the East Feliciana Parish, Louisiana discussion. Add East Feliciana Parish, Louisiana to your PopFlock.com topic list for future reference or share this resource on social media.
East Feliciana Parish, Louisiana
East Feliciana Parish
Parish of East Feliciana
East Feliciana Parish Courthouse
East Feliciana Parish Courthouse
Map of Louisiana highlighting East Feliciana Parish
Location within the U.S. state of Louisiana
Map of the United States highlighting Louisiana
Louisiana's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 30°51?N 91°03?W / 30.85°N 91.05°W / 30.85; -91.05
Country
State Louisiana
Founded1824
Named forMarie Felice de Gálvez
SeatClinton
Largest townJackson
Area
 o Total456 sq mi (1,180 km2)
 o Land453 sq mi (1,170 km2)
 o Water2.4 sq mi (6 km2)  0.5%
Population
 o Total19,531
 o Density43/sq mi (17/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central)
UTC-5 (CDT)
Congressional districts5th, 6th
Websitewww.eastfelicianaclerk.org

East Feliciana Parish (French: Paroisse de Feliciana Est, Spanish: Parroquia de East Feliciana) is a parish located in the U.S. state of Louisiana. At the 2010 census, the population was 20,267,[1] and 19,531 in 2020.[2] The parish seat is Clinton.[3]

Established when Feliciana Parish was divided in 1824, both East and West Feliciana parishes are part of the Baton Rouge metropolitan statistical area. They are also considered part of the Florida Parishes, at one time part of Spain's West Florida colony.

History

The parish was part of Feliciana Parish, which was founded and named in 1810 by Spanish rulers, who then controlled the territory. Feliciana is derived from a Spanish rendering of the French name "Felicité", which means happiness. The Spanish governor named it in honor of his wife, Marie Felicité.[4]

After the United States annexed this territory, population continued to increase. It had been developed for sugar cane plantations and business was thriving. In 1824, the state legislature divided the parish into East Feliciana Parish and West Feliciana Parish, so that residents would have easier access to their parish seats.

The Louisiana State Insane Asylum was the first state institution in the parish, established near the town of Jackson in 1847. It was greatly enlarged and improved under the administration of Dr. John Welch Jones, who was appointed as superintendent in 1874, during the Reconstruction era. The bi-racial legislators in power at the time made commitments to public education and state welfare institutions. The facility was later called East Louisiana State Hospital.

The Margaret Dixon Correctional Institute is located in Jackson, as well. It opened in 1976 and is named for the crusading managing editor of the Baton Rouge Morning Advocate (now called The Advocate). She had argued for the decentralization of the massive Louisiana State Penitentiary at Angola, in neighboring West Feliciana Parish.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the parish has a total area of 456 square miles (1,180 km2), of which 453 square miles (1,170 km2) is land and 2.4 square miles (6.2 km2) (0.5%) is water.[5]

Major highways

Adjacent parishes and counties

Communities

Towns

Villages

Unincorporated communities

Demographics

The 2020 census tabulated a population of 19,531.[2] At the 2019 American Community Survey, there were 19,371 people living in the parish, down from 20,267 at the 2010 United States census. The 2019 census-estimated population comprised 6,959 households living in 8,487 housing units spread throughout the parish. There were 1,595 businesses operating in East Feliciana.[10]

In 2010, the racial and ethnic makeup of the parish was the following: 53.2% were White, 44.9% Black and African American, 0.3% American Indian and Alaska Native, 0.3% Asian, 0.2% of some other race and 1.1% of two or more races; 1.0% were Hispanic or Latin American of any race. At the 2019 census-estimates, 54.5% were non-Hispanic white, 43.6% Black and African American, 0.5% American Indian and Alaska Native, 0.3% Asian, 0.2% some other race, and 0.9% multiracial. Hispanics and Latin Americans of any race made up 1.7% of the total population.[10]

Of the 6,959 households in East Feliciana Parish, 4.8% were aged 5 and under, 81.8% 18 and older, and 17.1% 65 and older. The median age was 42.9.

Approximately 40% of the population was employed in the parish, and the home-ownership rate was 80.5%. The median value of owner-occupied housing units was $139,300, and median gross rent was $647. Residents had a median household income of $51,803; males earned a median income of $61,105 versus $32,243 for females.[10] At the 2000 United States census, the median household income was $31,631, and the median family income was $37,278. Males had a median income of $31,804 versus $20,243 for females. The per capita income for the parish was $15,428. An estimated 23.3% of the parish lived at or below the poverty line in 2019, up from 23% at the 2000 U.S. census.

Education

East Feliciana Parish School Board operates public schools in the parish. Elementary schools include Jackson Elementary School, Slaughter Elementary School, and Clinton Elementary School. Upper public schools include East Feliciana Middle and High school. Some students in the parish attend Wilkinson County Christian Academy in Wilkinson County, Mississippi.[11]

The parish is in the service area of Baton Rouge Community College.[12]

Silliman Institute in Clinton was established in the late 1960s as a directed response to federal courts ordering the desegregation of the East Feliciana public school system.

Government and infrastructure

The East Feliciana Parish Police Jury is the governing body of the parish and consists of nine representatives elected by district.

East Louisiana State Hospital, currently referred to as Eastern Louisiana Mental Health System is located in Jackson. Its main building is considered to be one of the largest and most significant Greek Revival buildings in Louisiana, it has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places. The institution was one of the first mental hospitals in the South.

The Louisiana Department of Public Safety and Corrections operates the Dixon Correctional Institute in Jackson.[13]

Presidential elections results
Presidential elections results[14]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2020 57.7% 6,064 40.7% 4,280 1.6% 165
2016 55.5% 5,569 42.2% 4,235 2.4% 238
2012 52.9% 5,397 45.5% 4,648 1.6% 164
2008 54.6% 5,432 44.1% 4,383 1.3% 132
2004 54.6% 5,021 44.5% 4,091 1.0% 89
2000 50.0% 4,051 47.8% 3,870 2.2% 178
1996 35.1% 2,949 56.1% 4,714 8.8% 738
1992 35.6% 2,813 51.8% 4,093 12.5% 989
1988 48.0% 3,527 49.8% 3,659 2.2% 163
1984 49.6% 4,166 49.1% 4,122 1.4% 113
1980 38.6% 2,650 58.7% 4,033 2.8% 190
1976 31.3% 1,668 65.5% 3,485 3.2% 170
1972 49.0% 1,992 39.4% 1,603 11.6% 472
1968 11.2% 457 34.4% 1,409 54.4% 2,225
1964 79.6% 1,900 20.4% 486
1960 16.2% 313 24.7% 475 59.1% 1,139
1956 37.5% 912 53.6% 1,304 9.0% 219
1952 46.2% 876 53.8% 1,019
1948 10.3% 127 21.6% 267 68.1% 840
1944 20.2% 220 79.8% 869
1940 13.4% 164 86.6% 1,059
1936 8.8% 102 91.2% 1,057
1932 5.2% 65 94.8% 1,178
1928 20.5% 160 79.5% 622
1924 4.7% 25 95.3% 504
1920 5.4% 30 94.6% 529
1916 4.1% 21 95.7% 489 0.2% 1
1912 0.2% 1 95.9% 422 3.9% 17

Notable people

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 6, 2011. Retrieved 2013.
  2. ^ a b "QuickFacts: East Feliciana Parish, Louisiana". United States Census Bureau.
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2012-07-12. Retrieved .
  4. ^ Demajo, J. "History of East Feliciana". Feliciana Tourism. East Feliciana Tourist Commission. Archived from the original on 12 October 2016. Retrieved 2016.
  5. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on September 28, 2013. Retrieved 2014.
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014.
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved 2014.
  8. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014.
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014.
  10. ^ a b c "Geography Profile: East Feliciana Parish, Louisiana". data.census.gov. Retrieved .
  11. ^ "About the School" ( Archived 2016-03-04 at the Wayback Machine). Wilkinson County Christian Academy. Retrieved on April 15, 2015.
  12. ^ "Our Colleges". Louisiana's Technical and Community Colleges. Retrieved .
  13. ^ "Dixon Correctional Institute Archived 2010-09-24 at the Wayback Machine." Louisiana Department of Public Safety and Corrections. Retrieved on August 29, 2010.
  14. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved .
  15. ^ "The most influential US conservatives 2007: 61-80". The Daily Telegraph. London. 2007-10-30. Archived from the original on 2007-10-31. Retrieved .
  16. ^ "Thomas Jackson, Sr (1757-1844) - Find A Grave..." www.findagrave.com. Retrieved .
  17. ^ "John D. Travis Obituary". The Baton Rouge Advocate. April 22, 2016. Retrieved 2016.

External links

Coordinates: 30°51?N 91°03?W / 30.85°N 91.05°W / 30.85; -91.05


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

East_Feliciana_Parish,_Louisiana
 



 



 
Music Scenes