Eibar
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Eibar
Eibar
Panorámica de Éibar
Flag of Eibar
Flag
Coat of arms of Eibar
Coat of arms
Eibar is located in Basque Country
Eibar
Eibar
Location of Eibar within the Basque Autonomous Community
Eibar is located in Spain
Eibar
Eibar
Eibar (Spain)
Coordinates: 43°11?N 2°28?W / 43.183°N 2.467°W / 43.183; -2.467Coordinates: 43°11?N 2°28?W / 43.183°N 2.467°W / 43.183; -2.467
Country Spain
Autonomous community Basque Country
ProvinceGipuzkoa
EskualdeaDebabarrena
Government
 o MayorMiguel de los Toyos (PSE-EE)
Area
 o Total24.56 km2 (9.48 sq mi)
Elevation
121 m (397 ft)
Population
(2018)[1]
 o Total27,406
 o Density1,100/km2 (2,900/sq mi)
WebsiteOfficial website

Eibar (Basque: Eibar, Spanish: Éibar) is a city and municipality within the province of Gipuzkoa, in the Basque Country of Spain. It is the head town of Debabarrena, one of the eskualde / comarca of Gipuzkoa.

Eibar has 27,138 inhabitants (Eustat, 2018).[2] Its chief industry is metal manufacturing, and has been known since the 16th century for the manufacture of armaments, particularly finely engraved small arms. It was also the home of Serveta scooters.

It is home to the SD Eibar football team in La Liga.

Geography

Eibar lies at an altitude of 121m above sea level, in the west of the province of Gipuzkoa, right next to Biscay.[3] Eibar has an oceanic climate. The town lies in a narrow valley in a mountainous area, the highest mountains are between 700 and 800 metres high. Eibar is traversed by river Ego, which is a tributary of the Deba.[4]

Apart from the urban area, the municipality consists of five rural neighbourhoods: Otaola-Kinarraga, Aginaga, Arrate, Mandiola and Gorosta.[5]

History

The city was chartered by Alfonso XI of Castile in 1346, receiving the name of Villanueva de San Andrés de Heybar.[6][7]

The feudal families that dominated the territory engaged in the War of the Bands. Eibar, like the rest of settlements in the valley, had an industry based on finery forges and the manufacture of arms. In 1766, Eibar got engaged in a social revolt known as the Machinada, and years later, in 1794, it was attacked by the French, who destroyed the town.[6]

In the 19th century, industrialisation transformed the production systems in the city and was accompanied by an important social movement. In the Carlist Wars, Eibar sided with the Liberals. Labour movement and socialism became particularly strong in Eibar. In 1931, Eibar was the first city in Spain to proclaim the Second Spanish Republic; in recognition it was given the title of "Very Exemplary City".[6][8]

In the Spanish Civil War, Eibar was practically destroyed. The rebuilding brought important industrial development and a demographic increase, as Eibar reached nearly 40,000 inhabitants in a few years.[6][9]

Due to the lack of space for enlargements, several factories moved to Durangaldea and Álava.[10] The industrial crisis in the 1980s also made Eibar lose a great part of its population.[6]

At the beginning of the 21st century, Eibar's economy is based on industry and services.[6]

Euskal Herriko Ahotsak project with local Basque speakers and old photographs.[11][12]

Main sights

  • Church of San Andrés, built during the 16th and 17th centuries, it has a Gothic style with Renaissance and Baroque elements.[13]
  • Sanctuary of the Virgin of Arrate, from the beginning of the 17th century.[14]
  • Hermitage of Azitain, it contains an odd 17th-century beardless Christ.[15]
  • Palace of Unzueta, from the 17th century.[16]
  • Palace of Aldatze, from the 17th century.[17]
  • Palace of Markeskua, from the 16th century.[18]
  • City Hall, built in concrete over the river Ego, designed by architect Ramón Cortázar and inaugurated on 14 September 1901.[19]
  • Coliseo Theatre, inaugurated in 1947 and refurbished in 2007.[20]

Transport

Road

Eibar is traversed by the AP-8 motorway connecting Bilbao and the French border, and the N-634 road running parallel to it. The AP-1 motorway connects Eibar and Vitoria-Gasteiz. AP-8 and AP-1 meet at the Maltzaga motorway junction located in the east of Eibar.[21]

Regular and frequent bus services under Lurraldebus connect Eibar to neighbouring towns, San Sebastián, Vitoria-Gasteiz and Bilbao Airport.[22]BizkaiBus provides regular and frequent bus services to and from Bilbao.[23]ALSA runs a daily service to and from Madrid-Barajas Airport and Madrid.[24]

Eibar also has an urban bus service called Udalbus.[25]

Railway
Train station.

Eibar is located on the Bilbao-San Sebastián narrow gauge railway line. Trains operated by Euskotren run frequently and regularly to Bilbao-Matiko station and Donostia-Amara station. Services are more frequent in the Ermua-Eibar-Elgoibar section.

Education

The Industrial Technical Engineering School of Eibar is part of the University of the Basque Country.[26]

The Escuela de Armería, founded in 1913, is the oldest vocational training school in Spain.[27]

Sport

Football

Eibar is home to SD Eibar, which earned promotion to La Liga in the 2013-14 season. The team plays at the Ipurua Municipal Stadium. The women's section of SD Eibar was granted promotion to Primera División in the 2019-20 season and plays at the Unbe Sports Complex.

Basque pelota

The Astelena fronton, nicknamed the Cathedral of Basque Hand-pelota, is a regular venue of the hand-pelota professional circuit competitions the Bare-handed Pelota First League, the Bare-handed Pelota First League Doubles and the Cuatro y Medio Euskadi Championship.

Cycling

Since 2009, the city hosts an annual stage finish in the Tour of Basque Country, usually after the riders have climbed the Alto de Arrate. Before 2009, this was a traditional finish in the Euskal Bizikleta, which originated in Eibar as Bicicleta Eibarresa.[28] The Arrate-finish has also been included in the Vuelta a España in 1972, 1974, 2012 and 2020.[29][30]

Notable people

See also

References

  1. ^ Municipal Register of Spain 2018. National Statistics Institute.
  2. ^ "Eibar". Basque Statistics Office. Retrieved 2018.
  3. ^ "Eibar". Foral Council of Gipuzkoa (in Spanish). Retrieved 2016.
  4. ^ "Eibar". Egoibarra (in Spanish). Retrieved 2016.
  5. ^ "Baserriak eta auzoak". Egoibarra (in Basque). Retrieved 2014.
  6. ^ a b c d e f "Historia de Eibar". Egoibarra (in Spanish). Retrieved 2016.
  7. ^ "Año 1346". Cronología Histórica (in Spanish). Retrieved 2016.
  8. ^ "Eibar, el orgullo republicano". El País (in Spanish). Retrieved 2016.
  9. ^ "Habitantes de Eibar". Egoibarra (in Spanish). Retrieved 2016.
  10. ^ "La inmigración llegada a Eibar contribuyó a la construcción de una ciudad mejor". El Diario Vasco (in Spanish). Retrieved 2016.
  11. ^ Eibarko ahozko ondarea, from Ahotsak.com website.
  12. ^ Ahotsak.com. Youtube (January 2014). Eibarko ahozko ondarea. http://www.popflock.com/video?id=C6P7TxE8OLY
  13. ^ "Parroquia San Andrés". Egoibarra (in Spanish). Retrieved 2016.
  14. ^ "Santuario de Arrate". Egoibarra (in Spanish). Retrieved 2016.
  15. ^ "El Cristo imberbe, uno de los pocos que hay en el mundo". El Correo (in Spanish). Retrieved 2016.
  16. ^ "Casa-Torre de Unzueta". Basque Country Tourism Department (in Spanish). Retrieved 2016.
  17. ^ "Palacio Iñarra (Aldatze)". Egoibarra (in Spanish). Retrieved 2016.
  18. ^ "Palacio de los Isasi (Markeskua)". Basque Country Tourism Department (in Spanish). Retrieved 2016.
  19. ^ "Casa Consistorial de Eibar". Basque Country Tourism Department (in Spanish). Retrieved 2016.
  20. ^ "Teatro Coliseo". Eibar City Council (in Spanish). Retrieved 2016.
  21. ^ "Carreteras". Foral Council of Gipuzkoa (in Spanish). Retrieved 2016.
  22. ^ "Líneas y Horarios". Lurraldebus (in Spanish). Retrieved 2016.
  23. ^ "Bizkaibus". Foral Council of Biscay (in Spanish). Retrieved 2016.
  24. ^ "Se pone en marcha el nuevo servicio de autobús desde Eibar hasta Madrid". El Diario Vasco (in Spanish). Retrieved 2016.
  25. ^ "Servicio Udalbus Eibar". City Council of Eibar (in Spanish). Retrieved 2016.
  26. ^ "El campus de Eibar". University of the Basque Country (in Spanish). Retrieved 2016.
  27. ^ Zubía y otros, Rafael (1989). Escuela de Armería de Éibar Eibarko Armeria Eskola 75 urteurrena. CIUDAD: Eibar EDITORIAL: Escuela de Armería. BI 1171/89.
  28. ^ "Euskal Bizikleta: una carrera con base histórica". Juanjo Sebastian (in Spanish). Retrieved 2014.
  29. ^ "El Santuario de Arrate, final de etapa de la Vuelta Ciclista a España" (in Spanish). SER. Retrieved 2014.
  30. ^ "La Vuelta de otoño pierde tres etapas". El País (in Spanish). 19 April 2020. Retrieved 2020.

External links



  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Eibar
 



 



 
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