Emergency Provisions of the Constitution of India
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Emergency Provisions of the Constitution of India

Emergency Provisions are contained in Part Eighteen of the Constitution of India. The President of India has the power to impose emergency rule in any or all the Indian states if the security of part or all of India is threatened by "war or external aggression or armed rebellion".[1]

1971

The Fifth Assembly was constituted on 15 March 1971 after the General Elections held in March 1971. It consisted of 234 elected members of which 42 seats were reserved for Scheduled Castes and 2 for Scheduled Tribes besides one nominated member. Before the expiry of the period of the Assembly, the President by a Proclamation issued on 31 January 1976, under article 356 of the Constitution, dissolved the Fifth Assembly and imposed President's Rule for the first time in Tamil Nadu.

Dissolved Date Legislative Assembly Prime Minister Central Ruling Party President State Chief Minister State Ruling Party
31 January 1976 Fifth Indira Gandhi Indian National Congress Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed Tamil Nadu M. Karunanidhi DMK

1985

The Eighth Assembly was constituted on 16 January 1985 after the General Elections held on 24 December 1984. Before the expiry of the period of Assembly, the President by a proclamation issued on 30 January 1988, under Article 356 of the Constitution dissolved the Eighth Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly and imposed President's Rule in Tamil Nadu.

Dissolved Date Legislative Assembly Prime Minister Central Ruling Party President State Chief Minister State Ruling Party
30 January 1988 Eighth Rajiv Gandhi Indian National Congress Ramaswamy Venkataraman Tamil Nadu Janaki Ramachandran AIADMK

1989

The Ninth Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly was constituted on 27 January 1989 after the General Elections held on 21 January 1989. Before the expiry of the term of the Assembly, the President by a Proclamation issued on 30 January 1991, under Article 356 of the Constitution of India dissolved the Ninth Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly and imposed President's Rule in Tamil Nadu.

Dissolved Date Legislative Assembly Prime Minister Central Ruling Party President State Chief Minister State Ruling Party
30 January 1991 Ninth Chandra Shekhar Singh Samajwadi Janata Party Ramaswamy Venkataraman Tamil Nadu M. Karunanidhi DMK

Final Table

Dissolved Date Legislative Assembly Prime Minister Central Ruling Party President State Chief Minister State Ruling Party
17 Feb 1968 Sixth Indira Gandhi Indian National Congress Zakir Hussain Uttar Pradesh Charan Singh Bharatiya Lok Dal
2 Oct 1970 Eighth Indira Gandhi Indian National Congress Varahagiri Venkata Giri Uttar Pradesh Charan Singh Bharatiya Lok Dal
12 Jun 1973 Tenth Indira Gandhi Indian National Congress Varahagiri Venkata Giri Uttar Pradesh Kamalapathi Tripathi Indian National Congress
30 Nov 1975 Eleventh Indira Gandhi Indian National Congress Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed Uttar Pradesh Hemwati Nandan Bahuguna Indian National Congress
30 Apr 1977 Twelfth Morarji Desai Janata Party Basappa Danappa Jatti Uttar Pradesh Narayan Dutt Tiwari Indian National Congress
17 Feb 1980 Fourteenth Indira Gandhi Indian National Congress Neelam Sanjiva Reddy Uttar Pradesh Banarsi Das Janata Party
6 Dec 1992 Twenty first P. V. Narasimha Rao Indian National Congress Shankar Dayal Sharma Uttar Pradesh Kalyan Singh Bharatiya Janata Party
18 Oct 1995 Twenty third P. V. Narasimha Rao Indian National Congress Shankar Dayal Sharma Uttar Pradesh Mayawati Bahujan Samaj Party
8 Mar 2002 Twenty ninth Atal Bihari Vajpayee Bharatiya Janata Party Kocheril Raman Narayanan Uttar Pradesh Rajnath Singh Bharatiya Janata Party
10 January 1973 Fourth Indira Gandhi Indian National Congress Varahagiri Venkata Giri Andhra Pradesh Pamulaparthi Venkata Narasimha Rao Indian National Congress
20 February 1968 Fifth Indira Gandhi Indian National Congress Zakir Hussain West Bengal Prafulla Chandra Ghosh Nonparty in Progressive Democratic Alliance Front
19 March 1970 Sixth Indira Gandhi Indian National Congress Varahagiri Venkata Giri West Bengal Ajoy Kumar Mukherjee Bangla Congress in United Front
28 June 1971 Seventh Indira Gandhi Indian National Congress Varahagiri Venkata Giri West Bengal Ajoy Kumar Mukherjee Indian National Congress in coalition
31 January 1976 Fifth Indira Gandhi Indian National Congress Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed Tamil Nadu M. Karunanidhi DMK
30 January 1988 Eighth Rajiv Gandhi Indian National Congress Ramaswamy Venkataraman Tamil Nadu Janaki Ramachandran AIADMK
30 January 1991 Ninth Chandra Shekhar Singh Samajwadi Janata Party Ramaswamy Venkataraman Tamil Nadu M. Karunanidhi DMK

See also

References

  1. ^ "Part XVIII of the Constitution of India" (PDF). Ministry of Law and Justice, Government of India. Retrieved 2013.

External links


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