FK Sloboda Tuzla
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FK Sloboda Tuzla

Sloboda Tuzla
Club crest
Full nameFudbalski Klub Sloboda Tuzla
Nickname(s)Crveno-crni (The Red-and-blacks)
Founded1919; 102 years ago (1919)
GroundStadion Tu?anj
Capacity7,200
PresidentElmir ?e?erbegovi?
ManagerGradimir Crnogorac
LeaguePremier League BH
2019-20Premier League BH, 9th
WebsiteClub website

Fudbalski klub Sloboda Tuzla (Serbo-Croatian Cyrillic: ? a Ty; English: Football Club Sloboda Tuzla) is a Bosnian professional football club based in Tuzla, Bosnia and Herzegovina. The English translation of the team's name is Football Club Freedom Tuzla.

The club is a member of the Football Association of Bosnia and Herzegovina and has been active in the Premier League of Bosnia and Herzegovina since it was founded, an exception being a two-year stint of playing in the First League of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina after the club got relegated to it in the 2011-12 Premier League season.

Sloboda got promoted back up to the Premier League in the 2013-14 First League of FBiH season, and has been playing in the country's top division since.

History

Foundation

FK Sloboda Tuzla was founded in 1919, as a part of the Labour Sport Society Gorki, named after the great socialist Russian poet Maxim Gorky. The football club and the labour society was popular in a wide part of the sporting public in Tuzla and beyond. The club was formed on the initiative of the Tuzla branch of the newly formed Communist party of Yugoslavia, under the influence of the ideas of the October revolution of 1917 and revolutionary movements in Yugoslavia and Bosnia and Herzegovina as its integral part.[]

After the initial congress of unification and the creation of the Socialist Labour Party (Communists) in Yugoslavia that took place in Vukovar, Croatia in 1919, the first conference of the Tuzla municipal organisation of the League of Communists of Yugoslavia took place on 17 October 1919 in Tuzla. The elected party council decided on the same day to start with the formation of a worker's sporting society. The official founding of the club took place in the end of October 1919, and gathering was led by Jovo Sretenovi?, Mato Vidovi?, Safet Had?iefendi?, Ljubko Simi?, Niko Trifkovi? and Petar Dugonji?.[1]

The men elected into the first Board of directors of the club were: Leonard Bancher, Mato Vidovi?, Niko Trifkovi?, Stjepan Brklja?i? and Alfred Puhta, Mijo Cuvaj and Ahmed Mand?i?, Franto Bauzek (locksmith), Emil Kranj?ec, Jakov ?uri? and Petar Dugonji?, Franjo Mi?kovski, Safet Had?iefendi?, August Mot and Karlo Schwartz. The origin of the original name of the sporting society, Gorki, was explained by Petar Dugonji?:

When the final preparations for the organising meeting were being dealt with, it was suggested that the club be named Sokolovi?, after Mi?o Sokolovi?, a known worker's rights activist. Then Mitar Trifunovi? noticed: "People, few will know that we named the Club after our Mi?a. Most will think of Mehmed-pa?a Sokolovi?". The practical Franjo Reza? insisted we go to the meeting with a concrete name suggestion. Mitar Trifunovi? then said: "If no one objects, I would suggest the club bears the name of Maxim Gorky". I remember it well. Afterwards the name was accepted with enthusiasm at the meeting.[1]

The first headquarters of the club was in Rudarska Street in Tuzla, not far from Skver is today. Afterwards the headquarters moved to the building of the Jewish Bank, then to the Grand Hotel and then back to Rudarska Street. The games were played on two fields - the first one was called the Communist playground between what today are the Chemical and Mechanical high-schools and the second one was the field where the Bra?a Ribar primary schools stands.[]

All the players were workers, and the Gorki first team had the following players: Mirko Veseli, Peri Mot, Karlo Krej?i, Santo Altarac, Ivica ?ifer, Franto Bauzek, Mijo Josi?, Lorenc Ajhberger, Vili Zabo?, Slavko Zafani, Ahmed Mand?i?, Alfred Puhta, Jozo Viki?, Malaga Musta?evi?, Dragoslav Staki? and several others. The coach was Brato Gamberger, former player of H?K Zrinjski.[1]

The club mostly played against other Tuzla football clubs. Namely, at the time of the formation of FK Gorki there were three other football clubs in Tuzla, Zrinjski, Obili? and Makabi, based around the Croatian, Serbian and Jewish population of Tuzla. In 1921 the Bosniak club Bura was also formed. Unlike these confessional clubs, FK Gorki was multinational and accepted members of all faiths and ethnicities.[]

It is important to note that the official ground of Tuzla in this period was the field of H?K Zrinjski built in 1928 on the road to Solina from Br?anska Malta with the help of Kalman Liska, a wood merchant and president of H?K Zrinjski.[]

Panoramic view of the stadium

FK Sloboda

In 1924, because of the country-wide ban of communist activities, FK Gorki was banned by the government of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes under the orders of the infamous Obznana. There was an attempt to form another worker's club, called Hajduk, but this was also banned in 1924.

Foundation and activity between 1927 and 1941

Thanks to the perseverance of labour activists, on 20 November 1927 the Labour-cultural and sporting society Sloboda (Bosnian: Radni?ko-kulturno sportsko dru?tvo Sloboda) was formed in Tuzla. The society initially had four sections: Sports, Tamburica, Choir and Amateur theatre. The first team of the sports section was: Karlo Mot, Nikola Kemenc, Suljo Nezirovi?, Alfred Puhta, Safet and E?o Isabegovi?, Oto and Ivica Milinovi?, Josip Leder and Muho Mujezinovi?, Karlo Schwartz, Vlado Mileusni?, Jozo Kemenc, Rihard ?lebnik, Mujo Begi? and many others.

In the beginning of 1928, the sports section becomes independent and renames itself to RSK Sloboda. Although officially under the influence of social-democrats, communists continue to have a substantial influence in the club, hence it is a continuation of the formerly banned FK Gorki. That is the reason the year of foundation is always considered to be 1919, the year when Gorki was formed and not 1928. The first game played by the new club was against FK Solvaj from Lukavac. Because of the discontinuation of several other Tuzla football clubs, like Obili? nad Bura, many players transferred to Sloboda and in 1928 it had a formidable team that consisted of the following players: Asim Mulaosmanovi?, Muho Mujeznovi?, Dejan Vujasinovi?, Mujko Me?kovi?, Me?a Selimovi?, Abdurahman Mujezinovi? Smrt, Vlado Mileusni?, Karlo Mot, Ivan Majer and others. It is a very interesting fact that Mehmed Me?a Selimovi?, one of the greatest Bosniak writers of all time, played in Sloboda at this period.

Re-foundation in SFRY and rise to the top 1945-1992

A 1961-62 Yugoslav Second League season match between match between Maribor and Sloboda on 3 December 1961.

During the time of former Yugoslavia, FK Sloboda was active in the Yugoslav First League and the team had much success, despite never winning the title. The best result was achieved in 1977 when FC Sloboda has qualified for the UEFA cup 1977-78. Unfortunately, Las Palmas from Spain was stronger, 5-0 in Spain for Las Palmas and 4-3 for FK Sloboda in Tuzla. This is a club with very rich history in former Yugoslavia giving many stars such as Mesud Nali?, Omer Jusi?, Rizah Me?kovi?, Mersed Kova?evi?, Fuad Mulahasanovi?, Ismet Had?i?, D?evad ?e?erbegovi?, Mustafa Huki?, Midhat Memi?evi? as well as young players members of U-20 national team such as Isanovi?, ?ulumarevi?, Milo?evi?, Hajrulahovi?, Jogun?i?.

Bosnian First League 1993-2000

In 1991 Sloboda was to be relegated from 1st Yugoslav league, but after Croatian and Slovenian teams left Yugoslav 1st league Sloboda was there for season 1992 but left league with ?eljezni?ar, Sarajevo and Vele? after breakout of war. Until 2000 Sloboda played First League of NFSBiH, after 2000 Sloboda played Premier League of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Season 1994-1995 was first season of Bosnian First League, Sloboda won Tuzla Group but lost in First Play-off Round from Bosna Visoko, and reached finals of National Cup, but lost to ?elik Zenica.

Next season saw Sloboda winning third place in League, top scorer was Nedim Omerovi? with 17 goals, same thing happens again in Cup, losing to ?elik.

In season 1996-1997 Sloboda declined and ended up tenth in First League. In Season 1997-1998 Sloboda missed Championship Playoff with Croat teams by 3 points.

Season 1998-1999 was turbulent one, by the end of first half of championship Sloboda was in relegation zone, on winter Mustafa Huki? took club over and made great success by reaching fifth place.

Season 1999-2000 started with huge expectations, fans expected great things, but on 7 August manager of Sloboda Mustafa Huki? died in car crash, and Sloboda ended up in 7th place and runner up in 3 team finals of National Cup.

Number of great players played for team during these years such as Vedin Musi?, Muhamed Konji?, Sakib Malko?evi?, Nedim Omerovi?.

Premier League, decline and relegation 2000-2012

First League of FBiH (2nd tier of Bosnian football), back in top flight 2014-present

After 42 years, Sloboda got relegated from the top divisions (including both, Yugoslav and Bosnian football) to the First League of FBiH in the 2011-12 Premier League of Bosnia and Herzegovina season. They came back after their 2nd season of being relegated. In their first season after getting back to the top tier (2014-15), Sloboda finished at 8th place, recording the 2nd best performance of the spring part of the season (8-4-3).

Sloboda was the league leader of the first part of the 2015-16 Bosnian Premier League season. Until March 2016, the team were on an 18-game unbeaten run in the Premier League of Bosnia and Herzegovina dating back to 18 November 2015. The club took 2nd league place that season, managing also to achieve the Bosnian Cup final which was lost by Radnik Bijeljina (11 May - Tuzla: 1-1, 18 May - Bijeljina: 0-3).

The season 2016-17 was followed by turbulence. The club's board changed when Azmir Husi? decided to leave the chairman seat in September and was replaced with Senad Mujkanovi?. The club took 5th place in the league at the end. That season left the fans with memories on one of the best come backs when Sloboda hosted Zrinjski Mostar on 19 November 2016. Zrinski had 3-0 after 51 minutes, but the Tuzla-based team managed to tie the game in the end in only 18 minutes.

The 2017-18 league season was entire to forget when the club took 10th position, just one place above relegation zone. However, through the 2017-18 Bosnian Cup, under the guidance of then manager Slavko Petrovi?, Sloboda made it all the way to the semi-finals, losing 4-1 on aggregate to eventual winner, ?eljezni?ar.[2]

On 29 March 2019, the club chairman, Senad Mujkanovi? left Sloboda and, Sead Kozli? was named for the new club's chairman.[3] Not even seven months after Kozli? was named as the new chairman, on 15 October 2019, Kozli? decided to step down from the position,[4] while on the next day, October 16, Elmir ?e?erbegovi? became the new FK Sloboda Tuzla club chairman.[5]

Supporters

Home team supporters from Stadion Tu?anj, which are known as Fukare Tuzla, were established in 1987. The name originated from Red-Black Killers in the early 1970s.[6]

Rivalry

Sloboda's main rival is Tuzla City, the other team from the city of Tuzla. The first match was played on 11 August 2018, when Tuzla City was the host. Sloboda won that game 1-0.[7] Tuzla City's first derby win came on 31 August 2019, which finished 2-1 in favor of the younger Tuzla club.[8]

Honours

Domestic

League

Cups

European

European record

As of 7 July 2016
Competition Played Won Drew Lost GF GA GD Win%
UEFA Cup / UEFA Europa League 4 1 1 2 4 9 -5 025.00
UEFA Intertoto Cup 8 2 2 4 7 12 -5 025.00
Total 12 3 3 6 11 21 -10 025.00

Legend: GF = Goals For. GA = Goals Against. GD = Goal Difference.

List of matches

Season Competition Round Club Home Away Agg.
1977-78 UEFA Cup 1R Spain Las Palmas 4-3 0-5 4-8
2003 UEFA Intertoto Cup 1R Iceland KA Akureyri 1-1 1-1 2-2 (2-3 p)
2R Belgium Lierse 1-0 1-5 2-5
2004 UEFA Intertoto Cup 1R Slovenia Celje 1-0 1-2 2-2 (a)
2R Slovakia Spartak Trnava 0-1 1-2 1-3
2016-17 UEFA Europa League 1Q Israel Beitar Jerusalem 0-0 0-1 0-1

Players

Current squad

As of 10 January 2021

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Pos. Nation Player
1 GK Slovenia SVN Adnan Golubovi?
3 DF Bosnia and Herzegovina BIH Emir Jusi?
4 DF Bosnia and Herzegovina BIH Kenin Deved?i?
5 DF Bosnia and Herzegovina BIH Adnan Salihovi?
6 DF Serbia SRB Dejan Uzelac
7 DF Bosnia and Herzegovina BIH Amar Beganovi? (captain)
8 MF Bosnia and Herzegovina BIH Said Husejinovi?
9 MF Sweden SWE Mirza Halvad?i?
10 FW Bosnia and Herzegovina BIH D?enis Beganovi?
11 FW Serbia SRB Nemanja Tomasevi?
12 GK Croatia CRO Luka Kuki?
13 MF Bosnia and Herzegovina BIH Adnan Bulji?
No. Pos. Nation Player
14 MF Bosnia and Herzegovina BIH Alen Kurtali?
16 MF Serbia SRB Du?an Risti?
17 FW Bosnia and Herzegovina BIH Adi Ali?
18 MF Bosnia and Herzegovina BIH Sa?a Maksimovi?
21 DF Bosnia and Herzegovina BIH Jasmin Osmi?
24 MF Bosnia and Herzegovina BIH Fedor Predragovi?
31 MF Bosnia and Herzegovina BIH Semir Pezer (on loan from Zrinjski Mostar)
55 DF Bosnia and Herzegovina BIH Adnan Mujki?
66 MF Bosnia and Herzegovina BIH Ermin Kadri?
93 FW Bosnia and Herzegovina BIH Abid Mujagi?
-- MF Bosnia and Herzegovina BIH Amar Ni?i?
-- FW Bosnia and Herzegovina BIH Nail Omerovi?

Players with multiple nationalities

From youth team

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Pos. Nation Player
-- GK Bosnia and Herzegovina BIH Anes Mehi?
-- MF Bosnia and Herzegovina BIH Eldin Omerovi?

Out on loan

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Pos. Nation Player
-- MF Bosnia and Herzegovina BIH Dino Hod?i? (at Ora?je)

Managerial history

  • Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Ostoja Simi? (mid 1960s)
  • Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia ?or?e Bjelogrli? (late 60s-early 70s)
  • Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Mi?o Duvan?i? (-1976)
  • Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia ?or?e Gerum (1976-1977)
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina Mustafa Huki? (June 1, 1994 - June 30, 1996)
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina Ned?ad Verla?evi? (July 1, 1996 - June 30, 1998)
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina Mustafa Huki? (July 1, 1998 - August 7, 1999)
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina Abdulah Ibrakovi? (September 1, 2002 - May 31, 2003)
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina Sakib Malko?evi? (July 1, 2008 - July 24, 2009)
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina Nermin Had?iahmetovi? (September 5, 2009 - November 5, 2009)
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina Adnan Osmanhod?i? (interim) (November 9, 2009 - December 8, 2009)
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina Sakib Malko?evi? (interim) (December 9, 2008 - December 25, 2009)
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina Vlatko Glava? (January 7, 2010 - October 27, 2010)
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina Denis Sadikovi? (October 27, 2010 - March 8, 2011)
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina Ibrahim Crnki? (March 9, 2011 - September 25, 2011)
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina Darko Vojvodi? (October 5, 2011 - April 30, 2012)
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina Vedran Kova?evi? (interim) (2012) (April 30, 2012 - May 3, 2012)
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina Abdulah Ibrakovi? (May 3, 2012 - September 18, 2012)
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina Denis Sadikovi? (September 20, 2012 - February 9, 2013)
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina Smajil Kari? (February 16, 2013 - January 11, 2014)
  • Croatia Miroslav Bla?evi? (January 17, 2014 - June 3, 2014)
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina Denis Sadikovi? (July 1, 2014 - September 27, 2014)
  • Portugal Acácio Casimiro (September 30, 2014 - January 15, 2015)
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina Husref Musemi? (January 15, 2015 - September 11, 2016)
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina Amir Spahi? (interim) (September 11, 2016 - October 11, 2016)
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina Vlado Jagodi? (October 11, 2016 - September 10, 2017)
  • Serbia Slavko Petrovi? (September 11, 2017 - June 8, 2018)
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina Admir Smaji? (team manager) (8 June 2018 - 13 July 2018)
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina Milenko Bo?njakovi? (8 June 2018 - July 31, 2018)
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina Zlatan Nali? (July 31, 2018 - June 3, 2019)
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina Admir Smaji? (team manager) (June 10, 2019 - October 1, 2019)
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina Mile Lazarevi? (June 18, 2019 - September 28, 2019)
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina Gradimir Crnogorac (interim) (October 1, 2019 - October 7, 2019)
  • Slovenia Marijan Bloudek (October 7, 2019 - October 18, 2019)
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina Milenko Bo?njakovi? (October 18, 2019 - December 13, 2019)
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina Gradimir Crnogorac (December 18, 2019 - present)

Presidents

  • Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Ante Raos
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina Salko Bukvarevi?
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina Enver Bijedi?
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina Salih ?abovi?
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina Davud Zahirovi?
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina Mersad Kova?evi?
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina Azmir Husi?
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina Senad Mujkanovi?
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina Sead Kozli?
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina Elmir ?e?erbegovi?

Club ranking

UEFA coefficient

2020-21 season

Rank Team Points
374 Luxembourg Racing-Union 1.650
375 Bosnia and Herzegovina Borac 1.600
376 Bosnia and Herzegovina Radnik 1.600
377 Bosnia and Herzegovina Sloboda 1.600
378 Republic of Ireland Bohemian 1.575
379 Republic of Ireland Derry City 1.575
380 Republic of Ireland St Patrick's Athletic 1.575

As of 17 December 2020. Source

References

  1. ^ a b c RSD Sloboda Tuzla 1919-1989, a monography commemorating 70 years of the club
  2. ^ N.K. (18 April 2018). "?eljezni?ar protutnjao Tuzlom i zakazao finale Kupa BiH s Krupom" (in Bosnian). Klix.ba. Retrieved 2018.
  3. ^ "Skup?tina razrije?ila Mujkanovi?a, Kozli? novi predsjednik Slobode" (in Bosnian). Klix.ba. 29 March 2019. Retrieved 2019.
  4. ^ E. ?au?evi? (15 October 2019). "Sead Kozli? podnio neopozivu ostavku na mjestu predsjednika UO FK Sloboda" (in Bosnian). sportsport.ba. Retrieved 2019.
  5. ^ R. Pa?i? (16 October 2019). "Izabran novi predsjednik UO FK Sloboda" (in Bosnian). sportsport.ba. Retrieved 2019.
  6. ^ "Fukare Tuzla - najvjernija armija!". fksloboda.ba. 22 August 2015.
  7. ^ E.B. (11 August 2018). "Sloboda sa igra?em manje pobijedila Tuzla City u prvom tuzlanskom derbiju u historiji" (in Bosnian). Klix.ba. Retrieved 2018.
  8. ^ K.H. (31 August 2019). "FK Tuzla City pobijedio Slobodu i ostvario prvu pobjedu u historiji protiv gradskog rivala" (in Bosnian). Klix.ba. Retrieved 2019.
  9. ^ "Kup prvoliga?a i Superkup". strategija.org (in Serbian). Retrieved 2019.

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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