Ephraim Moses Lilien
Ephraim Moshe Lilien
|Born||23 May 1874|
|Died||18 July 1925 (age 51)|
|Education||Academy of Arts in Kraków|
Academy of Fine Arts Vienna
|Known for||Illustrator and Print-maker|
Ephraim Moses Lilien (Hebrew: ; 23 May 1874 - 18 July 1925) was an art nouveau illustrator and printmaker particularly noted for his art on Jewish themes. He is sometimes called the "first Zionist artist."
Ephraim Moses Lilien (Maurycy Lilien) was born in 1874, in Drohobycz, Galicia, then in the Austro-Hungarian Empire. In 1889-1893 Lilien learned painting and graphic techniques at the Academy of Arts in Kraków. He studied under Polish painter Jan Matejko from 1890 to 1892.
Lilien attended the Fifth Zionist Congress, held in Basel, as a member of the Democratic Fraction, an opposition group that supported the development of secular national culture. In 1905, at the Seventh Zionist Congress, in Basel, he, along with Boris Schatz, became a member of a committee formed to help establish the Bezalel Art School. As part of that work he accompanied Schatz to Jerusalem.
Lilien was one of the two artists to accompany Boris Schatz to what is now Israel in 1906 for the purpose of establishing Bezalel Academy of Arts and Design, and taught the school's first class in 1906. Although his stay in the country was short-lived, he left his indelible stamp on the creation of an Eretz Israel style, placing biblical subjects in the Zionist context and oriental settings, conceived in an idealized Western design. In the first two decades of the century, Lilien's work served as a model for the Bezalel group.
Lilien is known for his famous photographic portrait of Theodor Herzl. He often used Herzl as a model, considering his features a perfect representation of the "New Jew." In 1896, he received an award for photography from the avantgarde magazine Jugend. Lilien illustrated several books. In 1923, an exhibition of his work opened in New York.
Lilien's illustrated books include Juda (1900), Biblically-themes poetry by Lilien's Christian friend, Börries Freiherr von Münchausen, and Lieder des Ghetto (Songs of the Ghetto) (1903), Yiddish poems by Morris Rosenfeld translated into German.
"The Silent Song" from Juda, 1900-1.
'May our eyes behold your return in mercy to Zion, First Zionist Congress souvenir, Basel, 1901.
Herzl in Basel, 1901. Photograph (reproduced as a postcard).
"Zion", Lieder des Ghetto, 1903
Ex libris Boris Schatz, 1905
Emblem of the Bezalel Academy of Arts and Design, Jerusalem, 1906
Kotel (Western Wall), 1910
Learning Talmud, engraving, 1915