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Empis livida (aka).jpg
Male Empis livida
Scientific classification

Several, see text

Empidinae are a subfamily of empidoid flies. They are mainly predatory flies like most of their relatives, and generally small to medium-sized. Most species are flower visitors and they can be effective pollinators.[1]



  1. ^ Lefebvre V, Daugeron C, Villemant C, Fontaine C (July 2019). "Empidine dance flies pollinate the woodland geranium as effectively as bees". Biology Letters. 15 (7): 20190230. doi:10.1098/rsbl.2019.0230. PMC 6684995. PMID 31362609.
  2. ^ Smith, Kenneth G. V. (1969). "The Empididae of southern Africa (Diptera)". Annals of the Natal Museum. 19: 1-342.
  3. ^ a b c d e f Collin, James Edward (1933). "Empididae". Diptera of Patagonia and South Chile. 4: viii + 334.
  4. ^ a b Bezzi, M. (1909). "Beitrage zur Kenntnis der sudamerikanischen Dipterenfauna Fam. Empididae". Nova acta physico-medica Academiae Caesareae Leopoldino-Carolinae Naturae Curiosum. 91: 297-406.
  5. ^ Bickel, Daniel J. (2002). "Bandella, a new hilarine fly genus from Australia (Diptera: Empididae)" (PDF). Records of the Australian Museum. 54: 313-324. Retrieved 2019.
  6. ^ Bickel, D. J. (1998). "Cunomyia, a distinctive new hilarine fly genus from the Tasmanian World Heritage Area (Diptera: Empididae)" (PDF). Papers and Proceedings of the Royal Society of Tasmania. 132: 59-63. Retrieved 2019.
  7. ^ a b Philippi, Rodolfo Amando (1865). "Aufzahlung der chilenischen Dipteren". Abhandlungen der Zool.-Botan. Gesellschaft in Wien. 15: 595-782. Retrieved 2019.
  8. ^ a b Collin, James Edward (1928). New Zealand Empididae based on material in the British Museum (Natural History). London: British Museum (Natural History). pp. viii + 110.
  9. ^ a b c Chandler, Peter J. (1998). Checklists of Insects of the British Isles (New Series) Part 1: Diptera. Handbooks for the Identification of British Insects. New Series. 12. London: Royal Entomological Society of London. p. 234. ISBN 0-901546-82-8.
  10. ^ Bezzi, Mario (1905). "Empididae neotropicae Musei nationalis Hungarici" (PDF). Annales Musei historico-naturalis hungarici. 3 (2): 424-460. Retrieved 2019.
  11. ^ Plant, Adrian R. (1995). "A new genus of Empidinae (Diptera: Empididae) from New Zealand". New Zealand Entomologist. 18 (1).
  12. ^ Wheeler, William Morton; Melander, Axel Leonard. "Empidae". Biol.Centr.-Am., Ins.: Dipt. 1(Suppl.): 366-376.
  13. ^ a b Melander, Axel Leonard (1928). Diptera. Fam. Empididae. In Wytsman, P., ed.,. Bruxelles. 185: Genera insectorum. pp. 1-434.
  14. ^ Malloch, John Russell (1930). "Notes on Australian Diptera.XXV". Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales. 55: 429-450. Retrieved 2019.
  15. ^ Bickel, Daniel J. (1996). "Thinempis, a new genus from Australia and New Zealand (Diptera: Empididae), with notes on the tribal classification of the Empidinae". Systematic Entomology. 21: 115-128.

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