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English Phonotypic Alphabet
Letters of the English phonotypic Alphabet
Additional letters for other languages in 1845.
The American version of the alphabet of 1855, as reprinted in a medical dictionary in 1871
It was originally published in June 1845. Subsequently, adaptations were published which extended the alphabet to the German, Arabic, Spanish, Tuscan, French, Welsh, Italian, Dutch, Polish, Portuguese and Sanskrit languages.
The letters are as follows (with some approximations to accommodate Unicode)
Late 1843 (English)
At this stage, long vowels had a cross-bar, and short vowels did not
? /i:/, E /e?/, A /?:/, ? /?:/, ? /o?/?, ?-bar /u:/
I /?/, ? /?/, ? /æ/, O /?/, U /?/, ? /?/
(a proper ⟨?⟩ was taller and without the dot, like ⟨?⟩ but with the middle stem not so tall as the others, and did not have a serif at the bottom right)