Fayetteville Rifle
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Fayetteville Rifle

Fayetteville Rifled Musket
TypeRifle musket
Place of originConfederate States of America
Service history
In service1862-1865
Used byConfederate States Army
WarsAmerican Civil War
Production history
Designed1862
ManufacturerFayetteville Armory Confederate States Arsenal
Produced1862-1865
No. built31,762[1]
Specifications
Mass12 lbs (5.4 kg)
Length49.5 in (1,260 mm)

Cartridge.57 ball, percussion cap
Caliber0.58 in (15 mm)
ActionMaynard tape primer, muzzle-loaded
Effective firing range500 yd (460 m)
Maximum firing range800 yd (730 m)
SightsBlade front sight, laef-adjustable rear sight[2]

The Fayetteville Rifle was a 2 banded rifled musket of rifle length produced at the Confederate States Arsenal in Fayetteville, North Carolina. The machinery which produced these weapons was primarily that captured at the United States Arsenal at Harpers Ferry, Virginia, which was previously used to produce the US Model 1855 Rifle.

The weapon was produced in .58 caliber from early in 1862 until the capture and destruction of the arsenal by Union forces under General W. T. Sherman on March 11, 1865.

In February, 1862, the Fayetteville Observer, in describing the beginning of arms' manufacturing at the arsenal, reported:

A few days ago we were shown one of a number of rifles furnished at the C. S. Armory here. It is much the same in general appearance, as the U.S. rifle for some years made at Harper's Ferry and at Springfield, Mass.; but for certain improvements, in the matter of sword bayonet, Maynard primer, and perfection of finish in all parts, it must be pronounced very superior. The back sights are set for 800 and 500 yards. Altogether, we think it the handsomest specimen of small arms, rifle or musket, we have ever seen-reflecting the greatest credit upon all concerned with its manufacture.

The first examples were manufactured using assorted M1855 lock blanks and are mounted in iron with high and medium high lockplate humps. Later examples are mounted in brass with a graceful "S" shaped hammer. Only the very early examples are known to have a patch box.

The rifle was made both with and without a special bayonet lug which allowed the use of a sword bayonet.

The weapons are highly rare and collectible and pristine examples command prices in excess of $25,000.

References

  • Bilby, Joseph G. (2005), Civil War Firearms: Their Historical Background And Tactical Use, Da Capo Press, 252 p., ISBN 0-306-81459-5
  • Fadala, Sam (2006), The Complete Blackpowder Handbook: The Latest Guns and Gear, Gun Digest, 446 p., ISBN 0-89689-390-1
  • Katcher, Philip, Katcher, Philip R. N. (1986), American Civil War Armies vol. 1, Osprey Publishing, 48 p., ISBN 0-85045-679-7

Notes

  1. ^ p. 38, American Civil War Armies
  2. ^ p. 298, The Complete Blackpowder Handbook: The Latest Guns and Gear

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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