Raisi in 2018
|Chief Justice of Iran|
7 March 2019
|Custodian of Astan Quds Razavi|
7 March 2016 - 5 April 2019
Reza Fatemi Amin
|Attorney-General of Iran|
23 August 2014 - 6 March 2016
|Mohammad Jafar Montazeri|
|First Vice Chief Justice of Iran|
27 July 2004 - 23 August 2014
|Mahmoud Hashemi ShahroudiSadeq Larijani|
|Member of the Assembly of Experts|
20 February 2007
|Constituency||South Khorasan Province|
|Chairman of General Inspection Office|
|Mostafa Mohaghegh Damad|
Seyyed Ebrahim Raisol-Sadati
14 December 1960
|Political party||Combatant Clergy Association|
|Islamic Republican Party (until 1987)|
|Relatives||Ahmad Alamolhoda (father-in-law)|
|Alma mater||Shahid Motahari UniversityQom Seminary|
Sayyid Ebrahim Raisol-Sadati (Persian: ? ?; born 14 December 1960), commonly known as Ebrahim Raisi (Persian: ? , pronunciation (help·info)), is an Iranian politician, Muslim cleric and the current Chief Justice of Iran, being appointed on 7 March 2019. He served in several positions in Iran's Judicial system, such as Attorney General from 2014 to 2016, and Deputy Chief Justice from 2004 to 2014. He was also Prosecutor and Deputy Prosecutor of Tehran in the 1980s and 1990s. He was Custodian and Chairman of Astan Quds Razavi, a bonyad, from 2016 until 2019. He is also a member of Assembly of Experts from South Khorasan Province, being elected for the first time in 2006 election. He is the son-in-law of Mashhad Friday prayer leader and Grand Imam of Imam Reza shrine, Ahmad Alamolhoda.
On 6 April 2017, Raisi announced his official nomination for the 2017 presidential election. He registered on 14 April and was ranked first in the voting of Popular Front of Islamic Revolution Forces's presidential candidate. He lost the election to the Incumbent President Hassan Rouhani after receiving 15,786,449 votes (38.3%).
He holds a master's degree in the field of "International Private Law" from an undisclosed institution and was also graduated with a Ph.D. in "jurisprudence and fundamentals of Islamic law" from Shahid Motahari University.
He began to study in Qom Seminary at the age of 15. Then he decided to educate in Navvab school for a short time. After that, he went to Ayatollah Sayyed Muhammad Mousavi Nezhad school and his studying was coincided with teaching to other students. In 1976, he went to Qom to continue his studying in Ayatollah Borujerdi school. He was the student of Seyyed Hossein Borujerdi, Morteza Motahhari, Abolghasem Khazali, Hossein Noori Hamedani, Ali Meshkini and Morteza Pasandideh. According to Alex Vatanka of the Middle East Institute, Raisi's "exact religious qualification" is a "sore point". "For a while" prior to investigation by the Iranian media, he "referred to himself" as "Ayatollah" on his personal website. However, according to Vatanka, the media "publicized his lack of formal religious education" and credentials, after which Raisi ceased claiming to hold the aforementioned rank. He now "refers to himself as hojat-ol-eslam", a clerical position lower in status and privilege.
In 1981, he was appointed the prosecutor of Karaj. Later on, he was also appointed as Prosecutor of Hamadan and served both position together. He was simultaneously active in two cities more than 300 km away from each other. After four months, he was appointed as Prosecutor of Hamadan Province.
He was appointed as Deputy prosecutor of Tehran in 1985 and moved to the capital. After three years and in early 1988, he was placed in the attention of Ruhollah Khomeini and received special provisions (independent from judiciary) from him to address legal issues in some provinces like Lorestan, Semnan and Kermanshah.
Hussein-Ali Montazeri named Raisi as one of the four persons involved in the 1988 executions of Iranian political prisoners. Other persons were Morteza Eshraghi (Prosecutor of Tehran), Hossein-Ali Nayeri (Judge) and Mostafa Pourmohammadi (MOI representative in Evin). Names of first two persons are mentioned in Khomeini's order. Pourmohammadi has denied his role but Raisi has not commented publicly on the matter yet.
After Khomeini's death and election of Ali Khamenei as the new Supreme Leader, Raisi was appointed as Tehran prosecutor by newly appointed Chief-Justice Mohammad Yazdi. He held the office for five years from 1989 to 1994. In 1994, he was appointed as head of General Inspection Office.
From 2004 until 2014, Raisi served as First Deputy Chief Justice of Iran, being appointed by Chief Justice Mahmoud Hashemi Shahroudi. He kept his position in Sadeq Larijani's first term as Chief Justice. He was later appointed as Attorney-General of Iran in 2014, a position that he held until 2016, when he resigned to become Chairman of Astan Quds Razavi. He has also served as Special Clerical Court prosecutor.
He became Chairman of Astan Quds Razavi on 7 March 2016 after the death of his predecessor Abbas Vaez-Tabasi. He is the second person to serve this office from 1979. Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei enumerated serving the pilgrims of the holy shrine, especially poor people and also serve nearby, especially the poor and dispossessed as two important responsibilities of Raisi in his appointment order.
Raisi was named as one of the Popular Front of Islamic Revolution Forces (JAMNA)'s presidential candidates in February 2017. His candidacy was also supported by the Front of Islamic Revolution Stability. He officially announced his nomination in a statement published on 6 April, and called it his "religious and revolutionary responsibility to run", citing the need for a "fundamental change in the executive management of the country" and a government that "fights poverty and corruption." He registered on 14 April 2017 at Ministry of Interior with saying it's time to perform citizenship rights, not only writing act.
On 15 May 2017, conservative candidate Mohammad Bagher Ghalibaf withdrew his candidacy in favor of Raisi. It was speculated that Ghalibaf would be Raisi's first vice president if he elect. They also joined in a campaign rally in Tehran with each other.
After election results were announced, Raisi received 15,786,449 out of 42,382,390 (38.30% of the votes). He lost to Incumbent President Rouhani and ranked second. He did not congratulate Rouhani on his re-election as the president, and asked the Guardian Council to look into "violations of the law" before and during the elections, with 100 pages of attached documentation.
Ebrahim Raisi is a supporter of sex segregation. He said in a 2014 interview about a planned segregation in Tehran Municipality that "I think this is a good move because the majority of women do a better job in a totally relaxed atmosphere and fit are required." He is also a supporter of Islamization of universities, revision of the Internet and censorship of Western culture. Raisi sees economic sanctions as an opportunity.
Raisi has said "I see the activation of a resistance economy as the only way to end poverty and deprivation in the country." He supports development of the agricultural sector over commercial retail, which "will eventually benefit foreign brands."
|2006||Assembly of Experts||200,906||68.6%||1st||Won|
|2016||Assembly of Experts||325,139||80.0%||1st||Won|
Raisi is married to Jamileh Alamolhoda, daughter of Mashhad Friday Prayers Imam, Ahmad Alamolhoda. She is an associate professor at Tehran's Shahid Beheshti University and is also president of the university's Institute of Fundamental Studies of Science and Technology. The couple has two daughters.
A candidate Raisi who loses in the May elections would be far less likely to later take over as supreme leader.
|Non-profit organization positions|
| Custodian of Astan Quds Razavi
Mostafa Mohaghegh Damad
| Chairman of General Inspection Office
| Special Prosecutor of Clergy
| Attorney-General of Iran
Mohammad Jafar Montazeri
| Chief Justice of Iran
| Chairman of IRIB Supervisory Council
|New title|| Member of the Assembly of Expertsfrom South Khorasan