Echidnopsis
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Echidnopsis

Echidnopsis
Echidnopsis dammaniana.jpg
Echidnopsis dammaniana
Scientific classification
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Echidnopsis

Type species
Echidnopsis cereiformis

Echidnopsis is a genus of succulent, cactus-like plants in the Apocynaceae, first described as a genus in 1871.[1] They are native to eastern Africa and the Arabian Peninsula.[2][3]

Accepted species[4]
  1. Echidnopsis angustiloba E.A.Bruce & P.R.O.Bally - Kenya
  2. Echidnopsis archeri P.R.O.Bally - Kenya
  3. Echidnopsis ballyi (Marn.-Lap.) P.R.O.Bally - N Somalia
  4. Echidnopsis bentii N.E.Br. ex Hook.f. - Arabia
  5. Echidnopsis bihenduhensis P.R.O.Bally - N Somalia
  6. Echidnopsis cereiformis Hook.f. - South Africa
  7. Echidnopsis chrysantha Lavranos - Somalia
  8. Echidnopsis ciliata P.R.O.Bally - N Somalia
  9. Echidnopsis dammaniana Sprenger - Eritrea
  10. Echidnopsis ericiflora Lavranos - Kenya
  11. Echidnopsis globosa Thulin & Hjertson - Yemen
  12. Echidnopsis inconspicua Bruyns
  13. Echidnopsis insularis Lavranos - Socotra
  14. Echidnopsis leachii Lavranos
  15. Echidnopsis malum (Lavranos) Bruyns - Somalia
  16. Echidnopsis mijerteina Lavranos - Somalia
  17. Echidnopsis milleri Lavranos - Socotra
  18. Echidnopsis montana (R.A.Dyer & E.A.Bruce) P.R.O.Bally - Ethiopia
  19. Echidnopsis multangula (Forssk.) Chiov. - Arabia
  20. Echidnopsis planiflora P.R.O.Bally - Somalia, Ethiopia
  21. Echidnopsis radians Bellerue-Bleck - Kenya
  22. Echidnopsis repens R.A.Dyer & Verdoorn - Tanzania
  23. Echidnopsis rubrolutea Plowes - Somalia
  24. Echidnopsis scutellata (Deflers) A.Berger - Arabia, Kenya
  25. Echidnopsis seibanica Lavranos - Arabia
  26. Echidnopsis sharpei A.C.White & B.Sloane - Kenya, Somalia
  27. Echidnopsis similis Plowes - Somalia
  28. Echidnopsis socotrana Lavranos - Socotra
  29. Echidnopsis squamulata (Decne.) P.R.O.Bally - Arabia
  30. Echidnopsis uraiqatiana Dioli - Eritrea
  31. Echidnopsis urceolata P.R.O.Bally - Kenya
  32. Echidnopsis virchowii K.Schum. - Somalia, Kenya, Tanzania
  33. Echidnopsis watsonii P.R.O.Bally - Somalia
  34. Echidnopsis yemenensis Plowes - Yemen
Species formerly included[4]

Echidnopsis quadrangula now Caralluma quadrangula

Taxonomy

Phylogenetic studies have shown the genus to be monophyletic, and most closely related to the genus Rhytidocaulon. Marginally more distantly related is a sister branch comprising the genus Pseudolithos and the widespread Caralluma stapeliads of North Africa.[5]

External links

References

  1. ^ Hooker, Joseph Dalton. 1871. Botanical Magazine v 97, plate 5930. includes color illustration of E. cereiformis
  2. ^ Asclepiad Exhibition, Echidnopsis Fockea
  3. ^ "Wildscreen Arkive". Archived from the original on 2014-03-06. Retrieved .
  4. ^ a b The Plant List, genus Echidnopsis
  5. ^ P. Bruyns, C. Klak, P. Hanacek: Evolution of the stapeliads (Apocynaceae-Asclepiadoideae) - repeated major radiation across Africa in an Old World group. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 2014. v. 77, no. 1, p. 251--263. ISSN 1055-7903.

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Echidnopsis
 



 



 
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