First Inversion
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First Inversion

The first inversion of a chord is the voicing of a triad, seventh chord, or ninth chord in which the third of the chord is the bass note and the root a sixth above it.[1] In the first inversion of a C-major triad, the bass is E -- the third of the triad -- with the fifth and the root stacked above it (the root now shifted an octave higher), forming the intervals of a third and a sixth above the inverted bass of E, respectively.


{
\override Score.TimeSignature
#'stencil = ##f
\override Score.SpacingSpanner.strict-note-spacing = ##t
\set Score.proportionalNotationDuration = #(ly:make-moment 1/4)
\time 4/4 
\relative c' { 
   <c e g>1^\markup { \column { "Root" "position" } }
   \once \override NoteHead.color = #blue <e g c>1^\markup { \column { "First" "inversion" } }
   <g c e>1^\markup { \column { "Second" "inversion" } }
   }
}

In the first inversion of G-dominant seventh chord, the bass note is B, the third of the seventh chord.


{
\override Score.TimeSignature
#'stencil = ##f
\override Score.SpacingSpanner.strict-note-spacing = ##t
\set Score.proportionalNotationDuration = #(ly:make-moment 1/4)
\time 4/4 
\relative c' { 
   <g b d f>1^\markup { \column { "Root" "position" } }
   \once \override NoteHead.color = #blue <b d f g>1^\markup { \column { "First" "inversion" } }
   <d f g b>1^\markup { \column { "Second" "inversion" } }
   <f g b d>1^\markup { \column { "Third" "inversion" } }
   }
}

See also

References

  1. ^ Walter Piston, Harmony, fifth edition, revised and expanded by Mark DeVoto (New York: W. W. Norton, 1987): p. 66. ISBN 978-0-393-95480-7.

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