Fennoscandia
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Fennoscandia
Fennoscandia
Scandinavia M2002074 lrg.jpg
Fennoscandia in March 2002
Fennoscandia (orthographic projection).svg
Geography
LocationNorthern Europe
Coordinates63°00?00?N 17°00?00?E / 63.0000°N 17.0000°E / 63.0000; 17.0000Coordinates: 63°00?00?N 17°00?00?E / 63.0000°N 17.0000°E / 63.0000; 17.0000
Adjacent bodies of waterArctic Sea, Atlantic Ocean
Highest elevation2,469 m (8,100 ft)
Highest pointGaldhøpiggen
Administration
Mainland
Mainland
Mainland
Whole or part of the mainland area of Murmansk Oblast, Republic of Karelia, and Leningrad Oblast

Fennoscandia (Finnish: Fennoskandia; Swedish: Fennoskandien; Norwegian: Fennoskandia; Russian: Fennoskandiya) or the Fennoscandian Peninsula is the geographical peninsula comprising the Scandinavian and Kola Peninsulas, mainland Finland, and Karelia.[1] Administratively this roughly encompasses the mainlands of Finland, Norway and Sweden,[2] as well as Murmansk Oblast, much of the Republic of Karelia, and parts of northern Leningrad Oblast in Russia.

Its name comes from the Latin words Fennia (Finland) and Scandia (Scandinavian).[3] The term was first used by the Finnish geologist Wilhelm Ramsay in 1898.[4]

Geologically, the area is distinct because its bedrock is Archean granite and gneiss with very little limestone, in contrast to adjacent areas in Europe.

The similar term Fenno-Scandinavia is sometimes used as a synonym for Fennoscandia. Both terms are sometimes used in English to refer to a cultural or political grouping of Finland with Denmark, Sweden, and Norway (Scandinavia), which is a subset of the Nordic countries.[5][6]

See also

References

  1. ^ The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology and Anthropology of Hunter-Gatherers, eds. Vicki Cummings; Peter Jordan; Marek Zvelebil (Oxfored; New York: Oxford University Press, 2014), p. 838
  2. ^ Sten Lavsund; Tuire Nygren; Erling Solberg (2003). "Status of moose populations and challenges to moose management in Fennoscandia". Alces. 2003. HighBeam Research.
  3. ^ "Fennoscandia [fen skan?d? ?]". Your Dictionary. LoveToKnow, Corp. Retrieved 2015.
  4. ^ De Geer, Sten (1928). "Das geologische Fennoskandia und das geographische Baltoskandia" (PDF). Geografiska Annaler (in German). Swedish Society for Anthropology and Geography. 10: 119-139. OCLC 604361828. Retrieved 2018.
  5. ^ Bulletin - Canadian Library Association, Volume 20. Canadian Library Association., 1963. p. 179.
  6. ^ "Fennoscandia, n.", Oxford English Dictionary Online, 2nd edn (Oxford: Oxford University Press, December 2019). Accessed 10 February 2020.

Further reading

  • Ramsay, W., 1898. Über die Geologische Entwicklung der Halbinsel Kola in der Quartärzeit. Fennia 16 (1), 151 p.

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Fennoscandia
 



 



 
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