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Fenerbah%C3%A7e SK

Fenerbahçe SK
Fenerbahçe.svg
Full nameFenerbahçe Spor Kulübü
(Fenerbahçe Sports Club)
NicknamesSar? Kanaryalar (The Yellow Canaries)
Sar? Lacivertliler (The Yellow-Navy Blues)
Efsane (The Legend)
Fener (The Light)
Short nameFB
SchoolFenerbahçe University
Founded3 May 1907; 113 years ago (1907-05-03) [a] as Fenerbahçe Football Club
AssociationTurkish Football Federation
LeagueSüper Lig
Based inIstanbul,Turkey
StadiumFenerbahçe ?ükrü Saraco?lu Sports Complex
Colors    Yellow and Navy blue
AnthemYa?a Fenerbahçe (Viva Fenerbahçe)
OwnerFenerbahçe S.A.
PresidentAli Koç
SecretaryBurak K?z?lhan[1]
ChampionshipsOfficially 19
28 claimed by Fenerbahçe[2] (Championships of the pre-1959 period, which were given to Be?ikta? and Galatasaray, but not Fenerbahçe)[3]
TitlesIntercontinental titles: 1
European titles: 7
Balkan titles: 4
MascotYellow Canary
WebsiteFenerbahçe S.K.

Fenerbahçe Spor Kulübü (Turkish pronunciation: [fe'næ?baht?e], meaning Fenerbahçe Sports Club), commonly known as Fenerbahçe, are a major Turkish multi-sport club based in the Kad?köy district of Istanbul, Turkey.

Fenerbahçe are parent to a number of different competitive departments including football, basketball, volleyball, table tennis, athletics, swimming, sailing, boxing, rowing, and eSports, which have won numerous European and domestic titles over the club's history.

Fenerbahçe are one of the oldest and most successful multi-sport clubs in Turkey, having won as much as 12 international titles, including 7 major European titles, 1 World Championship and 4 regional Balkan titles in five sports (Football, Basketball, Volleyball, Table Tennis, Tennis).[4] They have won European titles with four of their sports departments (Fenerbahçe Men's Basketball, Fenerbahçe Men's Volleyball, Fenerbahçe Women's Volleyball, Fenerbahçe Women's Table Tennis), being one of two sports clubs in Turkey and one of a few in Europe to have achieved this rare feat.[4]

The football department is the most notable one of the club and has won a total of 64 domestic trophies, including a record 28 Turkish championship titles (19 Turkish Super League, 6 National Division, and 3 Turkish Football Championship titles), among others.[5][6][7] The club are also leading the all-time table of the Turkish Super League. In international club football, Fenerbahçe have won the Balkans Cup in 1968, the first international trophy won by a Turkish football team.

The men's basketball team are one of the most successful in Turkey and are the only team in Turkish basketball history to have won the EuroLeague. They became European Champions in the 2016-17 season and runners-up in 2015-16 and 2017-18.[8] The club have played in five consecutive EuroLeague Final Fours (2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019) so far, which is also a Turkish record.

In volleyball, Fenerbahçe became the first Turkish club ever to be crowned World Champions in an Olympic team sport, by winning the FIVB Volleyball Women's Club World Championship undefeated in 2010.[9] They also were crowned European Champions by winning the CEV Champions League in the 2011-12 season, having reached the final before in 2010.[10] Furthermore, they won the CEV Cup in 2014. The men's volleyball team won the CEV Challenge Cup, also in the 2013-14 season, thus writing volleyball history as the women's team won another continental title, the aforementioned CEV Cup, the very same day.[11][12][13] By achieving this unparalleled feat, Fenerbahçe became the only sports club in Turkey and one of few in Europe with European titles won in both the men's and women's volleyball departments. They also became Balkan Champions in 2009 and 2013.

The table tennis department of Fenerbahçe are the best in Turkey and one of the best in Europe, with the women's team having won the ETTU Cup two times in a row, in the 2011-12 and 2012-13 seasons, which is a Turkish record.[14][15] They became the only Turkish team that played in a European Champions League Final, and they won the Champions League title in 2015 undefeated, thus achieving the only Triple Crown ever for a Turkish table tennis team.[16][17] The men's team reached the final of the ETTU Cup in 2008, which is the best result for any Turkish team to date.

The former tennis team won the Balkan Championship in 1932.[4]

Fenerbahçe are one of the most supported Turkish clubs with millions of fans inside Turkey and millions of others in the Turkish, Azerbaijani and other Muslim communities all over the world[18] along with also some of the minorities in Turkey, such as Circassians and Kurds. The club has 309,026 paid members as of 16 September 2012.[19]

History

Foundation and early history

Two of the founders of Fenerbahçe, Ziya Songülen and Ayetullah Bey
A formation of Fenerbahçe in 1908

Fenerbahçe was founded as a football club in 1907 in Istanbul, Ottoman Empire, by Ziya Songülen (then Nurizade Ziya Bey), Ayetullah Bey and Necip Okaner (then Enver Necip Bey). This group of individuals founded the club secretly in order to keep a low profile and not get into any trouble with the strict Ottoman rule. So strict that the Sultan, Abdul Hamid II, forbade the Turkish youth to set up a club or engage in the game of football played by the English families that was watched in envy. The club's name comes from Fenerbahçe, a neighbourhood in Istanbul. The name literally means "lighthouse garden" in Turkish (from fener, meaning "lighthouse", and bahçe, meaning "garden"), referring to a historic lighthouse located at Fenerbahçe Cape.

Ziya Songülen was elected the first President of the club, Ayetullah Bey became the first General Secretary, and Enver Necip Okaner was given the post of the General Captain.[20] The lighthouse situated on the Fenerbahçe Cape was a big influence on the design of the club's first crest, which sported the yellow and white colors of daffodils around the lighthouse. The kits were also designed with yellow and white stripes.[20] The crest and the colors of the club were changed in 1910 when Hikmet Topuzer redesigned the badge and Ziya Songülen changed the colors to yellow and navy, from then on the iconic colors of the club. Fenerbahçe's activities were kept in secrecy until a legislation reform in 1908, when, under a new law, all football clubs had to register to exist legally.[20]

Former crest of Fenerbahçe (1907-1928)

Fenerbahçe joined the Istanbul League in 1909, finishing fifth in their first year. The founding line-up included Ziya Songülen, Ayetullah Bey, Necip Okaner, Galip Kulaks?zo?lu, Hassan Sami Kocamemi, Asaf Be?p?nar, Enver Yetiker, ?evkati Hulusi Bey, Fuat Hüsnü Kayacan, Hamit Hüsnü Kayacan, and Nasuhi Baydar.[21] Fenerbahçe played against the staff of the Royal Navy that occupied Istanbul during the Turkish War of Independence. Some British soldiers formed football teams that were named after the players' speciality, for example Essex Engineers, Irish Guards, Grenadiers, and Artillery. These teams played against each other and against local football teams in Istanbul. Fenerbahçe won many of these matches.[22]

The Turkish Football Federation founded a professional nationwide league in 1959, which continues today under the name of the Süper Lig. Fenerbahçe won the first tournament, beating Galatasaray 4-1 on aggregate.[23] The next year, Fenerbahçe participated in the UEFA European Cup for the first time. They qualified through a 4-3 win over Csepel SC. They lost their first-round game to OGC Nice 1-5 in a playoff game after drawing on aggregate.[24] They were also runners-up three times.[25][26]

In the 1966-67 Balkans Cup (a competition set up for Eastern European clubs from Albania, Bulgaria, Greece, Romania, Turkey, and Yugoslavia that existed between the 1960-61 and 1993-94 seasons), Fenerbahçe won the cup after three matches against Greek club AEK Athens, making them the first Turkish club to win a non-domestic competition. This success would remain unparalleled by a Turkish club until Sar?yer and Samsunspor won the cup many years later in the 1990s, when the competition lost much of its original popularity.[27]

Later years

The 1970s saw Fenerbahçe win four more league titles. Fenerbahçe won three titles in the 1980s, while the rivals Galatasaray and Be?ikta? dominated the Turkish League during the 1990s, combining to win nine out of 10 league titles. Fenerbahçe's only Turkish League success during the 1990s came in the 1995-1996 season under Carlos Alberto Parreira.[25][26] Fenerbahçe won the league title in 2001, denying Galatasaray a fifth consecutive title. They followed up the next season with a runners-up place behind Galatasaray with new coach Werner Lorant.

The next season, however, did not go so well as Fenerbahçe finished in sixth place with Ariel Ortega in the squad.[28] Despite this, that season is memorable to many Fenerbahçe fans due to a historical 6-0 win against archrivals Galatasaray in ?ükrü Saraco?lu Stadium on 6 November 2002.[29] After firing Werner Lorant, they hired another German coach, Christoph Daum. Daum had previously coached in Turkey, winning the league with Be?ikta? in 1994-95. Fenerbahçe brought in players including Pierre van Hooijdonk, Mehmet Aurélio, and Fabio Luciano as a rebuilding process. These new players lead Fenerbahçe to their fifteenth title and third star (one being awarded for every five league titles won by a club).[30]

The next year was followed up by a narrow championship over Trabzonspor, winning the then record of sixteen Turkish First Football League championships.[31] Fenerbahçe lost the title in the last week of the 2005-06 season to Galatasaray. Fenerbahçe needed a win, but instead drew 1-1 with Denizlispor while Galatasaray won 3-0 over Kayserispor. Soon after, Christoph Daum stepped down as manager,[32] and was replaced by Zico on 4 July 2006.[33][34] Zico began his reign by signing two new defenders, highly touted Uruguayan international Diego Lugano, and fellow Brazilian Edu Dracena.[35] Zico also signed two strikers, Serbian international Mateja Ke?man, and another Brazilian, Deivid.[36]

Fenerbahçe's 2006-07 domestic season started off with a 6-0 win over relegation candidates Kayseri Erciyesspor.[37] In the 32nd week of the Süper Lig, Fenerbahçe drew Trabzonspor 2-2, while Be?ikta? lost to Bursaspor 0-3, putting the former out of contention for the title.[38] Fenerbahçe won their seventeenth Süper Lig title in 2006-07, the most in Turkey.[39]

2007-2016

On 11 January 2007, Fenerbahçe were officially invited to G-14.[40] G-14 was an association which consists of top European clubs. Fenerbahçe are the only Turkish club that have been invited to this association. In March 2008, Fenerbahçe's record application was accepted by Guinness World Records Management, which envisages Fenerbahçe to have the highest number of medal and trophy achievements on the planet with its 9 departments entirely, a total of 1134 cups and medals.[41] In the 1996-97 season of the UEFA Champions League Fenerbahçe completed the group stage with seven points[42] and, among others, beat Manchester United 1-0 in Old Trafford undoing the record of the English giants being unbeaten for 40 years in their homeground. Under Zico's command, Fenerbahçe qualified from the UEFA Champions League 2007-08 group stage for the first time in the club's history and went on to beat Sevilla to become a quarter-finalist in the 2007-08 season. So far, Zico is also the most successful manager of the team's history in the European arena. After successful scores both in local league of Turkey and international matches, Zico gained a new nickname from Fenerbahçe fans: Kral Arthur (meaning "King Arthur" in Turkish). Since 2000, Fenerbahçe improved the club's finances and facilities, bringing world stars to the club such as Haim Revivo, Ariel Ortega, Serhiy Rebrov, Pierre van Hooijdonk, Alex de Souza, Stephen Appiah, Nicolas Anelka and lately Mateja Ke?man, Roberto Carlos, and Dani Güiza. Fenerbahçe's 2009-10 season ended in shock as they lost the title on the last day. The Fenerbahçe players were told a draw would be enough towards the end of the match only to find out that other games went against their favour as Bursaspor beat Be?ikta? 2-1 to get the title. Despite the title loss, Fenerbahçe ended the season with the highest number of clean sheets (10), as well as the joint longest winning streak (8).[43] In July 2011, Fenerbahçe fans invaded the pitch during a friendly against the Ukrainian champions Shakhtar Donetsk. As punishment, Fenerbahçe was sentenced to two Turkish league games in empty stadia. The TFF later allowed those two games to be filled with spectators; the men were barred while women and children under twelve were admitted for free.[44] On 29 October 2012, Antalyaspor ends Fenerbahçe's 47-match unbeaten run in the Süper Lig at ?ükrü Saraco?lu Stadium in Kad?köy had to come to an end some day with score 1-3. Fenerbahçe had not lost a single match at home in Kad?köy ever since they were beaten 2-3 by eventual champion Bursaspor in week 22, on 22 February 2010. Fenerbahçe won 38 and drew nine in the 47 matches they played within 980 days since 22 February 2010.[45] On 3 November 2012, Fenerbahçe peck Akhisar Belediyespor to break 181-day away jinx.[46] On 2 May 2013, Fenerbahçe was eliminated by Benfica with an aggregate score of 3-2 in the 2012-13 Europa League semi-finals, and is considered to be the greatest success in Fenerbahçe's history to make it to the semi-finals in UEFA competitions.[47] On 28 June 2013, Ersun Yanal has agreed to take charge of Fenerbahçe, replacing Aykut Kocaman who resigned at the end of May, the club said on Friday.[48][49] Ersun Yanal's appointment coincides with tough times for Fenerbahçe, who have been banned from European competition for two seasons over their involvement in a domestic sports corruption scandal. Fenerbahçe, who finished second in the Süper Lig last season, will miss out on next season's Champions League which they had been due to enter in the third qualifying round.

In 2016 the club has once again entered Europe wide competition, as it is engaged in the UEFA Europa League competition.

Club crest and colours

Since the club's foundation, Fenerbahçe has used the same badge, which has only undergone minor alterations.

It was designed by Hikmet Topuzer, nicknamed Topuz Hikmet, who played as left winger, in 1910, and had made as lapel pins by Tevfik Haccar Ta?ç? (then Tevfik Haccar) in London. The crest consists of five colours. The white section which includes the writing Fenerbahçe Spor Kulübü ? 1907 ? represents purity and open-heartedness, the red section represents love and attachment to the club and symbolises the Turkish flag. The yellow section symbolises other ones' envy and jealousy about Fenerbahçe, while the navy symbolises nobility. The oak leaf which rises from the navy and yellow section shows the force and the power of being a member of Fenerbahçe. The green colour of the leaf shows the success of Fenerbahçe is imperative.[50]Hikmet Topuzer describes the story of the emblem as below:

After the change of the club's colours from yellow and white to yellow and navy, it was an issue to create an emblem with our new colours. My friends left the design of this emblem to me. Firstly, I brought together the colours of our national flag, red and white. Then drew a heart shape over the red and gave it a yellow and navy colour, adding an acorn leaf that represents resistance, power and strength. I wrote the club name and foundation date on the white section. When drawing our emblem, I tried to give this meaning: Serving the club with dependence from heart. The design was favored by my friends and our new emblem was made through the guidance of Tevfik Haccar, who was in Germany at time. After the new alphabet was approved, the design was protected, but the club name on the emblem was changed to Fenerbahçe Spor Kulübü ? 1907 ?.[50]

European and Worldwide honours

Sport Competition Result Year
Tennis 1932 Balkan Championship Winners 1932
Football 1966-67 Balkans Cup Winners 1968
Boxing 1999 European Champions Cup Runners-up 1999
Women's Basketball 2004-05 EuroCup Women Runners-up 2004-05
Men's Table Tennis 2007-08 ETTU Cup Runners-up 2007-08
Men's Volleyball 2009 Balkan Cup Winners 2009
Women's Volleyball 2009-10 CEV Women's Champions League Runners-up 2009-10
Women's Volleyball 2010 FIVB Volleyball Women's Club World Championship Winners 2010
Women's Volleyball 2011-12 CEV Women's Champions League Winners 2011-12
Women's Table Tennis 2011-12 ETTU Cup Winners 2011-12
Women's Table Tennis 2012-13 ETTU Cup Winners 2012-13
Women's Volleyball 2012-13 Women's CEV Cup Runners-up 2012-13
Women's Basketball 2012-13 EuroLeague Women Runners-up 2012-13
Women's Basketball 2013-14 EuroLeague Women Runners-up 2013-14
Men's Volleyball 2013 Balkan Cup Winners 2013
Men's Volleyball 2013-14 CEV Challenge Cup Winners 2013-14
Women's Volleyball 2013-14 Women's CEV Cup Winners 2013-14
Women's Table Tennis 2013-14 European Champions League Runners-up 2013-14
Women's Table Tennis 2014-15 European Champions League Winners 2014-15
Women's Athletics 2015 European Champion Clubs Cup Runners-up 2015
Men's Basketball 2015-16 Euroleague Runners-up 2015-16
Women's Basketball 2016-17 EuroLeague Women Runners-up 2016-17
Men's Basketball 2016-17 EuroLeague Winners 2016-17
Men's Basketball 2017-18 EuroLeague Runners-up 2017-18
Men's Athletics 2019 European Champion Clubs Cup Runners-up 2019

Active departments

Fenerbahçe Football

The club were founded as a football club in 1907, hence the men's football department are the first and oldest of the club. They have won a record 28 Turkish championship titles over the course of their history, including 19 Super League titles, 6 National Division titles, and 3 former Turkish Football Championship titles.[6][5] Fenerbahçe have also won the Balkans Cup in 1968, which is marked as the first ever international trophy won by a Turkish football club.

National Championships - 28 (record)

Winners (19): 1959, 1960-61, 1963-64, 1964-65, 1967-68, 1969-70, 1973-74, 1974-75, 1977-78, 1982-83, 1984-85, 1988-89, 1995-96, 2000-01, 2003-04, 2004-05, 2006-07, 2010-11, 2013-14
Winners (6) (record): 1937, 1940, 1943, 1945, 1946, 1950
Winners (3) (record): 1933, 1935, 1944

National Cups - 25

Winners (6): 1967-68, 1973-74, 1978-79, 1982-83, 2011-12, 2012-13
Winners (9): 1968, 1973, 1975, 1984, 1985, 1990, 2007, 2009, 2014
Winners (2) (record): 1964, 1998
Winners (8) (record): 1945, 1946, 1950, 1973, 1980, 1989, 1993, 1998

European competitions

Winners (1): 1966-67

Fenerbahçe Men's Basketball

Initially founded in 1913, the men's basketball department could not persist due to the Balkan Wars and WWI. Eventually, under the initiative of Muhtar Sencer and Cem Atabeyo?lu, they were founded in their current permanent form in 1944. Fenerbahçe became one of the most successful clubs in Turkish basketball history and the most successful Turkish club in European competitions, having won the EuroLeague as the first and only Turkish team so far, as well as 12 Turkish Championships, 7 Turkish Cups, and 7 Turkish Super Cups, among others. They have also played in five consecutive EuroLeague Final Fours (2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019) so far, a record in Turkish basketball.

European competitions

Winners (1) (Turkish record): 2016-17

National Championships - 12

Winners (9): 1990-91, 2006-07, 2007-08, 2009-10, 2010-11, 2013-14, 2015-16, 2016-17, 2017-18
Winners (3): 1957, 1959, 1965

National Cups - 19

Winners (7): 1966-67, 2009-10, 2010-11, 2012-13, 2016, 2019, 2020
Winners (7): 1990, 1991, 1994, 2007, 2013, 2016, 2017
  • Turkish Federation Cup
Winners (5): 1954, 1958, 1959, 1960, 1961

Fenerbahçe Women's Basketball

In 1954, Fenerbahçe founded the first women's basketball team in Turkey. They became the most successful in Turkey, alongside archrivals Galatasaray, and achieved considerable success in European competitions. They became EuroLeague runners-up on three occasions, in the 2012-13, 2013-14, and 2016-17 seasons, and reached the third place once in 2016. They also became fourth in the 2011-12 and 2014-15 seasons. Furthermore, Fenerbahçe became runners-up in the EuroCup in 2005. Overall, they played in four major European finals and managed to be among the best four European clubs six times.

Domestically, Fenerbahçe won 17 Turkish championship titles (3 in the former Turkish Women's Basketball Championship and 14 in the Turkish Women's League), 12 Turkish Cups, and 11 Turkish Super Cups, all of them records, among others.

National Championships - 17 (record)

Winners (14) (record): 1998-99, 2001-02, 2003-04, 2005-06, 2006-07, 2007-08, 2008-09, 2009-10, 2010-11, 2011-12, 2012-13, 2015-16, 2017-18, 2018-19
Winners (3): 1956, 1957, 1958

National Cups - 25 (record)

Winners (13) (record): 1998-99, 1999-00, 2000-01, 2003-04, 2004-05, 2005-06, 2006-07, 2007-08, 2008-09, 2014-15, 2015-16, 2019, 2020
Winners (12) (record): 1999, 2000, 2001, 2004, 2005, 2007, 2010, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2019

Fenerbahçe Men's Volleyball

Founded in 1927, they are one of the most successful volleyball teams in Turkey, having won five Turkish Volleyball League titles, four Turkish Cups and three Turkish Super Cups, among others. In Europe, Fenerbahçe have won two Balkan Cups and the CEV Challenge Cup in the 2013-14 season.[11][13]

European competitions

Winners (1) (shared Turkish record): 2013-14
Winners (2) (shared-record): 2009, 2013

National Championships - 5

Winners (5): 2007-08, 2009-10, 2010-11, 2011-12, 2018-19

National Cups - 9

Winners (4): 2007-08, 2011-12, 2016-17, 2018-19
Winners (3): 2011, 2012, 2017
  • Turkish Federation Cup
Winners (2): 1962, 1966

Fenerbahçe Women's Volleyball

Founded in 1928 by Sabiha Gürayman who also became captain of the team, the women's volleyball department of Fenerbahçe was the first in Turkey and was closed the same year due to a lack of opponents.[51] As a young woman, Sabiha Gürayman also played for the club's men's volleyball team, being the first female athlete to play in a men's team in Turkish sports history.[52][53] Refounded in their current form in 1954, they became one of the best volleyball teams in Turkey and in the world. They were crowned World Champions by winning the FIVB Volleyball Women's Club World Championship undefeated in 2010, thus achieving the first Intercontinental Quadruple ever in Turkish volleyball history, after having won the Turkish League, Turkish Cup, and the Turkish Super Cup in 2010.[9] Fenerbahçe became the first Turkish team to claim a World Championship title. After being runners-up in the European Champions League in 2010, Fenerbahçe were eventually crowned European Champions in the 2011-12 season after defeating French powerhouse RC Cannes in three straight sets (25-14, 25-22, and 25-20) in the final game.[10] The club also reached the third place of the Champions League twice, in the 2010-11 and 2015-16 seasons.

Fenerbahçe also won the CEV Cup by defeating Russia's Uralochka-NTMK Ekaterinburg 3-0 (25-11, 28-26, 25-22) in the 2014 finals in front of their passionate home crowd, thus writing volleyball history as the men's team won another continental title, the CEV Challenge Cup, the very same day.[11][12] By achieving this unparalleled feat, Fenerbahçe became the first and only sports club in Turkey and one of a few in Europe with European titles won in both the men's and women's volleyball departments.

Domestically, the club has won 13 Turkish Championships, 3 Turkish Cups and a record 3 Turkish Super Cups, among others.

International competitions

Winners (1): 2010
Winners (1): 2011-12
Winners (1): 2013-14

National Championships - 13

Winners (5): 2008-09, 2009-10, 2010-11, 2014-15, 2016-17
Winners (8): 1956, 1957, 1958, 1959, 1960, 1968, 1969, 1972

National Cups - 8

Winners (3): 2009-10, 2014-15, 2016-17
Winners (3) (shared-record): 2009, 2010, 2015
  • Turkish Federation Cup
Winners (2): 1960, 1977

Fenerbahçe Men's Table Tennis

Founded in 1928, the table tennis department of Fenerbahçe became the most successful in Turkey. The men's team won the Turkish Super League 4 times, the Turkish Cup a record 11 times and the Istanbul Championship a record 23 times. They also reached the final of the ETTU Cup in 2008, which is the best result for any Turkish team so far.

  • Turkish Championship
Winners (4): 2006-07, 2007-08, 2008-09, 2015-16
  • Turkish Cup
Winners (11) (shared-record): 1964, 1968, 1970, 1972, 1979, 1983, 2005-06, 2006-07, 2008-09, 2011-12, 2014-15
  • Istanbul Championship
Winners (23) (record): 1930, 1948, 1949, 1950, 1951, 1952, 1953, 1962, 1963, 1964, 1965, 1968, 1969, 1970, 1973, 1978, 1979, 1981, 1982, 1983, 1984, 1985, 2002.

Fenerbahçe Women's Table Tennis

The women's team is the most successful in Turkey and one of the most successful in Europe, having won the Turkish Championship a record 12 times, the Turkish Cup a record 13 times, the ETTU Cup 2 times in a row in 2012 and 2013, and the European Champions League as the first and only Turkish club in the 2014-15 season.

Winners (1) (Turkish record): 2014-15[54]
Winners (2) (Turkish record): 2011-12, 2012-13
  • Turkish Championship
Winners (12) (record): 1998-99, 1999-00, 2000-01, 2001-02, 2007-08, 2009-10, 2010-11, 2011-12, 2012-13, 2013-14, 2014-15, 2015-16
  • Turkish Cup
Winners (13) (record): 1968, 1998-99, 1999-00, 2000-01, 2001-02, 2006-07, 2007-08, 2008-09, 2010-11, 2011-12, 2012-13, 2013-14, 2014-15
  • Istanbul Championship
Winners (11): 1964, 1965, 1966, 1967, 1968, 1970, 1976, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002.

Fenerbahçe Athletics

Founded in 1918.

Fenerbahçe Boxing

Founded in 1914.

Fenerbahçe Rowing

Founded in 1914.

Fenerbahçe Sailing

Founded in 1910.

Fenerbahçe Swimming

Founded in 1913.

Fenerbahçe eSports

Founded in 2016.

Facilities

Stadia

The football team of Fenerbahçe play their home games at the ?ükrü Saraco?lu Stadium (simply known as Kad?köy or Mabet ("shrine" in Turkish) among supporters)[55] in K?z?ltoprak, Kad?köy, Istanbul. The stadium was opened in 1908 and most recently renovated between 1999 and 2006. Its seating capacity is 50,509.[56] The stadium does not have a running track around the pitch, which is unusual for a typical Turkish stadium.

The Ülker Sports Arena is a multi-purpose indoor arena in Ata?ehir, Istanbul, with a capacity of 13,800 seats. The arena completed and opened in January 2012 after over two years of construction. Fenerbahçe's basketball team play their home games at the Ülker Sports Arena.

Training Facilities

The Can Bartu Training Facilities are a training complex located in Samand?ra, Sancaktepe, Istanbul. The construction for this training complex began in 1997 during former president Ali ?en's presidency. The construction was completed in 2000. The football department of Fenerbahçe use the facilities.

The Lefter Küçükandonyadis Training Facilities are a large complex located at Derea?z?, Kad?köy, Istanbul. Re-opened in 1989 and renovated in 1998. Fenerbahçe's A2, U18, U17, U16, U15, and U14 teams play their home games in the complex. The facilities also serve the basketball departments, volleyball departments, athletics departments, boxing departments, rowing department, and the sailing department.

The Topuk Yaylas? Facilities are a training complex near a forest and a lake, located in the Topuk Plateau in Kayna?l?, Düzce Province. The construction began in 2010 and was completed in 2011. All departments of the club use the complex for their pre-season trainings.

The Türk Telekom Ankara Facilities are a complex located in ?ncek in the suburbs of Ankara. The complex hosts Fenerbahçe's all departments that visit Ankara or a nearby locality for their games as well as other clubs.

The Samim Göreç Basketball Hall is a basketball hall with a training facility, located in the Lefter Küçükandonyadis Training Facilities in Derea?z?. First opened in 1982 and refurbished on 24 February 2001. The men's basketball and women's basketball departments of Fenerbahçe use the hall and the training facility for their trainings.

The Muhtar Sencer Volleyball Hall is a volleyball hall located in the Lefter Küçükandonyadis Training Facilities in Derea?z?. Fenerbahçe's men's volleyball and women's volleyball teams use the hall for their trainings.

The Vefa Küçük Swimming Pool is a semi-Olympic-sized swimming pool on the Fenerbahçe Isle. The pool was built by the former vice president Vefa Küçük and opened on 16 July 1999, and serves the swimming department.

There is also an Olympic-sized Swimming Pool located on the Fenerbahçe Isle, which was opened in 2004. The pool is also used by the swimming department of the club.

The Fikirtepe Facilities are located in Fikirtepe, Kad?köy. They opened on 1 July 1998 and serve the development of the youth football departments.

Other facilities

The club's headquarters were initially located on the Fenerbahçe Isle near to the stadium. In 2006, the headquarters moved into the stadium to gather all the sections under one roof.

The Faruk Ilgaz Social Facilities are a social complex with an indoor hall, a restaurant, a patisserie, and an olympic swimming pool, located next to the club's headquarters. They were initially opened on 15 May 1969 but rebuilt during the presidency of former president Aziz Y?ld?r?m as a modern complex and re-opened on 21 January 2004.

The Fenerbahçe Guesthouse is an inn with a capacity of 60 guests. The inn also hosts new transfers. The Todori Facility is a restaurant owned and operated by the club, located in Kalam, Kad?köy. The Entertainment and Recreation Center is located in the Faruk Ilgaz Social Facilities. The swimming pool is located in the Lefter Küçükandonyadis Training Facilities and hosts the club members and their families.

Fenerbahçe Museum

Fenerbahçe Museum (Turkish: Fenerbahçe Müzesi) is devoted to the history of the club. Founded in 1908 by Ali R?za Bey, the museum is housed in the ?ükrü Saraco?lu Stadium. Many of the trophies won by the club are on display there. There are 426 trophies on exhibition out of approximately 3.000 trophies won.[57]

Fenerbahçe TV

Fenerbahçe TV (FB TV) is the first television channel of a sports club in Turkey.[58] The channel launched in 2004 over satellite (Free-To-Air on Turksat 3A located 42° East, 11957 V 27500 5/6), D-Smart 82. Canal satellite network services and cable service.[59]

Fenerbahçe Radio

Radyo Fenerbahçe
CityTurkey Istanbul
Broadcast areaTurkey Turkey
Europe European Union
Frequency97.0 Istanbul
97.0 Ankara
97.0 Bursa
97.0 Adapazar?
99.2 Tekirda?
101.0 Bal?kesir
102.4 Çanakkale
Programming
FormatMusic radio
Ownership
OwnerFenerbahçe SK
History
Former names
Fenerbahçe FM
Links
Webcasthttp://www.fenerbahce.org/radyo-fenerbahce.html

FB Radyo[60] is a nationwide FM radio network broadcasting from Istanbul. It is the first sports club radio station in Turkey. Broadcasting Pop Music in Turkish and other languages, FB Radyo can be listened to via terrestrial broadcast, Free-To-Air on Turksat 3A Satellite (located 42° East, 11804 V 24444 5/6, VPID: 516, APID:690, SPID:5), BlackBerry and iPhone applications.[]

Fenerium

Fenerium
Typejoint-stock company
Founded2000
HeadquartersTurkey
Productsclothing, accessory, personal care products
Websitehttp://www.fenerium.com.tr/

Fenerium is the club's own company which markets licensed products of Fenerbahçe SK. The company was established in 2000. The headquarter of the company is located in the ?ükrü Saraco?lu Stadium in Istanbul.[61]

Fenerium has 96 stores in total. 46 are based in Istanbul, 8 in Ankara, 4 in ?zmir, 3 in Antalya, 2 in Adana, Ayd?n, Gaziantep, Hatay, Konya, Mu?la, Sakarya, and Samsun. The other stores are located in Bursa, Çanakkale, Denizli, Diyarbak?r, Düzce, Elaz, Kahramanmara?, Kayseri, Kocaeli, Malatya, Manisa, Mersin, ?anl?urfa, and Tekirda?. There are two stores serving abroad, one of them is located in Northern Cyprus (North Nicosia Fenerium) and the other one in the Netherlands (Rotterdam Fenerium).[62]

Fenerium sponsors some of Fenerbahçe SK's departments and teams.

Supporters

Fenerbahçe supporters in the derby match against Be?ikta?

Fenerbahçe have developed a strong following since their foundation in 1907. They are one of the most popular clubs in Turkey, with 35% of the fans supporting them, and the most popular in Istanbul and Ankara.[63] Fenerbahçe have a large fanbase throughout the country, in Northern Cyprus, Azerbaijan, and in the Turkish diaspora.[64] Fenerbahçe is supported by not only Turks but also some of the minorities in Turkey, such as Circassians and Kurds. The supporters are known for their passionate, fierce, and unwavering support. Since the rebuilding of the ?ükrü Saraco?lu Stadium, Fenerbahçe's average attendances have been among the highest in Turkey.[65]

Fenerbahçe have several supporter organisations, including Genç Fenerbahçeliler (GFB), Kill For You (KFY), Ultras Fener, Antu/Fenerlist, EuroFeb, Group CK (Cefakâr Kanaryalar), 1907 ÜN?FEB, Vamos Bien, and SUADFEB. The supporters' motto is "Hep Destek Tam Destek", abbreviated as "HDTD" ("Continuous Unwavering Support").

Genç Fenerbahçeliler

Genç Fenerbahçeliler (English: Young Fenerbahçe Supporters) are a supporter group of Fenerbahçe, founded in 1998 by the group leader Sefa Kalya.[66][67][68]

They are the most prominent supporter group, and their aim is to unconditionally support Fenerbahçe, with their motto being "Orada burada her yerde GFB" (English: "Over there, here, everywhere: GFB").

Relationships with other clubs

In November 2011, Fenerbahçe's GFB created a friendly relationship with Serbian club FK Novi Pazar's supporter group Torcida Sand?ak. During a Turkish Super League match against ?stanbul Büyük?ehir Belediyespor at the ?ükrü Saraço?lu Stadium, the GFB and 1907 Gençlik stands deployed a giant banner reading "Kalbimiz Seninle Novi Pazar" ("Novi Pazar, Our Hearts Are With You").[69] Then, in the match against Radni?ki Kragujevac of the Serbian SuperLiga, Torcida Sand?ak members deployed a banner reading "Sancak'ta at?yor, Fenerbahçe'nin kalbi" ("The heart of Fenerbahçe beats in Sand?ak").[70]

On 2 March 2012, Fenerbahçe's GFB and 1907 Gençlik group members were invited to Novi Pazar for the match against Partizan in the Serbian SuperLiga. Thousands of Torcida Sand?ak members welcomed GFB and 1907 Gençlik's 17 members.[71]

Incidents

On 13 May 2013, a Fenerbahçe fan was stabbed to death after the Intercontinental Derby. The Fenerbahçe fan was on his way home after the match between Fenerbahçe and archrivals Galatasaray, when he and his companions got into a quarrel with a Galatasaray fan at a bus stop, and died in a hospital later.[72][73]

Friendships

Notable supporters

Club officials

Position Name
President Turkey Ali Koç
Board Member Turkey Nevres Erol Bilecik
Board Member Turkey Mehmet Burhan Karaçam
Board Member Turkey Ozan Korman Tarman
Board Member Turkey Sevil Zeynep Becan
Board Member Turkey ?aban Erdikler
Board Member Turkey Mustafa Tankut Turnao?lu
Board Member Turkey Fethi Pekin
Board Member Turkey Turhan ?ahin
Board Member Turkey Mustafa Kemal Danaba?
Board Member Turkey Acar Sertaç Komsuo?lu
Board Member Turkey Simla Türker Bayaz?t
Board Member Turkey Ömer Okan
Board Member Turkey Burak Ça?lan K?z?lhan
Board Member Turkey Alper Pir?en

Source:[93]

Presidential history

Name[b] Period Occupation
Ziya Songülen 1907-1908 #1 founding member, officer at the Ottoman Public Debt Administration
Ayetullah Bey 1908-1909 #2 founding member, officer at a water company
Tevfik Haccar Ta?ç? 1909-1910 Former athlete, commercial man
Hakk? Saffet Tar? 1910 Bank teller
HIH PrinceShahzade Osman Fuad 1911-1912
Dr.Hamit Hüsnü Kayacan 1912-1914 Internist
Mehmet Hulusi Bey 1914-1915 General manager at the Hejaz Railways
Mehmet Sabri Toprak 1915-1916 Secretary General at the Committee of Union and Progress
Dr.Naz?m Bey 1916-1918 Minister of Education of the Ottoman Empire
Ahmet Nuri Sekizinci 1918-1919 Playwright
HIH PrinceShahzade Ömer Faruk 1920-1923
Mehmet Sabri Toprak 1923-1924 Secretary General at the Committee of Union and Progress
Nasuhi Esat Baydar 1924-1925 Former athlete
Ali Naci Karacan 1926-1927 Journalist
Muvaffak Menemencio?lu 1928-1932 General manager at the Anatolian Agency
Sait Selahattin Cihano?lu 1932-1933 Former athlete
Hayri Cemal Atamer 1933-1934 General secretary at Fenerbahçe S.K.
?ükrü Saraço?lu 1934-1950 Prime Minister of Turkey, Minister of Justice, Minister of Foreign Affairs, Minister of National Education, Minister of Finance
Ali Muhittin Hac? Bekir 1950-1952 Confectioner
Osman Kavrako?lu 1952-1953 Former athlete, Lawyer, Deputy of Rize Province
Bedii Yaz?c? 1953-1954 Former footballer, General manager at an insurance company
Osman Kavrako?lu 1954-1955 Former athlete, Lawyer, Deputy of Rize Province
Zeki R?za Sporel 1955-1958 Former athlete, Deputy of Istanbul Province, Commercial man
Agah Erozan 1958-1960 Deputy of Bursa Province
Medeni Berk 1960 Minister of State, Deputy Prime Minister
Hasan Kamil Sporel 1960-1961 Former athlete
Razi Trak 1961-1962 Chairman of the board of the Yap? ve Kredi Bankas?
Dr.?smet Ulu? 1962-1966 Ophthalmologist
Faruk Ilgaz 1966-1974 M.Sc. Civil engineer, Industrialist
Emin Cankurtaran 1974-1976 Industrialist
Faruk Ilgaz 1976-1980 M.Sc. Civil engineer, Industrialist
Razi Trak 1980-1981 Chairman of the board of the Yap? ve Kredi Bankas?
Ali Haydar ?en 1981-1983 Businessman, Industrialist
Faruk Ilgaz 1983-1984 M.Sc. Civil engineer, Industrialist
Fikret Ar?can 1984-1986 Former footballer
Tahsin Kaya 1986-1989 Building contractor
Metin Ak 1989-1993 Building contractor
Güven Sazak 1993-1994 Businessman, Building contractor
Hasan Özayd?n 1994 Building contractor
Ali ?en 1994-1998 Businessman, Industrialist
Aziz Y?ld?r?m 1998-2018 Civil engineer, Building contractor
Ali Koç 2018- Businessman

Sponsorship

Companies that Fenerbahçe SK currently have sponsorship deals with.

Trivia

A genus of African fish has been named in honor of the club by a group of Turkish biologists.[94][95]

Notes

  1. ^ Although it is known that the club was founded in the spring of 1907, the day and month are unknown.[]
  2. ^ Fenerbahçe have had numerous presidents over the course of their history, some of which have been the owners of the club, others have been honorary presidents.

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Sources

  • Yüce, Mehmet (2014). Osmanl? Melekleri: Futbol Tarihimizin Kadim Devreleri Türkiye Futbol Tarihi - Birinci Cilt (in Turkish). Istanbulleti?im Yay?nlar?. ISBN 9789750515804.
  • Yüce, Mehmet (2015). ?dmanc? Ruhlar: Futbol Tarihimizin Klasik Devreleri: 1923-1952 Türkiye Futbol Tarihi - 2. Cilt (in Turkish). Istanbulleti?im Yay?nlar?. ISBN 9789750516955.

External links


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