erg is a unit of energy equal to 10 -7 joules (100 nJ). It originated in the centimetre-gram-second (CGS) system of units. It has the symbol erg. The erg is not an SI unit. Its name is derived from ( ergon ), a Greek word meaning 'work' or 'task'.
An erg is the amount of work done by a force of one
dyne exerted for a distance of one centimetre. In the CGS base units, it is equal to one gram centimetre-squared per second-squared (g?cm 2/s 2). It is thus equal to 10 -7 joules or 100 nanojoules ( nJ) in SI units.
1 erg = =
1 erg = = =
1 erg = =
1 erg = =
1 erg =
Rudolf Clausius proposed the Greek word ( ) for the unit of energy, work and heat. ergon  In 1873, a committee of the  British Association for the Advancement of Science, including British physicists James Clerk Maxwell and William Thomson recommended the general adoption of the centimetre, the gramme, and the second as fundamental units ( C.G.S. System of Units). To distinguish derived units, they recommended using the prefix "C.G.S. unit of ..." and requested that the word erg or ergon be strictly limited to refer to the C.G.S. unit of energy.
In 1922, chemist
William Draper Harkins proposed the name micri-erg as a convenient unit to measure the surface energy of molecules in  surface chemistry.  It would equate to 10  -14 erg,     the equivalent to 10  -21 joule.
The erg has not been a valid unit since 1 January 1978
when the  European Economic Community ratified a directive of 1971 that implemented the International System (SI) as agreed by the General Conference of Weights and Measures. It is still widely used in  astrophysics and sometimes in  mechanics.
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"Are ergs commonly used in astrophysics? If so, is there a specific reason for it?". Physics Stack Exchange. 2016-02-12 . Retrieved .