Eastern Wei
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Eastern Wei
Eastern Wei

534-550
Eastern Wei and neighbors
Eastern Wei and neighbors
CapitalLuoyang (534)
Yecheng (534-550)
GovernmentMonarchy
Emperor 
o 534-550
Emperor Xiaojing of Eastern Wei
History 
o Established
8 November[1] 534
o Disestablished
7 June[2] 550
Area
550[3]1,000,000 km2 (390,000 sq mi)
CurrencyChinese coin,
Chinese cash
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Today part ofChina

The Eastern Wei (;[4]simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: D?ng Wèi) followed the disintegration of the Northern Wei, and ruled northern China from 534 to 550. As with Northern Wei, the ruling family of Eastern Wei were members of the Tuoba clan of the Xianbei.

In 534 Gao Huan, the potentate of the eastern half of what was Northern Wei territory following the disintegration of the Northern Wei dynasty installed Yuan Shanjian a descendant of the Northern Wei as ruler of Eastern Wei. Yuan Shanjian was a puppet ruler as the real power lay in the hands of Gao Huan. Several military campaigns were launched against the neighboring Western Wei in an attempt to reunify the territory once held by the Northern Wei, however these campaigns were not successful, and in 547 Gao Huan died. His sons Gao Cheng and Gao Yang were able to pursue his policy of controlling the emperor, but in 550 Gao Yang deposed Yuan Shanjian and founded his own dynasty, the Northern Qi.

Art

Buddha triad, Eastern Wei (534-550), China.
Standing Buddha Triad, China - Limestone, Eastern Wei dynasty, 6th century, China.

The Buddhist art of the Eastern Wei displays a combination of Greco-Buddhist influences from Gandhara and Central Asia (representations of flying figures holding wreaths, Greek-style folds of the drapery), together with Chinese artistic influences.

Eastern Wei Buddhist stele

References

Citations

  1. ^ Zizhi Tongjian, vol. 156.
  2. ^ Zizhi Tongjian, vol. 163.
  3. ^ Rein Taagepera "Size and Duration of Empires: Growth-Decline Curves, 600 B.C. to 600 A.D.", Social Science History Vol. 3, 115-138 (1979)
  4. ^ "Wei". Random House Webster's Unabridged Dictionary.

Sources


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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