Executive Yuan
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Executive Yuan
Executive Yuan

Xíngzhèng Yuàn (Mandarin)
Hàng-ch?n Yen (Hakka)
ROC Executive Yuan Logo.svg
Executive Yuan logo
Agency overview
Formed25 October 1928
Preceding agency
JurisdictionGovernment of the Republic of China
HeadquartersNo. 1, Zhongxiao E. Rd., Zhongzheng, Taipei, Taiwan
Employees407
Agency executives
WebsiteEY.gov.tw
Executive Yuan
Chinese
Literal meaningExecutive Court
National Emblem of the Republic of China.svg

politics and government of
the Republic of China
Flag of the Republic of China.svg Taiwan portal

The Executive Yuan is the executive branch of the government of the Republic of China on Taiwan.

Organization and structure

Executive Yuan

The Executive Yuan is headed by a President (often translated as premier), and has a Vice President (vice premier), and twelve cabinet ministers, various chairpersons of commissions, and five to nine ministers without portfolio as its members. The vice premier, ministers and chairpersons are appointed by the President of the Republic of China on the recommendation of the premier.[3]

Its formation, as one of five Yuans of the government, stemmed from the Three Principles of the People, the constitutional theory of Sun Yat-sen, but was adjusted constitutionally over the years to adapt to the situation in the ROC by changes in the laws and the Constitution of the Republic of China.

Leaders

Ministries

Councils and Commissions

Empowered by various laws, or even the Constitution, under the Executive Yuan Council several individual boards are formed to enforce different executive functions of the government. Unless regulated otherwise, the chairs are appointed by and answer to the Premier. The committee members of the boards are usually (a) governmental officials for the purpose of interdepartmental coordination and cooperation; or (b) creditable professionals for their reputation and independence.

  To become a ministry
  To be merged into other organs

Independent Commissions

There are, or would be, independent executive commissions under the Executive Yuan Council. The chiefs of these five institutions would not be affected by any change of the Premier. However, the related organic laws are currently under revision.

Other organs

  To become a ministry
  To be merged into other organs

Organizations no longer under Executive Yuan

Former site of Executive Yuan in Presidential Palace Complex (1928-1937)
Former site of Executive Yuan in Gulou District, Nanjing (1946-1949)

Due to periodical restructuring of the government body, there are some agencies which may be dissolved or be merged with other bigger and more active agencies. Based on Executive Yuan website, the following bodies are no longer the agencies under Executive Yuan:[4]

Dissolved or cease to function

Ministers without portfolio

In the Executive Yuan Council, the current ministers without portfolio are:[6]

Executive Yuan Council

The Executive Yuan Council, commonly referred to as "The Cabinet" (), is the chief policymaking organ of the ROC government. It consists of the premier, who presides over its meetings, the vice premier, ministers without portfolio, the heads of the ministries, and the heads of the Mongolian and Tibetan Affairs Commission and the Overseas Chinese Affairs Commission. The secretary-general and the deputy secretary-general of the Executive Yuan also attend, as well as heads of other Executive Yuan organizations by invitation, but they have no vote. Article 58 of the Constitution empowers the Executive Yuan Council to evaluate statutory and budgetary bills concerning martial law, amnesty, declarations of war, conclusion of peace or treaties, and other important affairs before submission to the Legislative Yuan.

Relationship with the Legislative Yuan

The Executive Yuan Council must present the Legislators with an annual policy statement and an administrative report. The Legislative Committee may also summon members of the Executive Yuan Council for questioning.

Whenever there is disagreement between the Legislative Council and Executive Yuan Council, the Legislative Committee may pass a resolution asking the Executive Yuan Council to alter the policy proposal in question. The Executive Yuan may, in turn, ask the Legislators to reconsider. Afterwards, if the Legislative Council upholds the original resolution, the premier must abide by the resolution or resign. The Executive Yuan Council may also present an alternative budgetary bill if the one passed by the Legislative Committee is deemed difficult to execute.

Transportation

The Executive Yuan building is accessible within walking distance east of Taipei Railway Station or west of Shandao Temple Station of the MRT.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Mao Chi-kuo named as premier (update)". focustaiwan.tw.
  2. ^ "Taiwan retains most Cabinet members in reshuffle". focustaiwan.tw.
  3. ^ a b "Executive Yuan, R.O.C.)-Structure & Functions". Ey.gov.tw. Archived from the original on 2014-04-29. Retrieved .
  4. ^ "Executive Yuan, R.O.C. (Taiwan)-Ministries and Agencies". Ey.gov.tw. 2006-06-15. Retrieved .
  5. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-05-24. Retrieved .CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  6. ^ "Premier-designate finalizes his Cabinet lineup - Politics - FOCUS TAIWAN - CNA ENGLISH NEWS".
  7. ^ "Former economics minister to oversee trade negotiations: Cabinet - Politics - FOCUS TAIWAN - CNA ENGLISH NEWS".

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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