|Founded||1985 as RPS; Merged with Federal Express in 1998, rebranded as FedEx Ground in 2000|
|Headquarters||Moon Township, Pennsylvania|
|Henry Maier, President and CEO|
|Revenue||US$9.6 billion (FY2012)|
Number of employees
|More than 65,000 employees and independent contractors (June 2010)|
FedEx Ground is a package shipping company that is a subsidiary of the FedEx Corporation. It is headquartered in Moon Township, Pennsylvania, a suburb of Pittsburgh. It was originally founded as Roadway Package System (RPS) as a lower cost competitor to UPS and took advantage of new barcode, material handling, and computer technologies.
After beginning service on March 11, 1985, RPS grew, expanding service from its initial coverage of the Mid-Atlantic states, so much so that it eventually became the largest subsidiary of its parent company, Akron-based Roadway Services. By 1996, RPS had achieved 100% coverage of the US and Canada. By this time, parent company Roadway Services had been reformed as a new holding company called Caliber System, Inc.
In 1997, Fred Smith, founder of FedEx , contacted Dan Sullivan, co-founder of RPS and now president of Caliber System, about merging the two companies. The acquisition of Caliber System was finalized in January 1998.
In 2000, FedEx merged the Caliber System operating companies into the FedEx organization with, Roberts Express becoming FedEx Custom Critical and RPS becoming FedEx Ground. Viking Freight, which initially operated under its original name, was re-branded FedEx Freight in 2001.
FedEx Ground now provides 1-5 day delivery of small packages to 50 US states and Canada. Ground delivered to Puerto Rico; this service was discontinued in 2009. The subsidiary also offers a specialty service known as FedEx Home Delivery which, coupled with Ground, serves all home addresses in the US.
FedEx purchased the parcel consolidator Parcel Direct in September 2004 from Quad Graphics. This FedEx Ground subsidiary was re-branded as FedEx SmartPost in October 2004. FedEx SmartPost used FedEx for the long distance transportation and used the US Postal Service for final delivery to residences until 2020. As of 2020, all FedEx smartpost packages are handled the same as FedEx ground and home delivery packages and the United States Postal Service is no longer utilized. 
Pickups are completed by two different groups within FedEx Ground-based on expected volume:
The resulting service is less expensive than FedEx Ground but generally takes two to four days longer. It includes tracking information but doesn't have a guarantee of service.