FK Vele%C5%BE Mostar
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FK Vele%C5%BE Mostar

Vele? Mostar
Club crest
Full nameFudbalski klub Vele? Mostar
(Vele? Mostar Football Club)
Nickname(s)Ro?eni (The Born)
Short nameVele?
Founded26 June 1922
(98 years ago)
GroundRo?eni Stadium
President?emsudin Hasi?
ManagerFe?a Dudi?
LeaguePremier League BH
2019-20Premier League BH, 8th
WebsiteClub website

Fudbalski klub Vele? Mostar (Serbo-Croatian Cyrillic: ? Be ; English: Football club Vele? Mostar) is a professional football club based in Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina. The club has a history of being one of the most successful clubs from Bosnia and Herzegovina. It was founded on 26 June 1922.[1] The club currently plays at Ro?eni Stadium (7,000 capacity), but its historic stadium is the Bijeli Brijeg (9,000 capacity). Due to the divisions between Bosniak and Croat territories, Vele? lost its previous home ground of Bijeli Brijeg. That stadium was largely used by Vele? during the glory days of the club, when they triumphed in the 1981 and 1986 Yugoslav cups. The club also reached the quarter-final stage of the 1974-75 UEFA Cup.

The club is named after a nearby mountain Vele?, which in itself is named after one of the old Slavic gods, Veles.

During the time of former Yugoslavia, Vele? was always in the Yugoslav First League and the team often ended the season in the top ten. Vele? was the most popular and most successful team from Herzegovina to play in the top Yugoslav League. The team was very popular in Herzegovina, but also had fans all over Yugoslavia, and had a mixture of fans from all three main ethnic groups.

Today, Vele? is in the Football Association of Bosnia and Herzegovina and is active in the Premier League of Bosnia and Herzegovina and regardless of the difficult and divisive political situation, still has a mixture of fans from all three main ethnic groups. The team was relegated to the First League of the Federation from the Premier League. However, Vele? was promoted to the top league of the country in 2019.

In the summer of 2005, the club's assembly returned the five-pointed red star, also known as the petokraka, to their logo. The red star has been the symbol of the club since its founding in 1922.


Vele? Mostar squad in 1939

Before World War II (1922-1941)

On 26 June 1922, in a suburb of Mostar called Sjeverni logor, Vele? Mostar were founded with the prefix R?D (Radni?ki ?portski Klub) or Workers' Sports Club. There were many suggestions for the name, however according to an urban legend the name Vele? was picked due to the nearby mountain, as there was nothing higher. Vele?'s first kits were black and white due to destitution and poverty. Vele? only started playing in red after a board member named Vaso Pucari? brought them from Zagreb. Vele?'s first derby with an older club from Mostar, Zrinjski was canceled after Zrinjski's players wanted Vele?'s players to take off the red stars from their kits and Vele? refused to do so. The club was sympathetic to worker's rights and socialism, which made it a big target from the Kingdom of Yugoslavia, who frequently harassed players and supporters.[2] Before the war there existed a league for clubs within the city: Vele?, Zrinjski, SK Vardar and the JSK (Jugoslovenski sportski klub). Vele? had won this competition twice in the 1929 and 1930 seasons. At one point during this time 3,500 people were members of Vele?.[2] On 1 September 1940 Vele? played a friendly versus a team from Podgorica called Crna Gora. After the game players and those in attendance started a protest against the Yugoslav government on the streets of Mostar. Police shot at demonstrators and in 2 days the club was banned. During the Second World War many members of Vele? joined the Yugoslav Partisans and 77 footballers from Vele? were said to have lost their lives during the war. 9 players were awarded the Order of the People's Hero award by the new socialist government, 8 of which posthumously. The only living player given the medal was former captain Mehmed Trbonja.[3]

Vele? in SFR Yugoslavia (1945-1992)

Early days in the top flight (1945-1968)

A youth work action for constructing the Bijeli Brijeg Stadium between 1947 and 1958

After the war ended, the new socialist government banned clubs that participated in football tournaments organized by the Independent State of Croatia, including Zrinjski. Vardar and JSK also disbanded, which left Vele? as the only active football club in Mostar, a city of 48,000 people by 1948. Before the war, all teams in Mostar played in Sjeverni logor, which was technically owned by JSK. The stadium was in bad shape, there was no boundary between the pitch and the stands and one newspaper outlet said it should be banned to play games in Mostar.[4] In response the city council decided to build a modern stadium for the time in the Bijeli Brijeg suburb; equipped with a training ground, locker rooms and offices for club officials. Between 1947 and 1956 construction was made possible by youth work actions, with some involvement from unions and independent firms.[5] Work stopped at various intervals due to lack of mechanization, but from June 1956 onwards resources that were necessary for completion were given and development of the stadium finished much faster. On 7 September 1958 Vele? played their first ever game at the Bijeli Brijeg stadium: a 2-1 victory versus FK ?eljezni?ar.

In the 1952-53 season for the first time ever, Vele? appeared in the top flight of any league but were relegated. Vele?'s top scorers were Vladimir Zelenika with 9 goals in 11 games and captain Haldun Hrvi? with 7 goals in 22 games. After 2 seasons in the second tier Vele? were promoted and competed in the 1955-56 Yugoslav First League where they finished seventh out of 14 teams. For the duration of the entire Yugoslav First League Vele? were never relegated again. During the early days of Vele? in the top flight, one of the most well respected players was Muhamed Muji?,[6] who played over 400 games and was joint top scorer for the 1955-56 season. Because of this he became Vele?'s first player to receive a call up to the SFR Yugoslavia national football team versus Hungary in 1956. He scored 17 goals in 32 appearances, played in Melbourne for the 1956 Olympics and in Chile for the 1962 World Cup but his career with the national team ended abruptly after a bad foul on Soviet player Eduard Dubinski, which indirectly caused Dubinski's death 7 years later.[7] The Yugoslav Football Association sent Muji? back home and he never played another international game again.

In the 1957-58 Yugoslav Cup, Vele? became the first Bosnian team to reach the final, after beating Radni?ki Beograd, RNK Split and Hajduk Split in previous rounds. In front of a crowd of 30,000 at the Stadion JNA, Vele? lost 4-0 after a lacklustre performance that served more as Rajko Miti?'s farewell game than a cup final.

Red Star4-0Vele?
Kosti? Goal 6171
Borozan Goal 68
Rudinski Goal 73
Attendance: 30,000
Referee: Emil Erlich (Ljubljana)

Sulejman Sula Rebac becomes manager (1968-1976)

The famous BMV trio (from left to right): Enver Mari?, Du?an Bajevi? and Franjo Vladi?

In 1968, former player Sulejman "Sula" Rebac who had played over 500 games for Vele? became manager. At this point, Vele? were a steady midtable-team in the first division however under the guidance of Rebac Vele? would experience a meteoric rise that culminated in reaching the UEFA cup quarterfinals. His first full season in 1968-69 saw an 8th-place finish in which the main focus was Rebac successfully utilizing Vele?'s youth team, a tradition Vele? held right up until the Bosnian War. The first players to come through the academy were goalkeeper Enver Mari? and striker Du?an Bajevi?. They and midfielder Franjo Vladi? would make up the famous BMV trio (named after the German car manufacturer) which was one of the most prolific partnerships in the history of Bosnian football. The 1969-70 saw Vele? finish third and Bajevi? joint top scorer alongside Slobodan Santra? with 20 goals each. 1970 also saw Bajevi?'s first call-up to the national team, a 1-1 draw versus Austria in which he scored on his debut. Bajevi? would go on to make 37 appearances and score 29 goals, including a hat-trick against Zaire in a 9-0 demolition during the 1974 World Cup. In the 1972-73 Vele? placed 2nd in the league, their best position yet and qualified for the UEFA cup, their first ever European competition. They were knocked out in the first round to Tatran Pre?ov.

Vele?4-1Derby County
Primorac Goal 14 (pen)
Pecelj Goal 29
Vladi? Goal 51
Bajevi? Goal 85 (pen)
Hector Goal 56

The 1973-74 season was one of Vele?'s best. In the league, Vele? were in a neck and neck race with Hajduk Split. After the 32nd and 33rd round, Hajduk and Vele? had the same number of points; with Hajduk having the better goal difference. On the final day of the season, both won their games and Hajduk won the league on account of goal difference.[8] In Europe the following season, Vele? won on away goals against Spartak Moscow in the first round and against Rapid Wien in the second round. In the third round they were faced with Derby County, who would go on to win the First Division that season. They lost 3-1 in the first leg at the Baseball Ground. Franjo Vladi? scored Vele?'s only goal that day. The second leg at the Bijeli Brijeg stadium featured a remarkable upset. Boro Primorac, another prodigy of Rebac, scored in the 14th minute with a follow up goal from Vladimir Pecelj in the 29th minute. Vladi? scored in the 51st minute and Vele? had a 4-3 lead. Kevin Hector scored for Derby in the 75th minute and the aggregate was tied at 4-4. In the 85th minute Vele? were awarded a penalty which Du?an Bajevi? scored. The game ended 5-4 on aggregate and Vele? went on to the quarterfinals. There they faced FC Twente, and lost 2-1 on aggregate. After the UEFA Cup run, Rebac resigned, while the core of the team was also leaving. Mari? left for Schalke 04 in 1976, Bajevi? left to join AEK Athens in 1977, with Vladi? following him in 1979.

Rebuilding and first trophies (1976-1992)

Vahid Halilhod?i? (pictured in 2008) is often cited as one of Vele?'s best players

With the trio that Vele? had depended upon now missing, the rest of Vele?'s squad now had a chance to shine: D?emal Had?iabdi?, his younger brother Mili, Marko ?oli?, Vladimir Pecelj, Jadranko Topi?, Bla? Sli?kovi? but none were an integral part of post-BMV Vele? more than Vahid Halilhod?i?. He scored 253 goals in 376 matches and solidified himself as one of Vele?'s best ever players. During the 1976 transfer window he was a keen transfer target for many important Yugoslav clubs including Partizan, Dinamo Zagreb and Red Star Belgrade because of his performances for the national team, but ultimately stayed at Vele?.[9] The act did not pay off as Vele? finished 11th, miles off pace compared to the clubs trying to buy Halilhod?i?. The next 2 seasons saw some improvement, finishing 7th and 5th, respectively. In the 1979-80 season, Vele? finished 8th and the manager at the time, Vuka?in Vi?njevac was sacked and replaced with Milo? Milutinovi?, famously known as Plava ?igra.

In the league Vele? finished a lowly 9th place, but their real shining moment came in the cup that season. Vele? had beaten Borac Banja Luka in the first round 3-2, and after a walkover from Sutjeska Nik?i? in the second round, advanced to the quarterfinals where they faced FK Bregalnica ?tip, a lower league side from North Macedonia, and beat them 2-0. Vele? beat Budu?nost Podgorica 2-1 in the semi-final and ensured that they would be in the cup final for the first time in 23 years. Their opponents were ?eljezni?ar Sarajevo, who had finished 14th the same season. This tie resulted in the first and only ever all-Bosnian final in the Yugoslav Cup. Halilhod?i? had signed a contract with French side FC Nantes and would leave Vele? after the final, no matter the result, but the game was praised for being one of his finest hours for Vele?. After joining Nantes he became one of their most iconic and legendary players and would go on to manage them in 2018.[10] In the cup final, the first goal came in the 36th minute after a penalty was given to ?eljezni?ar. Mehmed Ba?darevi? scored and by the end of the first half the score remained 1-0 to ?eljezni?ar. Halilhod?i? scored a brace in the space of 3 minutes and Vele? were in the lead. In the 62nd minute another penalty was called for ?eljezni?ar, which Ba?darevi? converted again. Dragan Okuka scored the winning goal with a header in the 80th minute, and Vele? won their first ever major trophy.

Halilhod?i? Goal 5558
Okuka Goal 80
Ba?darevi? Goal 36 (pen)62 (pen)
Attendance: 40,000
Referee: Vlaji? (Belgrade)

As a result of winning they were admitted into the Cup Winners' Cup, and played their first game in Europe in 6 years. They also took part in the 1980-81 Balkans Cup, which they won 12-7 on aggregate against Trakia Plovdiv, later Botev Plovdiv. In the 1981-82 Cup Winners' Cup beat Jeunesse Esch 7-2 on aggregate in the first round and faced Lokomotiv Leipzig in the second, which they lost on penalties. The 1981-82 league season saw Vele? finish 7th and Milutinovi? left for FK Partizan. Without him, Vele? struggled and finished 13th, even with the efforts of Vladimir Sko?aji? (14 goals) and Du?an Bajevi? (11 goals). Bajevi? eventually became manager in 1984. In the 1984-85 season Vele? finished 11th but the next season saw a huge improvement, with Vele? finishing 3rd, their best season since 1973-74. This was largely due to the efforts of a new golden generation including goalkeeper Vuka?in Petranovi?, defenders Nenad Bijedi? and Vladimir Matijevi?, midfielder Vladimir Sko?aji? and forwards Predrag Juri?, Sead Kajtaz and Semir Tuce.

Vele? had another good cup run in the 1985-86 Yugoslav Cup, first beating lower league ?eljezni?ar Doboj 1-5 away from home. Rad from Belgrade were beaten 2-0 but in the quarterfinals faced tough opponents Partizan. Vele? fielded an upset winning 5-3 on penalties after the game ended 1-1 in normal time. In the semi-finals Vele? faced yet another team from Belgrade, this time OFK Belgrade, which Vele? beat 3-0 at home. In the final they were faced with Dinamo Zagreb, one of the big 4 teams in Yugoslavia led by famous coach Miroslav "?iro" Bla?evi?. Nenad Bijedi? scored a penalty in the sixth minute with an additional goal in the 51st minute. Marko Mlinari? of Dinamo quickly scored in the 58th minute, but the final score was settled after Predrag Juri? scored in the 87th minute. The performance of Vele? was so good it caught the eye of the new Yugoslavia national team coach, Ivica Osim who was the manager of ?eljezni?ar during the 1981 cup final. Predrag Juri? was capped twice following the final and Semir Tuce was capped 7 times and scored 2 goals. Them and Meho Kodro, who was a youth prospect in 1986 would be the last players to play for the Yugoslavia national team while playing for Vele?.

Vele?3-1Dinamo Zagreb
Bijedi? Goal 6 (pen)51
P. Juri? Goal 87
Mlinari? Goal 58
Attendance: 40,000
Referee: Du?an ?oli? (Belgrade)

Vele? had a fantastic performance in the league that season as well, but it was marred by the final matchday. Vele? lost 2-3 to OFK Belgrade at home and it was suspected that Vele?, along with 13 other teams that day was suspected of match fixing. The claim for Vele?'s game was that Vele? had confirmed themselves a place in the UEFA Cup next season (but played in the Cup Winners' Cup instead) but OFK needed a win to stay up.[11] They were deducted 6 points the following season but come the end of the season the deduction would be overturned.

Vele? got to participate in the Cup Winners' Cup again and beat Vasas SC in the first round with a 5-4 aggregate victory but lost versus Vitosha Sofia (later Levski Sofia) with the same aggregate. In the league Vele? originally finished 3rd again however courts rejected that any matchfixing took place on the final day of the season. As charges were dropped Vele?'s 6-point deduction would be overturned and finished 2nd instead. This would be the last time Vele? finished 2nd in the top flight. They beat FC Sion of Switzerland in the first round 5-3 on aggregate in the UEFA cup first round. Their next opponent would be West German powerhouse Borussia Dortmund. Reinhard Saftig, Dortmund's coach at the time decided to watch Vele? play live before the game. The game was a 5-0 victory over Red Star Belgrade which is still regarded as a memorable victory by many Vele? fans.[12] Vele? ended up losing 2-0 away in the first leg however the second leg would be one of Vele?'s most famous victories. Meho Kodro and Predrag Juri? both scored goals, Semir Tuce missed a penalty, but Frank Mill scored for Dortmund and ended any chance of Vele? going through with 3-2 on aggregate for Dortmund and 2-1 only counting the game played at the Bijeli Brijeg Stadium.[13] For the 1988-89 season Vele? played their ever last season in a European competition (namely the UEFA Cup). They beat APOEL 6-2 on aggregate in the first round and Belenenses 4-3 on penalties after 0-0 on aggregate in the second round. In the third round they were faced with Hearts of Midlothian. They lost 3-0 in the first leg away and couldn't overturn the deficit with a 2-1 win at home, ending 15 years and 6 seasons in European competitions. In the league Vele? finished 11th, their worst position in 5 years. The 1988-89 Yugoslav Cup was also the last time Vele? would appear in a cup final. Vele? only beat lower league opposition in the previous rounds including Sileks Kratovo, HNK ?ibenik, Liria Prizren, and Rudar Ljubija (later Rudar Prijedor). In the final itself Vele? were trashed by First League opposition FK Partizan 6-1 with goals from Neboj?a Vu?i?evi?, Goran Milojevi?, Fadil Vokrri, Vladimir Vermezovi? and Zoran Batrovi?. Vele?'s sole goal came from Zijad Repak in the 65th minute.

Vu?i?evi? Goal 30 (pen)34
Milojevi? Goal 52
Vokrri Goal 55
Vermezovi? Goal 58
Batrovi? Goal 79
Repak Goal 65
Attendance: 35,000
Referee: Branko Buji? (Bar)

In 1989, Vele?'s youth team reached the final of the Yugoslav Youth Football Cup for the fourth time (after losing the final in 1969, 1977 and 1987) and won 4-1 versus FK Vardar with a team featuring Franjo D?idi?, Slaven Musa and Sergej Barbarez. This would be the only piece of silverware ever won by Vele?'s youth team.[14]

Vele? in an independent Bosnia (1992-)

Image from 2000 featuring Red Army Mostar in the away stands versus Zrinjski in the local derby

Rebuilding and instability (1992-2006)

On 15 March 1992, Vele? would play their last ever game at the Bijeli Brijeg stadium; a 2-0 win versus FK Zemun. Shortly after the game the Siege of Mostar started, rendering football a dangerous and logistically impossible task. Vele? were already on the way out of the Yugoslav First League due to Bosnia voting to leave Yugoslavia in an independence referendum at the beginning of the month, and to make matters worse due to Bosnia being independent, the ban on fascist clubs was lifted, which led to Zrinjski being refounded in 1992. After the war, a new municipality within Mostar called Jugozapad (eng. Southwest) awarded the Bijeli Brijeg stadium to Zrinjski, which would lead to controversy for the next few years.[15] Zrinjski had positioned themselves as a club specifically for Croats, which led to a large number of Vele?'s supporters abandoning them (Vele? were a multiethnic club for all of their history, including players of Bosniak, Serb and Croat origin). Vele? didn't play another game until 1994, when they were placed in the "Zenica Group" of the 1994-95 First League of Bosnia and Herzegovina, a wartime cuplike competition. Vele? lost their first game 3-0 to Slaven ?ivinice and things didn't improve, they lost their next 2 games and exited the competition along with NK ?erzelez as the only 2 teams who lost all of their games.

For the 1995-96 season which transitioned football in Bosnia to a proper league system (albeit with three leagues competing on ethnic lines) all teams needed to compete on their own stadium. After friendlies in Sjeverni logor and Jablanica Vele? chose Vrap?i?i, on the very outskirts of Mostar. The next few seasons would be rough as Vele? finished 14th in 1995-96 and 10th in 1996-97 and 1997-98. For the last season mentioned a playoff system was introduced between the Bosniak and Croat clubs where the best of each league played against each other to determine a true champion in Bosnian football. In 1998-99 Vele? pulled off a shock result by qualifying to the playoffs. To mark the occasion Vele? demanded to play at the Bijeli Brijeg stadium, however after the Office of the High Representative (OHR) rejected the appeal, Vele? and other teams boycotted the playoff for that season.[16] Vele? later qualified for the inaugural season of the Premier League of Bosnia and Herzegovina, the first post-war competition not based on ethnic lines where they finished 5th in their first season. The next season saw an 8th-place finish but the 2002-03 season saw a relegation into the second tier for the first time since 1952.

In the second tier Vele? were a strong contender for promotion, first in the 2003-04 season, however a goal in injury time for Budu?nost Banovi?i ensured that they would be promoted instead of Vele?.[17] In 2004-05 another title challenge was mounted but a 2-1 loss versus Rudar Kakanj made sure Jedinstvo Biha? would get promoted.[18] In 2005-06 Vele? were finally promoted, 14 points clear of second placed Rudar Kakanj.

Comeback, collapse and new comeback (2006-present)

The new western stand of Stadion Ro?eni, 2019

For the next few seasons Vele? would be a consistent midtable team in the Premier League with no major cup runs until the 2011-12 season, when Vele? defeated Travnik 3-2 away in the first round and faced local rivals Zrinjski in the next round. The game originally ended 1-0 to Vele? when Riad Demi? scored in the 93rd minute which resulted in a pitch invasion from Zrinjski fans. This meant the game ended 3-0 to Vele? and the Bijeli Brijeg stadium was suspended for 5 games.[19] The second leg ended 2-0 to Vele? and they would book themselves a place in the quarterfinals versus HNK Branitelj, which they won 3-1 on aggregate. As a result, Vele? appeared in the cup semi-finals for the first time since 1998. They ended up losing 2-0 on aggregate to ?iroki Brijeg and Vele?'s best cup run in 15 years was over. In the 2013-14 season Vele? finished in 5th place, 3 points away from European football, the highest since the leagues in Bosnia were reunified.

In June 2015 Vele? were bought out by president of the Bosnian political party SDP BiH, Nermin Nik?i?.[20] Things quickly turned worse as the club failed to organize friendlies, pay player's wages, repeatedly fired coaches and fans got involved in brawls with opposing players. Vele? ended the 2015-16 season in last place with only 9 points out of 30 games, which is amongst one of the worst records in any top-flight league. The Nik?i? board and subsequent emergency board was eventually replaced by a board led by ?emsudin Hasi?, director of local pharmaceutical company Hercegovinalijek.[21] That didn't mean the 2016-17 season started off easy. After 8 games Vele? had not won a single game and were in 15th place out of 16 teams. The previous coach Avdo Kalajd?i? was sacked and replaced with Ibrahim "Ibro" Rahimi?, who had previously played for and coached Vele?.[22] Vele? miraculously stayed up on the final day of the season and FK Gora?de were relegated instead of them. Between seasons the stadium "Vrap?i?i" changed their name to "Stadion Ro?eni" named after fans of Vele?.[23] For the 2017-18 season thanks to new signings such as Elmir Kuduzovi?, Hamza Me?anovi? and Minel Doljan?i? Vele? wrapped up a 3rd place spot.

For the 2018-19 season, Vele? signed many attackers like attacking midfielder Edo Vehabovi?, right winger Obren Cvijanovi? and striker Nusmir Faji?. The push to more attacking football worked as Vele? went the whole first part of the season (15 games) unbeaten and Faji? himself scored 18 goals. Things turned sour after a controversial away game versus Gora?de, where multiple refereeing errors lead to Gora?de scoring the only goal of the game and Vele? losing the unbeaten run record. Multiple former players including Velibor Pudar, Vahid Halilhod?i? and D?emal Had?iabdi? expressed support for overturning the result but the FA adopted the original scoreline and 8.0 rating for the referees (7 or lower would mean suspension).[24] Vele? overcame this and won the First League 7 points ahead of their nearest rivals Olimpik, who were at one point only 1 point behind Vele?. Vele? also finished with a record 76 points and Nusmir Faji? scored a record 28 goals in one season. Another record broken that season was the final game played between Vele? and Igman Konjic, a match that had an attendance of 7,000, one of the highest in the new stadium.[25]

Vele?'s return to the top flight was not as glamorous as anticipated as they lost their first three games to Mladost Doboj Kakanj, Zrinjski and ?elik Zenica. Ibro Rahimi? resigned and Fe?a Dudi? was chosen as the next manager. His first game featured the debut of Macedonian centre-back Kosta Manev, who was cited as one of Vele?'s best players that season.[26] Dudi?'s first game as manager was a 0-0 draw against Sloboda Tuzla and Vele? picked up its first point in the season. Vele? picked up several wins against teams like ?iroki Brijeg, ?eljezni?ar, Borac Banja Luka and Zrinjski in the rematch later that season. The season would ultimately be abandoned after 22 of the planned 33 games had been played due to the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic in Bosnia and Herzegovina.[27]

Yugoslav Cup winners and Road to Europe

FK Vele? Mostar were the only Bosnian side that appeared 4 times in the Yugoslav Cup Grand Final, having won 2; an 1981 and 1986 Yugoslav cup; and lost 2.

In the season 1974-75, Vele? reached Cup UEFA quarter finals. In the earlier rounds of the UEFA Cup, Vele? eliminated Spartak Moscow, by losing in Russia 3-1 and winning in Mostar 2-0. Vele? then eliminated Rapid Vienna, by drawing in Vienna 1-1, and winning in Mostar 1-0. Vele? then eliminated Derby County of England by beating them 3-1 in England and 4-1 in Mostar. Vele? was finally defeated in the quarter finals by Dutch team Twente by winning 1-0 in Mostar, but losing 2-0 in the Netherlands 2-0. Overall, a successful year for the Mostar Reds. Twente then went on to beat Italian giants Juventus 3-1, 1-0 to reach the UEFA Cup Finals and face Borussia Mönchengladbach (0-0, 5-1).

In the season 1987-88, Vele? once again did well in the UEFA Cup. In the first round Vele? eliminated FC Sion from Switzerland. In Mostar, Vele? came away with an easy win 5-0, while in the second leg they were beaten 0-3. In the second round Vele? drew Borussia Dortmund from Germany, in the first leg Dortmund defeated Vele? 2-0, while in the return leg Vele? won 2-1, which was not enough to go through.

In the season 1988-89, Vele? once again did well in the UEFA Cup, this time falling short of qualifying for the quarter finals. First, Vele? eliminated Apoel from Cyprus (1-0, 5-2). Then Vele? defeated FC Os. Belenense from Portugal in dramatic penalty shootouts (5-4). In the third round Vele? faced Heart of Midlothian of Edinburgh, Scotland, where Vele? was defeated 3-0 in Edinburgh, while in Mostar Vele? won 2-1, which was not enough to go through.

UEFA Team rankings

Since the late 1970s up until the Bosnian War of 1992-1995, Vele? has been consistently ranked on the UEFA Team Rankings. While the club has often reached ranks of top 100-200 teams, on some occasions the UEFA has ranked Vele? among the top 100 teams. In 1989 Vele? was ranked at the 43rd place on the UEFA Team Ranking List which also marks the highest UEFA ranking achieved by any football club from Bosnia and Herzegovina.

  • In 1988, Vele? was ranked 88th on the UEFA's Team Ranking List, ahead of clubs like Everton (ranked 100), Olympique Marseille (ranked 115), Espanyol (ranked 121), Napoli (ranked 125), Young Boys (ranked 126), Dinamo Zagreb and Borussia Dortmund (ranked 158), Aston Villa (ranked 200) and many others, as cited in the UEFA Team Ranking database for 1988.[28]
  • In 1989, Vele? was ranked 43rd on the UEFA's Team Ranking List, ahead of clubs like Hamburger SV (ranked 45), AC Milan (ranked 51), CSKA Sofia (ranked 57), Napoli (ranked 62), Dinamo Moscow (ranked 67), AS Roma (ranked 74), Real Sociedad (ranked 80), AEK Athens (ranked 105), FC Nantes (ranked 121), Manchester United (ranked 126), Tottenham Hotspur (ranked 141), Paris Saint-Germain (143), Dinamo Zagreb (195) and many others, as cited in the UEFA Team Ranking database for 1989.[29]
*The highest UEFA ranking achieved by any football club from Bosnia and Herzegovina.
  • In 1990, Vele? was ranked 51st on the UEFA's Team Ranking List, ahead of clubs like VfB Stuttgart (ranked 55), Hamburger SV (ranked 56), AS Monaco (ranked 60), AEK Athens (ranked 73), Real Sociedad (ranked 79), Levski Sofia (ranked 92), Borussia Dortmund (ranked 94), Lech Poznan (ranked 100), Paris Saint Germain (ranked 139), Dinamo Zagreb (192) and many others, as cited in the UEFA Team Ranking database for 1990.[30]
  • In 1991, Vele? was ranked 53rd on the UEFA's Team Ranking List, ahead of clubs like AS Roma (ranked 55), AS Monaco (ranked 57), Fiorentina (ranked 80), Valencia (ranked 86), Manchester United (ranked 92), Young Boys (ranked 103), Dinamo Zagreb (105), Espanyol (ranked 111), Sevilla (ranked 147), Sturm Graz (ranked 206) and many others, as cited in the UEFA Team Ranking database for 1991.[31]
  • In 1992, when the war started and when Mostar was being bombed and under siege, Vele? was even then still ranked 81st club on the UEFA's Team Ranking List, still ahead of clubs like Dinamo Moscow (ranked 85), Torino (ranked 99), Espanyol (ranked 107), Aston Villa (ranked 111), Sevilla (ranked 147) and many others, as cited in the UEFA Team Ranking database for 1992.[32]


FK Vele?'s main rival is H?K Zrinjski Mostar, the other team from Mostar. The match between the two Mostar teams is called the Mostar derby. The first match between Vele? Mostar and Zrinjski was played during the 1920s, but when Zrinjski was banned (from 1945 to 1992) for playing in the fascist league during World War II, the rivalry stopped. During Vele?'s glory days in the Yugoslav First League, they were the only major club from Mostar and were supported by all people from the city of Mostar. After the war Zrinjski was reformed, and they became a symbol of the Croatian side of Mostar (west side) and Vele? become a symbol of the Bosniak side (east side). On 1 March 2000, Zrinjski and Vele? played a friendly game, for the first time after Zrinjski was reformed. The game was played in Sarajevo and the result was a 2-2 draw. The first official league game was played on 18 August 2000 at the Bijeli Brijeg Stadium. Zrinjski won 2-0.

The rivalry is both local and ethnic. FK Vele? and their fans, called Red Army are predominantly Bosniaks, while Zrinjski and their fans called Ultras are Croats. Making the rivalry bigger is the fact that Zrinjski stadium was Vele?'s stadium during their glory days in Yugoslavia, but because of the war, Vele? was forced to move from their stadium, which was located in the western part of Mostar, and build a new stadium on the other side of the city.


Vele? supporters are famous for their loyalty and passion, and they follow their club wherever it plays. There are few groups of Vele? supporters. The most famous are Red Army Mostar and Mostarski Ro?eni.






Recent seasons

Season League Cup Top goalscorer
Division P W D L F A Pts Pos Player Goals
1994-95 First League of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Zenica Group
3 0 0 3 2 11 9 4th
1995-96 First League of Bosnia and Herzegovina 30 8 3 19 30 61 27 14th Samir ?emalovi? 9
1996-97 First League of Bosnia and Herzegovina 30 13 4 13 44 41 43 10th Adis Obad 16
1997-98 First League of Bosnia and Herzegovina 30 11 7 12 44 52 40 10th SF Adis Obad 13
1998-99 First League of Bosnia and Herzegovina 30 15 7 8 46 37 52 4th Adis Obad 11
1999-00 First League of Bosnia and Herzegovina 30 14 6 10 59 37 48 7th R16 Asmir D?afi? 25
Current format of Premier League of Bosnia and Herzegovina
2000-01 Premier League of Bosnia and Herzegovina 42 22 3 17 87 54 69 5th R16 Nedim Jusufbegovi? 18
2001-02 Premier League of Bosnia and Herzegovina 30 13 3 14 44 46 42 8th R32 Nedim Jusufbegovi? 13
2002-03 Premier League of Bosnia and Herzegovina 38 14 3 21 47 59 45 17th QF Asmir D?afi? 8
2003-04 First League of the FBiH 30 18 4 8 61 25 58 2nd R32 Elvis ?ori? 13
2004-05 First League of the FBiH 30 20 3 7 55 23 63 2nd R16 Admir Vladavi?
D?enan Zaimovi?
2005-06 First League of the FBiH 30 19 7 4 52 21 64 1st R32 Admir Velagi? 11
2006-07 Premier League of Bosnia and Herzegovina 30 12 7 11 41 42 43 9th R16 Admir Velagi? 9
2007-08 Premier League of Bosnia and Herzegovina 30 14 2 14 39 46 44 9th R16 Adis Obad 7
2008-09 Premier League of Bosnia and Herzegovina 30 11 4 15 42 45 41 12th QF Adis Obad 10
2009-10 Premier League of Bosnia and Herzegovina 30 13 4 13 42 33 43 7th R16 Adin D?afi? 13
2010-11 Premier League of Bosnia and Herzegovina 30 11 3 16 31 43 36 13th R32 ?evko Oki? 10
2011-12 Premier League of Bosnia and Herzegovina 30 8 9 13 28 35 33 11th SF Damir Rov?anin
?evko Oki?
2012-13 Premier League of Bosnia and Herzegovina 30 8 10 12 31 34 34 13th R16 Mirza ?emalovi? 8
2013-14 Premier League of Bosnia and Herzegovina 30 15 9 6 42 23 54 5th QF ?evko Oki? 10
2014-15 Premier League of Bosnia and Herzegovina 30 10 8 12 32 33 38 9th QF Alidin-Dino Hajdarovi?
Amel Hebibovi?
2015-16 Premier League of Bosnia and Herzegovina 30 1 6 23 10 55 9 16th R32 Dino ?emalovi? 2
2016-17 First League of the FBiH 30 11 10 9 39 33 43 11th R16 Brandao 8
2017-18 First League of the FBiH 30 15 10 5 49 23 55 3rd R32 Brandao 9
2018-19 First League of the FBiH 30 24 4 2 78 18 76 1st R32 Nusmir Faji? 28
2019-20[27] Premier League of Bosnia and Herzegovina 22 9 5 8 25 23 32 8th R16 Brandao 10

European record


(This summary includes matches played in the Inter-Cities Fairs Cup, which was not endorsed by UEFA and is not counted in UEFA's official European statistics.)

Competition Pld W D L GF GA Last season played
UEFA Cup 20 8 4 8 29 27 1988-89
UEFA Cup Winners' Cup 8 3 4 1 18 13 1986-87
Total 28 11 8 9 47 40 --

Pld = Matches played; W = Matches won; D = Matches drawn; L = Matches lost; GF = Goals for; GA = Goals against

By season

(Vele? score always listed first. Source:[38])

Season Competition Round Opponent Home Away Agg.
1973-74 UEFA Cup R1 Czechoslovakia Tatran Pre?ov 1-1 2-4 3-5
1974-75 UEFA Cup R1 Soviet Union Spartak Moscow 2-0 1-3 3-3 (a)
R2 Austria Rapid Wien 1-0 1-1 2-1
R3 England Derby County 4-1 1-3 5-4
QF Netherlands Twente 1-0 0-2 1-2
1981-82 Cup Winners' Cup R1 Luxembourg Jeunesse Esch 6-1 1-1 7-2
R2 East Germany 1. FC Lokomotive Leipzig 1-1 1-1 2-2 (1-4 p)
1986-87 Cup Winners' Cup R1 Hungary Vasas 3-2 2-2 5-4
R2 Bulgaria Vitosha Sofia 4-3 0-2 4-5
1987-88 UEFA Cup R1 Switzerland Sion 5-0 0-3 5-3
R2 West Germany Borussia Dortmund 2-1 0-2 2-3
1988-89 UEFA Cup R1 Cyprus APOEL 1-0 5-2 6-2
R2 Portugal Belenenses 0-0 0-0 0-0 (4-3 p)
R3 Scotland Hearts 2-1 0-3 2-4

European campaigns - Finals achievements

Player records

  • Most appearances in UEFA club competitions: 14 appearances:
  • Top scorer in UEFA club competitions: 10 goals - Semir Tuce


Current squad

As of 13 January 2021[39]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Pos. Nation Player
1 GK Bosnia and Herzegovina BIH Faris Ali?i?
3 DF Bosnia and Herzegovina BIH Slavi?a Radovi?
4 DF Bosnia and Herzegovina BIH Denis Zvoni? (Captain)
5 DF Serbia SRB Faruk Bihorac
6 MF Bosnia and Herzegovina BIH Samir Zeljkovi? (3rd captain)
7 MF Bosnia and Herzegovina BIH Omar Pr?e?
8 MF Bosnia and Herzegovina BIH Mehmed ?osi?
9 MF Bosnia and Herzegovina BIH Obren Cvijanovi?
10 MF Bosnia and Herzegovina BIH Seid Behram
11 MF Bosnia and Herzegovina BIH Haris Ov?ina
12 GK Bosnia and Herzegovina BIH Adnan Bobi? (Vice-captain)
13 GK Bosnia and Herzegovina BIH Vedran Kjosevski
18 FW Brazil BRA Brandao
19 MF Bosnia and Herzegovina BIH Melvin Osmi?
No. Pos. Nation Player
20 FW Bosnia and Herzegovina BIH D?evad Sijamija
21 MF Bosnia and Herzegovina BIH Nemanja An?u?i?
23 DF Argentina ARG Darío Ferreyra
24 MF Bosnia and Herzegovina BIH Dino Hasanovi?
27 MF Bosnia and Herzegovina BIH Nermin Alagi?
28 MF Bosnia and Herzegovina BIH Edo Vehabovi?
29 DF North Macedonia MKD Konstantin Cheshmedjiev
30 MF Bosnia and Herzegovina BIH Muharem ?ivi?
77 FW Bosnia and Herzegovina BIH Berin ?ati?
88 MF Bosnia and Herzegovina BIH Samir Radovac
89 FW Serbia SRB Fejsal Muli?
93 GK Bosnia and Herzegovina BIH Slavi?a Bogdanovi?
-- FW Bosnia and Herzegovina BIH Faris Zubanovi?

Players with multiple nationalities

Out on loan

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Pos. Nation Player
-- DF Bosnia and Herzegovina BIH Amar Alikadi? (at ?apljina)

Club officials

Coaching staff

Position Staff
Head coach Bosnia and Herzegovina Fe?a Dudi?
Assistant coach Bosnia and Herzegovina Mustafa Kodro
Assistant coach Bosnia and Herzegovina Avdo Kalajd?i?
Goalkeeping coach Bosnia and Herzegovina Nenad Melher
Fitness coach Bosnia and Herzegovina Jasmin Trnovac
Physiotherapist Bosnia and Herzegovina Adnan Rudan
Physiotherapist Bosnia and Herzegovina Adis Gosto
Physiotherapist Bosnia and Herzegovina Anel Husni?
Economist Bosnia and Herzegovina Hasan Jaki?
Doctor Bosnia and Herzegovina Adnan Konjhod?i?
Doctor Bosnia and Herzegovina Enio Kapetanovi?
Doctor Bosnia and Herzegovina Mehemed Muhovi?

Last updated: 21 December 2019

Other information

President Bosnia and Herzegovina ?emsudin Hasi?
Chairman of the Assembly Bosnia and Herzegovina Almir Taso
Chairman of the Disciplinary Board Bosnia and Herzegovina Edin Kotlo
Director Bosnia and Herzegovina D?emil ?o?e
Head coach Bosnia and Herzegovina Fe?a Dudi?
Ground (capacity and dimensions) Ro?eni Stadium (7,000 / 105x68 m)


Managerial history


The official anthem of FK Vele? Mostar is Ro?eni, Ro?eni by ?eljko Samard?i?. The text was written by Milenko Mi?o Mari?. The music was composed by Kemal Monteno. The first demo recording was done after the Marshall Tito Yugoslav Cup final in 1981 against FK ?eljezni?ar Sarajevo. For the first time, the official club anthem was played before the final of the Marshall Tito Yugoslav Cup in 1986 against GNK Dinamo Zagreb. It was also played live at the Bijeli Brijeg Stadium by ?eljko Samard?i? in 1987 before the Uefa cup game against Borussia Dortmund. The official anthem of the club's ultras group Red Army Mostar is Ili grmi il' se zemlja trese by MO Selection Band. Later, a band called Red Army Band recorded seven songs that quickly became popular among Vele? fans. Other artists did the same too, so today there are a lot of recorded songs about the red club from Mostar.


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External links

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Music Scenes