Ecolo
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Ecolo

Ecolo, officially Écologistes Confédérés pour l'organisation de luttes originales, is a French-speaking political party in Belgium based on green politics.[1][2] The party is active in Wallonia, the Brussels-Capital Region, and the German-speaking Community of Belgium.

Ecolo's Flemish equivalent is Groen; the two parties maintain close relations with each other.

Name

Ecolo is officially a backronym for Écologistes Confédérés pour l'organisation de luttes originales "Confederated Ecologists for the Organisation of Original Struggles", but is really just short for écologistes, French for environmentalists.

History

Then- co-party leaders Zakia Khattabi and Patrick Dupriez [fr] in March 2015

Ecolo was part of the 1999 Verhofstadt I Government, but withdrew from the coalition before the 2003 general election, which saw it lose nearly two thirds of its 14 federal parliamentary seats in the face of a resurgent Socialist Party. The party made quite a comeback, however, in the 2007 general election, though failing to match the peak popularity it had enjoyed in 1999. In the general election of 10 June 2007, the party won eight out of 150 seats in the Chamber of Representatives and two out of the 40 directly elected seats in the Senate.

In the 2010 elections the party again won eight seats in the Chamber of Representatives and two in the Senate.[5]

Electoral results

Federal Parliament (Chamber of Representatives) and Senate

year of
general
election
Chamber of Representatives Federal Government Senate
# of
votes for
this party
# of
total valid
votes for all
parties
% of
overall
valid vote
# of
overall
seats won
+/- relationship of
this party to the gov.
# of
votes for
this party
# of
total valid
votes for all
parties
% of
overall
valid vote
# of
overall
seats won
+/-
1977

[6][7]

3,834 5,575,058 0.07
Steady 0 not in parliament 7,558 5,525,971 0.14
Steady
1978

[8][9]

21,224 5,535,631 0.38
Steady 0 not in parliament 43,883 5,479,246 0.80
Steady
1981

[10][11]

132,312 6,025,027 2.20
Increase 2 in opposition 153,989 5,968,429 2.58
Increase 3
1985

[12][13]

152,483 6,064,260 2.51
Increase 3 in opposition 163,361 5,994,431 2.73
Decrease 1
1987

[14][15]

157,988 6,145,207 2.57
Decrease 2 in opposition 168,491 6,092,168 2.77
Steady 0
1991

[16][17]

312,624 6,162,160 5.07
Increase 7 in opposition of
Dehaene I government
323,683 6,117,614 5.29
Increase 4
1995

[18][19]

243,362 6,072,051 4.01
Decrease 4 in opposition of
Dehaene II government
258,635 5,992,325 4.32
Decrease 4
1999

[20][21]

457,281 6,214,074 7.36
Increase 5 in coalition of
Verhofstadt I Government
458,658 6,194,371 7.40
Increase 1
2003

[22][23]

201,118 6,572,189 3.06
Decrease 7 in opposition of
Verhofstadt II Government
208,868 6,551,511 3.19
Decrease 2
2007

[24]

340,378 6,671,360 5.10
Increase 4 in opposition of
Verhofstadt III Government,
Leterme I Government,
Van Rompuy Government
and Leterme II Government
385,466 5.8
Increase 1
2010

[25]

313,047 6,527,367 4.80
Steady 0 in opposition of
Di Rupo Government
353,111 5.5
Steady 0
2014

[26]

222,524 6,744,547 3.30
Decrease 2 in opposition of
Michel I Government
2019

[27]

416,452 6,780,538 6.14
Increase 7 confidence and supply agreement with
Wilmès Government
in coalition of
De Croo Government

Regional parliaments

Brussels Parliament

Election year No. of
overall votes
% of
overall vote
% of language
group vote
No. of
overall seats won
No. of language
group seats won
+/- Government
1989 44,874 10.24 (#5)
in opposition
1995 37,308 9.03 (#4)
Decrease 1 in opposition
1999 77,969 18.3 (#2)
Increase 7 in opposition
2004 37,908 9.7 (#4)
Decrease 1 in coalition
2009 82,663 20.2 (#3)
Increase 9 in coalition
2014 41,368 10.11 (#5)
Decrease 8 in opposition
2019 74,246 19.12 (#2)
Increase 7 in coalition

German-speaking Community Parliament

Election year # of
overall votes
% of
overall vote
% of language
group vote
# of
overall seats won
# of language
group seats won
+/- Government
1990 5,897 15.0 (#5)
in opposition
1995 5,128 13.9 (#4)
Decrease 1 in opposition
1999 4,694 12.7 (#5)
Steady 0 in coalition
2004 2,972 8.2 (#5)
Decrease 1 in opposition
2009 4,310 11.5 (#5)
Increase 1 in opposition
2014 3,591 9.5 (#6)
Decrease 1 in opposition
2019 4,902 12.5 (#5)
Increase 1 in opposition

Walloon Parliament

Election year # of
overall votes
% of
overall vote
% of language
group vote
# of
overall seats won
# of language
group seats won
+/- Government
1995 196,988 10.4 (#4)
in opposition
1999 347,225 18.2 (#3)
Increase 6 in coalition
2004 167,916 8.5 (#4)
Decrease 11 in opposition
2009 372,067 18.54 (#3)
Increase 11 in coalition
2014 141,813 8.62 (#4)
Decrease 10 in opposition
2019 294,631 14.48 (#3)
Increase 8 in coalition

European Parliament

French-speaking electoral college

Election year # of
overall votes
% of
overall vote
% of electoral
college vote
# of
overall seats won
# of electoral
college seats won
+/-
1979 107,833 5.1 (#5)
1984 220,663 9.9 (#4)
Increase 1
1989 371,053 16.6 (#4)
Increase 1
1994 290,859 13.0 (#4)
Decrease 1
1999 525,316 8.4 22.7 (#3)
Increase 2
2004 239,687 3.7 9.8 (#4)
Decrease 2
2009 562,081 8.6 22.9 (#3)
Increase 1
2014 285,196 4.3 11.7 (#3)
Decrease 1
2019 485,655 7.2 19.9 (#2)
Increase 1

German-speaking electoral college

Election year # of
overall votes
% of
overall vote
% of electoral
college vote
# of
overall seats won
# of electoral
college seats won
+/-
1994 5,714 14.9 (#4)
1999 6,276 0.09 17.0 (#3)
Steady 0
2004 3,880 0.06 10.5 (#4)
Steady 0
2009 6,025 0.09 15.6 (#3)
Steady 0
2014 6,429[28] 0.10 16.7 (#2)
Steady 0
2019 6,675 0.10 16.4 (#2)
Steady 0

Elected politicians

Current

European Parliament

Chamber of Representatives

  • 2010 - 2014:
  1. Ronny Balcaen
  2. Juliette Boulet
  3. Olivier Deleuze (resigned in 2012; replaced by Lahssaini Fouad)
  4. Zoé Genot
  5. Muriel Gerkens
  6. George Gilkinet
  7. Eric Jadot
  8. Thérèse Snoy et d'Oppuers

Brussels-Capital Region Parlement

  • 2009 - 2014:
  1. Aziz Albishari
  2. Dominique Braeckman
  3. Jean-Claude Defosse
  4. Céline Delforge
  5. Anne Dirix
  6. Anne Herscovici
  7. Zakia Khattabi
  8. Vincent Lurquin
  9. Alain Maron
  10. Jacques Morel
  11. Ahmed Mouhssin
  12. Marie Nagy
  13. Yaron Pesztat
  14. Arnaud Pinxteren
  15. Barbara Trachte
  16. Vincent Vanhalewyn

Past

Chamber of Representatives

  • 1995 - 1999:
  1. Philippe Dallons
  2. Olivier Deleuze
  3. Thierry Detienne
  4. Mylène Nys (20 April 1999) (replaced Vincent Decroly)
  5. Martine Schüttringer
  6. Jean-Pierre Viseur
  • 1999 - 2003:
  1. Marie-Thérèse Coenen
  2. Martine Dardenne
  3. Vincent Decroly
  4. Olivier Deleuze -> Zoé Genot (14 July 1999)
  5. Thierry Detienne -> Muriel Gerkens (23 July 1999)
  6. Claudine Drion
  7. Michèle Gilkinet
  8. Mirella Minne
  9. Géraldine Pelzer-Salandra
  10. Paul Timmermans -> Bernard Baille (1 September 2002)
  11. Jean-Pierre Viseur -> Gérard Gobert (10 January 2001)
  • 2003-2007:
  1. Zoé Genot (replaced Olivier Deleuze)
  2. Muriel Gerkens
  3. Gérard Gobert (replaced Jean-Marc Nollet)
  4. Marie Nagy
  • 2007-2010:
  1. Juliette Boulet
  2. Zoé Genot
  3. Muriel Gerkens
  4. Georges Gilkinet
  5. Philippe Henry
  6. Fouad Lahssaini
  7. Jean-Marc Nollet
  8. Thérèse Snoy et d'Oppuers

Brussels-Capital Region Parlement

  • 2004-2009:
  1. Dominique Braeckman
  2. Alain Daems
  3. Céline Delforge
  4. Christos Doulkeridis
  5. Josy Dubié
  6. Paul Galand
  7. Yaron Pesztat

Important figures

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Nordsieck, Wolfram (2019). "Wallonia/Belgium". Parties and Elections in Europe.
  2. ^ a b Ari-Veikko Anttiroiko; Matti Mälkiä (2007). Encyclopedia of Digital Government. Idea Group Inc (IGI). pp. 397-. ISBN 978-1-59140-790-4. Retrieved 2013.
  3. ^ Delwit, Pascal; van Haute, Emilie (2008). "Greens in a rainbow: The impact of participation in government of the Green parties in Belgium". New Parties in Government: In power for the first time. London: Routledge. pp. 104-120. ISBN 978-1134136407. Retrieved 2020.
  4. ^ van Haute, Emily, ed. (28 April 2016). Green Parties in Europe. Routledge. p. 49. ISBN 9781317124542. Retrieved 2018.
  5. ^ IBZ: Official Results, retrieved 20 August 2010
  6. ^ "Date: 17-04-1977 / Type d'élection: Chambre / Type de circonscription: Royaume / Circonscription: Le Royaume". www.ibzdgip.fgov.be (in French). Vrije Universiteit Brussel. 1977-04-17. Retrieved .
  7. ^ "Date: 17-04-1977 / Type d'élection: Sénat / Type de circonscription: Royaume / Circonscription: Le Royaume". www.ibzdgip.fgov.be (in French). Vrije Universiteit Brussel. 1977-04-17. Retrieved .
  8. ^ "Date: 17-12-1978 / Type d'élection: Chambre / Type de circonscription: Royaume / Circonscription: Le Royaume". www.ibzdgip.fgov.be (in French). Vrije Universiteit Brussel. 1978-12-17. Retrieved .
  9. ^ "Date: 17-12-1978 / Type d'élection: Sénat / Type de circonscription: Royaume / Circonscription: Le Royaume". www.ibzdgip.fgov.be (in French). Vrije Universiteit Brussel. 1978-12-17. Retrieved .
  10. ^ "Date: 08-11-1981 / Type d'élection: Chambre / Type de circonscription: Royaume / Circonscription: Le Royaume". www.ibzdgip.fgov.be (in French). Vrije Universiteit Brussel. 1981-11-08. Retrieved .
  11. ^ "Date: 08-11-1981 / Type d'élection: Sénat / Type de circonscription: Royaume / Circonscription: Le Royaume". www.ibzdgip.fgov.be (in French). Vrije Universiteit Brussel. 1981-11-08. Retrieved .
  12. ^ "Date: 13-10-1985 / Type d'élection: Chambre / Type de circonscription: Royaume / Circonscription: Le Royaume". www.ibzdgip.fgov.be (in French). Vrije Universiteit Brussel. 1985-10-13. Retrieved .
  13. ^ "Date: 13-10-1985 / Type d'élection: Sénat / Type de circonscription: Royaume / Circonscription: Le Royaume". www.ibzdgip.fgov.be (in French). Vrije Universiteit Brussel. 1985-10-13. Retrieved .
  14. ^ "Date: 13-12-1987 / Type d'élection: Chambre / Type de circonscription: Royaume / Circonscription: Le Royaume". www.ibzdgip.fgov.be (in French). Vrije Universiteit Brussel. 1987-12-13. Retrieved .
  15. ^ "Date: 13-12-1987 / Type d'élection: Sénat / Type de circonscription: Royaume / Circonscription: Le Royaume". www.ibzdgip.fgov.be (in French). Vrije Universiteit Brussel. 1987-12-13. Retrieved .
  16. ^ "Date: 24-11-1991 / Type d'élection: Chambre / Type de circonscription: Royaume / Circonscription: Le Royaume". www.ibzdgip.fgov.be (in French). Vrije Universiteit Brussel. 1991-11-24. Retrieved .
  17. ^ "Date: 24-11-1991 / Type d'élection: Sénat / Type de circonscription: Royaume / Circonscription: Le Royaume". www.ibzdgip.fgov.be (in French). Vrije Universiteit Brussel. 1991-11-24. Retrieved .
  18. ^ "Date: 21-05-1995 / Type d'élection: Chambre / Type de circonscription: Royaume / Circonscription: Le Royaume". www.ibzdgip.fgov.be (in French). Vrije Universiteit Brussel. 1995-05-21. Retrieved .
  19. ^ "Date: 21-05-1995 / Type d'élection: Sénat / Type de circonscription: Royaume / Circonscription: Le Royaume". www.ibzdgip.fgov.be (in French). Vrije Universiteit Brussel. 1995-05-21. Retrieved .
  20. ^ "Date: 13-06-1999 / Type d'élection: Chambre / Type de circonscription: Royaume / Circonscription: Le Royaume". www.ibzdgip.fgov.be (in French). Vrije Universiteit Brussel. 1999-06-13. Retrieved .
  21. ^ "Date: 13-06-1999 / Type d'élection: Sénat / Type de circonscription: Royaume / Circonscription: Le Royaume". www.ibzdgip.fgov.be (in French). Vrije Universiteit Brussel. 1999-06-13. Retrieved .
  22. ^ "Date: 18-05-2003 / Type d'élection: Chambre / Type de circonscription: Royaume / Circonscription: Le Royaume". www.ibzdgip.fgov.be (in French). Vrije Universiteit Brussel. 2003-05-18. Retrieved .
  23. ^ "Date: 18-05-2003 / Type d'élection: Sénat / Type de circonscription: Royaume / Circonscription: Le Royaume". www.ibzdgip.fgov.be (in French). Vrije Universiteit Brussel. 2003-05-18. Retrieved .
  24. ^ "Elections 2007 - Chamber - List Results Kingdom -". Federal Public Service Interior. 2007-06-29. Retrieved .
  25. ^ "Elections 2010 - Chamber - List Results Kingdom -". Federal Public Service Interior. 2010-07-08. Retrieved .
  26. ^ "Elections 2014 - Chamber - List Results Kingdom -". Federal Public Service Interior. 2014-06-06. Retrieved .
  27. ^ "Privacy settings". myprivacy.persgroep.net. Retrieved 2019.
  28. ^ "Results in figures: German Language Community". IBZ Official Results. Retrieved 2020.

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Ecolo
 



 



 
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