53% of the total Canadian population (2016 Census)
|Regions with significant populations|
|All areas of Canada|
less prevelant in the North
|Predominantly English • French|
Historically Scottish Gaelic • Irish were spoken in certain regions
|Predominantly Christianity (Protestantism and Roman Catholicism)|
|Related ethnic groups|
|European diaspora • Europeans • European Americans • European Australians • European New Zealanders|
An additional 11,135,965 people chose "Canadian" as their ethnic group in the Census.
European Canadians (French: les Canadiens Européens), also known as White Canadians and Euro-Canadians, are Canadians with ancestry from Europe. They form the largest panethnic group within Canada.
The French were the first Europeans to establish a continuous presence in what is now Canada. Hélène Desportes is considered the first white child born in New France. She was born circa 1620, to Pierre Desportes (born Lisieux, Normandie, France) and Françoise Langlois.
In the 2016 census, the largest European ancestry groups were British Isles origins (11,211,850 including 6,320,085 English), French (4,680,820), Scottish (4,799,005), Irish (4,627,000), German (3,322,405), Italian (1,587,965). However, the country's largest self-reported ethnic origin is "Canadian" (accounting for 11,135,965 of the population). Since 1996, "Canadian" as an ethnic group has been added to census questionnaires for possible ancestry, which likely caused English Canadians, British Canadians and French Canadians to become severely underrepresented. The grouping is similar to that of "American" in neighbouring United States and is most commonly espoused by European Canadians whose ancestors have been some of the earliest European settlers of what is now Canada, to the point where they no longer feel a connection to their countries of origin. In the 2011 National Household Survey Profile, 10,563,805 people (32.1%) chose "Canadian" as their ethnic group, making it the single largest group in the country.
|Year||Population||% of Canada||Ref(s)||Year||Population||% of Canada||Ref(s)|
|^1 Census of 1871, 1881, 1901, 1911, 1921.|
The table shows the European-Canadian population showing a gradual increase from the 1871 Census, however, their proportion of the total Canadian population has been decreasing gradually since the mid-twentieth century to the most recent census in 2011. Canada enumerated its population by race between 1871 and 1971 and ethnic origins.
European Canadians are still the largest ethnic group in Canada. Elements of Aboriginal, French, British and more recent immigrant customs, languages and religions have combined to form the culture of Canada and thus a Canadian identity. Canada has also been strongly influenced by its linguistic, geographic and economic neighbour, the United States.
The top ten cities as per population of European Canadians (not members of a visible minority and no Aboriginal status) are as follows (2016 Census):
The top ten such Census Metropolitan Areas (CMAs) are as follows:
The culture of the Canadians of European descent, European-Canadian culture, is the main culture of Canada. From their earliest presence in North America, European Canadians have contributed literature, art, architecture, cinema and theater, religion and philosophy, ethics, agricultural skills, foods, medicine, science and technology, fashion and clothing styles, music, language, business, economics, legal system, political system, and social and technological innovation to Canadian culture. European-Canadian culture derived its earliest influences from English, French, Scottish, Welsh, and Irish settlers and is quantitatively the largest proportion of Canadian culture. The overall Canadian culture reflects European-Canadian culture, also known as White Canadian culture. The culture has been developing since long before Canada formed a separate country. Much of Canadian culture shows influences from English culture. Colonial ties to Great Britain spread the English language, legal system and other cultural attributes.
Another area of cultural influence are Canadian Patriotic songs:
|Czech and Slovak||-||-||63,959|
|^1 First census of the Canadian federation. The figures for 1871 are for the four original provinces only. |
^2 Includes Danish, Icelandic, Norwegian and Swedish.^3 Canada 1951 Census2006 Canada Census
^4 Canada 2011 Census National Household Survey: Data tablesAn extra 32% or 10,563,805 people identified as "Canadian" as their ethnic group, many
are of European origins.
Most of the heritage that all twenty-three Canadian Prime Ministers come from (or in some combination thereof): is British (English, Scottish, Ulster Scot or Welsh) ancestry. Later Canadian Prime Ministers' ancestry can often be traced to ancestors from multiple nations in Europe.
Example of White Canadian being used
Example of Euro-Canadian being used