Evolution of Motorway Construction in European Nations
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Evolution of Motorway Construction in European Nations

The evolution of motorways construction in European countries by total number of kilometers existing in that year. This is a list of the total number of Motorways by country in Europe. It includes motorways (controlled-access highways), classified as such by the Eurostat and includes countries that have not acceded yet to the European Union but geographically are situated in Europe.

Countries by motorways built before 1950

Historical map of the original A8-A9 motorway, Italy. The first motorway ever built in the world was opened on 21 September 1924.
A German Autobahn in the 1930s.
Country 1924 1932 1935 1936 1937 1938 1939 1940 1941 1942 1943 1944 1945 1950
 Austria 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 16.8 16.8 16.8 16.8 16.8 -
 Belgium 0 0 0 0 110 - - - - - - - - -
 Czech Republic 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 20 - - - -
 Cyprus 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 20 - - - -
 Denmark 0 0 0 0 0 0 120 - - 300 300 300 300 300
 Germany 0 18 108 1086 1010 3046 3301 3737 3827 3861 3896 - - 2128
 Italy 58.2 58.2 58.2 58.2 58.2 58.2 400 - - - - - - -
 Poland 0 0 0 93 131 131 131 131 131 131 131 133 133 133
 Portugal 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 8 8

Countries by motorways built between 1951 and 1975

Country 1952 1955 1956 1958 1959 1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975
 Austria 16.8 16.8 16.8 16.8 16.8 16.8 16.8 16.8 292 -
 Belgium 50 80 100 150 200 300 400 570 848 956
 Croatia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 39.3 39.3
 Czech Republic[1] 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 21.3 29.1 48.6 48.6 64.7
 Denmark 300 300 300 509 - - - - - -
 France 0 14.2 70.4 106 168.5 218.3 246.4 - - -
 Germany - 2187 - - 2551 - 3204 4110 - 5742
 Hungary 0 0 0 0 0 0 7 85 107 136
 Poland 133 133 133 133 133 133 133 133 133 133
 Portugal 8 8 8 8 11.6 36.6 44 59.1 - -
 Romania 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 96 96
 Russia 0 0 0 0 0 108.9 108.9 108.9 108.9 108.9
 Slovakia[2] 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 29.3 29.3 46.1
  Switzerland 0 0 0 0 0 8 - - - -
 United Kingdom[3] 0 0 0 0 13 153 219 243 322 480 566 629 761 884 964 1057 1270 1669 1730 1869 1975

Countries by motorways built between 1976 and 2000

Country 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
 Austria - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1145 - - - - - - - - - 1633
 Belgium 956 1130 1130 1137 1137 1152 - 1395 - - - - 1613 1666 - - - - - - - - - 1702
 Bulgaria 10 10 - - 120 152 - - - - - - - 273 - - - - - - - - - 324
 Croatia 39.3 39.3 39.3 246 246 246 246 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 411
 Czech Republic[1] 81.7 135.4 166.5 194.4 257.7 257.7 270.6 281.1 305.3 314.8 317.4 317.4 326.4 335.4 355.7 365.1 368.7 391.5 392.3 416.7 425.6 488.2 500.9 500.9 500.9
 Cyprus 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 - 154 - - - - - - - - 240
 Denmark - - - - - - - - - - - - - 601 - - - - - - - - - 953
 Estonia 0 0 0 0 0 0 41 93 93 96
 Finland 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 225 - - - - - - - - - 549
 France - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 6824 8500 - - - - - - - - 9776
 Germany - 7292 - - - - - - - - - 8198 8822 10854 - - - - - - 11143 - 11515 11712
 Greece 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 190 - - - - - - - 346 416 553
 Hungary 136 168 182 184 213 213 230 245 245 302 310 310 316 346 361 361 361 361 398 398 440 456 533 571 571
 Ireland 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 10 10 15 - - - - 26 - - - - - - - - - 103
 Italy - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 6193 - - - - - - - - 6478 6478
 Lithuania 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 421 - - - - - - - - - 147
 Luxembourg 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 78 - - - - - 114 115 126 146 147
 Netherlands 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2092 - - - - - - - - 2265 2274
 Norway 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 143
 Poland 133 169 169 190 190 190 190 255 278 321 327 327 348 366 381 399 399 403 405 440 453 456 490 502 592
 Portugal - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 316 - - - - - - - - - 1482
 Romania 96 96 96 96 96 96 96 96 96 96 96 113 113 113 113 113 113 113 113 113 113 113 113 113 113
 Russia 108.9 108.9 108.9 108.9 108.9 108.9 108.9 108.9 108.9 108.9 108.9 108.9 108.9 108.9 108.9 108.9 108.9 108.9 108.9 108.9 108.9 108.9 108.9 108.9
 Serbia 0 355 355 355 355 355 355 355 355 355 355 355 355 355 355 355 355 355 355 355 355 355 355 33
 Slovakia[2] 53.3 67.6 115.6 115.6 115.6 115.6 142.7 150.1 150.1 165.2 173.1 173.1 191.9 191.9 195.4 197.4 197.4 197.4 197.4 197.4 216.1 219.2 288.6 290.6 290.6
 Slovenia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 228 - - - - - - - - - 427
 Spain 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 4693 - - - - - - - - - 9049
 Sweden 0 0 721 - - - - - - - - - - - 939 - - - - - - - - - 1499
  Switzerland - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1270
 United Kingdom[3] 2155 2237 2394 2455 2556 2647 2692 2741 2786 2813 2920 2975 2992 2995 3070 3102 3133 3211 3242 3269 3298 3378 3421 3449 3467

Countries by motorways built after 2000

Motorway construction in European nations by 2012
Rank Country 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017[4] 2018[4] 2019
1  Spain 9,571 9,739 10,296 10,747 11,432 12,073 13,013 13,518 14,021 14,262 14,531 14,701 14,981 15,049 15,336 15,523 15,585
2  Germany 11,786 12,037 12,044 12,174 12,363 12,531 12,594 12,645 12,813 12,819 12,845 12,879 12,917 12,949 12,993 13,009 13,141
3  France 10,068 10,223 10,379 10,486 10,800 10,848 10,958 11,042 11,163 11,392 11,413 11,413 11,552 11,560 11,599 11,618 11,671
4  Italy 6,478 6,487 6,487 6,532 6,542 6,554 6,588 6,629 6,661 6,668 6,668 6,726 6,751 6,844 6,943
5  Poland 630 639 727 781 848 1,013 1,083 1,282 1,454 1,560 1,865 2,495 2,805 3,100 3,131 3,252 1,637 1,637 4,214
6  United Kingdom [5] 3,519 3,610 3,611 3,657 3,629 3,665 3,669 3,673 3,673 3,673 3,685.7 3,732.5 3,756.02 3,759.62 3,768.43 3649.43 3803 3723.0 3741.8
7  Portugal 1,659 1,835 - - - 2,545 2,613 2,673 2,705 2,737 2,737 2,988 3,035 3,065 3,080 3,065 3,065
8  Netherlands 2,499 2,516 2,542 2,585 2,600 2,604 2,582 2,637 2,631 2,631 2,631 2,658 2,666 2,678 2,730 2,758 2,758 2,756
9  Greece 670 845 849 866 1,062 1,233 1,364 1,569 1,744 1,744 1,744 1,744 1,879 2,250 2520
10  Denmark 971 1,010 1,010 1,010 1,010 1,071 1,111 1,128 1,143 1,216 1,232 1,237 1,255 1,308 1,329
11  Turkey - - - 1,662 1,667 1,908 1,908 1,922 2,036 2,080 2,119 2,127 2,127 2,282 2,159 2,657 2,842
12  Sweden 1,507 1,544 1,591 1,684 1,677 1,744 1,836 1,857 1,923 1,971 1,957 2,004 2,044 2,088 2,119 2,118 2,132 2,132
13  Austria 1,645 1,645 1,670 1,677 1,677 1,678 1,696 1,696 1,696 1,719 1,719 1,719 1,719 1,719 1,719 1,719 1,743 1,743
14   Switzerland 1,305 1,341 1,341 1,341 1,358 1,361 1,383 1,383 1406 1,406 1,415 1,419 1,429 1,458 1,462
15  Belgium 1,727 1,729 1,729 1,747 1,747 1,763 1,763 1,763 1,763 1,763 1,763 1,763 1,763
16  Croatia 429 613 754 925 1,016 1,081 1,156 1,199 1,244 1,244 1,254 1254 1,289 1,290 1,310 1,310 1,310
17  Hungary 571 638 667 717 803 967 1,037 1,113 1,118 1,290 1,321 1,321 1,361 1,382.1 1,447.3 1,480.7 1,937 1,982 1,600
18  Czech Republic[1] 518.1 518.1 526.4 541.5 558.5 627.2 657 691 729 734 745 751 776 776 776 1,223 1,240 1,252 1306
19  Russia 132.9 - - - - - - - - - 1,000 1,060.5 1,060.5 1,060.5
20  Belarus - - - - - - - - - - - 845 845 903 1021
21  Serbia 55.5 88.7 108.7 113.3 - 201.3 207.3 207.3 236.3 628 633 498 498 - 963 962
22  Finland 591 603 653 653 693 700 700 739 765 779 790 780 810 881 881 890 893 926
23  Ireland 125 125 177 192 247 270 270 423 663 900 900 900 897 897 916 916 916 916
24  Romania 113 113 113 228 228 228 281 281 321 332 350 550 644 683 733 733 763 823 850
25  Bulgaria 328 328 328 331 331 394 418 418 418 437 458 541 605 610 734 757 812
26  Slovenia 435 456 477 483 569 579 579 696 747 768 768 769 769 770 773 618 623
27  Norway 143 173 - 193 264 271 239 253 344 381 393 393 407 514 523 599
28  Slovakia[2] 290.6 297.1 307.8 314.6 326.5 326.5 363.7 381.6 389.6 414.8 417.8 417.8 417.8 417.8 464.0 464.0 483.7 483.7 498.1
29  Lithuania 417 417.1 417 417 417 309 309 309 309 309 309 312 312 349 392
30  Ukraine 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 17 200 280 317
31  Cyprus 257 257 257 257 257 257 257 257 257 257 257 257 257 257 257 257 257
32  North Macedonia 145 208 208 208 216 216 221 237 242 251 251 251 251 251 251 259 287 317
33  Bosnia and Herzegovina 0 0 11.5 11.5 11.5 20 27.6 27.6 37 42.7 69.2 80.6 81.8 126.1 129.6 166.2 188.1 215
34  Luxembourg 115 126 147 147 147 147 147 147 152 152 152 152 152 152 157 165 165
35  Albania - - - - - - - - 250 86.5 86.5 86.5 86.5 86.5 152.5 333.5
36  Azerbaijan - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 148
37  Georgia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 13 69 69 75 75 90
38  Armenia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 - - - 88
39  Kosovo 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 36 76 80 80 109 119 140
40  Andorra 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
41  Estonia 93 96 98 99 100 104 115 124 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 154 154
42  Iceland 11 11 11 11 11 8 8 8 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
43  Latvia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
44  Liechtenstein 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
45  Malta 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
46  Moldova 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
47  Monaco 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
48  Montenegro 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
49  San Marino 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
50   Vatican City 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

* Note: Due to the new European standards in 2011 some European countries had their total number of motorways diminished. Examples being Iceland form 11 to 0, or Estonia 115 to 0, they became either expressways or national highways.
** Note: This table includes countries that are geographically situated in Asia but are integrated into the European Road System (example E80 in Turkey): Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia and Turkey.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c "Uvád?ní jednotlivých dálni?ních úsek? do provozu" [Commissioning of individual motorway sections] (PDF). ceskedalnice.cz (in Czech). Archived (PDF) from the original on 2020-05-01. Retrieved .
  2. ^ a b c "História dia?níc na Slovensku" [History of Highways in Slovakia]. historiadialnic.sk (in Slovak). Archived from the original on 2020-05-01. Retrieved .
  3. ^ a b "Road length statistics (RDL)". GOV.UK. Retrieved .
  4. ^ a b "Eurostat - Tables, Graphs and Maps Interface (TGM) table". ec.europa.eu. Retrieved .
  5. ^ Peter, Peter (23 January 2020). "Road length statistics (RDL)". GOV.UK. Retrieved 2020.

External links


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