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The earliest inhabitants of present-day Ewing Township in the historic era were Lenni LenapeNative Americans, who lived along the banks of the Delaware River. Their pre-colonial subsistence activities in the area included hunting, fishing, pottery-making, and simple farming. European settlers, mostly from the British Isles, began to colonize the area in 1699. One of the earliest European settlers was William Green, and his 1717 farmhouse still stands on the campus of The College of New Jersey.
The area that is now Ewing Township was part of Hopewell Township in what was a very large Burlington County at the beginning of the 18th century. In 1714 Hopewell was removed from Burlington County and added to Hunterdon County. By 1719, the area which was to become Ewing Township had been removed from Hopewell Township and added to the newly created Trenton Township. Portions of Trenton Township were incorporated as Ewing Township by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on February 22, 1834, posthumously honoring Charles Ewing for his work as Chief Justice of the New Jersey Supreme Court. The township became part of the newly created Mercer County on February 22, 1838. After incorporation, Ewing Township received additional territory taken from Lawrence Township and the city of Trenton in 1858. In 1894 the city of Trenton took back some of that territory, annexing more in 1900.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 15.599 square miles (40.400 km2), including 15.250 square miles (39.497 km2) of land and 0.349 square miles (0.903 km2) of water (2.23%).
The Delaware River forms the western border of Ewing Township
According to the Köppen climate classification system, Ewing Township, New Jersey has a hot-summer, wet all year, humid continental climate (Dfa). Dfa climates are characterized by at least one month having an average mean temperature = 50.0 °F (>= 10.0 °C), at least one month with an average mean temperature >= 71.6 °F (>= 22.0 °C), and no significant precipitation difference between seasons. During the summer months, episodes of extreme heat and humidity can occur with heat index values >= 100 °F (>= 38 °C). On average, the wettest month of the year is July which corresponds with the annual peak in thunderstorm activity. During the winter months, episodes of extreme cold and wind can occur with wind chill values < 0 °F (< -18 °C). The plant hardiness zone at the Ewing Township Municipal Court is 7a with an average annual extreme minimum air temperature of 0.2 °F (-17.7 °C). The average seasonal (Nov-Apr) snowfall total is between 24 and 30 inches (61 and 76 cm), and the average snowiest month is February which corresponds with the annual peak in nor'easter activity.
Climate data for Ewing Township Municipal Court, Mercer County, NJ (1981-2010 Averages)
There were 13,171 households out of which 22.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.0% were married couples living together, 13.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.4% were non-families. 30.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 2.97.
In the township, the population was spread out with 16.3% under the age of 18, 20.0% from 18 to 24, 23.0% from 25 to 44, 25.9% from 45 to 64, and 14.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37.2 years. For every 100 females there were 88.7 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and older there were 85.9 males.
The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $69,716 (with a margin of error of +/- $2,668) and the median family income was $86,875 (+/- $4,312). Males had a median income of $56,308 (+/- $6,003) versus $52,313 (+/- $1,887) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $30,489 (+/- $1,527). About 4.7% of families and 10.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.3% of those under age 18 and 6.4% of those age 65 or over.
There were 12,551 households out of which 25.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.7% were married couples living together, 12.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.6% were non-families. 27.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 3.00.
In the township the population was spread out with 18.0% under the age of 18, 17.3% from 18 to 24, 26.8% from 25 to 44, 22.1% from 45 to 64, and 15.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.0 males.
The median income for a household in the township was $57,274, and the median income for a family was $67,618. Males had a median income of $44,531 versus $35,844 for females. The per capita income for the township was $24,268. About 3.3% of families and 6.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.4% of those under age 18 and 7.1% of those age 65 or over.
In mid-2013, Celator Pharmaceuticals established an office presence in Ewing.
Ewing's decommissioned Marine Reserve Center will be the headquarters of HomeFront, a charity dedicated to ending homelessness in the Mercer region, with construction starting summer 2014, including a shelter, job training and literacy programs, day care, computer rooms and a teaching kitchen.
Ewing Township Municipal Building
Ewing Township is governed under the Faulkner Act, formally known as the Optional Municipal Charter Law, within the Mayor-Council plan 2 form of New Jersey municipal government, as implemented as of January 1, 1995, based on the recommendations of a Charter Study Commission. The township is one of 71 municipalities statewide governed under the Mayor-Council form. The Governing Body of the township consists of five Council members and a Mayor, all of whom are elected by the voters of the community. The Mayor and Members of the Council are elected at-large to four-year terms of office, with either three seats up for election or two seats and the mayoral seat every other year.
As of 2019[update], the Mayor of Ewing Township is Democrat Bert H. Steinmann, whose term of office ends December 31, 2022. Members of the Ewing Township Council are Council President Kevin Baxter (D, 2020), Vice President Sarah Steward (D, 2022), Jennifer L. Keyes-Maloney (D, 2020), David P. Schroth (D, 2020) and Kathy Culliton Wollert (D, 2022).
Federal, state and county representation
Ewing Township is located in the 12th Congressional District and is part of New Jersey's 15th state legislative district.
Mercer County is governed by a County Executive who oversees the day-to-day operations of the county and by a seven-member Board of Chosen Freeholders that acts in a legislative capacity, setting policy. All officials are chosen at-large in partisan elections, with the executive serving a four-year term of office while the freeholders serve three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with either two or three seats up for election each year. As of 2014[update], the County Executive is Brian M. Hughes (D, term ends December 31, 2015; Princeton). Mercer County's Freeholders are
Freeholder Chair Andrew Koontz (D, 2016; Princeton),
Freeholder Vice Chair Samuel T. Frisby, Sr. (2015; Trenton),
Ann M. Cannon (2015; East Windsor Township),
Anthony P. Carabelli (2016; Trenton),
John A. Cimino (2014, Hamilton Township),
Pasquale "Pat" Colavita, Jr. (2015; Lawrence Township) and
Lucylle R. S. Walter (2014; Ewing Township) Mercer County's constitutional officers are County Clerk Paula Sollami-Covello (D, 2015),
Sheriff John A. Kemler (D, 2014) and Surrogate Diane Gerofsky (D, 2016).
As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 21,714 registered voters in Ewing Township, of which 9,358 (43.1%) were registered as Democrats, 3,256 (15.0%) were registered as Republicans and 9,087 (41.8%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 13 voters registered to other parties.
In the 2012 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 73.0% of the vote (11,910 cast), ahead of Republican Mitt Romney with 25.8% (4,218 votes), and other candidates with 1.2% (190 votes), among the 17,947 ballots cast by the township's 23,230 registered voters (1,629 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 77.3%. In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 70.0% of the vote (11,911 cast), ahead of Republican John McCain with 28.1% (4,787 votes) and other candidates with 1.2% (200 votes), among the 17,021 ballots cast by the township's 22,913 registered voters, for a turnout of 74.3%. In the 2004 presidential election, Democrat John Kerry received 62.0% of the vote (10,091 ballots cast), outpolling Republican George W. Bush with 34.7% (5,653 votes) and other candidates with 0.6% (135 votes), among the 16,284 ballots cast by the township's 22,019 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 74.0.
In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Democrat Barbara Buono received 53.7% of the vote (5,279 cast), ahead of Republican Chris Christie with 44.7% (4,395 votes), and other candidates with 1.7% (163 votes), among the 10,070 ballots cast by the township's 22,876 registered voters (233 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 44.0%. In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Democrat Jon Corzine received 59.4% of the vote (6,529 ballots cast), ahead of Republican Chris Christie with 34.1% (3,751 votes), Independent Chris Daggett with 4.7% (520 votes) and other candidates with 0.7% (81 votes), among the 10,989 ballots cast by the township's 22,263 registered voters, yielding a 49.4% turnout.
The Ewing Public Education Foundation, established in 1995, is an independent, not-for-profit citizen's organization whose mission is to mobilize community support, concern, commitment and resources to help improve the quality of education in Ewing Township. EPEF provides grants to Ewing Township Schools for innovative educational programs through fund-raising activities, and corporate and institutional sponsorship. The Foundation also seeks to match corporate and organizational donors with teachers to fund additional projects of mutual interest. These programs enhance the educational experience without the use of additional taxpayer dollars.
Eighth grade students from all of Mercer County are eligible to apply to attend the high school programs offered by the Mercer County Technical Schools, a county-wide vocational school district that offers full-time career and technical education at its Health Sciences Academy, STEM Academy and Academy of Culinary Arts, with no tuition charged to students for attendance. The Thomas J. Rubino Academy (formerly Mercer County Alternative High School) is one of Mercer County's only alternative schools, offering an alternative educational program for students who have struggled in the traditional school environment, featuring smaller classes, mentoring and counseling.
The Marie H. Katzenbach campus of the New Jersey School for the Deaf serves 175 hearing-impaired students on a campus covering 148 acres (60 ha) that was opened in West Trenton in 1926. The school was established in Ewing through the efforts of Marie Hilson Katzenbach and was renamed in her honor in 1965.
Incarnation-St. James Catholic School (formerly Incarnation School), constructed in 1955, is a Pre-K to 8th grade parish school administered by The Sisters, Servants of the Immaculate Heart of Mary and overseen by the Roman Catholic Diocese of Trenton. The school added a parish center in 2003, which includes a gym, locker rooms, offices, meeting rooms, boiler room, and a kitchenette to be used to the benefit of its students, faculty, and staff. In 2006, the Incarnation School and parish combined with the St. James School and parish.
The Villa Victoria Academy is a private Catholic school in Ewing Township, christened as a private academy in 1933, and operated by the Religious Teachers Filippini. This single-gender school offers an education to young women from pre-kindergarten to twelfth grade.
U.S. Route 206 (Princeton Avenue) skirts the southeastern section of the township. It is a 25 miles per hour (40 km/h), undivided four-lane roadway. Although part of US 206, it is actually maintained by the Mercer County Department of Transportation as part of County Route 583, which runs as a concurrency with US 206. US 206 also connects south to Trenton, as well as north to Princeton and Somerville.
View north along the Daniel Bray Highway and River Road (NJ 29 and NJ 175) in Ewing
Signage for the Delaware River Scenic Byway along NJ 29
Route 29 (Daniel Bray Highway and River Road) extends north-south along the western edge of the township, along the Delaware River. The southern section, Daniel Bray Highway, is a 55 mph (90 km/h), divided four-lane facility with at-grade intersections and traffic lights, and was constructed in the 1950s. The northern section, River Road, is a 45 mph (70 km/h), undivided two-lane facility whose construction as a state highway dates from the 1930s. NJ 29 connects southwards to Trenton, and northwards to Lambertville and Frenchtown. The entire section of Route 29 in Ewing is designated the Delaware River Scenic Byway, a National Scenic Byway.Route 175 serves as a frontage road along the divided portion of Route 29.
Route 31 (Pennington Road) extends north-south towards the eastern side of the township. It is a 35-45 mph (60-70 km/h), undivided four-lane facility whose construction as a state highway also dates to the 1930s. It once also carried a trolley line, but it has long since been removed. It was once proposed to be bypassed by a freeway, but this plan has since been cancelled. NJ 31 also connects south to Trenton, and connects north to Pennington, Flemington and Clinton.
Ewing Township is the site of the Trenton-Mercer Airport (TTN), which first opened in 1929 and is one of three commercial airports in the state. The airport has 100,000 takeoffs and landings annually, and is served by Frontier Airlines, which offers nonstop service to and from 10 different locations nationwide.
Washington Victory Trail - Documents the trail taken by George Washington's army during the American Revolution on December 26, 1776. This led to a successful surprise attack on the Hessian troops occupying Trenton, New Jersey. Victory trail begins in nearby Washington Crossing State Park, enters Ewing Township at Jacobs Creek Road (where George Washington's and his horse almost fell into the creek) and continues along Bear Tavern Road. General Sullivan's route follows Grand Avenue and Sullivan Way to Trenton. General Greene's route follows Parkway Avenue to Trenton.
Ewing Presbyterian Church
Ewing Presbyterian Church is an historic building dated 1867 and set within the American Revolution era Ewing Church Cemetery. It is the fourth church to be built in the cemetery grounds. The current church building has been under threat of demolition after several engineering studies found the roof trusses are buckling and beyond the point of cost effective repair. Numerous preservation groups say that the structural problems are much easier to resolve than the studies claim. Various organizations have endeavored to raise funds to secure the stability of the original church structure.
Our Lady of Good Counsel Church, located on W. Upper Ferry Road, is a Roman Catholic church built in the early 1960s to meet the growing needs of the rapidly expanding township. Its architecture is similar to Saint Paul's Church in Princeton. The Church is a major worship center for the Catholic community in what is called the West Trenton section of the township.
Louis Kahn's Trenton Bath House was an early work of the influential mid-twentieth century architect, made for the Trenton Jewish Community Center (now the Ewing Senior & Community Center).
The offices and studios of radio station WKXW, "New Jersey 101.5", are located in Ewing.
People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Ewing Township include:
^ abHistory, Ewing Township. Accessed November 25, 2019. "In the early years of settlement, Ewing was chiefly a woodland area; however, after the Revolution, Ewing embarked upon a long period of agricultural growth and activity. In 1844, historians Barber and Howe described the Township as having some of the richest soil in New Jersey. Early development was in the form of small hamlets scattered throughout the Township, including Birmingham (now known as West Trenton), Ewing, Ewingville, and Greensburg (now Wilburtha)."
^About the Farmhouse, Friends of the Wm Green Farmhouse. Accessed January 7, 2015. "The house today mirrors the area's architectural history with sections from three distinct building periods. Circa 1717 to 1730 section: The oldest remaining section, is the southeast segment of the building. This was originally a 2 ½ story brick house. The fine Flemish bond brickwork of this section is similar to that used in the 1719 Trent House in Trenton. Its interior preserves original 18th-century detailing. Circa 1750 to 1790 section: The second oldest section, added as the Green family grew, is located behind the oldest portion. It forms the northeast segment of the house and added four rooms and a stair hall. Circa 1830 section: The third building stage, a two-room-deep brick addition to the west, nearly doubled the size of the house."
^The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 52. Accessed January 7, 2015. "Hopewell township: From Burlington Court records, February 20, 1699/1700: The Hopewell township boundaries were "To begin at Mahlon Stacyes Mill [at what is now Trenton] And so along by York:road, until it comes to Shabbucunck, and up the same until it meet with the line of Partition that divides the Societies 30000 acres Purchase from the 15000 and then along the line of said Societies 30000 acres Purchase to Delaware River."
^The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 162. Accessed January 7, 2015. "Hopewell township
1700 Feb 20, item 227: Formed in Burlington Co.
1714 item 4: Set off to Hunterdon Co.
1719 item 332: Part mentioned as Trenton (twp.)"
^The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 164-165. Accessed January 7, 2015. "Trenton township
1719 June 3, item 332: Mentioned. Constable appointed for Hunterdon Co.
1720 Mar. 2, item 371: Boundary recorded.
1792 item 116: Part incorp. as Trenton city.
1798 Feb. 21, item 289: Incorporated.
1831 item 112: Part from Trenton city.
1834 item 102: Part to Ewing twp."
^The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 161-162. Accessed January 7, 2015. "Ewing township
1834 Feb. 22, item 102: Formed from Trenton twp. in Hunterdon Co.
1838 item 99: Set off to Mercer Co.
1858 item 44: Part from Trenton city.
1858 item 403: Part from Lawrence twp.
1894 item 595: Part to Trenton city.
1900 item 282: Part to Trenton city."
^Staff. "Base-Closing Panel Wraps Up Five Days of Voting", The New York Times, June 28, 1993. Accessed October 11, 2013. "Under the panel's plan for the Ewing unit, the Naval Air Warfare Center, Aircraft Division, would be divided between the Arnold Engineering Center in Tullahoma, Tenn., and the Naval Air Warfare Center at Patuxent River, Md.... Officials were unclear how many people would lose their jobs because of the closing. The Ewing base employs 680 civilians and seven military workers, of whom 157 engineers and other high-level personnel are already awaiting transfer to Patuxent River as part of a 1991 base-closing decision."
^ abcMcGrath, Brendan. "HomeFront charity to take over Marine Reserve Center in Ewing", The Times (Trenton), June 16, 2014. Accessed October 28, 2014. "HomeFront, the charity dedicated to ending homelessness in the Mercer region, will soon begin construction on its new headquarters as it takes over the decommissioned Marine Reserve Center in Ewing.... The Marine operations at the base were transferred to Fort Dix, which has since become Joint Base McGuire-Dix-Lakehurst."
^"Brae Burn Heights, Ewing Township, New Jersey". livingplaces.com. Retrieved 2015. Brae Burn Heights (also known as Brae Burn Park) is a residential neighborhood of detached, single family homes built from the 1940s through the 1970s. Median lot size is less than 1/5th of an acre. The Brae Burn Heights neighborhood is generally bounded by Parkside Avenue, Pennington Road, Somerset Street and Buttonwood Drive.
^Jo Ann Tesauro (2002). Images of America: Ewing Township. Arcadia Publishing. p. 8. ISBN0-7385-1040-8. The Carleton/Ewing/Ewing Presbyterian Church area was a small village at the intersection of today's Upper Ferry and Scotch Roads and the lands to the north, where the railroad crosses Scotch Road. It contained nine homesteads, a blacksmith, a wheelwright shop, a church and a flour mill.
^Jo Ann Tesauro (2002). Images of America: Ewing Township. Arcadia Publishing. p. 8. ISBN0-7385-1040-8. Cross Keys/Ewingville was a village with its main intersection at today's Pennington, Ewingville and Upper Ferry Roads. This bustling town was named after William Green's Cross Keys Inn, located on the northeast corner of the intersection in the 1700s.
^Jo Ann Tesauro (2002). Images of America: Ewing Township. Arcadia Publishing. p. 64. ISBN0-7385-1040-8. In the 1700s and part of 1800s, this village was called Cross Keys, as was the hotel at its main intersection. In 1836, after the incorporation of Ewing Township in 1834, the village became known as Ewingville.
^ ab"History of Ewing". Township of Ewing. Archived from the original on February 6, 2015. Retrieved 2015. Despite the early development of the streetcar suburbs, Ewing grew slowly in the first quarter of the 20th century: by 1920 the population of the Township stood at 3500. The area remained predominantly rural in nature until just prior to World War II, when new industries would begin a long period of growth and development for the Township. With the construction of the General Motors plant in 1938 and the employment opportunities that accompanied it, new communities such as the Glendale and Fernwood began to be built. By 1940, only twenty years later, the Township's population had almost tripled to 10,146.
^ abcdefgh"History of Ewing". Township of Ewing. Archived from the original on February 6, 2015. Retrieved 2015. After World War II Ewing Township grew rapidly, reflected by the construction of a variety of housing, including Parkway Village, Moss Homes, Wynnwood Manor and Fleetwood Village. Later subdivisions include Hampton Hill, Hillwood Manor, Sherbrooke, Hickory Hills and Village on the Green. By 1960, the population of the Township had grown to 26,828.
^"1933: The genius next door". The Trentonian. Retrieved 2015. The New Jersey State Teacher College moved out of Trenton and into the campus of red-brick halls in the Hillwood Lakes section of Ewing. Later, the school would be renamed Trenton State College; In 1996, it became the College of New Jersey.
^"Lake Ceva be dammed". The Signal. Retrieved 2015. Deborah Knox, associate professor of computer science, and her husband Dan, residents of the local Hillwood Lakes community in Ewing, brought up several concerns. Deborah Knox walks to the College and was concerned that the walkway she traverses each day would be obstructed by the work.
^Barron's Guide to the Most Competitive Colleges, p. 206. Barron's Educational Series, 2009. ISBN9780764142260. Accessed January 17, 2018. "The campus itself is a quiet oasis within bustling Ewing Township, closed to outside traffic and encircled by Metzger Drive, a two-mile loop popular with joggers, walkers, and bikers. An abundance of trees and the bordering Hillwood Lakes -- Lake Sylva and Lake Ceva -- give the campus a natural, pristine feel, despite its location in the heart of suburban New Jersey."
^"Mountainview, Ewing Township, New Jersey". livingplaces.com. Retrieved 2015. Mountainview is a residential neighborhood with homes built primarily during the 1960s and 1970s. Median age is ca. 1963. Typical homes are 3-4 bedrooms, 1-1/2 to 2-1/2 baths, most having garages (1, 2 or 3-car). Median lot size is approximately 1/2 acre. Median interior living space is approximately 2,300 sq. ft. The neighborhood boundaries are generally, Jacobs Creek Road on the north and Mountainview Road on the south.
^"Parkway Village, Ewing Township, New Jersey". livingplaces.com. Retrieved 2015. Parkway Village is a residential development of detached, single family homes built primarily during the 1940s and 1950s. Median age is ca. 1952. Median interior living space is approximately 1,400 sq. ft. Median lot size is less than 1/5th of an acre. Access to the Parkway Village neighborhood is from Lower Ferry Road onto Terrace Boulevard, Fireside Drive or Winthrop Avenue; from Parkway Avenue onto Stratford Avenue, Rutledge Avenue, Dunmore Avenue or Farrell Drive.
^ abc"History of Ewing". Township of Ewing. Archived from the original on February 6, 2015. Retrieved 2015. By the early 20th century, Trenton had become a major industrial center, and the population of the city rapidly increased. The areas of Ewing adjacent to Trenton began to take on urban characteristics, absorbing the population overflow from the city. Many Trenton residents discovered the advantages of living in Ewing, and the Township began to change from an agricultural to a residential community. Trains and streetcars enabled people to live further from the center of Trenton. Areas such as Homecrest, Prospect Heights, Prospect Park, and Weber Park were established near the borders of the City of Trenton, some of the earliest 'suburban' developments in Ewing.
^"Prospect Heights, Ewing Township, New Jersey". livingplaces.com. Retrieved 2015. Prospect Heights is a residential neighborhood of detached, single family homes most of which were built from the 1920s through the 1970s. Median age is ca. 1953. Median lot size is less than 1/5th of an acre. Median interior living space is approximately 1,500 sq. ft. Homes are typically 2 to 4 bedrooms with 1 to 2 baths; about 2/3rds of the homes have full basements; approximately half of the homes have garages. Access to the Prospect Heights neighborhood is from Olden Avenue North onto 5th, 6th or Prospect Streets; from Parkside Avenue onto Buttonwood Drive; from Spruce Street onto Prospect Street.
^"Weber Park, Ewing Township, New Jersey". livingplaces.com. Retrieved 2015. Weber Park (sometimes called Hillcrest) is a residential neighborhood of detached singles and semi-attached, half-duplex residences built mainly from the 1920s through the 1950s. Median age is ca. 1951. Median interior living space is approximately 1,300 sq. ft. Median lot size is between 1/10th and 1/5th of an acre. Homes are typically 2 to 4 bedrooms, 1 to 2-1/2 baths; most of the homes have full basements; about half have garages. The Weber Park neighborhood is generally bounded by Parkway Avenue, Pennington Road (Route 31), North Olden Avenue, and Prospect Street.
^Jo Ann Tesauro (2002). Images of America: Ewing Township. Arcadia Publishing. pp. 7-8. ISBN0-7385-1040-8. Birmingham/Trenton Junction/West Trenton was a village whose main intersection was located at today's Bear Tavern and West Upper Ferry Roads. It contained a blacksmith shop, a cobbler, and several homesteads. Birmingham was renamed Trenton Junction in 1882. The Trenton Junction Station was built in the late 1880s, and c. 1930 it was renamed West Trenton Station.
^"West Trenton, Ewing Township, New Jersey". livingplaces.com. Retrieved 2015. West Trenton is a residential neighborhood of semi-attached twins and detached singles built from the early 1900s through the 1950s. Median age is ca. 1953. Median lot size is approximately 1/4 acre. Typical homes have 3 to 4 bedrooms with 1 to 2 baths; most of the homes have full basements; about half have 1-car, attached garages. The neighborhood is generally centered around the intersection of Upper Ferry Road West with Bear Tavern Road/Grand Avenue.
^Jo Ann Tesauro (2002). Images of America: Ewing Township. Arcadia Publishing. p. 7. ISBN0-7385-1040-8. The Greensburg/Wilburtha section was built up after the Delaware and Raritan Canal was built in 1834. The village contained 30 homesteads, a general store, a post office, a tavern, a railroad station on the Belvidere-Delaware (Bel-Del) line, and numerous quarries. Along with the canals, the quarries used the railroad to transport their product known as Greensburg Stone or Trenton Brown Stone. Greensburg was renamed Wilburtha in 1883.
^"Wilburtha, Ewing Township, New Jersey". livingplaces.com. Retrieved 2015. Wilburtha is a neighborhood of detached single family homes built during the 1950s (Blackwood Drive, Boxwood Court, Middleton Avenue, Ramson Avenue, Wakefield Drive, Wilburtha Road) and the 1980s (Locke Court, Riverview Drive, Wilburtha Road). Access to the Wilburtha neighborhood is from River Road onto Wilburtha Road or Upper Ferry Road West onto Riverview Drive.
^Navani, Sherrina V. "Church & Dwight opens new headquarters in Ewing", The Trentonian, May 2, 2013. Accessed October 31, 2017. "Lt. Governor Kim Guadagno, Church & Dwight`s Chairman and CEO James Craigie and Ewing Mayor Bert Steinmann cut the ribbon to open Church & Dwight`s new worldwide headquarters in Ewing Twp on Thursday."
^Government Structure, Ewing Township. Accessed November 25, 2019. "Ewing's municipal government is run in accordance with the Faulkner Act of 1950 and operates under the Mayor-Council Form of Government. This form of government provides for election of a mayor and five council members. It was implemented in January 1995, based on the recommendations of a Charter Study Commission.... In Ewing, the Township has a strong Mayor/Council form of government, which means the Mayor devises policy for the day-to-day operation of the town and executes it with the help of an administrator. The Faulkner Act also provides for the direct election of the Mayor, who serves a four-year term."
^Biography, Congresswoman Bonnie Watson Coleman. Accessed January 3, 2019. "Watson Coleman and her husband William reside in Ewing Township and are blessed to have three sons; William, Troy, and Jared and three grandchildren; William, Kamryn and Ashanee."
^Curran, Phillip Sean. "Assemblywoman Muoio resigns, creating vacancy in legislature", CentralJersey.com, January 17, 2018. "State Assemblywoman Liz Muoio, a Democrat who represented parts of Mercer and Hunterdon counties since 2015, resigned her seat to join the Murphy administration, thus creating a vacancy that many Democrats want to fill.... But she submitted her resignation to the Assembly clerk on Friday to become acting state Treasurer until she gets confirmed by the Democrat-controlled state Senate. Her resignation took effect at the end of business Monday, according to an aide. She also left her job as the Mercer County director of economic development."
^Mission, Ewing Public Education Foundation. Accessed November 25, 2019.
^Heyboer, Kelly. "How to get your kid a seat in one of N.J.'s hardest-to-get-into high schools", NJ Advance Media for NJ.com, May 2017. Accessed November 18, 2019. "Mercer County has a stand-alone specialized high school for top students: a Health Sciences Academy at the district's Assunpink Center campus. The district also offers a STEM Academy at Mercer County Community College. How to apply: Students can apply online in the fall of their 8th grade year."
^History, New Jersey School for the Deaf - Katzenbach Campus. Accessed November 25, 2019. "Dr. Pope oversaw moving the school from its Hamilton Avenue location in downtown Trenton to its present suburban location in West Trenton. The state purchased the Scudder farm and began construction of the new school for the Deaf. The Primary Unit of the school opened in 1923, and the Middle and Upper Units opened in 1926."
^Marie Hilson Katzenbach, 1882-1970, New Jersey Women's History. Accessed October 11, 2013. "Marie Hilson Katzenbach worked throughout her life to improve education in New Jersey. She served on the State Board of Education for 44 years, nine as president, as well as giving years of service on behalf of the New Jersey School for the Deaf, renamed in her honor in 1965."
^Hester Jr., Tom. "His rants become TV rage", The Times (Trenton), November 16, 2004. "Pierre Bernard has had enough.In recent months, iPods, the Stargate SG-1 television show and Mallomars candy, among other topics, have sent him into a public rage. Now it's the removal of the Nassau Park Boulevard traffic light along Route 1 in West Windsor that has him on edge. 'That's been bugging me since they moved it last month,' the Ewing resident said. 'It's been on my nerves.'"
^Emanski, Joe. "Catching up with the Copelands"Archived 2007-09-27 at the Wayback Machine, Ewing Observer, March 2004. Accessed June 20, 2007. "One moment, Ewing High grad Hollis Copeland was negotiating a new contract as a member of the New York Knicks of the National Basketball Association.... After his career ended, they moved to Yonkers, where they lived for 13 years. They've lived back in Ewing since 1994."
^Wayne Krenchicki, Evansville Otters. Accessed October 21, 2018. "A native of Ewing, N.J., Krenchicki compiled a 1,075-1,052 record in 18 years as a minor league manager before joining the Otters.... A 1972 graduate of Ewing High School in Trenton, N.J., Krenchicki was chosen by Philadelphia in the eighth round of the 1972 amateur draft."
^Pike, Helen. "A New Strategy For Luring Vacationers", The New York Times, May 24, 1992. Accessed October 28, 2014. "Later, Senator Dick LaRossa, Republican of Ewing Township, spoke up. 'Has anyone ever heard of Trenton, home to eight million people?' he asked, noting that the State House, subject of a multimillion-dollar restoration completed earlier this year, appeared nowhere in the ads."