Location of Essonne in France
|o President of the General Council||François Durovray (LR)|
|o Total||1,804 km2 (697 sq mi)|
|o Density||710/km2 (1,800/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|o Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
|^1 French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries, and lakes, ponds, and glaciers larger than 1 km2|
It was formed on 1 January 1968 when Seine-et-Oise was split into smaller departments.
The Essonne department was created on 1 January 1968, from the southern portion of the former department of Seine-et-Oise.
In June 1963 Carrefour S.A. opened the first hypermarket in the Paris region at Sainte-Geneviève-des-Bois (although the word "hypermarché" was first used only in 1966). Based on the ideas put forward by the American logistics pioneer Bernardo Trujillo, the centre offered on a single 2,500 m2 (26,909.78 sq ft) site a hitherto unknown combination of wide choice and low prices, supported by 400 car parking spaces.
Essonne belongs to the region of Île-de-France.
It has borders with the departments of:
All of northern Essonne department belongs to the Parisian agglomeration and is very urbanized. The south remains rural.
In descending order, the cities over 25,000 population are: Évry, Corbeil-Essonnes, Massy, Savigny-sur-Orge, Sainte-Geneviève-des-Bois, Viry-Châtillon, Athis-Mons, Palaiseau, Draveil, Yerres, Les Ulis, and Vigneux-sur-Seine. Milly-la-Forêt is an example of its more rural communes.
The department's most high-profile political representative has been Manuel Valls, Prime Minister of France from 31 March 2014 to 6 December 2016. He visited its main town Évry to deliver remarks following the Charlie Hebdo massacre of January 2015.
|Essonne's 1st constituency||Francis Chouat||La République En Marche!|
|Essonne's 2nd constituency||Franck Marlin||The Republicans|
|Essonne's 3rd constituency||Laëtitia Romeiro Dias||La République En Marche!|
|Essonne's 4th constituency||Marie-Pierre Rixain||La République En Marche!|
|Essonne's 5th constituency||Cédric Villani||La République En Marche!|
|Essonne's 6th constituency||Amélie de Montchalin||La République En Marche!|
|Essonne's 7th constituency||Robin Reda||The Republicans|
|Essonne's 8th constituency||Nicolas Dupont-Aignan||Debout la France|
|Essonne's 9th constituency||Marie Guévenoux||La République En Marche!|
|Essonne's 10th constituency||Pierre-Alain Raphan||La République En Marche!|
Population development since 1876: