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|Fate||Acquired by M7 Aerospace|
|Subsidiaries||Fairchild Aircraft Ltd.|
Ranger Aircraft Engine Division/Fairchild Engine Division
The company was founded by Sherman Fairchild in 1924 as Fairchild Aviation Corporation, based in Farmingdale, and East Farmingdale, New York. It was established as the parent company for Fairchild's many aviation interests. The company produced the first US aircraft to include a fully enclosed cockpit and hydraulic landing gear, the Fairchild FC-1. At some point, it was also known as the Fairchild Aircraft Manufacturing Company. The Fairchild Aircraft Ltd. of Longueuil, Quebec, Canada was an aircraft manufacturer during the period of 1920 to 1950, which served as a subsidiary of the Fairchild company of the United States. The Fairchild Engine Company was formed with the purchase of the Caminez Engine Company in 1925. In 1929, Sherman Fairchild purchased a majority stock interest in Kreider-Reisner Aircraft Company of Hagerstown, Maryland. The company moved to Hagerstown in 1931.
A series of related designs beginning with the Fairchild FC-1 and continuing to the Fairchild 71 were designed for aerial photography as a result of dissatisfaction towards available aircraft which were incapable of flying steadily enough at a sufficient altitude. In 1935, Fairchild was hired by the US government to do aerial photograph surveys of the United States to track soil erosion and its effects. Their performance and carrying ability led to them becoming one of the most popular bushplanes of the era. A Fairchild 71 monoplane, the Virginia, was taken as one of three aircraft by Richard E. Byrd on his 1928-1929 expedition to the South Pole. It was used for test flights and reconnaissance.
During World War II, Fairchild produced PT-19/PT-23/PT-26 (Cornell) and AT-21 Gunner trainers, C-82 Packet transports and drones. The Fairchild AT-21 Gunner, a twin-engine trainer, was manufactured at a former rayon mill in Burlington, North Carolina. Also large numbers of the Fairchild 24 (C-61/Argus) were produced for the military (principally as the Argus for the Royal Air Force), and continued production after the war for the civilian market. Fairchild ranked 73rd among United States corporations in the value of World War II military production contracts.
The Fairchild C-119 Flying Boxcar was a US military transport aircraft developed from the World War II C-82 Packet. The C-119 could carry cargo, personnel, stretcher patients and mechanized equipment with the ability to make "paradrops" of cargo and troops. The first C-119 made its initial flight in November 1947, and by the time production ceased in 1955, more than 1,100 C-119s had been built for use in the USAF, the Royal Canadian Air Force and others. Many were converted into waterbombers after being retired from military service.
In 1949 the Hagerstown, Maryland Fairchild Engine and Airplane Corporation developed the Chase XCG-20 glider into the C-123 Provider transport which entered service in 1955. In 1954 Fairchild purchased the American Helicopter Company, incorporating it and the XH-26 Jet Jeep as a division. In 1956, the company acquired rights to the Fokker Friendship, producing 206 of the aircraft as the Fairchild F-27 and Fairchild Hiller FH-227. During the 1950s, Fairchild was a large subcontractor to Boeing for B-52 fuselage sections and wing panels. Later they would build McDonnell-Douglas F-4 Phantom II tail sections, Grumman F-14 Tomcat tails, and Space Shuttle orbiter stabilizers.
Their association with Boeing would continue into the 1980s as they built wing control surfaces for 747s and 757s. In 1964, the company purchased Hiller Aircraft, changing its name to Fairchild Hiller and producing the FH-1100, until 1973 when the helicopter division was sold back to Stanley Hiller. In 1965, the company acquired the Republic Aviation Company.
Following the death of its founder, Fairchild changed its name to Fairchild Industries in 1971. This was a merge of Fairchild-Hiller Corporation, division and subsidiaries: Fairchild Aircraft Marketing Company, Fairchild Aircraft Services Division, Fairchild Republic Division, Fairchild Space and Electronics Division, Fairchild Stratos Division, Burns Aero Seat Company, Inc., Fairchild Arms International, Ltd., Fairchild Aviation (Asia) Ltd., Fairchild Aviation (Holland) N.V., Fairchild-Germantown Development Company, Inc. and S.J. Industries, Inc. Prior to 1971 Fairchild Industries was a term used to include many of the companies of its founder Sherman Mills Fairchild.
After the name change, the company purchased Swearingen and manufactured the Fairchild Swearingen Metroliner, a successful commuter aircraft which gained orders from the US military as the C-26 Metroliner. In 1971 the company began developing the Fairchild Republic A-10 Thunderbolt II which prevailed over the rival Northrop YA-9 in the A-X competition for an eventual production run of 716 aircraft.
Aircraft production was ended in Hagerstown, Maryland in 1984.
In 2003, the assets of Fairchild were purchased by M7 Aerospace and the new company was relocated to San Antonio.
|Model name||First flight||Number built||Type|
|Fairchild FC-1||1926||1||Four passenger cabin monoplane|
|Fairchild FC-2||1926||118||Four passenger cabin monoplane|
|Fairchild 71||1926||111||Eight passenger cabin monoplane|
|Fairchild 42||1927||8||Three passenger cabin monoplane|
|Fairchild 21||1927||2||Two-seat touring low-wing monoplane|
|Fairchild KR-34||1928||>73||Two-seat biplane|
|Fairchild 100||1930||27||Nine passenger airliner|
|Fairchild 22||1931||127||Two-seat parasol monoplane|
|Fairchild 24||1932||2,232||Four passenger cabin monoplane|
|Fairchild 91||1935||4||Flying-boat airliner|
|Fairchild Model 45||1935||17||Cabin monoplane|
|Fairchild F-46||1937||1||Cabin monoplane|
|Fairchild AT-21 Gunner||1943||175||Trainer|
|Fairchild BQ-3||1944||2||Assault Drone|
|Fairchild C-82 Packet||1944||223||Military transport|
|Fairchild M-84||1945||1||Four-Five place family aircraft|
|Fairchild C-119 Flying Boxcar||1947||1,183||Military transport|
|Fairchild C-123 Provider||1949||307||Military transport|
|Fairchild XC-120 Packplane||1950||1||Military transport|
|Fairchild Hiller F-27, FH-227||1958||206||Turboprop commuter airliner|
|Fairchild VZ-5||1959||1||Experimental VTOL|
|Fairchild 228||1968||2||Regional jet airliner|
|Fairchild-Swearingen Merlin||1965||Turboprop corporate|
|Fairchild-Hiller FH-1100||1966||253||Turbine helicopter|
|Fairchild AC-119||1968||52||Ground-attack conversion of C-119|
|Fairchild Swearingen Metroliner/C-26||1968||600||Turboprop airliner|
|Fairchild AU-23 Peacemaker||1971||15||Counter-insurgency aircraft|
|Fairchild Republic A-10 Thunderbolt II||1972||716||Close air support|
|Fairchild-Dornier 328JET||1991||110||commuter jet|
|Fairchild-Dornier 428JET||2001 (plan.)||0||Cancelled regional jet|
|Fairchild-Dornier 728JET||2002 (plan.)||0||Prototype commuter jet|