Xíngzhèng Yuàn (Mandarin)
Hàng-ch?n Yen (Hakka)
Executive Yuan logo
|Formed||25 October 1928|
|Jurisdiction||Government of the Republic of China|
|Headquarters||No. 1, Zhongxiao E. Rd., Zhongzheng, Taipei, Taiwan|
|Literal meaning||Executive Court|
The Executive Yuan is headed by a President (often translated as premier), and has a Vice President (vice premier), and twelve cabinet ministers, various chairpersons of commissions, and five to nine ministers without portfolio as its members. The vice premier, ministers and chairpersons are appointed by the President of the Republic of China on the recommendation of the premier.
Its formation, as one of five Yuans of the government, stemmed from the Three Principles of the People, the constitutional theory of Sun Yat-sen, but was adjusted constitutionally over the years to adapt to the situation in the ROC by changes in the laws and the Constitution of the Republic of China.
|Vice Premier||Chen Chi-mai|
|Foreign Affairs||Joseph Wu|
|National Defense||Yen Teh-fa|
|Economic Affairs||Shen Jong-chin|
|Transportation and Communications||Lin Chia-lung|
|Health and Welfare||Chen Shih-chung|
|Science and Technology||Chen Liang-gee|
Empowered by various laws, or even the Constitution, under the Executive Yuan Council several individual boards are formed to enforce different executive functions of the government. Unless regulated otherwise, the chairs are appointed by and answer to the Premier. The committee members of the boards are usually (a) governmental officials for the purpose of interdepartmental coordination and cooperation; or (b) creditable professionals for their reputation and independence.
|National Development Council||?||Chen Mei-ling|
|Mainland Affairs Council||Chen Ming-tong|
|Financial Supervisory Commission||Wellington Koo|
|Ocean Affairs Council||Lee Chung-wei|
|Overseas Community Affairs Council||Wu Hsin-hsing|
|Veterans Affairs Council||Chiu Kuo-cheng|
|Council of Indigenous Peoples||?||Icyang Parod|
|Hakka Affairs Council||Lee Yung-te|
There are, or would be, independent executive commissions under the Executive Yuan Council. The chiefs of these five institutions would not be affected by any change of the Premier. However, the related organic laws are currently under revision.
|Central Election Commission||?||Lee Chin-yung|
|Fair Trade Commission||?||Huang Mei-ying|
|National Communications Commission||Chen Yaw-shyang (acting)|
|Central Bank||?||Yang Chin-long|
|National Palace Museum||?||Wu Mi-cha|
|Directorate-General of Budget, Accounting and Statistics||?||Chu Tzer-ming|
|Directorate-General of Personnel Administration||Jay N. Shih|
Due to periodical restructuring of the government body, there are some agencies which may be dissolved or be merged with other bigger and more active agencies. Based on Executive Yuan website, the following bodies are no longer the agencies under Executive Yuan:
The Executive Yuan Council, commonly referred to as "The Cabinet" (), is the chief policymaking organ of the ROC government. It consists of the premier, who presides over its meetings, the vice premier, ministers without portfolio, the heads of the ministries, and the heads of the Mongolian and Tibetan Affairs Commission and the Overseas Chinese Affairs Commission. The secretary-general and the deputy secretary-general of the Executive Yuan also attend, as well as heads of other Executive Yuan organizations by invitation, but they have no vote. Article 58 of the Constitution empowers the Executive Yuan Council to evaluate statutory and budgetary bills concerning martial law, amnesty, declarations of war, conclusion of peace or treaties, and other important affairs before submission to the Legislative Yuan.
The Executive Yuan Council must present the Legislators with an annual policy statement and an administrative report. The Legislative Committee may also summon members of the Executive Yuan Council for questioning.
Whenever there is disagreement between the Legislative Council and Executive Yuan Council, the Legislative Committee may pass a resolution asking the Executive Yuan Council to alter the policy proposal in question. The Executive Yuan may, in turn, ask the Legislators to reconsider. Afterwards, if the Legislative Council upholds the original resolution, the premier must abide by the resolution or resign. The Executive Yuan Council may also present an alternative budgetary bill if the one passed by the Legislative Committee is deemed difficult to execute.