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No firm dates can be assigned to this emperor's life or reign, but he is conventionally considered to have reigned from 270 to 310.
?jin is regarded by historians as a "legendary emperor" of the 5th century. The reign of Emperor Kinmei (c. 509 - 571 AD), the 29th emperor, is the first for which contemporary historiography is able to assign verifiable dates; however, the conventionally accepted names and dates of the early emperors were not to be confirmed as "traditional" until the reign of Emperor Kanmu (737-806), the 50th sovereign of the Yamato dynasty.
The name ?jin Tenn? was assigned to him posthumously by later generations. ?jin is also identified by some as the earliest "historical" emperor.
According to the Kojiki and the Nihon Shoki, ?jin was the son of the Emperor Ch?ai and his consort Jing?. As Ch?ai died before ?jin's birth, his mother Jing? became the de facto ruler. The history book written to the 8th century, alleged that the boy ?jin was conceived but unborn when Ch?ai died. His widow, Jing?, then spent three years in conquest of a promised land, which is conjectured to be Korea, but the story is largely dismissed by scholars for lack of evidence. Then, after her return to Japanese islands, the boy was born, three years after the death of the father.
Either a period of less than nine months contained three "years" (some seasons), e.g. three harvests, or the paternity is just mythical and symbolic, rather than real. ?jin was born (in 200 according to the traditional, but untrustworthy TC date, timetable; realistically sometime in the late 4th century) in Tsukushi Province upon the return of his mother from the invasion of the promised land, and was named Prince Hondawake. He became the crown prince at the age of four. He was crowned (in 270) at the age of 70 and reigned for 40 years until his death in 310, although none of the TC dates around his reign have any historical basis. He supposedly lived in two palaces, both of which are in present-day Osaka.
^Hoye, Timothy. (1999). Japanese Politics: Fixed and Floating Worlds, p. 78; excerpt, "According to legend, the first Japanese emperor was Jinmu. Along with the next 13 emperors, Jinmu is not considered an actual, historical figure. Historically verifiable Emperors of Japan date from the early sixth century with Kinmei.